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- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Mugabe's 'heir' linked to blood diamond trade

      October 14 2002 at 11:19PM

By Basildon Peta

Zimbawean President Robert Mugabe's likely successor, speaker of parliament
Emmerson Mnangagwa, has been implicated in a shady deal involving money
laundering and the trading of blood diamonds from the Democratic Republic of
Congo (DRC).

An article in the Spanish daily newspaper, El Pais, named Mnangagwa and
international financier Thamer Said Ahmed al Shanfari, a son of a former oil
minister in Omani, as the two men who guaranteed the safe passage of illegal
cash and diamonds through Harare International Airport by circumventing
customs regulations in Harare.

Shanfari is the president and chief executive officer of a company called
Oryx Natural Resources, which jointly owns diamond concessions in Mbuji
Mbayi in the DRC with the Zimbabwe government.

      An insurance policy against future probes into corruption
When one of the Shanfari's employees was arrested and jailed in the DRC,
Mngangagwa allegedly intervened and secured his release, a sign of his
influence in the DRC. Mnangagwa admitted having intervened to secure the
release of Shanfari's employee. He, however, denied the money laundering and
illegal diamond trading charges.

The Spanish newspaper's article detailed how Harare was used as a conduit
for money laundering and diamonds smuggling, with Mnangagwa facilitating the
deals and getting what the newspaper says was a "healthy cut" from Shanfari.

Mnangagwa is Mugabe's personal choice for successor. Despite having lost his
parliamentary seat in the 2000 elections and his bid to become Zanu-PF
national chairman in the same year, Mugabe plucked Mnangagwa from imminent
political obscurity and made him speaker of parliament. He also appointed
him to the powerful post of Zanu-PF's secretary of administration.

Analysts have said Mugabe sees Mnangagwa as an insurance policy against
future probes into his corruption and abuse of office.

Mnangagwa has been previously mentioned in numerous reports, including one
in the newsletter Africa Confidential, as the man involved in co-ordinating
Mugabe's mining interests in the DRC, together with controversial South
African businessman Billy Rautenbach, a personal friend of Mnangagwa.

Mnangagwa successfully lobbied for Rautenbach's appointment as chief
executive of the DRC's mining parastatal, Gecamines. Rautenbach was later
fired by the DRC government from Gecamines. - Foreign Service
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Mail and Guardian

Zimbabwe govt fires 627 teachers


      15 October 2002 08:06

At least 627 teachers have been fired in Zimbabwe for taking part in an
illegal strike, state ZBC television reported on Monday.

Hundreds of teachers across the country went on strike last week to press
for higher wages. State television said the dismissals were with immediate
effect and advised teachers in retirement to contact the ministry for

Reacting to news of the dismissals, Raymond Majongwe, the secretary general
of the Progressive Teachers Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ) which called the
strike, said: "This is really an unfortunate precedent."

"Are we saying that Zimbabwe has enough teachers to dismiss them
willy-nilly?" he asked. He said that lawyers for the teachers would
challenge the dismissals, which he claimed had not followed established

Majongwe said the strike, which began last Tuesday, would continue until the
grievances of the teachers had been met. "We are ready for a fight," he
said. "These people (teachers) have nothing to lose." A high school teacher
in Zimbabwe takes home 20 000 Zimbabwe dollars ($364/euros) a month, much
less than other civil servants. The PTUZ is demanding a 100% salary increase
backdated to January and a 100% cost of living adjustment backdated to June.
Majongwe was arrested last week and charged under the country's Public Order
and Security Act for "invading the rights of others" after he allegedly
agitated for teachers to join the strike. He is now out on bail.

At a press conference earlier Monday, Majongwe claimed that teachers were
being intimidated by members of the Zimbabwe National Army (ZNA) who he said
were going around schools to make sure teachers were working.

The claim was denied by army representative Chris Mukotekwa. "Nothing of
that sort is taking place. We do not have the manpower to go around those
schools," he said.

