The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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From BBC News, 15 October

Zimbabwe union protests on the rise

By Martin Plaut

London - The government of Zimbabwe is facing a rising tide of discontent. A strike by teachers is in progress, despite union complaints of government harassment. They have been joined by health workers, and protests from university lecturers all complaining about their pay and conditions of employment. The industrial action comes as the government is attempting to grapple with economic decline. And the signs of the country's difficulties are all too evident. The tobacco crop - once the backbone of economy - has been crippled by the seizure of white owned farms. Just two years ago it was worth $400m. This year it is predicted to fetch one quarter of that sum. Driving commercial farmers off their land has not just hit whites. Some 100,000 black farm workers are now homeless and unemployed. And the Zimbabwe dollar has fallen through the floor. fficially there are 55 to the US dollar. But on the parallel market the American currency fetches 10 times that figure. The drought that has hit all of Southern Africa has hit the country particularly hard. Essential goods are now either impossible to obtain, or too expensive for ordinary people. One leading newspaper in South Africa commented this week: "No one knows when Zimbabwe's economy will collapse, but the end is nigh".

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Financial Times

      Hunger reduction slows to 'dismal' level
      By John Mason, Food and Rural Affairs Correspondent, in London
      Published: October 16 2002 5:00 | Last Updated: October 16 2002 5:00

      Progress in reducing world hunger has slowed to almost a complete
halt, the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation said yesterday.

      Some 840m people world-wide are undernourished and this figure is
declining by only 2.5m a year - less than previously thought, said Hartwig
de Haen, the FAO assistant director-general.

      "The situation is quite dismal," he said, unveiling the annual State
of Food Insecurity in the World report. Unless the trend was sharply
reversed, the target agreed by governments of halving hunger by 2015 would
be widely missed, he said.

      The new figures, which compare 1990-92 and 1998-2000, show a division
between a small number of developing countries making substantial progress
and a deteriorating situation in the rest of the developing world.

      China remains the most impressive success story, having reduced its
number of hungry by 74m, or almost half, reflecting its increased commitment
to agricultural development.

      Other countries where sharp reductions were made include Indonesia,
Thailand, Vietnam, Peru, Ghana and Nigeria.

      However, in the rest of the developing world the number of hungry
people has increased by more than 80m, partly the result of the drastic
worsening of the situation in a small number of countries.

      The worst performer was Democratic Republic of Congo where internal
conflict has caused hunger to triple. India was the second-worst performing
country, because continued population growth has outstripped agricultural
production, leaving an extra 18m malnourished. However, Mr de Haen said
economic growth and Indian government polices could reverse this trend in

      Other countries recording dramatic increases in malnutrition include
Iraq, Bangladesh and Tanzania. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the worst-affected
region with the highest prevalence of undernourishment, even before the
emergence of the current famine, which threatens the lives of more than 14m
people across southern Africa.

      Mr de Haen said the key features of successful countries were good
governance, lack of conflict, strong and stable economies that invested in
agriculture, and targeted social programmes to protect the weak.

      Poverty remained the main cause of hunger but other factors included
conflict, drought, flood and political and economic disruption.

      In addition, more than 2bn people worldwide suffer from micronutrient
malnutrition - the lack of essential vitamins and minerals needed for
healthy growth, the report said. For example, up to 140m children suffer
from vitamin A deficiency, which can cause blindness.

      UN call for review of emergency relief effort in Africa

      The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has called for an urgent
review of its emergency relief effort in southern Africa, warning that
traditional responses to famine are insufficient to counter the devastation
of an HIV/Aids pandemic, James Lamont reports from Johannesburg.

      In a report to the UN, James Morris, the WFP's executive director, has
appealed to donor and international aid agencies to shore up governments in
the drought-stricken region. He has warned of the collapse of states unless
capacity-building initiatives are undertaken to overcome a lethal
combination of starvation and HIV/Aids.

      "The traditional pattern of humanitarian assistance, which at times
may attempt to replace a weakened government sector in order to achieve its
life-saving objectives, is simply not a viable option for southern Africa at
this time, as it would merely postpone an eventual collapse," he said.

      "In almost every sector - food, health, education, agriculture, water
and sanitation - the crisis response needs to be re-orientated to convince
donors, governments and the international community to take urgent action."

      About 14.4m people in southern Africa are facing severe food shortages
as a result of drought and economic mismanagement. Almost half are in
Zimbabwe, where commercial farming operations have been disrupted by Robert
Mugabe's controversial land reform programme. Poor harvests in Zimbabwe,
Zambia, Malawi, Swaziland, Lesotho and Mozambique have precipitated a
deepening health crisis that has left about 4m orphans.

      The WFP has become increasingly convinced that the needs of the region
are so great that a long-term recovery strategy is required rather than a
short-term food supply operation.
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Financial Times

      Land resettlement to hit Zimbabwe tobacco exports
      By Tony Hawkins in Harare
      Published: October 16 2002 5:00 | Last Updated: October 16 2002 5:00

      Zimbabwe's tobacco exports will fall by at least 60 per cent and
possibly as much as 75 per cent in 2003, largely as a result of land

      Tobacco is the country's top export, accounting for between a quarter
and a third of export revenues in a normal year.

      The Zimbabwe Tobacco Association, which represents growers, warns that
the number of large-scale (mostly white) growers will fall to about 400 in
2003 from 1,750 two years ago.

      As a result, large-scale production is forecast at only 45m kilograms,
down 80 per cent from the peak of 225m kgs in 2000.

      Some of this will be made up by increased small-scale production from
black farmers. They are forecast to more than double output in 2003 to about
25m kgs from existing growers, with the possibility of a further 15m kgs
from new settlers.

      This would give a total crop in the region of 85m kgs: half the
current crop of 170m kgs and little more than a third of the record 236m kgs
grown in 2000.

      Sales of the current season's crop are projected to earn $386m. Next
year the ZTA is predicting a crop value of only $105m, assuming markedly
lower prices and a much smaller crop.

      At present, Zimbabwe is the world's second-largest tobacco exporter,
accounting for 20 per cent of the total and behind Brazil, which supplies 28
per cent.

      The ZTA warns that Brazil will take over Zimbabwe's markets. The slump
in production volumes in Zimbabwe allied with poorer quality leaf is likely
to deter foreign buyers, who normally flock to the auction floors during the
April to October sales season.

      The ZTA believes this will cause prices to slump from the current
level of about 230 US cents a kg, to perhaps as little as 150 cents.

      Meanwhile, direct production costs have risen 140 per cent in the past
year, comfortably outpacing the 103 per cent increase in leaf prices in
local currency.

      The ZTA is urging the government to increase the effective exchange
rate for tobacco exports from the current 158.5 Zimbabwe dollars to the US
dollar to at least Z$350 to the US unit.

      It also wants the government to allow tobacco farmers to subdivide
their farms and to retain a portion so that they can continue growing while
allowing new settlers to take over some of the land.

      And, in a clean break with the past, the ZTA is even advocating direct
marketing to buyers who fund growers' production costs by way of
out-sourcing arrangements.

      Still, even if the government were to accept some of these
suggestions, it is now too late to have much impact on the 2003 crop, which
is currently being planted.
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Teaching them a lesson:
A report on the attack on Zimbabwean teachers
20 September 2002
A report by the Research Unit of the
Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum
The attack of teachers has been ongoing against the backdrop of violence being perpetrated against civil servants (including district administrators, and nurses) by ruling party (Zanu PF) supporters, “war veterans” and the youth militia. Violence against teachers has continued unabated since June 2000. Violence against teachers has been concentrated in the rural communities where teachers are rightfully considered to be a group that has considerable influence on the communities in which they live. The reported attacks on teachers who support or are suspected of supporting the MDC seems to be a way of limiting their political influence on the rural populace. In July 2001 two ministers are alleged to have issued death threats against student leaders and their principals for supporting the opposition MDC. The threats were issued at a meeting between the ministers, student leaders and principals from Masvingo, Bondolfi and Morgenster teacher training colleges, Masvingo Technical College and Mushagashe Vocational Training College. The meeting was told that the only way that their safety could be guaranteed is if they supported Zanu PF. The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Stan Mudenge  reportedly  said:
“You are going to lose your jobs if you support opposition political parties in the presidential election. As civil servants, you have to be loyal to the government of the day. You can even be killed for supporting the opposition and no one would guarantee your safety.”
The Minister of Education, Sports and Culture told the meeting that:
“We cannot continue to pay our enemies. People have to know which side of their bread is buttered”
The threats came a month after the Deputy Minister of Education, Sports and Culture allegedly said that his ministry would not provide security to teachers affected by violence for supporting the opposition.  The threats by the two ministers were seen by ZIMCET Executive Director, David Chimhini, as having exposed civil servants to possible attacks by ZanuPF supporters.
The brutal attack on teachers has had far reaching consequences that go beyond the teachers themselves. Violence also affects the schoolchildren, when, in some instances, they are made to witness scenes of extreme violence such as beatings and torture. Schoolchildren may experience behavioural and emotional reactions after their experience of violence against their teachers, who are supposed to be their guardians in the school environment. The Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture (CCVT) says that ‘a climate created by on-going organised violence can also produce generalised feelings of insecurity and uncertainty for children, thus making it impossible for children and youth to feel that they have a future’.
In some instances, school children have become victims during attacks on their schools. In the Midlands province, pupils from five schools were allegedly abducted and taken for re-education classes by “war veterans” and Zanu PF supporters. At Chomuwuya High School “war veterans” reportedly disrupted a prize giving ceremony in October 2001, while in Masvingo “war veterans” are alleged to have disrupted lessons at Rusitu High School. Therefore the addressing of violence against teachers is not only directly beneficial to the victims, but also for the schoolchildren who are also victims indirectly.
This report documents 238 individual cases of human rights abuses against teachers for the 18 month period between January 2001 and June 2002. The Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum believes the documented evidence that it has collected is merely the tip of a much bigger iceberg, and would wish to draw attention to the many previous cases reported in earlier reports of the Forum. We would also wish to draw attention to these many previous reports, and to note that a communication from the Forum is currently under consideration by the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. As the Presidents of South Africa and Nigeria and the Prime Minister of Australia meet in Abuja on Monday, 23 September, to consider the Commonwealth’s response to the Zimbabwe crisis, we hope that they will take into account this new report, as well as all the previous reports, including those specifically submitted to the Abuja initiatives.
Totals 1 January 2001 to 31 June 2002
  Sources: Human Rights Forum legal statements, newspaper reports, Partner Organisation Statements.
Note to the tables
All cases of torture fall under the definition of torture according to the general definition given in the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Forms of Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment and Punishment.
The four elements of torture are:
1. Severe pain and suffering, whether physical or mental
2. Intentionally inflicted
3. With a purpose
4. By a state official or another individual acting with the acquiescence of the State.
Those individuals referred to in point # 4 include the ZRP, ZNA, ZPS and the ZNLWVA (as a reserve force of the ZNA) and by any other grouping when directly sanctioned by the state.