The 55 000-strong Zimbabwe Teachers' Association (Zimta) has refused to back
the strike by PTUZ, which reportedly has 12 000 members. Last week Education
Minister Aeneas Chigwedere declared the strike illegal and threatened to
fire striking teachers. He promised the government would increase teachers'
salaries early next year. - Sapa-AFP
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Zimbabwe Standard
Zanu PF MPs stun Mugabe  10/12/02
Story by By Chengetai Zvauya
ZANU PF MPs, for long considered gutless in the presence of President Mugabe, last week found enough courage to confront their leader and demand an explanation of the fuel crisis besetting the nation, The Standard has learnt.
In a rare move, the MPs stunned Mugabe, who last month personally concluded a fuel deal with Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi, when they told him that he owed them an explanation for the lack of fuel in the country. Mugabe’s ministers have in past weeks been making conflicting statements, and at times, blatantly uttering falsehoods on the existence or non existence of fuel. According to the US$360 million (Z$19,8 billion) fuel deal, signed by Mugabe and Gaddafi, Zimbabwe is assured of supplies until September next year, when the deal expires.
But before the ink on the deal has even dried, the country has started experiencing sporadic fuel shortages, casting doubts on the authenticity of the arrangement, which critics say is tantamount to mortgaging the country to Libya. Under the deal, forex-starved Zimbabwe trades assets such as land and equity in state enterprises, in exchange for fuel from Libya.
Unimpressed Zanu PF MPs took advantage of Monday’s party caucus meeting at the Zanu PF headquarters to tell Mugabe that his government had messed up on the issue.
“We demanded he explain the truth of the situation because our constituents want an explanation. We openly told Mugabe that we were not happy with the situation and we did not mince our words. We made it clear that despite denials by his ministers there was no fuel at service stations,’’ said a Zanu PF MP who attended the meeting.
Another MP said it was the first time the MPs had really quizzed Mugabe, who has become almost a demigod at the party he has led for over 20 years.
“The president, who was very attentive throughout, said energy minister, Amos Midzi, should have told the nation the truth about the shortage. He read the mood of the MPs and decided to play the part of listener,” said a Zanu PF MP.
Midzi was to have presented a report on the fuel situation at the meeting, but failed to turn up.
Contacted for comment, Zanu PF chief whip, Joram Gumbo, confirmed that the MP’s had raised concerns to Mugabe over the fuel situation.
“It is no secret that we do not have forex in the country, but arrangements were made for other countries to help us with fuel. We are still having fuel shortages and the MP’s wanted the matter taken up with the president.
“We had the opportunity of discussing issues affecting the country, including fuel and food shortages and the land redistribution exercise. The president did appreciate the problems and said the government would do its best to resolve the crisis facing the country,” he added.
Many service stations are failing to provide fuel and winding queues of motorists are the order of the day at the few service stations that do have fuel.
Most of the outlets have dried up and the country’s fragile public transport system has virtually collapsed, leaving commuters stranded.
The government has been at pains to explain the erratic nature of supplies to service station, with its ministers and Zanu PF apologists claiming that the current shortage is due to saboteurs, bent on discrediting the Zanu PF government.
A report on the fuel situation by a government-appointed team of investigators which should have been released on Monday has still not been publicised, prompting fears that information may be doctored to suit the Zanu PF conspiracy theory.
Analysts say the investigators are likely to heap the blame on fuel companies who have been accused of hoarding in the past.
The country consumes 1,9 million litres of diesel and 1,2 million litres of petrol per day.
The petrol is being distributed by the National Oil Company of Zimbabwe (Noczim). Supplies are no longer assured as the country does not have enough forex to buy the commodity due to isolation from the international community because of the government’s poor human rights record.
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Zimbabwe Standard
Militia causes havoc at college  10/12/02
Story by By Parker Graham
MASVINGO—All is not well at Masvingo Teachers College where Musekiwa Mungoli, a student teacher and graduate of the Border Gezi training Centre, is fast turning himself into ‘warlord’ at the institution, The Standard has learnt. Lecturers and students at the college said they were “sick and tired” of Mungoli who conducts Zanu PF business in defiance of directives from college authorities. 
The problematic youth militia, The Standard was told, has on numerous instances openly challenged decisions made by some lecturers as well as the college principal, Sharai Chakanyuka.
“Even when the college principal, tells students to attend sporting activities, this troublesome militiaman can openly stand up and order all students recruited from the Zanu PF youth brigade to stay behind for a Zanu PF meeting.
“The college authorities are afraid of him, and they don’t say anything to him,” said an SRC member who preferred to remain anonymous for fear of incurring the wrath of the militias.
Students who talked to The Standard said Mungoli was in the habit of playing full blast and well into the night, the song Nora, by Elliot Manyika, the Zanu PF political commissar in charge of the youth brigades.
“He has no respect for elders, particularly lecturers and the principal. He is so smug because he’s untouchable,” said the student.
Contacted for comment, Chakanyuka professed ignorance about the presence of any youths from the Border Gezi Training Centre.
However, Mungoli himself confirmed to The Standard on Thursday that he was determined to rid the college of people with a colonial mentality.
“Hatingaregi nyika kuvarungu takatarisa. We have to do away with people who are causing problems, even if they are lecturers. These people suffer from colonial hangovers,” Mungoli said.
When this reporter arrived at the college, an angry Mungoli had just caused a fracas by confiscating Mamvemve, a cassette by music guru Thomas Mapfumo which was being played by some students.
He charged that the song was an attack on the government.
Unimpressed, the students went on to report the matter to the police who have since launched an investigation into the matter.
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Zimbabwe Standard
Land grabbing governors disappoint Mugabe  
By Chengetai Zvauya
PRESIDENT Mugabe, irked by widespread criticism over rampant corruption by his officials in the current allocation of land grabbed from white commercial farmers, has quizzed two governors accused of having allocated themselves prime pieces of land at the expense of landless peasants.
Sources in Zanu PF last week told The Standard Monday’s Zanu PF caucus meeting turned out to be an embarrassing episode for Josaya Hungwe of Masvingo and his Mashonaland West counterpart, Peter Chanetsa, after Mugabe quizzed them over allegations of grabbing farms.
“The president said he had received reports of governors grabbing farms at the expense of peasants, and he wanted them to tell him what was happening in the provinces as the land issue has become a very sensitive issue,” said a Zanu PF source.
Hungwe is said to have been asked why he ventured across the country to grab a farm in Mashonaland West, in the northwestern part of the country, when he is from the southeastern Masvingo province.
His colleague, Chanetsa, was asked to respond to reports that he had allocated himself several fertile farms.
The two are said to have been at pains to convince the president who made it clear that he did not buy their futile denials.
The land issue was the agenda for the meeting between Mugabe and Zanu PF MPs. In the controversial exercise, which kicked off on a violent note in February 2000, provincial governors head land committees in their respective provinces.
According to sources, Hungwe’s alleged move to Mashonaland West had provoked the Zanu PF leadership there, prompting them to approach Mugabe. Mashonaland West is also Mugabe’s home province. “Hungwe defended himself by saying he had grown up in the province and some of his children were also born in the area. He also denied that he had acquired any farm in the province, but that one of his children had applied for land there,” said a source.
This claim is said to have been shot down by Zanu PF Mashonaland West chairman, Philip Chiyangwa, who asked Hungwe why he was always seen in the area if he had no farm there.
Chiyangwa refused to comment when contacted by The Standard. “I don’t discuss caucus issues with journalists. Why don’t you speak to Joram Gumbo, our chief whip?” asked Chiyangwa.
Gumbo confirmed that the issue had been discussed at the meeting with Mugabe.
“All the governors were asked about the land issue by the president after the MPs had started the issue. We were facing pressure from our constituents who are complaining that the top chefs are taking the land and the only way to clarify the allegations was to hold such a meeting.
“The president told us to go to the people and get the truth so that we can deal with the issues, but all we are getting are just allegations that are hard to prove,” said Gumbo.
Hungwe himself refused to comment on the allegations. “I do not want to speak to your paper. You write a lot of lies about me and my party, so I have nothing to tell you. You are a newspaper for white people so I do not speak to you. Write whatever you like and I do not care,” said the governor.
Chanetsa refused to comment, but instead referred The Standard to the parliamentary Hansard, which carried his response when he was quizzed by MDC MP for Bulilimangwe North, Mzila Ndlovu, over the issue.
“I don’t have a farm at all, I only had one farm which I bought in 1992 and sold it three years ago,’’ Chanetsa told parliament on Wednesday.
Chanetsa said he applied for land under the model A2 scheme last year. “Last week I received a letter that I was considered, but I have not even signed the letter. The name Chanetsa is not a monopoly to myself. So next time when you see the name Chanetsa you have to verify which Chanetsa people are talking about."
According to the Commercial Farmers Union’s list of people who have benefited from Mugabe’s land grab exercise, the governor is recorded as having acquired a 608 hectare Biri Farm and Greenleaves farm (625 ha). 
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Zimbabwe Standard
US hikes visa fees  
By our own Staff
ZIMBABWEANS fleeing biting economic hardships and President Mugabe’s authoritarian rule, will now have to fork out more if their chosen destination is the United States.
According to a statement released by the US state department last week, the US has hiked its visa application fee from US$65 to US$100.
The new increase translates to Z$70 000 on the thriving black market where most Zimbabweans now source foreign currency. However, at the official rate this translates to only Z$5 500.
The increase, which becomes effective next month, is the second such hike in the last six months.
Zimbabweans, reeling under the hardships caused by President Mugabe’s mismanagement of the economy, have been leaving the country in droves to become economic refugees in other countries.
Canada, the United Kingdom, South Africa and the United States have been the favoured destinations for Zimbabweans.
In justifying the hike, the US state department said the current fee was no longer sustainable.
“The department is facing a critical revenue shortfall because the $65 fee simply does not recover the full cost of service. In consultation with the White House’s Office of Management and Budget, the Department determined that the shortfall should be met by an increase in the fee rather than by an appropriation of US tax revenues. This adjustment will bring the fee into line with the actual costs of administering the non-immigrant visa services,” read a statement from the department.
The department agreed that the new fee would result in a drop in visa applications: “The Department is well aware that this fee increase may further suppress the demand for non-immigrant visas. However, the new fee accurately reflects the costs being incurred in the post November 11 environment.”
The US suffered serious terrorist attacks on 11 September last year resulting in a slump in visa applications.
“Since the terrorist attacks of September 11 2001, visa demand has dropped by approximately 20% and the trend continues downward. In August, non-immigrant visa demand was down by approximately 33%.
There has been no corresponding decline in the costs of running non-immigrant visa operations, because the processing of each application is more time consuming and labour intensive as a result of enhanced security screening requirements instituted since 9/11,” read the statement.
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Zimbabwe Standard
Air Zim hikes fares  
By Kumbirai Mafunda
ZIMBABWEANS seeking escape from the political and economic bondage they are imprisoned in will have to dig deeper into their pockets as the financially troubled national airline has once again increased airfares to international destinations, barely two weeks after another increase in early October. 
Information made available to The Standard reveals that Air Zimbabwe has increased its fares to international destinations such as London, Johannesburg, Mauritius and Nairobi, with effect from tomorrow. The fares were last increased on 1 October, a fortnight ago.
The cheapest trip to London, where Zimbabweans are migrating in their droves, cost $377 120 last week, but this figure has now rocketed to $514 170, a 36,3% increase. For a trip to Johannesburg, one now has to fork out $233 777, up from the previous $170 977.
A trip to the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, now attracts a $393 300 fee, $108 500 up from $284 800 while a traveller to Mauritius now has to pay $375 101, up from $274 456.
Prior to the October 1 fare increase, a ticket to London went for $339 170, to Johannesburg, $167 423, Nairobi $251 200 and Mauritius, $238 741.
Dennis Maravanyika, the airline’s general manager-marketing, confirmed the fare increases, citing increased operational costs.
“The fare increase is due mainly to increased operating costs. For example, the insurance premium for this year has doubled compared to last year. So the only way we can pay these costs is by increasing our fares,” said Maravanyika.
The airline’s insurance premium has been increased by 100% from US$2 million to US$4 million due to the September 11 bombings, among other rocketing costs.
Eighty percent of the airline’s costs, which include fuel, insurance and landing fees, are paid in foreign currency. The shortage of foreign currency has been crippling Air Zimbabwe’s operations ever since the setting in of the Zimbabwe crisis. The drop in the arrival of international tourists and international airlines has exacerbated the airline’s problems.
However, local travellers can take heart from the fact that there is to be no increase in domestic fares.
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Zimbabwe Standard
Kamativi ward winner on the run  
By Cynthia Mahwite
BULAWAYO—The winning candidate of the Kamativi ward, a member of the Movement for Democratic Change, is on the run as disgruntled Zanu PF supporters and war veterans unleash vengeance on MDC supporters.
After a brutal campaign by the militia and the war veterans, Matthew Ngwenya beat Misheck Moyo of Zanu PF, but was, this past week, forced to abandon his family and home.
“Prior to the elections, the militia commanded me to leave my home and threatened to do away with my family. "I abandoned my home on Friday morning after being tipped off that I was to be murdered,” said Ngwenya, who is an ex-Zanu PF councillor.
The 44-year-old councillor who fled his home last Friday has, since his departure, been camping in the bush without food or water for fear of being eliminated.
“To even speak about my home pains me because they have destroyed all my property,” he said.
Ngwenya said he has been facing a backlash from Zanu PF ever since joining the MDC. “I am currently facing trumped up charges of fraud with Zanu PF alleging that I forged a signature for the elections.
“Their plans for getting me arrested go way back and their failure has caused them to unleash violence on me,” Ngwenya said adding: “I will not go back home because I have been tipped off that the war veterans have camped in my home awaiting my return.”
MDC members of parliament took up the issue of violence with governor and residing minister Obert Mpofu, who said there was no need for violence to be unleashed on candidates after elections.
“Cases of violence can be accepted before elections, but after this, they are unacceptable and the law must enforce this.
“Any such incidents of violence must and should be reported to the police and if the police do not act upon them, then further reports should be made to me and I will ensure that something is done,” Mpofu said.
Sources who declined to be named said terror in the Matabeleland region was on a high as Zanu PF supporters, militia and war vets violently attacked MDC supporters.
Ngwenya’s wife and three children have taken refugee at an undisclosed location to escape threats from the thugs.
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Zimbabwe Standard
Muzenda rises above party politics  
By Parker Graham
MASVINGO—Vice President Simon Muzenda last week revealed that he was above dirty party politics which characterise the operations of the ruling Zanu PF party, when he told hundreds of Zanu PF supporters that the opposition MDC had a crucial role to play in the development of the country. 
While Zanu PF politicians have tried by all means to rubbish the opposition party by referring to it as a foreign sponsored organisation bent on destabilising the country, Muzenda showed that he was a unique Zanu PF politician on Thursday when he openly welcomed the Masvingo MDC mayor Alois Vhuramayi Chaimiti, at a function held in his home town.
Muzenda, second in importance to Robert Mugabe in Zanu PF, had been in Masvingo to receive from the council, the ‘freedom of the city’ in recognition of the sterling work he has done for the area since independence.
In a move which shocked Zanu PF faithfuls in the town, and before Zanu PF heavyweights such as local government minister, Ignatius Chombo, and Muzenda's colleague, Joseph Msika, who were there for the occasion, Muzenda stood up and acknowledge the presence of the opposition MDC executive mayor.
Masvingo governor, Josaya Hungwe, who was the master of ceremonies alongside councillor Fabian Mabaya, had introduced all the dignitaries including the Masvingo councillors but had, not surprisingly, by-passed Chaimiti.
It is a well-known fact in the small agricultural town that the governor who believes the MDC to be British-sponsored, does not appreciate the idea of Chaimiti being mayor of a place like Masvingo, once the nerve centre of Zanu PF politics before the emergence of the opposition party.
The governor also neglects to attend any meetings, be they developmental ones, so long as they are being presided over by Chaimiti or Silas Mangono, the MDC MP for the Masvingo Central constituency.
But as hundreds of people who thronged the Civic Centre on Thursday found out, Muzenda bears no grudge at all against the MDC mayor who trounced the Zanu PF candidate, Jacob Chademana.
During the run up to the election, both Muzenda and Musika descended on the small town to campaign for Chademana, a favourite of his faction led by Hungwe.
Zanu PF party stalwarts could not believe their eyes when they saw Chaimiti sitting close to Muzenda and worse still, being afforded the opportunity to speak at the occasion.
The MDC mayor, who appeared very comfortable in the company of top Zanu PF officials, praised Muzenda saying the veteran politician had been sterling in his duties as a national leader.
Said Chaimiti: “I am proud to be the one at the helm of this council at this time. On July 29, 2002, the council unanimously agreed to confer the freedom of the city on him after considering his role in the development of the city and the country.”
Muzenda thanked Chaimiti for bestowing upon him the ‘freedom of the city’ saying by doing so, he had risen above party politics.
“We should be united, whether MDC or Zanu PF, in order for the country to develop. That’s why some of us joined the armed struggle. We need unity, peace and stability,” he said to a round of applause from the audience, after which he accepted wrapped gifts from the MDC mayor.
The function was attended by several Zanu PF heavyweights. A resident of Masvingo who attended the occasion said Zimbabwe would have been a good country had Muzenda been at the helm.
“Honestly speaking, we need a man like him to lead the country and not Mugabe who believes that the MDC must be crushed. This is the kind of political maturity that is critically lacking in the country,” he said.
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Zimbabwe Standard
Humans and animals vie for winter crop  
By Eupha Mahenga
DESPITE the tight security provided by security companies, Catties and Cobra, the winter maize crop in the Lowveld which was expected to temporarily ease the country's acute grain shortage, is being ravaged by both humans and animals, security officials have said. 
“The green cob is being stolen by wild pigs, monkeys and baboons, which are very difficult to control though we have managed to kill quite a number. But now that the early crop is being harvested, we face the problem of human theft,” said a security official.
While the mealie meal shortage continues, and famine ravaged households grow increasingly desperate, the Cobra and Catties security firms are working flat out to protect the endangered crop.
“There are daily arrests of people who have stolen the crop and we have managed to recover some of the stolen maize. These people come from Tshovani township and the estates compounds. Some of the stolen maize is not recovered, even when the perpetrators have been caught,” said a Cobra security official.
Speaking to some Catties security officials, it emerged that the wild animals were more difficult to deal with than their human partners in crime who were deterred by the armed security details.
“ People are afraid of the rifles, they don’t know that they are not meant for them but for the animals. That’s why they don’t come in large numbers, nevertheless nzara iri mudzimba is forcing them to steal. Animals are rather difficult to control,” said an official.
Emily Zhuwarara a worker at the estate, told The Standard, that many households were so hunger-stricken, they could not resist the crop.
“Honestly, we can’t blame the thieves because they are hungry, but now the security officials are scattered everywhere and it’s difficult for anyone to set foot near the fields.”
Some of the workers at the estate told The Standard that people were no longer willing to be seen walking within the estate late at night as they would be subjected to intense questioning.
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Farm Invasions And Security Report
Friday 11 October 2002