Unlawful arrest and detention:
Arrest by the Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) with no reasonable suspicion that an offence has been committed. Detention thereafter for a period exceeding 48 hours without access to redress through the courts or subsequent release without charge.
A kidnapping by a member(s) of an organised group that is not the ZRP organisation eg. Political party, ZNLWVA, ZNA, MDC, Zanu PF etc
Kidnapped persons whose whereabouts remained unknown at the time of reporting. Their whereabouts have still to be ascertained through follow –up reports or further investigation.
Property related
These are incidents in which property rights have been violated. This includes arson, property damage and destruction and theft.
Key Abbreviations
CIO- Central Intelligence Organisation
MDC- Movement for Democratic Change
MP- Member of Parliament
NCA- National Constitutional Assembly
UMP – Uzumba Maramba Pfungwe
ZNLWVA- Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association
ZNA- Zimbabwe National Army
ZRP- Zimbabwe Republic Police
Zanu PF- Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front
Incidents in this report account for eight of the ten provinces in the country. Harare and Bulawayo provinces had no reported incidences of violence against teachers. Masvingo province had the highest number of violations in the abduction, assault and death threats category.
This province had the second highest number of torture and assault cases in the country carried out by Zanu PF supporters, youths and “war veterans”. Cases of state agent involvement were also reported. The CIO were reportedly involved in the torture of a teacher who is the MDC Provincial Vice-Organising Secretary, while another teacher alleged that he was constantly sought by the CIO at his home, until he fled. A pregnant teacher reportedly  lost her baby soon after birth after a series of assaults by war veterans, Zanu PF youths and police officers. Her husband is the District Secretary for the MDC in the province. There was one school closure in the province.
Buhera North
11 February 2002
 A Zanu PF supporter allegedly attacked PM a teacher, with a beer bottle while he was having a drink with five people. One of them, Tafara Taderera, confronted him asking why PM wanted to kill him. Before he could answer he was struck on the left eye with a beer bottle. Taderera then used the broken bottle to scratch him all over his face and head. He suffered facial and head injuries. PM was forced to apply for sick leave from the 18th of February to the 20th of March. The case was reported to the police but no arrests were made. It was not clear why the victim was attacked. 
16 June 2002
 Fifteen youths clad in police uniforms allegedly assaulted RM, a teacher at Mamunyadza Secondary School with baton sticks all over his body. He suspects that they are youths from the Border Gezi Training Centre for National Youth Service in Mount Darwin. The youths came to the school armed with rifles and asked him what his name was and what post he held within the MDC. When he denied that he held any post, he was ordered to lie down and was severely assaulted. RM was accused of holding a post within the MDC hierarchy and that he was going to receive a truck from the opposition party. The youth barred anyone who wanted to render assistance to RM who could not even walk to the hospital. His wife and child witnessed the assault but managed to escape through the window. The case was not reported to the police.
19 June 2002
 Mai Gono, Tapfuma, and unnamed “war veterans” and Zanu PF youths reportedly assaulted AK, a pregnant teacher, because her husband was the District Secretary for MDC. The baby was born on the 29th of June but passed away on the 5th of July 2002. Medical reports attributed the death of the baby to the assault. “War veterans” and youths went to the victim’s school, being led by one Tapfuma, demanding to see her in the middle of a lesson. She was ordered to pack all her belongings and leave the school premises. She was taken to ZanuPF offices in the area and assaulted. One Mai Gondo, a “war veteran”, also assaulted AK with fists and open hands. She managed to dupe the group and escape. On the 26th of June 2002, the police and ‘green bombers’  (National Service Youths) came looking for AK’s husband. They threw teargas at them and fired twice in the air. The officers, who threatened to come back for her, assaulted AK. The officers are from Murambinda and Buhera ZRP, being led by Detective Superintendent Dowa. 
Buhera South
1 July 2001
 TC was allegedly threatened and ordered to leave Gunde Primary School with immediate effect because she was an MDC supporter. Two Zanu PF youths came to the school alleging that they had been watching her MDC activities for a long time. She was warned that if she didn't leave the school premises she would be dealt with accordingly. She only managed to pack a few things and left the school on the 5th of July leaving behind the rest of her belongings with a friend.
7 May 2002
 Teddy Mugwari, Leonard Usavi, Benjamin Mwandifura (teachers) and Godfrey Marongwe (Deputy Headmaster) from Murambinda Secondary School were allegedly accused of supporting MDC and assaulted by “war veterans”. They were ejected from their work places. After the assaults they fled.
May 2002
 A number of unnamed teachers allegedly received letters from a J. Nyawo (Zanu PF councillor) demanding payment of $500 per head to fund the celebrations for the President’s election victory, which were to be held by the Gukurahundi Youth Group. Teachers in the area were also allegedly being asked to pay a 'protection fee’ for their safety.
7 October 2001
 Zanu PF supporters reportedly summoned teachers in Biriwiri to a meeting where they were told that their jobs and lives were at risk if they supported MDC. This was in the wake of the disturbances at Biriwiri and at Charleswood Estate, owned by MDC MP, Roy Bennett, where Zanu PF members were urged to go and seize property.
April 2002
 The CIO allegedly constantly sought Hamilton Sigauke, a teacher, at his home. Following death threats from the state agents, he fled to Mutare. The MDC and Zanu PF were due to meet in Chimanimani on the 3rd of April 2002. Villagers in the district claimed that ZanuPF supporters and CIO officers had unleashed terror to punish them for supporting MDC.
Chipinge North
20 March 2002
 It was alleged that teachers suspected to have voted for MDC from Checheche, Chisumbanje, Gumira, Machona, Rimbi and Vheneka Primary Schools, as well as Rimbi High School were assaulted by “war veterans” and Zanu PF supporters. The schools were forcibly closed resulting in the pupils fleeing for their homes.
Chipinge South
11 November 2001
 MB, a teacher and the MDC Provincial Vice-Organizing Secretary, was at Maronga School at about 3 pm when he was allegedly approached by a group of six members of the Central Intelligence Organization in Chipinge in a cream Mazda pick-up truck. One of them produced a pistol and ordered him to get into the truck. He pretended that he needed to go into the house but instead escaped. They fired shots at him but missed. Cash in the amount of $ 15 000 which he had withdrawn from the bank was taken from him, as well as shoes, shirts and trousers. As a result of his assault he sustained head injuries and is suffering from stomach pains. His genitals were also kicked. The case was reported to the local police station. 
15 March 2002
 James Moyana, Chikukwa and six unnamed teachers of Checheche School in Chipinge were allegedly severely assaulted with knobkerries, iron bars, chains, and sticks by Zanu PF supporters. Four of the teachers were admitted to Chipinge hospital with serious injuries, one was unable to walk. The police and the army were called in to restore order.  21 people were arrested. The attacks came two days after a call by Mike Madiro, Zanu PF's Manicaland chair, to weed out traitors to the revolution. 
Of the eight provinces, Mashonaland Central had the highest number of teachers that were forced out of their places of employment due to political violence. In Mount Darwin South four teachers were ordered to transfer by “war veterans” and Zanu PF members because they were MDC supporters. In Shamva another four teachers were also ordered to transfer by a group of 30 “war veterans” and Zanu PF youths. The teachers were assaulted prior to being ordered out of the school. The group was camped at Chindunduma Two High School where the school matron gave them food rations. The group also had use of the school’s Nissan truck. In Bindura, Uronga South Primary School was closed after six teachers were severely assaulted by a group of “war veterans” and Zanu PF youths.
19 May 2001
 WT, a teacher at Chipadze Secondary School, and PM, were on their way to Trojan in a 504 station wagon when one Dickson Mafiosi, in a defender, allegedly indicated that they wanted to see someone in the 504. PM was asked to get out of the car. On asking why they had pulled them over, Dickson pulled them out of the car and slapped WT on the face. He said they had been looking for him because he was an MDC supporter. Dickson alleged that the then Governor, Elliot Manyika now the Minister of Youth, Gender and Employment Creation, allegedly said they had destroyed WT’s house and that they wanted his blood. They assaulted him with iron bars, clenched fists and booted feet. There were eight people. WT passed out for some time as he had sustained injuries to his head and all over his body. The matter was reported to the police on the 19th of May 2001.
28 June 2001
 A group of “war veterans” and Zanu PF youths reportedly asked teachers at Uronga South Primary School for membership cards. Three teachers who had Zanu PF cards were left alone. The remaining six were severely assaulted in front of their pupils with clenched fists, logs and sjamboks for being opposition supporters as they had failed to produce Zanu PF party cards. The school was closed for three days. Bindura magistrate Feyi Gweshuro Tito sentenced the youths to three years in jail with 9 months conditionally suspended for 5 years. Upon review, Judge George Smith upheld the sentence as appropriate. Furthermore Justice Smith ordered the police Commissioner Augustine Chihuri to investigate the 'moral blameworthiness' of ZNLWVA commander. The judge noted that”
“The use of young men who want land as pawns in the political struggle and to make them go out and assault and intimidate innocent members of the public who are going about their own business, in order to qualify for land, cannot be condoned.”
7 January 2002
 AB was on his way to Bindura when he came across a roadblock allegedly mounted by Zanu PF youths. They asked him for a Zanu PF card and, when they found that he did not have one, they slapped him three times. When he went to deliver something at the MDC Women's chairperson's house the next day, the Zanu PF militia accosted him, interrogated him, and then dragged him to his house. There they carried out a search and found an NCA booklet. They took him to their base and attacked him with open hands and a cable. He later managed to escape and fled to Harare. 
Guruve North
March 2002 - 3 February 2002
 In March 2000, “war veterans” and Zanu PF supporters allegedly demonstrated saying they didn't want DM at the school because he was an MDC sympathizer. He was forcibly transferred from the school to one in Upper Guruve and he left his car and other property at the school. When he returned to collect his property, he found that his car had been damaged and therefore had to look for the stolen parts. The looters came back on the 11th of November 2001 and damaged the vehicle completely, setting it ablaze. The case was reported to Mahuwe Police Station in November. On The 3rd of February 2002, Zanu PF supporters beat up DM for being an MDC supporter. They threatened to kill him if he went back to teach in that area.
Guruve South
15 January 2002
  Wellington Mudanwa (Zanu PF Chairman), Mahembe and Tanaka Chibvongodze went to Negomo Secondary School and took OM from his class to the headmaster's office. He was asked about his political affiliation and forced to roll on stones. He suffered multiple injuries. He was then taken to Bowen farm were he was later released. The matter was not reported to the police.
15 March 2002
 Zanu PF youths allegedly broke 15 windowpanes and doors at CM's home after the elections and declared that they had taken over the house because the victim belonged to the MDC. The victim, a teacher fled together with his family and he was informed that one Newton Hakata, two Chisi brothers, Sydney Mavhangira, Terrence Nhamburo and Magoro are residing at his home. They are using his property and one of them was seen putting on the victim's jacket. CM owns the house and has been living in it since 1991. He reported the matter at Bindura Police Station to one Constable Dimba. At the time of the report the case was still pending.  
Mount Darwin North
March 2001
 Katikiti, Majoni, Marufu, and Muringai were allegedly ordered to transfer to other schools by Joseph Nembire Nyabvudzi, who is acting Chief Nembire because they were MDC supporters. Acting Chief Nembire, a Zanu PF supporter is alleged to have requested the transfer of the four teachers saying that his MP, Saviour Kasukuwere, had given the Acting Chief power to enlist the help of National Service Youths to remove the teachers who were described as being ‘dangerous’. The Chief, a policeman, is reported to have claimed that the Nembire family was facing serious problems through the political activities of the four. In February 2001, Zvavamwe, Education Officer for Mt. Darwin, was evicted from his house after he had been accused of recruiting MDC supporters as temporary teachers. The letter from the Ministry of Education sanctioning removal stated:
"You are advised that teachers who are not wanted within their employment environment, for whatever reason, should be assisted to transfer to other areas." 
Mount Darwin South
June 2001
 Unnamed teachers and a headmaster were allegedly harassed and assaulted by Zanu PF members. They were forcibly removed from the schools at which they were teaching in compliance with the demands of Zanu PF youths in the area. Teachers were warned that they would be removed from their places of employment if it were proved that they belonged to the MDC. 
13 January 2002
 Collin Kamarizeni (Deputy Headmaster), Florence Usayi (Senior female teacher), Kennedy Mapondera (Senior male teacher) and an unnamed temporary teacher were allegedly assaulted by a group of “war veterans” and Zanu PF youths. They ordered the transfer of four teachers on allegations that they were MDC supporters. A report was made to the police but no action had been taken at the time of the report. A group of thirty “war veterans” and Zanu PF youths set up a base at Chindunduma Two High School. They were receiving free food rations from the school kitchen. Christine Dhewa, the school matron, also the Zanu PF District Chairperson in the women's league, was allegedly giving the group food and material support.  The school head Ella Pawandiwa, allowed the group to use the school's Nissan truck in their terror campaigns in the area. Lakayana Dube, the Mashonaland Regional Director for Education, denied any knowledge of the forced transfers. However it is alleged that Dube facilitated the transfers. 
15 March 2001
 TZ is MDC District Chairperson while her husband, GT, is the District Co-ordinator in Shamva. In May 2000, the couple was allegedly attacked several times by Zanu PF members. They used stones and at one time used a petrol bomb, which failed to explode. In mid-May 2000, Kwezani, Noah Ndombo, Artwell Chiwara, Themba, Augusto and several others allegedly sent by Mr. Sydney Chiwara and Mr. Mudukuti went to the victim’s home armed with stones, petrol bombs and sticks. They destroyed windowpanes and then set the house on fire. The victims lost all furniture in the dining room and bedroom as well as clothes. They managed to escape through the back door and sought refuge at a friend's place until July (after the parliamentary elections). GT has been forced out of any school he secures employment with. At the time of the report he was not employed having been forced out of his last school in December 2000. In February 2001, Zanu PF members passed through their home throwing empty bottles and destroying the windowpanes. On the 15th of March 2001 at around 8pm, a group of Zanu PF members went to the victims' home singing and chanting slogans. They managed to escape and hid next door with their children. The group destroyed their property and set the house on fire. They lost all property. They eventually escaped to Harare. The matter was reported to Shamva Police Station but no action has been taken as yet.  
Four schools were allegedly closed in the province due to disturbances caused by war veterans. It was reported that two bases had been established at Tenda and Mashumba Primary Schools in Gokwe North by Zanu PF militia, and were being used as torture centres. Eight teachers were reported to have been tortured in the whole district, including a pregnant female teacher. In Mberengwa teachers fled from Vutiki High School after pupils had been abducted by war veterans for ‘re-education’ classes.
Gokwe North
12 October 2001
 “War veterans” and Zanu PF supporters allegedly besieged Mashumba Primary School and attacked teachers, who then fled 40 kms on foot to Zomba.  Midlands Regional Director of Education, Isaac Tanyanyiwa, reportedly claimed to be 'unaware' of this and other disturbances in his precinct. The teachers wanted their security guaranteed before returning to the school. Zanu PF militants were reported to be camped at Tenda and Mashumba Primary Schools and to have established torture centres at each of the schools.  
12 October 2001
 Zanu PF supporters and “war veterans” reportedly disrupted a prize-giving ceremony and assaulted 3 teachers at Chomuwuyu High School. Midlands Regional Director of Education, Isaac Tanyanyiwa, reportedly claimed to be 'unaware' of this disturbance. The teachers wanted a security guarantee before returning to the school.
Kadoma West
October 2001
 Two schools in Sanyati were allegedly closed after an unspecified number of pupils were abducted to a war veterans’ base in Gokwe. These schools were among seven schools in Kwekwe and Kadoma districts closed under similar circumstances 
November 2001
 “War veterans” and Zanu PF supporters allegedly assaulted five unnamed teachers at Sanyati and Nyamatsane Primary Schools with sticks when they failed to produce ZanuPF party cards and chant party slogans. A report was made to Sanyati (Arda) Police Post but no action was taken. One of the teachers who were assaulted was pregnant.
Mberengwa East
21 December 2001
 TH was allegedly abducted at midnight by a large number of Zanu PF youths. The victim and a friend, DT, were coming from Mataga Growth Point with the intent of making final wedding preparations. As they approached Mundi Bridge they met the youths who demanded that they stop.  They asked them to produce Zanu PF cards, searched them and used TH's belt to tie his hands. They were taken to their base at Chingoma Secondary School where they were questioned. They vowed that DT who was supposed to get married the next day would not do so. TH failed to answer several of the questions that they asked and was slapped for this. They were then taken to an empty water tank and tortured. TH sustained chest injuries and bruises on back. They managed to sneak out of the school when their friends arrived and chased the assailants away. The following morning the victims were dumbfounded to find that the police were filing charges of public violence against them. They were taken into custody and spent the next 6 days in the police cells under terrible conditions. TH developed heat rash due to poor ventilation in the cells.
Mberengwa West
October 2001
 Pupils of Vutika High School preparing for “O” and “A” level examinations were allegedly forced to attend ‘pungwes’ and undergo political ‘re-education’ conducted by “war veterans” and Zanu PF supporters. Teachers Gumbo, Marufu and V. Moyo and Hove the Headmaster, were victimised and had their property destroyed. After the incident they fled from the school. The perpetrators include Walter Mucheregwa (ZNLWVA, teacher), Divine Chitoro and Nyasha Koke.
March 2002
 “War veterans” and Zanu PF supporters allegedly accused Kudawashe Matsheza and Johnson Zhou of supporting MDC. The two were assaulted and threatened on the basis of these accusations. They then fled the area.
January 2002 - 23 February 2002
 “War veterans” allegedly attacked SG because he assisted his brother in running as the MDC candidate for the Gutu North Parliamentary seat in June 2000. He applied for a letter of transfer from the Ministry of Education. His brother was running for the Gutu North Parliamentary seat in 2000. The victim returned to the school on the 9th of February but the situation was tense so he went away. When he went back the “war veterans” threatened him again and he had to leave on the day in question. SG has not been able to go back to work and payment of his salary has been ceased.  The Ministry of Education has said that they will facilitate a transfer for him. Zimta is also assisting with the application for transfer.

October 2001
 Unnamed teachers from Zhombe Primary and Tenda High schools fled to Gweru after “war veterans” allegedly abducted pupils from these schools to a base in Gokwe. The two schools were among seven schools in Kwekwe and Kadoma districts closed under similar circumstances.
11 March 2001
 AM, a teacher at Mhondongore School and an MDC supporter gave testimony in court in February 2001 in the MDC cases. The following Monday the case was reported in the public press. The “war veterans” in his community allegedly started harassing him and claimed that he showed his allegiance to MDC by testifying in their case they held a meeting at which he was sent packing from the school. The victim alleges that he went to the Ministry of Education but they refused to help.  
The province was characterised by incidents of teachers being forced to contribute towards independence celebrations and the President's birthday celebrations.
7 April 2001
 Zanu PF supporters allegedly went to BM's homestead. The victim was however not at home. They threatened his brother-in-law with death. They claimed that an MDC meeting was taking place at his homestead. They broke down the door and searched underneath beds, wardrobes and threw clothes around. They threatened to burn the house down. The victim had to ask his wife to take their three children and go to her rural home for their own safety.  No report was made to the police as Inspector Mpofu, the Member in Charge, is a “war veteran”, and “war veterans” and Zanu PF supporters previously assaulted the victim.
27 June 2002
 Mucheneripi Chikato, Jairos Mutasa and two other Zanu PF supporters allegedly went to NW's residence armed with sticks and stones. The victim managed to flee the area together with his wife before they could attack him.
16 July 2001
 VM and AK from Hwedza High School were members of MDC, ZimRights, NCA and ZESN based at Hwedza. In January 2000 they were allegedly forced to stop supporting the MDC and did so, but continued their association with the other organisations. In July, “war veterans”, being led by Chirinda, allegedly went to the school where the victims teach and started singing and chanting slogans. VM and AS hid in the schoolyard. The “war veterans” told the headmaster that the teachers had to leave the area, as their services were no longer required in Hwedza. The headmaster then communicated this to the District Education Officer. The victims and others telephoned NCA and they were provided with transport to leave the area. A report was made at Hwedza Police Station but no action was taken. 
Marondera East
9 January 2002 
 A group of about 10 youths allegedly went to JM's house and asked to see his son, TM. One of the youths was wearing a black t-shirt with Border Gezi's face on it. He asked the others to search the house and during the search a wall clock and JVC Video Cassette Recorder were dropped and damaged. A report was made at Dombotombo Police Station, Marondera.
4 January 2001
 Teachers from Mutoko High School, Mutoko Government Secondary School and Donzwa Primary School were allegedly forced to contribute $100 each towards President Mugabe's Birthday Celebration and $50 towards Independence Day Celebrations. Female teachers were forced to contribute an additional $100 each towards the Women's League and were threatened with unspecified action if they failed to pay.
Mutoko North
20 February 2002
 At 7pm, PM, some ex-combatants called a temporary teacher at Chidiye Primary School, for supper at another teacher’s house. He agreed and while he was eating they started to accuse him of being an MDC supporter. They then assaulted him using sticks, firewood and open hands. This lasted throughout night. The people who were involved were Nyamukapa and other youths whose names are unknown to the victim. He then passed out and came to the next morning. He reported the matter on 22 February 2002 at Mutoko Police Station.
Mutoko South
6 May 2001
 Zanu PF supporters assaulted GM for supporting the MDC. He was ordered to attend a Zanu PF meeting, where Cde Nyamande accused him of supporting the MDC and of insulting and castigating ZanuPF supporters. He is alleged to have campaigned for MDC during the June 2000 elections and to have organised strikes in Harare.  He was taken up a hill by the youths who assaulted him with sticks. GM sustained injuries all over his body and passed out. When he regained consciousness he was taken to Mutoko Hospital and then to Avenues Clinic. He was forced to go on sick leave from 8 May to 24 July 2001 because of the injuries he sustained. Kaitano, who was absent when the assaults were occurred, was leading the youths. 
1 March 2001
 CH was demoted from being acting Head of Department at Mugabe Secondary School and denied promotion for refusing to support Zanu PF. He was harassed at work by the headmaster and fellow teachers who are Zanu PF supporters. His wife was forced to join Zanu PF, which led to the breakdown of the marriage. He was forced out of school housing and spent 18 days sleeping in the bush, without food for seven of these days. He took the matter up legally with Felix Muzawazi of Muzawazi and Partners. The Education Regional Director for Mashonaland East Province responded by freezing his Beverly Account (No 3625843A and Pass Book No. 23615). An urgent chamber application was made by his lawyer to have the account unfrozen and the High Court granted this following which the Ministry complied. They were supposed to transfer the victim from the school and promote him to teach ‘A' level but they returned him to the same school. The victim had to run away as he alleges that the CIO officers were after him. He stayed at Murehwa hotel for one night, but moved out and stayed in the bush after some people tried to force the door down and gain access to his hotel room. CH alleges that he was informed that his name was going to be cancelled from the pay sheet. 
This province has the highest number of political intimidation cases in the country. The province was also characterised by threats coming from a top government official. The Governor, Obert Mpofu, was reported to have threatened teachers at Sawmill Primary School in Nyamandlovu, who supported the MDC, that they would be thrown out of the province. Some teachers in Tsholotsho were allegedly transferred due to their support of the opposition MDC.
April 2001
 Teachers at Sawmill Primary School in Nyamandlovu were allegedly threatened by Obert Mpofu,  the Matabeleland North Governor, for supporting the opposition. They were told that they would be thrown out of the province.
Hwange West
6 February 2002
 A group of Zanu PF supporters reportedly ordered the closure of Ndangababi Primary School after intimidating about 20 teachers. About 60 toyi-toying youths chanting Zanu   PF slogans closed the school after force-marching about 20 teachers to a base. The frightened teachers vowed not return.
April 2001
 The Ministry of Education allegedly transferred Elton Mdingwa, Mtombeni and other unnamed teachers for sympathising with the MDC. “War veterans” then removed Mdingwa’s property from his cottage to ensure that he would leave the province.
There was only one report of violence against a female teacher in Matabeleland South. She was assaulted in November 2001 for not attending a Zanu PF rally. Soon after the Presidential Elections she was assaulted for having being absent during the voting period. The victim fled the area and sought refuge in Harare leaving behind her niece who was under her charge.
14 March 2002
 On the 25th of November 2001 a group of six Zanu PF supporters entered GM's home at Zezani Secondary School while a group of about 25 remained outside chanting Zanu PF slogans. She was asked why she had not attended a Zanu PF rally that had been held at Lutumba at 3pm that day. She responded by saying that she did not know that there had been a rally. Jabulani Dube punched her on the mouth, resulting in her losing two teeth. She had to travel to Harare to seek medical treatment. During the Presidential Elections, GM went to Harare to vote. When she had returned, about 20 Zanu PF supporters assaulted her and, amongst them, were Elijah and Vincent Nleya of Dalibazimu in Beitbridge. The group was carrying a list of suspected MDC supporters and those who were absent during the voting period. GM and three others were told to go to Tsvangirai's country. They had to hitch hike into Bulawayo since they had been banished from the area. GM left her niece whom she was in charge of. She sustained injuries on her shoulders, chest and had internal side injuries. After the assault she was experiencing pain when breathing and could not sit for extended periods. 
Masvingo had the highest figures of violations in the three categories of abduction, assault and death threats.  Teachers in the province were assaulted for being MDC supporters and some were given notices to leave the province and seek employment elsewhere. Mapanzure School has been subjected to repeated attacks including two school closures.
Bikita East
14 January 2002
 At 4pm, about 40 Zanu PF youths, led by one “war veteran”, armed with heavy logs went to VMR's home. The victim had just returned from an opening school meeting. They accused him of supporting the opposition MDC and possessing party regalia and cards. They then forced him to lie down and assaulted him using logs on his back. The victim was threatened that if he told anyone he would suffer or lose his life. He did not seek medication because of the threats on his life.  
16 January 2002
 Zanu PF supporters and militia held a rally at Chinyamapere School where SM teaches. They accused him and others of supporting the opposition MDC. He was force marched from the public and forced to toyi-toyi for 15 minutes. He did 30 press-ups and was beaten up. He was then told to leave immediately. The group went back to his house and searched it. He was beaten up again at his home area on the 21st of January 2002.  The victim claims that his heart nearly failed and that he experienced chest pains after the assault. 
19 January 2002
  Macdonald Chinaka and other Zanu PF supporters assaulted KKC on the back with sjamboks. He was struck about twelve times and sustained cuts to his back. He made a report at Bikita Police Station on the 20th of January 2002.
7 February 2002
  Just after break, a group of about 70 Zanu PF youths went to Dungu School asked for AM, and accused him of being a member of MDC. A number of them took turns to assault him using thick sticks and copper wire, open hands and whatever they could find. When they were tired, they chased him from his work place and threatened him with death upon being seen at the school or reporting for duty. The assault took place in full view of ten teachers and over 460 pupils. The case was not reported to the police as he had been threatened with death if he did so. The victim also did not seek treatment due to the threats. 
Bikita West
14 January 2002
 At Masarira School a gang of thirty Zanu PF supporters and “war veterans” called all teachers for a meeting at the staff room. Two unnamed teachers were beaten in the presence of other teachers as one of the lady teachers had reported them as being MDC supporters. Their clothes and property were destroyed. They were then taken to the clinic.
15 January 2001
 AT, together with other teachers, was tortured and issued with death threats by “war veterans” and Zanu PF supporters soon after the election. The teachers were accused of having campaigned for the MDC. The teachers refused to return to their schools until their safety was guaranteed.
January 2001
 Teachers at Kushingira and Gwindingwi Schools were threatened with danger. Some teachers ran away from the area. The teachers were accused of having campaigned for the MDC. They refused to return to the schools until their safety was guaranteed.  
1 March 2001
 “War veterans” and Zanu PF supporters threatened a male teacher at Gumunyu School with death for supporting MDC.  
16 January 2002
 Members of Zanu PF assaulted four teachers and the headmaster of Chitsanga Primary School for chanting MDC slogans in class. Their houses were also ransacked. The school was closed on 17 January 2002 after all the teachers had fled.  