This report does not purport to cover all the incidents that are taking
place in the commercial farming areas.  Communication problems and the fear
of reprisals prevent farmers from reporting all that happens.  Farmers
names, and in some cases farm names, are omitted to minimise the risk of


Middle Save - The MIC from Chipinge and Middle Save and members of the Lands
Committee visited three farmers on 09.10.02.  they threatened if they
visited farms with Section 8's, the farmer would be arrested and if they did
not sign an LA3 form they would have their existing property removed.
Chipinge - Three farmers were evicted: one was already off the farm working
elsewhere, one has returned to the farm after negotiations, and the last one
is still off his farm.  A large farming consortium has been shut down and
told that they have not given enough land to land reform.
Burma Valley - A farmer was evicted off his farm immediately on 09.10.02.
There seems to be some labour unrest.
Mutare - all appears to be quiet.
Odzi - Two directors on a farm were told to get out of their homes but the
farm is still operational.
Nyazura - All farmers in the area are planting their tobacco and paprika.
Rusape - All appears to be quiet.
Headlands - all appears to be quiet.

No report received.

No reports received by the Regional office.

Tengwe - The farmers kicked off their land are mostly political victims.
some understanding was reached with "war vets", settlers and the farmers,
but now army personnel are kicking off "war vets" and settlers and taking it
over for themselves.  They are also on the severance package bandwagon and
inciting workers to get their money and taking a percentage for themselves.
Two farmers have been unable  to take off their equipment etc from their
farms (Andy Kockott and Leith Bray). another 6 or 7 farmers were evicted but
able to take their property etc.  Sungwe Safaris is State Land and leased to
an operator, specifically for game hunting but now the Council are
pressurizing him to give up his lease and go via the Camp Fire route.
Council are just trying to get something for nothing.
Doma - On Farways Farm, the owner was told to get out of his house and he is
followed everywhere by two people who say he cannot take anything that they
want, including the curtains in his house.  Apparently the D.A. Makonde
wants to move into his house. The farmers are pressurized to pay packages or
pay more than they have done.  many have not the money to pay.
Nyabira - Little farming going on.  Those on the farms experience strikes
for packages but some of the labour have now seen unemployment first hand
and don't want packages.  Police indicated they would move some settlers but
did not do so on the appointed day.  In fact more and more settler houses
are going up.  Most farmers who paid packages have moved off their farms,
those trying to stay are planting paprika.  Those farmers  who have paid
have no money left to farm.
Banket - Tredar paid their guards packages.  Some have come back with
queries and the Minister is now to decide whether the package was enough.
Whilst paying out these packages the guards would not release any Tredar
vehicles being sold to pay for the packages. They let down the tyres and
ransacked the Tredar offices of calculators etc.  On a near by farm settlers
demanded mealie-meal.  Zanu (PF) Youth decided to close down the grinding
mill.  This unleashed a series of events with labour beating up the youth,
with retaliatory measures by the youth, which ended up with the labour
trouncing them once more.  The Zanu (PF) youth stole the farmer's pick-up
and 2 hand radios.  The truck was delivered to the Police station dented and
with a broken window.  They also took away the farmers keys to his grading
sheds. Main line irrigation pipes were stolen by men in a red truck (Reg No.
492-578K ) and trailer (Reg. No. 355-492D).  Doondoo Farm reports 20 cattle
illegally slaughtered.  Farmer is paying out packages and trying to get out
his tobacco.  He has been off his farm for three weeks. Trokiadza Farm is
fully invaded by A1 settlers who have taken over the coffee and orange
plantations.  They also took over the farmers other farm so he and his
family are left with nothing.  There is on going pressure for SI6 "top-ups".
Many labourers are coming back after many years to claim a package.  One
farmer is moving off, otherwise fairly quiet.  Pegging team busy pegging a
farm which was identified for urban development.  Power struggle on going
between several "warlords."

Selous - The owner of Umfuli Banks was forcibly evicted from his home on
06.10.02 by an A2 settler and his staff. After meetings with the PA
Chinhoyi, DA Chegutu and numerous phone calls to various politicians the
Chegutu Police evicted the "new" owners on 08.10.02 from the homestead.


Mwenezi - the DA and MIC  visited a number of the farms in the western area.
Farmers were given two hours to vacate their properties and told legal
documents were not recognised, except for Section 8 Orders.  This is an
impossible task as there could be as many as 20,000 head of cattle being
left behind. One farmer was told anything left behind would become property
of the state. Distances are vast and complete evacuation would take months.
All farmers with Section 8s had voluntarily presented themselves to the
police station and had signed warned and cautioned statements. They were all
remanded out of custody on bail. Their case is set down for November 15. The
latest evictions are therefore in contempt of this order.
About 44 farmers could eventually be affected.  After Farmer A had won his
case to return to the property, he was visited on 30.09.02.  The delegation
comprised of Police and District Land Committee members. he was given until
16.00 the same day to remove all his property.  A Veterinary doctor from
Harare has been issued a plot (A2) on Farm B He joins the notorious Mutema
brothers who already occupy two thirds of the property.  At Farm C a Beef
Master bull was found caught in a snare. One Brahman cow was found near the
Mozambique border. It was apparently stolen and has been driven into
Mozambique. Settlers also deliberately set alight a paddock where they have
cattle grazing illegally and their intentions are now to move their cattle
into owner's paddocks.  Farmer D reports 200 head of cattle have been moved
on to the property originating from as far as Umzingwane where FMD has been
smouldering for the last 12 months.
Masvingo East and Central - After Farmer E was forced to vacate due to the
maturing of his Section 8, vandalism has increased on the property. Doors,
window frames, roof sheeting approximately 250m (amounting to 12 feet
sheets) and the security fence were removed.  Two owners were instructed to
vacate their properties with immediate affect. One farmer is in possession
of a Certificate of Occupancy issued by the DA. The other farmer has been
instructed to report to a meeting in order to obtain a Certificate of
Gutu/Chatsworth - farmer F reports extensive stock theft, mainly due to
almost all the fencing being stolen. 2 Brahman bulls were shot with a rifle.
Owner had to put one bull down and owner retrieved seven bullets from the
dead carcass.  Framer G was notified to vacate property with immediate
affect by local ZANU PF Chairman. When he contacted the DA, DA informed
owner that he was not aware of this move, however did disclose to the owner
that his farm was on the list of the Land Task Force to be visited and
instructed the owner that once visited he would be told to vacate the farm
Chiredzi  - Reports received indicate that a Land Task Force Team comprising
Police, C.I.O, Army Officials from the Land Committee and Presidents Office
informed Sugar Cane farmers, managers and ranchers from Triangle /Mkwasine,
Hippo Valley, Chiredzi areas to vacate their properties and homesteads
within 24 hours.  Any resistance shown to this instruction or any farmer
that has overstayed his time would be arrested. Information to hand
indicates 72 families comprising of Sugar Cane farmers, managers and
ranchers have been affected. At this stage it only pertains to Section 8
Orders that have matured. It is also very clear that there is no regard what
so ever about the legal status of the Section 8 i.e. withdrawn on
technicalities etc. One owners homestead keys have been taken away and there
is mounting pressure on the remaining farmers to hand in homestead keys.
General Comments - It is clear and acknowledged by the local authorities
that despite any arrangements or agreements made on local level that these
arrangements have been overruled by the National Task Force Team in Harare
and that everybody who has received a Section 8 Order must comply with the
instruction to vacate with immediate affect.
Save Conservancy - Ongoing poaching and snaring occurring.