21 February 2002
 A Zanu PF rally was organised by Major Zephania, Colonel Bangidza, Captain Masabeya and Emma Ruparangana (Zanu PF Provincial Executive Member) at Rusitu High School, interrupting 'A' level lessons. They forced the students to attend; however the students ran away due to fear. The officials then accused EC, GU, HS, and one other teacher of having something to do with MDC and threatened to order Zanu PF youth militia to kill them. The following day the Zanu PF youth militia surrounded the headmaster's home armed with axes and knobkerries. The victims managed to escape and went into hiding. A report was made at Chimanimani Police Station. 
Gutu South
1 January 2002
· Zanu PF militia allegedly besieged Machingambi Primary and Secondary Schools, Chatikobo School and Soti Source School. They assaulted teachers and threatened to kill them Teachers fled the area leading to closure of the schools. The teachers vowed to return only after the presidential elections.
13-31 March 2002
 Unnamed teachers of Masvingise, Mundondo and Nerupiri Schools were assaulted and threatened with death by militia trained at Mshagashe (Masvingo North) by Francis Zimuto, alias “Black Jesus”, and camped at Nerupiri School. They were given 'notices' to leave the schools.  
Masvingo Central
24 January 2001
 Three unnamed teachers were abducted and handcuffed by about 100 “war veterans” who had descended on Masvingo to force striking civil servants to return to work. The three teachers were attacked after they had mistaken the “war veterans” for fellow striking teachers and made MDC slogans at them. They were taken to the police station. Police released the teachers soon afterwards.
9 March 2002
 An ex-combatant went about labeling teachers in the area as sell-outs because they were MDC supporters, threatening to deal with them after the Presidential Election.
Masvingo South
21 June 2002
 Unnamed teachers from Mapanzure Secondary School had their homes ransacked by suspected “war veterans” who led a rowdy mob of Zanu PF supporters. The incident was reported at Muchakata Police station. No arrests had been made by the time of the report. The Masvingo Provincial police spokesman refused to comment. The group ordered teachers suspected of supporting the MDC to leave the area. The group then went into a number of teacher's houses, seizing all their property before confiscating office and house keys. Property was thrown out of the houses and the victims were told to leave the area within twenty-four hours.
8 July 2002
 Mapanzure Secondary School was closed indefinitely after some of the 50 teachers, including Joel Hita and Tsana Guwa, were beaten up by suspected Zanu PF supporters who accused them of being MDC supporters. Four of the teachers were reported as having been seriously injured. This was the second closure of the school following a similar closure in May 2000 in the run up to the June 2000 Parliamentary elections, as a result of clashes between Zanu PF and MDC supporters after the parents accused the teachers of belonging to MDC. The Zanu PF supporters are alleged to have arrived in a white Nissan truck and dragged the teachers out of the classrooms and beat them up in full view of the students.
Zaka East 
13-31 March 2002
 Francis Zimuto, alias ‘Black Jesus’, and unnamed Zanu PF supporters reportedly threatened unnamed teachers from Chimedza, Chitonhora and other schools with death. They were also chased out of their schools and homes. The teachers were reported to have fled the area.
July 2002  
 Zanu PF youths have allegedly unleashed a reign of terror, beating up teachers they accuse of supporting the MDC, ahead of the rural district council elections scheduled for September. The police said that they had received reports of harassment of teachers in the district and were still investigating them. Obert Mujuru, the Masvingo Regional Director of Education confirmed the incidents, saying he was worried about the escalating harassment of teachers in the province. 
Hurungwe East
9 March 2001
 “War veterans” accused SM of being an MDC supporter. He was forcibly removed from Tsengurwe Primary School where he was teaching. He was also threatened with unspecified harm if he resisted the removal.

MAN Chimanimani Bangidza, (Colonel) (3)  State: ZNA, Zanu PF
MAN Buhera North / South Chinamasa, Patrick Zanu-PF
MAN Buhera North/ South Gono (Mrs)  Unknown
MAN Chimanimani Masabeya, (Captain) (3)  State: ZNA, Zanu PF
MAN Chimanimani Mutasa, Didymus Zanu-PF
MAN Chimanimani Nyawo, J Zanu-PF
MAN Chimanimani Ruparangana, Emma (2)  Zanu PF
MAN Buhera North Taderera, Tafara  Zanu pf
MAN Buhera North/ South Tapfuma Unknown
MAN Chimanimani Zephania, (Major) (3) State: ZNA, Zanu PF
MC Bindura Chibvongodze, Tanaka  Zanu PF
MC Bindura Chingwaru, Christopher  Zanu (PF)
MC Bindura Kwezani,  Zanu-PF
MC Bindura Mafiosi, Dickson  Zanu (PF)
MC Guruve North/South Mahembe,  Zanu PF
MC Guruve North/South Manyika, Elliot  Zanu (PF)
MC Guruve North/South Mudanwa, Wellington  Zanu PF
MC Shamva Murape, Angella. B  Zanu (PF)
MC Shamva Ndombo, Noah  Zanu-PF
MD Mberengwa East / West Chitoro, Divine Zanu-pf, znlwva
MD Mberengwa East Hove, Josikia  Zanu-PF
MD Mberengwa East / West Koke, Nyasha Zanu-pf, znlwva
MD Mberengwa East / West Mucheregwa, Walter Zanu-pf, znlwva
MD Mberengwa East Musengezi, Takawira  Zanu-PF
MD Mberengwa East Mutati, Ezekiel  Zanu-PF
ME Chikomba Chikato, Mucheneripi  Zanu PF
ME Chikomba Chirinda (2) Zanu-PF
ME UMP Gundai, Chris State: Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture, Zanu-PF
ME Hwedza Gundumura, T. Zanu-PF
ME UMP Gunduruma, T. State: Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture, Zanu-PF
ME Mutoko North Mutasa, Jairos Zanu PF
ME Mutoko South Nyamande  Zanu-PF
MN Bubi-Umguza Mpofu, Obert (2) State: MN Governor
MS Beitbridge Nleya, Vincent  Zanu-PF
MV Bikita East Chinaka, Ben Dzingai  Zanu-PF
MV Bikita East Chinaka, Macdonald Zanu-PF
MV Bikita East/West Kandoro, Mufundirwa  Zanu-PF
MV Bikita East/West Murahwi, Nehemia  Zanu-PF
MV Zaka East/West Zimuto, Francis (‘Black Jesus’) (2) Zanu-PF
The following is list of perpetrators that were identified by the victims of political violence. Names in bold are perpetrators that committed several incidents of violence. Also given is the constituency and province in which the incident of violence occurred.
Reported Militia Bases    
N.B The following is a list of schools that were reportedly used as militia bases in the run up to the March 2002 Presidential Elections. The information on the alleged was derived from Secondary sources. The Human Rights Forum was not able to independently verify them. The list was compiled from various coherent sources in which the same locations were reported as being used as ZanuPF militia bases. The bases were used as camping grounds, torture centres, and launch pads for terror raids. As the bases were in operation well before the election, and schools were only closed for the election weekend, it is highly likely that teachers and pupils were indirectly exposed to this violence in the least. It is even more disturbing to note that some of these schools were used as polling stations, which certainly affected the electorate’s ability to exercise their right to vote without fear.
§ = Polling station
Province Constituency Base Name Political Affiliation of Militia
BYO Lobengula-Magwegwe Fusi Primary School, Gwabalanda  Zanu PF
§BYO Bulawayo North East Hugh Beadle Primary School, Saucertown          Zanu PF
§HRE Mbare West Frank Johnson Primary School  Zanu PF
MC Muzarabani Mucheya Secondary School Zanu-PF
§MC Mount Darwin North Kamutsenzere School Zanu-PF
MC Mount Darwin North Mavuradonha High School Zanu-PF
MC Rushinga Mukosa School Zanu-PF
§MC Shamva Chindunduma Secondary School Zanu PF
MD Mberengwa East  Mketi Primary School (Mketi Ward)  Zanu PF
MD Kwekwe Chara Primary School (Mbizo)                             Zanu PF
ME Mutoko South Masvitsa School, Hoyuyu Resettlement Area  Zanu PF
MN Nkayi Setshanke Primary School Zanu-PF
§MN Nkayi Gwelutshena Primary School Zanu PF
§MN Nkayi Bhubhu Primary School Zanu-PF
§MN Nkayi Ingwalathi Primary School Zanu-PF
§MN Nkayi Sebhumane Primary School Zanu-PF
MN Nkayi Gampinya Primary School Zanu-PF
MN Nkayi Bhodobhodo Primary School Zanu PF
§MN Nkayi Mathetshaneni Primary School Zanu PF
§MN Nkayi Guwe Primary School Zanu-PF
MN Nkayi Lukona Primary School Zanu-PF
MN Nkayi Mkalathi Primary School Zanu-PF
MN Nkayi Komayanga Primary School Zanu-PF
§MN Nkayi Zenka Primary School Zanu-PF
§MN Nkayi Fudu Primary School Zanu-PF
MN Nkayi Mbuma Primary School Zanu-PF
MN Nkayi Gwiji Primary School Zanu-PF
MN Nkayi Mdlawuzeni Primary School Zanu-PF
§MN Nkayi Tohwe Primary School Zanu-PF
§MN Nkayi Zinyangani Primary School Zanu-PF
§MN Tsholotsho Khumbula Secondary School Zanu PF
§MN Tsholotsho Mgomeni School Zanu-PF

Schools closed with the name of the school, constituency and date of closure.
Baro Secondary School Chirumanzu 25 February 2002
Chatikobo School Gutu January 2002
Checheche Primary School,  Chipinge North,  20 March 2002
Chinorumba School,  Bikita/Zaka,  16 January 2002
Chisumbanje Primary School,  Chipinge North,  20 March 2002
Chitsanga Primary School,  Bikita West,  16 February 2002
Garaji School Bikita/Zaka,  16 January 2002
Gumira Primary School,  Chipinge North,  20 March 2002
Kushinga School,  Bikita/Zaka,  16 January 2002
Machingambi Primary School Gutu January 2002
Machingambi Secondary School Gutu January 2002
Machona Primary School, Chipinge North,  20 March 2002
Mapanzure Secondary School Masvingo South 8 July 2002
Marirangwe School Bikita/Zaka,  16 January 2002
Mudzami School, Bikita/Zaka,  16 January 2002
Museki School,  Bikita/Zaka,  16 January 2002
Ndangababi Primary School,  Hwange West,  06-Feb-02
Negovano School Bikita/Zaka,  16 January 2002
Nhema School,  Bikita/Zaka,  16 January 2002
Rimbi High School,  Chipinge North,  20 March 2002
Rimbi Primary School,  Chipinge North,  20 March 2002
Rusere School,  Bikita/Zaka,  16 January 2002
Soti Source School Gutu January 2002
Tagura School,  Bikita/Zaka,  16 January 2002
Tenda High School,  Zhombe,  October 2001
Unnamed,  Kadoma West,  October 2001
Unnamed,  Kadoma West,  October 2001
Uronga South Primary School, Bindura,  28 June 2001
Vheneka Primary School,  Chipinge North,  20 March 2002
Zhombe Primary School,  Zhombe, October 2001

The Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum (also known as the “Human Rights Forum”) has been in existence since January 1998. Nine non-governmental organisations working in the field of human rights joined together to provide legal and psychosocial assistance to the victims of the Food Riots of January 1998.
The Human Rights Forum has now expanded its objectives to assist victims of organised violence, using the following definition:
“Organised violence” means the inter-human infliction of significant avoidable pain and suffering by an organised group according to a declared or implied strategy and/or system of ideas and attitudes. It comprises any violent action, which is unacceptable by general human standards, and relates to the victims’ mental and physical well-being.”
The Human Rights Forum operates a Legal Unit and a Research and Documentation Unit.
Core member organizations of the Human Rights Forum are:
 Amani Trust
 Amnesty International (Zimbabwe)
 The Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace
 Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe
 The Legal Resources Foundation
 Transparency International (Zimbabwe)
 The University of Zimbabwe Legal Aid and Advice Scheme
Zimbabwe Association for Crime Prevention and the Rehabilitation of the Offender
Zimbabwe Civic Education Trust
Zimbabwe Human Rights Association
Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights
Zimbabwe Women Lawyers Association
The Human Rights Forum can be contacted through any member organization or through the following:
The Administrator, c/o P O Box 5465, Harare – email:
The Legal Unit, c/o P O Box 5465, Harare – email:
The Research Unit c/o P O Box 5465, Harare – email:
Telephone: 792 222, 737 509, and 731 660, Fax: 772 860
The London Liaison Office, 33 Islington High Street, London N1 9LH – email:; Telephone: +44 (0) 20-7239.1194
Previous reports of the Human Rights Forum can be found on the website.
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Massive Support Needed to Prop Up New Farmers

The Daily News (Harare)

October 16, 2002
Posted to the web October 16, 2002

Farming Reporter

THE one-year-old Zimbabwe Association of Tobacco Growers (ZATG), yesterday
admitted that "new farmers" would not be able, on their own, to produce
meaningful yields on their newly acquired properties without substantive
cash injections from government and the business community.

At a pre-congress Press conference, held to precede ZATG's first Annual
General Meeting and National Congress, Julius Ngorima, the ZATG president
said unlike the displaced commercial farmers who had technical know-how and
financial resources or contacts to sustain the foreign-currency earning
tobacco-growing industry, new farmers could not do it alone.

The ZATG Annual General Meeting and Congress held yesterday was organised to
address these and other problems facing the tobacco farming sector. The
Association's leaders said they would announce the outcome of the convention
"in due course."

"With support from government and the private sector, in the form of
financial and technical back-up, nothing should stop us from producing at
least 60 to 100 million kilogrammes of tobacco. Most of our farmers do not
have equipment, machinery, technical know-how, experience nor financial

"Surely the success of new farmers will depend on the level of support from
government and the private sector," Ngorima said.

The government said in the past twelve months, that it did not have the $160
billion required for the successful implementation of its chaotic land
redistribution programme.

Ngorima said there was still a lot the government had not done for the
success of the land programme. He said: "As an association we are proud of
what the government has done in ushering in new farmers. We however urge it
to assist by providing deliberate and well-funded tobacco production support

The $40 billion pledged collectively by Delta Corporation, CFI Holdings, FSI
 Agricom Holdings, and Seed Company, falls short of the $160 million that
should have been availed at the onset of the land programme.

Government officials, including Dr Joseph Made, the Minister of Lands,
Agriculture and Rural Resettlement; Professor Jonathan Moyo and President
Mugabe have frequently called upon the business community to provide
financial support for the land programme.
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Zim inflation rate now 139%

Harare - Zimbabwe's consumer price index rose by 139.9% in the year to
September, up from its August rate of 135.1%, figures from the Central
Statistical Office showed on Wednesday.

The CSO attributed the rise to increases in the price of condiments,
confectionery, meat, beverages, fruit and vegetables. Of the 139.9%
increase, food price hikes accounted for 60.1 percentage points.

Zimbabwe's annual inflation has averaged above 100% since November 2001 as
the southern African country battles with an economic crisis many blame on
mismanagement by President Robert Mugabe's government.

The crisis has shown itself largely in acute food shortages affecting nearly
seven million Zimbabweans and blamed partly on chaotic government land
reforms, as well as a foreign currency crunch which has led to erratic fuel
supplies since 1999.

The government has officially pegged the Zimbabwe dollar at 55 to the US
currency since November 2000, but it is currently trading around 650 on a
thriving informal market.
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      16 Oct 2002 00:00
      Donors slow on southern Africa food crisis
      By Manoah Esipisu

      JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - The United Nations marks World Food Day on
Wednesday with time running out for millions of people in southern Africa
who face critical food shortages.

      The unfolding crisis -- linked to drought and exacerbated by conflict,
AIDS and government policies -- is sweeping through the fertile region at a
time when the international community is in a less than generous mood.

      With famine threatening 14 million people, much of the aid that
tight-fisted donors have coughed up is being rejected because of concerns
about genetically modified (GM) foods.

      "The situation is probably going to get worse before it gets better,"
said Marisa Astill-Brown of the British charity Save the Children in Angola.

      The countries worst affected are Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique,
Lesotho, Swaziland. Angola and Namibia also face shortages but are not
listed among the worst-hit.

      The crisis has been smouldering for months but has recently been
shoved off the headlines by events in Iraq and elsewhere.

      It coincides with deepening crises across the world's poorest
continent, including a rebel uprising in Ivory Coast, which are threatening
to torpedo ambitious plans to attract more aid and investment to Africa.


      A debate on gene-altered food recently ended with Zambia being the
only country that refused to accept it while others will accept only milled
GM-supplies, raising relief costs.

      The United States, where the GM-food comes from, provides half of all
food aid that Africa requires and has said it will be unable to help
countries that refuse gene-altered relief aid.

      Thousands of tonnes of GM-maize is sitting idle at the South African
port of Durban, bound up in red tape.

      GM-maize destined for Malawi is sitting at the port of Nacala in
Mozambique, but Malawi does not have the money to mill it before sending it
to the hungry, aid workers said.

      The misery has been compounded by the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

      "The convergence of the calamities of hunger and HIV/AIDS sharply
increases people's vulnerability to infection and disease," said Ana Dias
Lourenco, Angola's planning minister and current chair of the ministerial
council of SADC, southern Africa's regional body.

      The end of a 27-year civil war in Angola has given relief workers
access to remote areas they could not reach before but the numbers of those
in need have ballooned, partly because of a government strategy to starve
UNITA rebels into submission.

      Marcelo Spina, the U.N. World Food Programme's spokesman in Angola,
said the end of war had raised the number of hungry in Angola to 1.8 million
from an initial 800,000. Apart from fighters from the defeated UNITA
movement, thousands of civilians were emerging from the bush.

      "It's a huge increase and the problem now is that we don't have enough
food for all these people. The food we have is going to run out by January
(2003). By then we'll have no cereals in the country (Angola)," he said.


      In Zimbabwe, analysts say President Robert Mugabe's seizure of
white-owned farms, ostensibly for redistribution to landless blacks, has
left commercial agriculture in ruins.

      A report by Zimbabwe's National Vulnerability Assessment Committee
(VAC) -- prepared in collaboration with international aid agencies including
Save the Children and WFP -- says the country is heading for catastrophe.

      "Urgent action -- beyond that of current levels -- is required from
the government of Zimbabwe and the international community to avert a
humanitarian disaster in the next seven months before the main harvest in
March/April 2003," it said.

      More than 90 percent of the households in Zimbabwe would rely on grain
purchases this year and would thus be susceptible to supply shortfalls
should they occur.

      Of the 6.7 million requiring assistance, 5.9 million are rural
Zimbabweans while 850,000 are city dwellers.

      The rural folk in need include 489,000 ex-commercial farm workers who
have not been allocated land under the land reform process or have not been
employed by the new land owners.

      South Africa's plans to protect the poor from spiralling food prices
should take effect by the end of October, when subsidised maize meal will
start hitting the shelves.

      The cost of food has soared to its highest level since the end of
apartheid in 1994, prompting the government to arrange an industry-funded
plan to provide the country's staple food to the poorest rural areas at a
little over half the market price.

      (Additional reporting by Shapi Shacinda in Zambia, Dennis Mzembe in
Malawi, Zoe Eisenstein in Angola, Stella Mapenzauswa in Zimbabwe, and Ed
Stoddard in Johannesburg)

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Beira Port Under Pressure

Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (Maputo)

October 16, 2002
Posted to the web October 16, 2002


The central Mozambican port of Beira is under enormous pressure, as hundreds
of thousands of tonnes of food aid arrives for drought-stricken landlocked
countries such as Zimbabwe and Malawi - but port officials insist that Beira
is not yet congested.

According to a report in Wednesday's issue of the independent newsheet
"Mediafax", from April up until now about 300,000 tonnes of food for victims
of the southern African drought arrived in Beira.

Carlos Mesquita, the general manager of Cornelder, the Dutch-owned company
that manages the Beira terminals, told the paper that this does not exceed
the port's capacity. However, he admitted that the avalanche of food aid is
causing difficulties, principally because the goods are not being moved out
of the port to their final destinations quickly enough.

Mesquita confirmed that the Beira warehouses are now full.

Another 624,000 tonnes of drought-related food aid is required, and over a
third of this amount (281,000 tonnes) will be channelled via Beira. The rest
will go via the ports of Durban, Nacala and Dar es Salaam. The UN World Food
Programme (WFP) has already launched the tender for the supply of the
281,000 tonnes that will arrive in Beira. The WFP and the Zimbabwean Grain
Marketing Board are the main bodies using Beira for emergency food aid

Mesquita insisted that what is happening in Beira is not congestion, but
lack of coordination in the arrival of ships. He claimed that several ships
are arriving at the same time.

This causes problems particularly because of Beira's narrow access channel.
Large ships have to wait outside, until high tide makes it possible for them
to navigate the channel. The onset of the rainy season is also complicating

At the slightest sign of rain, the ships close their holds so that the grain
cargos do not become wet. Last week this interrupted unloading operations
for 48 hours.