No report received

-Sitrep from Matabeleland as of 07 October 02
Nyamandlovu - five farmers were given 36 hours to vacate their farm and the
police have left a police detail at their gates and taken the keys.  They
have also told their workers that they must be paid and leave the farm.
Farmer A had his keys taken from him and the MIC gave them to a driver of a
Peugeot 404 that happened to go past at the time, which registration number
was noted. Farmer B was given notice on 02/10/02 and told to move off by
1000 hrs on 03/10/01.  Farmer C and Farmer D were given 24 hours to vacate.
As of darkness 02/10/02 the MIC of Nyamandlovu went around to make sure
everyone moved off.  He stated that anything left behind was now the
property of the state and will go into the lost and found and be auctioned
The farmers went with their solicitor to the Nyamandlovu police station this
morning and the MIC and Mr Sibanda refused to speak to the Solicitor and got
in their vehicle and left.  That afternoon at Farmer E's homestead the "war
vets"/settlers got into the workshop area and took the game scouts handcuffs
and pepper sprays off them, then proceeded to search the scouts homes for
weapons. The scouts are not allowed back in the fenced area.  This is where
their houses are, so they have nowhere to sleep tonight. The staff were told
not to go to work tomorrow and to collect their pay and leave. Farmer A does
not  have a section 5 or 8 but the MIC is threatening to arrest him at 12h00
if he is still on the property.
Four game scouts at Farmer E were locked up last night without food or
water.  "war vets" took a radio off one of the pump attendants (hand held).
They were looking for two staff members, as they had gone to the village to
phone the farmer.  The "war vets" beat up  a 65 year old, demanding his
radio. The farmer phoned the police, but they don't have transport and said
the victim had to go to the police station, a 25 km walk.  There is no way
of contacting him as the farmer cannot return to the farm , even to collect
his pets. That evening the same game scouts were escorted to the main road
and told to go to the foreign office.  At Farm C, eight workers were held
hostage (and one vehicle) by "war vets" when the workers went to dismantle
the aerials.  They won't let them out until the keys for the house are
handed over.  Farmer F had the Lands committee at the gate telling the
workers to stop working.  "war vets" demanded the dogs be removed, and had
them driven out to the main road.  Two "war vets" (about 30 years old) moved
into the main house that evening.
At Farmer E, one of the woman settlers pleaded with the other "war vets"
/settlers to allow the maid into the yard to feed the dogs.  They finally
agreed on this and the dogs were feed this morning.  This afternoon the SPCA
was able to get the dogs off the property.
Matobo - three farmers were phoned by the police on 30/09/02 and told to
vacate their farms by 1600 hrs on 01/10/02.
West Nicholson - one farmer was given 48 hours to vacate, another 24 hours
to vacate and two others threatened with eviction.
Mwenezi - a farmer was told to vacate
Beitbridge - on 01.10.02, a farmer was given 5 minutes to vacate.  Another
farmer Ian Ferguson had police arrived at 1730 hrs and tell him to leave by
1600 on the same day!!  The same happened with another farmer, where police
arrived at 1830 hrs and told him to leave the farm by 1600 hrs.
Figtree - two farmers were phoned by the police on 30/09/02 and told to
vacate their farms by 4pm on 01/10/02 Shangani - a woman farmer (late 60's)
was arrested, appeared in Gwanda court  2/10/02 and released, no bail, no
conditions. She was arrested for contravening a Section 8, which is in her
mother's name, who died 14 years ago.    It turns out that this property
does not have a section 8, but the police at the time of the arrest were
insistent it did.  Her back is bruised from all the rough driving on dirt
roads in an open land rover.  She is also very badly sunburnt.  There were
three male police officers in the front and the farmer and a policewoman in
the back.  She has arthritis and a heart condition.    Visit the CFU Website

Unless specifically stated that this is a Commercial Farmers' Union
communique, or that it is being issued or forwarded to you by the sender in
an official CFU capacity, the opinions contained therein are private.
Private messages also include those sent on behalf of any organisation not
directly affiliated to the Union.  The CFU does not accept any legal
responsibility for private messages and opinions held by the sender and
transmitted over its local area network to other CFU network users and/or to
external addressees.
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Daily News

      Evicted farm workers sleeping in the open

      10/15/02 10:03:27 AM (GMT +2)

      From Chris Gande in Bulawayo

      MORE than 180 families whose houses were burnt down by war veterans
and Zanu PF supporters at Tshonalanga Farm in Esigodini two weeks ago, are
still sleeping in the open by the roadside.

      The workers' compound was razed to the ground apparently to force the
farmer, James Noel Buchan, off his property.

      The workers alleged the police refused to intervene as the group of
war veterans, transported to the compound in a Zanu PF truck, set their
homes on fire.

      "When the war veterans first came to give us two hours to vacate the
compound, we reported to the police but they said we were the problem," said
Manu Sibanda, a worker.

      They said the veterans led by a former dissident known as Gayigusu,
armed with pistols and AK 47 rifles, torched their grass-thatched huts.

      The Red Cross Society, World Food Programme and some commercial
farmers, gave them blankets and food.

      The more than 1 000 people, who include pregnant women and children,
some of them as young as two months old, are sleeping outside Zeedeberg
Garage, a few metres from the Bulawayo-Gwanda road.

      The former farm workers said they were waiting for their terminal
benefits from Buchan so they could travel back to their original homes.

      "I was born at the farm and I know of no other home," said one of the
former workers. "We are so deeply hurt that if we could get guns we could
fight these evil people."

      Buchan, who eventually moved out of the farm on Saturday, was forced
to abandon an $80 million flower crop.

      He also produced vegetables and fruits.

      "I don't know where I will be going to because this was my only farm
which I bought about 40 years ago," he said.

      The farm, which had initially been under a Section 8 notice, was given
a respite by the courts.

      This did not deter the war veterans from evicting the farmer and
torching the workers' homes.

      Nomalanga Khumalo, the MP for Umzingwane constituency said the arson
was shocking because it was perpetrated by black people against other

      "What pains me most is that all these people are suffering because all
they want is for one person to take over the farm," she said.

      She said if the government was serious about land reform, then it
should take into account the plight of the farm workers.