Beira port is large enough for eight ships, each 160-170 metres long, to
dock simultaneously. The problem is how fast the ships can be unloaded: with
bulk grain, unloading is slow, because the grain is bagged at the port

Mesquita insisted on proper planning. "Only if there is coordination and
common language among the operators" can problems be avoided, he argued. But
currently shipping companies were just rushing to be the first to unload at

As for transport from the port, there are enough rail wagons, but a shortage
of trucks. Mesquita said on average there are 150 empty wagons available at
Beira every day. This is enough to satisfy Zimbabwe's needs.

But emergency goods are preferentially moved by road. The argument is that
rail transport takes longer, and that trucks can reach distant places where
there are no railways.

Except that there are not enough trucks in Beira to meet the demand,
particularly for the long trip to Malawi.

"Mediafax" reports suspicions that the option for road transport rather than
rail is the result of pressure from the private road transport lobby.

Mesquita points out that at the time of the 1992/93 drought, Beira was able
to handle 1.3 million tonnes in 12 months. So 300,000 tonnes in six months
cannot make the port congested, especially since investment in the port over
the past decade has made it more efficient.
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Agricultural Recovery Needed to Alleviate Suffering

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

October 16, 2002
Posted to the web October 16, 2002


The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
on Wednesday stressed the need to urgently get agricultural recovery
underway in Southern Africa in a message to mark World Food Day.

"A chronic lack of food in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe
is having a long-lasting impact on the social fabric of the region, with
many families being forced to make hard choices about how best to survive
the lean months between now and the harvest expected next March," IFRC said.

With 14.4 million people facing hunger in the region, agricultural recovery
was "critical to the ultimate success of the overall relief effort" and it
was "vital that the Red Cross and other actors go all out to ensure timely
distribution of seeds and tools to have a good harvest by March next year",
the statement quoted IFRC food security specialist Hisham Khogali as saying.

"What we are seeing through household surveys is that people are making hard
choices. In [the] worst cases, families are going entire days without eating
anything substantial. Often they are being forced to take children out of
school because they can no longer afford the school fees," Khogali said.

The food crisis has been complicated by the fact that HIV infection rates in
the region average 25 percent.

Solveig Olafsdottir, IFRC spokeswoman in Harare, told IRIN that distribution
of agricultural inputs would begin soon in three countries.

"We're just hoping the rains will be good. We are starting with the
provision of seeds in Lesotho, Malawi and in Zimbabwe probably next week.
[Although] not a big part of the federation's appeal of 22 July,
agricultural packages are quite an important component [of IFRC relief
efforts]. We are hoping [that we] manage to distribute early and quickly
enough," said Olafsdottir.

It was important to get agricultural inputs in place early so that the
March/April 2003 harvest "will alleviate, at least partly, the suffering of
those that are at risk", she added.
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            British envoy told to 'stop meddling' in Zimbabwe
            October 16, 2002, 21:15

            Brian Donnelly, the British High Commissioner to Zimbabwe, has
been warned not to "interfere" in the internal affairs of that country, the
state-run Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) has reported. Jonathan
Moyo, the Information Minister, accused Donnelly of funding non-governmental
organisations (NGOs) such as the Amani Trust, which were involved in
violence in Zimbabwe, according to the ZBC.

            Amani Trust helps victims of torture and has made allegations of
widespread torture by the ruling party against members of the opposition. A
state-owned weekly, The Sunday Mail, accused the British High Commission of
granting 3,6 million Zimbabwe dollars ($65,450 dollars) to the NGO.
President Robert Mugabe on Friday warned NGOs not to get involved in

            Moyo was quoted by the state radio as saying that Donnelly was
posted to Zimbabwe to destabilise the country as he did in Yugoslavia where
he played an active role, according to the information minister, in the
overthrow of the "democratically elected" government of Slobodan Milosevic.
The arrival of Donnelly in Zimbabwe in 2001 saw a worsening of the already
tense relations between London and Harare with the Zimbabwean government
repeatedly accusing the high commissioner of having been sent to Zimbabwe to
"do a Yugoslavia". - Sapa-AFP
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Church Goes Into Business

The Daily News (Harare)

October 16, 2002
Posted to the web October 16, 2002

Chris Mhike, Business Reporter

THE commercialisation of religion in Zimbabwe took a leap forward last week
when Ebenezer Church appeared in the Government Gazette as an applicant
seeking registration as a legal entity under the Companies Act.

The Gazette, dated 11 October 2002, says: "Notice is hereby given that an
application has been made for the registration of Ebenezer Church as a
limited liability company without the addition of the word 'limited'." A
limited liability company is a commercial enterprise where legal and other
obligations are restricted to the artificial legal personality of the
subject entity.

Company directors in such an entity are not, in their personal capacity,
liable to the consequences arising from the company's shortcomings. The
principal objects of the Ebenezer Church Company was recited in the Gazette
as: "to preach the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ and fight ignorance,
superstition, witchcraft, sickness and poverty through the creation and
opening of agro-pastoral establishments, bookshops, charity centres,
clinics, hospitals, schools, orphanages and other socio-economic facilities
as circumstances may require."

The move by Ebenezer Church comes in the wake of reports from Frankfurt in
Germany, that the name "Jesus Christ" had proven to be a valuable asset in
the commercial sector, particularly in the publishing industry. Dr Hubertus
Schenkel, Chairman of the Frankfurt Book Fair supervisory board last week
said: "The (publishing) industry depends on . . . Jesus Christ. Anything to
do with trying to understand the meaning of life is doing well - from the
Bible to esotericism and psychology."

In an interview yesterday, Densen Mafinyane, the general secretary of the
Zimbabwe Council of Churches said: "I am not aware of that registration but
from what you say I do not think there is anything wrong. If people declare
that their business will be the preaching of the gospel we cannot complain."
He said commentary on activities of churches had to be based on scripture.
The Bible, Mafinyane said, had many references that encouraged commerce and
business activity.

"Commerce and business can also be found in both the Old and New Testaments.
If the Church's Annual General Meeting and the Constitution of the Church
approved of the move as one that would enhance the body's effectiveness in
serving the people of Zimbabwe we cannot reverse the decision." Mafinyane
said Ebenezer Church only had to abide by its objects, ethical standards and
the laws of Zimbabwe.
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Tuesday, 15 October, 2002, 16:16 GMT 17:16 UK
Zimbabwe union protests on the rise

By Martin Plaut
BBC, London

The government of Zimbabwe is facing a rising tide of discontent.
A strike by teachers is in progress, despite union complaints of government
They have been joined by health workers, and protests from university
lecturers all complaining about their pay and conditions of employment.
The industrial action comes as the government is attempting to grapple with
economic decline. And the signs of the country's difficulties are all too
The tobacco crop - once the backbone of economy - has been crippled by the
seizure of white owned farms.

Just two years ago it was worth $400m.
This year it is predicted to fetch one quarter of that sum.
Driving commercial farmers off their land has not just hit whites.
Some 100,000 black farm workers are now homeless and unemployed.
Economic decline
And the Zimbabwe dollar has fallen through the floor.
Officially there are 55 to the US dollar.
But on the parallel market the American currency fetches 10 times that
The drought that has hit all of Southern Africa has hit the country
particularly hard.
Essential goods are now either impossible to obtain, or too expensive for
ordinary people.
One leading newspaper in South Africa commented this week: "No one knows
when Zimbabwe's economy will collapse, but the end is nigh".
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      16 Oct 2002
      Appeal - Drought Relief, REVISION 2, Zimbabwe
      Elisabeth Gouel


      Action by Churches Together (ACT) - Switzerland
      Regions: Africa, Zimbabwe



      Drought Relief - AFZW-21 Appeal (Revision 2)
      Appeal Target: US$ 4,671,000
      Balance Requested from ACT Network: US$ 3,295,810

      Geneva, 9 October 2002

      The revision of the appeal affects only the Lutheran Development
Services programs. There are two reasons for the revision, the first being
the huge increase in the price of relief maize and, the second, the
extension of the implementation period to March 2003 instead of the original
completion date of 31 January 2003.

      In the original appeal, LDS had envisaged procuring relief maize
within the country using government and local suppliers. The price of maize
was then budgeted at $90 per tonne. But due to the non- availability of
maize in the country they had no option but to source maize from outside
Zimbabwe - mainly from South Africa. Due to transportation, customs and
handling, the price of imported maize shot up to $250 per tonne. This raised
the budget of the required 5,026 .95 MT of maize from $452,426 to $1,256,738
therefore, necessitating the revision of the appeal budget. The distribution
of relief is now planned to go on to the end of March 2003 to fall in line
with the next expected harvest. This means that the completion period of the
appeal has to be extended from the current end of January to end of March
2003. A request is therefore being put to the ACT donors to allow for this
extension of activities by LDS and also to consider supporting the increased
budget for relief maize. Due to the extension, the number of days for the
school feeding program will also increase from the present 120 days to 210
days. Please note that the number of beneficiaries remains the same as in
the original appeal at 11,171 families. Below are the assumptions for the

      ? Food is to be distributed to 11, 171 families at 50kg per month per
family up to March.
      ? The distribution period still remains 9 months because distribution
started in July instead of May.
      ? The maize is imported at the US dollar price of $250/tonne instead
of original budget of $90/tonne
      ? Nutrimeal porridge is mixed locally with LDS importing the maize and
vitamins. The price per tonne is estimated at US$335.
      ? The porridge will be distributed over 210 days - September 2002 to
March 2003 including holidays.

      Project Completion Date:
      LDS - 31 March 2003
      Christian Care - 30 April 2003



      Please kindly send your contributions to the following ACT bank
      Account Number - 240-432629.60A (USD)
      Account Name: ACT - Action by Churches Together
      UBS SA
      PO Box 2600
      1211 Geneva 2

      Please also inform the Finance Officer Jessie Kgoroeadira (direct tel.
+4122/791.60.38, e-mail address of all
pledges/contributions and transfers, including funds sent direct to the
implementers, now that the Pledge Form is no longer attached to the Appeal.

      We would appreciate being informed of any intent to submit
applications for EU, USAID and/or other back donor funding and the
subsequent results. We thank you in advance for your kind co-operation.