      A senior Zanu PF official has already taken over the farm and is
staying in the farmhouse.
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Daily News

      War vet says politicians should not use youths to attack media

      10/15/02 9:53:55 AM (GMT +2)

      By Precious Shumba

      ENDY Mhlanga, the secretary-general of the war veterans' association,
at the weekend urged politicians to stop using youths to attack journalists
and ban the sale of privately-owned newspapers.

      In an interview, Mhlanga said politicians should urge unemployed
youths to understand the difference between politics and business.

      Mhlanga said the behaviour of politicians in some areas was shameful
and showed their ignorance of the differences between newspapers and
      "Newspapers should understand the ban on the sale of their papers in
some areas is political," he said.

      "In Zimbabwe, it is tricky for a reporter from The Daily News to go to
a Zanu PF rally where the youths have been indoctrinated. The same goes for
a reporter from The Herald going to an MDC rally."

      Mhlanga said the newspaper business was the same as the operation of a
bottle store where customers were not restricted to one political party or
social group.

      He said: "Violence should not be allowed to continue in the country.
When will people work for development? Businesses should be left to run
uninterrupted. People were given land and they should work to improve their

      Mhlanga said this was now the time for "politics of the stomach".
People needed food and improved standards of living. Commenting on the land
audit the war veterans were carrying out, Mhlanga said their provincial
field officers (PFOs) were compiling a list of the beneficiaries of the
government's land resettlement programme.

      He said the PFOs were war veterans in the provincial land committees,
working for the government.

      Mhlanga said after the audit, they would carry out physical checks and
submit their findings to President Mugabe, the patron of the association.

      He said the audit was different from the one conducted by the
government's National Task Force on Land.

      Meanwhile, Mhlanga said their national executive meeting, scheduled
for Friday last week at their national headquarters in Harare, had been
postponed to next Saturday because a number of national executive members
were also members of the Zanu PF central committee, which met on Friday.
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Daily News

      MDC, be part of people's struggles

      10/15/02 9:48:40 AM (GMT +2)

      THE debate and continued outbursts on the unchecked deterioration of
the political and economic situation in Zimbabwe has for a long time been
fashioned by focusing on President Mugabe and his Zanu PF government with
little, if any, effort to look at the broader picture of the Zimbabwean
political realities.

      Over the past three years, Zimbabwe has regressed from what used to be
a symbol worthy of emulation to one of regret and contempt.

      In a country where loyalty to the ruling elite brings greater rewards
than honesty and professionalism, the economic freefall continues with no
hope in sight for stabilisation or reversal.

      The politically well positioned continue to plunder the national
coffers with impunity. The government is, in all respects, perpetuating
rather than extenuating the very class contradictions they so chant
eloquently to be redressing.

      Political power means nothing to those in government than a tool to
transform and consolidate their undeserved expropriation of public funds and
      To sustain all this, the government has passed laws that give it
extraordinary powers over life and property. This, in turn, translates into
virtual direct control over the political behaviour of the entire
population. This manifests itself quite commonly through the arbitrary
arrests of anyone perceived to be a political opponent; denial of freedom of
movement, expression, speech, and conscience. In essence, Zimbabweans have
been reduced to the economic level of beggars and the political level of

      Mugabe's sudden conversion into a champion of the dispossessed has
been just another cynical manipulation of the masses to regain lost credit
and prolong his rule.

      It is a mere ploy to conceal from the masses at home and abroad his
real record: 22 years as a faithful functionary of capitalism, working with
imperialist economic domination. The issue of land which proved his last
lifeline, though real, is just a part of a bigger class problem that has
been abused to conceal self-serving neo-liberal policies like rampant
privatisation of State companies into the hands of ruling party cronies and
other faithfuls and the sustained evolution of an equally ruthless black
bourgeoisie class.

      But faced with this scenario, the political alternative remains
suspicious. The MDC seems to fail to take advantage of the opportunities
created for it by the excesses of a shamelessly corrupt government. The MDC,
as it stands today, is a far cry from the party that was greeted with
      euphoric fervour three years back when it was formed as the first
major force for political change in Zimbabwe.

      Its parliamentary presence is not the powerful and effective lobby
that one would expect given the party's array of young, seemingly
progressive and articulate MPs. Its absence from the daily struggles of the
people is equally shocking. The party has never made any formal presence in
any protest or demonstration carried out by the civil society movements.

      Mugabe ruthlessly exploited the impression that the MDC leadership is
in the pockets of the white farmers and British imperialism.

      Yet six months after the presidential election, the MDC leadership,
despite all indications from all social forces on the ground against seeking
legal recourse for its stolen victory, remains ignorant to the fact that the
law in Zimbabwe was turned into a vital instrument for the maintaining in
power of this tyrannical government whose usefulness has long since been

      The party leadership seems not to see that they are dealing with a
government which set up laws to break all the other laws of the country in
order to maintain its hold of power.

      Change in Zimbabwe cannot be achieved under the current laws. There is
an effective legislative system which denies anyone from unseating the
government through constitutional means and, hence, the apparent
hopelessness of a smooth political transition in Zimbabwe.

      The struggle for political and social justice in Zimbabwe demands the
serious leadership of the opposition and civil society to make sacrifices
and mobilise for a different style of struggle with a core in a convinced
mass movement. There was never any substantive social revolution the world
over that was won through half-hearted diplomacy.

      The MDC must realise that no political institution can have an appeal
to different classes, especially where society is shaken by social
convulsions unless it is, as in its case, full of ambiguities. Its failure
as a labour-based party to draw the working people of Zimbabwe into
political activity in their own interest as initiators of social and
political change bears testimony that such ideological hypocrisy cannot help
it end the misery of the Zimbabwean workers and peasants.

      Zimbabwean masses may be patient, but not without a cause.

      Tapera Kapuya
      University of Natal
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Daily News

      Tobacco earnings tumble

      10/15/02 10:17:01 AM (GMT +2)

      By Tendayi Nyakunu Business Editor

      Zimbabwe's foreign currency crisis is set to worsen following a 75
percent decline in tobacco exports.

      Tobacco contributes 31 percent to the country's foreign currency
earnings, but the figure is set to drop because of the massive disruption of
farming activities as a result of the government-sanctioned land reform

      An overview of the flue-cured tobacco industry presented to the
Parliamentary Committee on Agriculture by the Zimbabwe Tobacco Association
(ZTA) last week, forecast that earnings from tobacco exports would drop from
US$400 million (Z$22 billion) in 2000 to US$105 million next year.

      The decline means the country will experience more difficulties in
obtaining foreign exchange to import most of its fuel. About US$600 million
      required for fuel imports every year.

      "Handled properly, tobacco exports could easily pay for the country's
fuel needs," a spokesman for the ZTA said.Out of 1 750 large-scale tobacco
farmers in 2000, more than 1 350 were forced to leave, throwing more than
300 000 people out of work since the chaotic and often violent farm
invasions started in February 2000, following the massive rejection of the
government-sponsored Draft Constitution.

      Before the land invasions, large-scale tobacco farmers employed more
than 500 000 people.

      Only 400 large-scale growers are still actively farming and are
expected to produce 35 million kg of flue-cured tobacco next year, while
indigenous new tobacco farmers are expected to produce a mere 10 million kg.
Small-scale growers are expected to produce 25 million kg, bringing the
total to about 70 million kg for the whole country - down from 165 million
kg this year.

      Figures compiled by the ZTA indicate that tobacco earns 31 percent of
the country's foreign currency yet uses only 3 percent of the arable land.

      Tobacco is grown in poor, sandy loams and the farmers produce 82
percent of the country's horticulture, another major foreign currency

      The tobacco industry is the largest employer in the country, as
farming tends to be labour-intensive, giving it the best potential for
poverty alleviation.

      The potential for the tobacco market is "very encouraging". According
to figures produced by the world's largest tobacco buyer, Universal Leaf
Tobacco Corporation (ULTC), the world's cigarette production increased last
year to an estimated 5 643 billion sticks, up 1,3 percent from the 2000
level, which in turn was 1,3 percent up on 1999 levels.

      Zimbabwe is the world's second largest tobacco producer, contributing
20 percent, after Brazil which produces 28 percent of the international
market's needs.

      ULTC said: "The size of Zimbabwe's crop is once again the biggest
uncertainty in the upcoming leaf production cycle. The government's
continuing land acquisition and redistribution programme has resulted in
decreased plantings in each of the past two crops, with a sharply lower crop
size in 2002. A further decline is forecast in 2003, with a crop size of
only 80 million kg expected."

      The world's largest buyer warns that if Zimbabwe's crop size continues
to decline, "Brazil is certainly capable of continuing to increase plantings
      producing an even larger, higher quality crop, at very attractive
      The ULTC says: "In fact, Brazil is currently projected to produce a
record crop of 576 million kg in 2003, a level believed to be conservative."

      While Brazil is expected to increase earnings from tobacco exports,
Zimbabwe's output is likely to suffer a significant decline from more than
200 million kg
      in 1999 to less than 50 million kg next year.

      China, the world's third largest producer of tobacco, will export more
than 150 million kg, from 50 million kg in 1999.

      The United States of America, which was the third largest producer
after Brazil and Zimbabwe respectively, experienced a sharp decline in
production from 150 million kg in 1999 to 50 million kg this year.

      India has maintained a steady export level of about 50 million kg from
1998 to date.

      Brazil, which overtook Zimbabwe in 1998,started by producing four
million kg in 1964, when Zimbabwe had already reached the 100 million kg
      The ZTA says in order for the tobacco industry to remain viable, it
needs foreign currency accounts or a competitive pre-planting support price
commitment, finance without collateral, flexible marketing for buyer
financing, infrastructure, expertise, experience and land for single-farm
growers who have offered subdivisions on their properties.

      The ZTA proposed that tobacco producers be allowed to establish a
monitored direct marketing facility to buyers, in order to fund growers'
production costs.
      They also proposed there should be a national budget support price
announced together with the National Budget and an increase in the selling
price from $99 to $350 a kg, on top of the official exchange rate.

      The ZTA urged the government to accept subdivision and allow
single-farm owners to produce the crop. They would buy unutilised local
tractors and equipment before importing and use the foreign currency saved
to buy more agricultural inputs.

Crisis in Zim tobacco industryNews24

Crisis in Zim tobacco industry

Harare - Nearly three years of rural instability has badly damaged
Zimbabwe's crucial tobacco harvest, with the country likely to sell only a
fraction of the tobacco it did in 2000, producers said on Tuesday.
The plunge in sales of tobacco, the nation's top hard currency earner, will
further damage an already withering economy suffering from runaway inflation
and unemployment of nearly 60%.
Net earnings from tobacco were likely to drop from US$400m in 2000, before
the government began its programme to seize white-owned commercial farms, to
US$105m next year, said Oliver Gawe, spokesperson for the Zimbabwe Tobacco
Tobacco traditionally accounts for more than 30% of the country's hard
currency earnings, vital for purchasing fuel and corn needed to stave off a
hunger crisis that threatens more than half the nation's population.
In a paper presented to Parliament last week, Gawe said that "handled
properly, tobacco exports could easily pay for the country's fuel needs."
But the government's controversial land redistribution programme was badly
damaging the industry, he said. The government was evicting nearly 5 000
white families from commercial farms so the land could be redistributed to
hundreds of thousands of black Zimbabweans.
Those former commercial farms would produce only 10 million kilograms of
Virginia flue-cured tobacco next year, compared to 150 million kilograms in
2000, Gawe said.
Over 6 000 small-scale farmers produced 25 million kilograms this season,
relying heavily on large-scale commercial growers for assistance with
seedlings and curing, he said.
Gawe rejected government claims that the 300 000 black Zimbabweans to be
resettled on the land could speedily restore production levels.
"From our experience dealing with smallholder farmers, it takes five to six
seasons for a farmer to master the crop and get the quality right," he said.
President Robert Mugabe has said his land reform programme was an effort to
correct colonial imbalances that left a handful of whites with one-third of
the nation's farmland.
Human rights workers, opposition officials and foreign diplomats say Mugabe
has used the land issue as an excuse to wage a violent political war against
the opposition and shore up his plummeting popularity amid the economic
The private Daily News newspaper reported on Tuesday 180 families of black
farm workers were forced to sleep outside near the city of Bulawayo, after
ruling party militants evicted them from the flower farm where they had
Rights groups say more than 100 000 former farm workers and their families
are battling homelessness and unemployment. Less than 10% of the workers,
many of whom were opposition supporters, received plots of land under the
redistribution program, rights workers said.
Meanwhile, white commercial farmer Roy Bennett and a Zimbabwean-born British
citizen, Stewart Girvin, were to appear in court on Tuesday in the remote
rural town of Chimanimani on charges they videotaped Mugabe voters being
given corn during recent local elections.
Bennett, an opposition legislator, and Girvin could be charged either with
violating election laws by entering the vicinity of polling stations without
official permission, or with working as journalists without accreditation,
police spokesperson Wayne Bvudzijena said.
Also, a sporadic strike by some of the nation's 80 000 teachers continued
Tuesday despite the government's dismissal of 627 striking teachers on
Monday and the arrest last week of union leader, Raymond Majongwe.
Majongwe, released on bail, faces up to 10 years in jail on charges he
organised an illegal labour action. -Sapa-AP
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Fuel for Zimbabwe Stuck At Beira Port

Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (Maputo)

October 15, 2002
Posted to the web October 15, 2002


The Mozambican subsidiary of the oil company BP is preventing a Libyan
tanker from discharging fuel for Zimbabwe at the port of Beira, because of
unpaid Zimbabwean debts, reports Tuesday's issue of the independent newsheet
"Mediafax", citing the Harare "Financial Gazette".

The National Oil Company of Zimbabwe (NOCZIM) owes about three million US
dollars to BP-Mozambique, and so BP has decided that oil for Zimbabwe cannot
use its facilities.

According to the "Financial Gazette", the Libyan tanker has been docked at
Beira for the past two weeks, but BP-Mozambique will not allow the fuel to
be discharged into its tanks. The oil pipeline from Beira to Zimbabwe is
owned by NOCZIM and the British-based multinational Lonrho. But before the
fuel can be pumped into the pipeline, it must first be stored in the BP

NOCZIM has also run into problems over its debts to the Mozambican rail and
port company, CFM. NOCZIM had run up a large debt to CFM for the use of the
Beira fuel terminal.

It was obliged to pay part of this debt (two million dollars) under threat
that otherwise CFM would deny it continued use of the port facilities. But,
according to an anonymous source cited by "Mediafax". NOCZIM still owes CFM
about 700,000 dollars.

"Mediafax" attempted to obtain a comment from the general manager of
BP-Mozambique, Antonio Macamo, but without success.

The "Financial Gazette" fears that, unless the dispute between NOCZIM and
BP-Mozambique is rapidly resolved, Zimbabwe could be facing serious fuel
shortages in the near future.

About 70 per cent of Zimbabwe's fuel needs are met by the Libyan company,
Tamoil, and enter the country via Mozambique. The other 30 per cent come
from the Independent Petroleum Group, of Kuwait, and are transported via
South Africa.
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Daily News

      Food crisis set to continue next year, warns Sadc unit

      10/15/02 9:16:46 AM (GMT +2)

      By Takaitei Bote Farming Editor

      ZIMBABWE will continue scrounging for food next year, because winter
crop production this year and the harvest in the coming season will fall
short of the country's requirements, the Southern African Development
Community (Sadc) Regional Early Warning Unit (REWU) has warned.

      Zimbabwe faces a food crisis because of poor rains in the past two
years and a reduction in planting in the commercial farming sector as a
result of the so-called fast-track land reform programme.

      A disastrous food crisis is threatening more than six million people,
or half the population of Zimbabwe, due to a much reduced 2001/2002 cereal
harvest projected at only 759 000 tonnes, 61 percent down on last year's
overall cereal production of 1,94 million tonnes.

      REWU said in its latest Food Security Bulletin that winter maize and
wheat crops produced this year would not be able to meet the country's
annual requirements.

      REWU said final output projections for the 2002 suggest an eventual
maize harvest of 509 000 tonnes, taking irrigated and winter maize into
account, which is only 34 percent of last year's production.

      Zimbabwe needs about two million tonnes of maize for domestic
consumption every year.

      Most of the the 509 000 tonnes of cereal produced this year has
already been consumed.

      Production of sorghum and millet, alternative crops when the maize
crop fails, declined by 64 percent to 37 000 tonnes this year, the REWU

      It said indications were that 50 000 hectares have been put under
winter wheat from which a harvest of 213 000 tonnes is anticipated.

      The 213 000 tonnes will not be enough to feed the nation which
requires about 400 000 tonnes for next year.

      The country also needs to import about 20 percent of wheat used to
make flour for gristing purposes.

      Zimbabwe is facing serious foreign currency shortages.

      The Sadc unit said: "Cereal supply for the 2002/2003 marketing year is
reflecting much reduced production and with the insignificant opening stock
position, the food security position for the marketing year has assumed
famine proportions.

      "Current projections indicate a maize deficit of 1,98 million tonnes
for the 2002/2003 marketing year, inclusive of the 500 000 tonnes minimum
strategic grain reserve needed."

      While the State monopoly Grain Marketing Board and United Nations'
World Food Programme have since February this year imported food, the supply
situation remains critical.

      According to REWU, planned imports as of August stood at 1,29 million
tonnes and they still leave an import gap of about 1,06 million tonnes for
which more food aid pledges were required.
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Daily News

      Wedza man charged with malicious injury to property

      10/15/02 9:55:53 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      WILLIAS Murozonga, the national co-ordinator of the recently-formed
      Election Victims' Association (Zimeva) last week appeared before a
Wedza magistrates' court on charges of malicious injury to property.

      Murozonga, 27, had initially been charged under the Public Order and
Security Act but the State changed the charge when he appeared in court. No
reasons were given for the change.

      The State alleged that Murozonga was responsible for the
spray-painting of roads and shops with MDC slogans in the run-up to the
March presidential election.

      However, Murozonga said Wedza police had slapped him with the charges
after he was tortured and nearly killed by Zanu PF activists earlier in the
      "These people shot me in the left leg using a police service firearm
whose number I have. If they had had their way, I would be long dead but now
      I am being dragged before the courts on trumped-up charges," he said.
      Murozonga alleged that six Zanu PF youths and a policeman apprehended
him on 25 February and searched him.

      When they found him with an MDC party card, they allegedly assaulted
him before force-marching him to the home of a colleague, John Mukondiwa.
      Mukondiwa came out with an axe and in the mayhem that ensued as he
tried to escape, Murozonga said he was shot in the leg.

      "They took me to a Zanu PF base in the area and tortured me. One of
them said it was time to kill me but I screamed for help and as it was
getting light outside, they panicked," Murozonga said.

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Daily News

      Tsvangirai promises stern action on errant MDC leaders in Manicaland

      10/15/02 9:50:10 AM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      MORGAN Tsvangirai, the MDC leader, has called for a probe of the party
's Manicaland executive members and promised stern disciplinary measures
against them if allegations of factionalism are substantiated.

      Tsvangirai's action comes in the wake of The Daily's News report on
Saturday in which allegations of financial mismanagement, corruption and
factionalism were levelled against some executive members of the opposition
party in the province.
      "I am aware of the tension in that province," he said. "I have called
for an investigation into the whole affair and if there is any substance, we
will definitely deal with it. The provincial executive must work as a team.

      "We can't tolerate indiscipline at the expense of our party's goals."
      MDC insiders alleged that two factions have emerged, one led by
Timothy Mubhawu, the provincial chairman and the other by Proper Mutseyami,
his deputy.

      Sources said at a meeting held on 7 September at the MDC's provincial
party headquarters, daggers were drawn over the manner in which money was
being disbursed.

      The meeting reportedly also questioned the competence of Innocent
Gonese, the MP for Mutare Central, as a lawyer, resulting in most court
cases involving MDC members being referred to another lawyer, Arnold Tsunga.

      Gonese, the MDC's chief whip, dismissed the allegation as "a fertile
imagination on the part of your source".

      He said: "The question of my competence never arose at the meeting. It
is the fertile imagination on the part of your source. I am a member of the
national executive and sit on the MDC's legal committee which decides which
lawyers to use on our cases.

      "Tsunga and I are very close friends and at times we refer cases to
each other."
      On the issue of divisions Gonese said he was a member of the national
executive and was not willing to speak on provincial matters.

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      Five injured as armed soldiers raid beerhall

      10/15/02 10:13:27 AM (GMT +2)

      From Our Correspondent in Masvingo

      At least five people were injured, one of them seriously, on Saturday
night when heavily armed soldiers raided Chigarapasi Beerhall in Chiredzi
and assaulted patrons they accused of supporting the MDC.

      Obvious Chisina, the MDC chairperson for Ward 3, was left for dead
after the attack.

      Yesterday, he was reported to be battling for his life at Chiredzi
General Hospital after sustaining injuries all over his body.

      Police in Chiredzi yesterday confirmed the incident and said
investigations were in progress.

      Masvingo police spokesman, Inspector Learn Ncube, yesterday said he
would comment only after receiving a full report from his counterparts in
      About 12 soldiers armed with AK 47 rifles descended on the beerhall
after one of them, reportedly offduty, was involved in a misunderstanding
with one patron.
      The soldiers accused Chisina of preaching opposition politics to the
      Leading the terror campaign was a soldier identified by patrons only
as Lieutenant Ncube, who accused the patrons of being the "sons"
      of MDC president Morgan Tsvangirai.

      Members of the public, who were watching as the soldiers battered
Chisina, later stoned the soldiers.

      The incident turned into a free-for-all as members of the public tried
in vain to restrain the rowdy soldiers from assaulting more innocent

      As they sensed the danger of mob violence, the soldiers threatened to
shoot everyone in the beerhall.

      The threats sent the patrons scurrying for cover while others took to
their heels. A number of people were injured in the melee.

      MDC provincial chairman, Edmore Marima, said yesterday his party would
come up with ways of assisting the victims of the violence.
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