      For further information please contact:
      ACT Director, Thor-Arne Prois (phone +41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone +
41 79 203 6055)
      ACT Appeals Officer, John Nduna (phone +41 22 791 6040 or mobile phone
+41 79 433 0592)

      ACT is a worldwide network of churches and related agencies meeting
human need through coordinated emergency response.
      The ACT Coordinating Office is based with the World Council of
Churches (WCC) and the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) in Switzerland.


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BP-Mozambique Denies Media Report

Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (Maputo)

October 16, 2002
Posted to the web October 16, 2002


The Mozambican subsidiary of the oil company BP has denied a report carried
by the Zimbabwean "Financial Gazette" newspaper that it is in conflict with
the Zimbabwean state fuel company NOCZIM over unpaid debts.

Cited in Wednesday's issue of the independent newsheet "Mediafax", the
general director of BP-Mozambique, Antonio Macamo, said there was no crisis
between BP and NOCZIM.

The "Financial Gazette" had alleged that a Libyan tanker with fuel for
Zimbabwe was unable to discharge its cargo in the central Mozambican port of
Beira because BP-Mozambique refused to allow its facilities to be used until
NOCZIM paid off a debt of three million US dollars.

But Macamo was categorical. "There's no debt, and so there's no crisis", he
told "Mediafax".

He said that, in the course of the normal relationship between the two
countries, NOCZIM did contract debts with BP, but these were resolved
through "appropriate institutional channels".

He admitted that there had been constraints on supplying fuel to Zimbabwe
via Beira, but put these down to technical factors - such as the fact that
large tankers have difficulty in navigating the port's entrance channel, and
that at times the oil storage tanks at the port are full.

"BP-Mozambique has nothing to do with the crisis in Zimbabwe", said Macamo.
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Daily News - Leader Page

      Censure for MPs sowing

      10/16/02 9:38:50 AM (GMT +2)

      Story: IT IS a crime against humanity to incite hatred against any
racial or ethnic groups. Suspects are today being tried in Arusha, Tanzania,
for war crimes committed during the Rwanda genocide in 1994, and in the
Hague, The Netherlands, for crimes committed in Bosnia and Kosovo.

      Despite these trials, political leaders in this country appear to
become emboldened in their intemperate hate language. During 1999, in the
run-up to the 2000 parliamentary election, the Member of Parliament for
Chiredzi South, Aaron Baloyi, incited public violence when he led a group of
400 Shangani-speaking people to attack and evict Karanga-speaking people
from the constituency, arguing they were not indigenous to that area.

      As a result, villages were burnt and livestock attacked. The MP had
ordered the Shangani-speaking villagers to destroy all property and
settlements belonging to Karanga-speaking people in the constituency and
ensure everything was razed to the ground by 21 December 1999. Baloyi was
convicted of public violence, which attracted a three-year jail sentence,
half of which was conditionally
      suspended for five years. Of the remainder of the sentence, he was
given an option of paying a $7 000 fine. Baloyi appealed against both
conviction and sentence.

      The international community clearly took a more serious view of the
Bosnian massacres and the Rwanda genocide. That is why suspects are facing
charges of inciting genocide and crimes against humanity. Baloyi was
fortunate the courts tried him on charges of public violence and not ethnic
cleansing. But it could be this view of the courts of the hate campaign that
could have given courage to Nobbie Dzinzi, the MP for Muzarabani.

      During the run-up to the 28-29 September rural district council
elections, Dzinzi reportedly ordered all people originally from Buhera and
Masvingo but now resettled in Muzarabani to move out, because they supported
the MDC. His argument was that the people originally from Buhera and
Masvingo were a bad influence on the Korekore, who are indigenous to the
area and presumably support Zanu PF.

      The effect of his order was to single out Karanga-speaking people for
hate on the basis that they did not necessarily support Zanu PF, of which he
is a member. More than 150 people have been killed since 2000 for no other
reason than that they are members of, or suspected of sympathising with, the
      Given the level of political intolerance promoted by the ruling party
and the reluctance of the law enforcement agents to deal decisively with
perpetrators of violence, Dzinzi's order to cleanse Muzarabani of people
originally from Buhera and Masvingo, makes him a strong candidate for Arusha
or The Hague, if fairness in the application of justice and the rule of law
existed in Zimbabwe.

      Political violence has claimed many victims in Muzarabani and Dzinzi
was extremely reckless. He wields enormous influence as an MP. Many
outrageous crimes have been committed in the name of Zanu PF and while those
fuelling it and the perpetrators may escape because of their membership of
Zanu PF, they would do well to remember that Nazi war criminals are still
being hunted down today - more than 60 years after the Holocaust.

      As an MP, Dzinzi is supposed to control, not fuel or incite, hatred.
As a party, Zanu PF ought to read the riot act to and discipline its
members. There are Zanu PF supporters among the people in Muzarabani who are
originally from Buhera and Masvingo. And how are the ruling party's members
in Buhera and Masvingo expected to react when Zanu PF victimises their kith
and kin on the basis of their ethnicity?

      Parliament must bite the bullet and censure members who promote ethnic
cleansing, while the courts need to deal harshly with people who consciously
stir up violence against other ethnic groups. Didymus Mutasa, a senior
member of Zanu PF, has said the party would rather remain with six million
people who support it. After the Matabeleland genocide of the 1980s, such
remarks only serve to clearly illustrate the inherently violent character of
Zanu PF.
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Daily News

      DDF accounts in shambles, says Harid

      10/16/02 10:18:46 AM (GMT +2)

      By Chris Mhike

      ABOUT $67 million was lost at the District Development Fund (DDF) over
the past 17 years as a result of weak debt collection mechanisms and poor
financial accounting systems, says Eric Harid, the Comptroller and

      In the Annual Report, presented to Parliament on 1 October, on the
public accounts for Zimbabwe for the year ended 31 December 1999, Harid said
the financial recording and goods procurement systems at DDF were in
shambles. Harid said DDF lost $29 million in advances, and another $38
million in bad debts, to make up the total of the wasted $67 million.

      He said: "The Fund does not maintain a creditors' ledger. I could,
therefore, not satisfy myself that the accounts payable figure of $43
million fairly represented creditors as at 31 December 1999." Whereas the
purchase of equipment should have been subjected to tender procedure,
including the filing of pre-purchase vouchers, DDF resorted to unorthodox
transactions in rocurement of goods.

      "While water equipment worth $89 million was purchased from various
suppliers, I was not provided with evidence that authority from the Tender
Board had been granted to the Fund. "Source documents to support purchases
of computers and accessories worth $8 million and related to training costs
totalling $873 000 were not produced," Harid said. DDF, during the year
under review, exceeded its authorised budget of $1,5 billion by $73 million.
Further, an annual deficit of $9 million was incurred, thereby diverging
negatively from the $54 million deficit recorded by the fund in 1998.

      The main object of the DDF is the development of communal lands,
growth points and other geographical areas that may be specified for
development programmes by the government. Harid said the two-year delay in
the presentation of the accounts was a result of the late submission of
documents necessary for the posting of figures to his books of accounts.

      "The finalisation of my Annual Report for 1999 was delayed mainly due
to late submission of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, which was submitted on
12 April 2001 and certified on 30 November 2001," Harid said.
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Daily News

      Title: Teachers' dismissal condemned

      10/16/02 8:41:03 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      CIVIC organisations yesterday joined the Progressive Teachers' Union
of Zimbabwe (PTUZ) in condemning the dismissal of 627 teachers by the
government on Monday, accusing it of attempting to suppress the teachers'
"reasonable and rightful" demands.

      The union itself urged teachers to ignore the threats of dismissal. In
a statement, the PTUZ president, Takavarafira Zhou said: "The dismissals are
unprocedural as the industrial action is legal." Innocent Sibanda, the
national co-ordinator of the PTUZ said: "The purported dismissal of the
teachers is nothing but a futile attempt to intimidate the teachers."
Yesterday, the strike continued in Harare, Bulawayo, Masvingo, Gweru and
Mutare despite the threats.

Dispatch online

Zim teachers lose jobs after wildcat strike

HARARE -- A reported 627 teachers have been dismissed in Zimbabwe for
participating in an illegal strike, leaving some local secondary schools
almost entirely devoid of teaching staff with major year-end exams only a
week away.

Thompson Tsodzo, top civil servant in Zimbabwe's education ministry, said
the mass dismissal was approved on Monday by the public services commission,
and appeals were now going out to retired or unemployed teachers to apply
for vacancies.

Those dismissed included teachers who did not participate in the strikes
that began last week but took part in staff-room sit-ins. Teachers are
seeking pay increases.

Raymond Majongwe, secretary-general of the 10000 member Progressive
Teachers' Association, was arrested last week for organising the strike and
faces up to 10 years' imprisonment. -- Sapa-DPA
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Squatters Invade Some of Harare's Low-Density Areas

The Herald (Harare)

October 14, 2002
Posted to the web October 14, 2002


SQUATTER camps are fast mushrooming in some of Harare's low-density areas
raising concern among residents of the affected areas who believe this could
diminish the value of their properties and cause security and health

Some of the areas where squatter structures have emerged are Goodhope near
Mt Hampden in Westgate, Gunhill, Borrowdale, Highlands and Hatfield and
residents have called on local authorities to quickly destroy the

Squatters near Goodhope, a new low-density suburb in the Westgate area, were
hostile and refused to talk to The Herald. The squatters, who have named
their residential area New Park are mostly those who were retrenched by
Willdale brick-making company some two years ago and others are from some
surrounding farms whose properties were sold or designated.

The squatters illegally allocated the land to themselves and have built some
houses in the vlei which is a path for planes taking off from Charles Prince
Airport. The area has no water or any other sanitation facilities.

Residents who bought properties in the area said the squatters' structures
tarnished the beauty of their suburb.

"Something should be done about these people because when we decided to live
here, we never dreamt the landscape would be filled with makeshift illegal
structures," a property owner in the area said.

The whole vlei is dotted with the illegal structures. There is also fear of
disease outbreak since there is no piped water. "With the rains just around
the corner, cholera outbreaks and other diseases cannot be ruled out. It
means the whole area will have to be affected. The authorities have to look
into this issue and see that there is proper planning," said another
resident who has just bought a property in the area

Efforts to get a comment from council failed as the relevant officials were
said to be attending meetings.

However, a local estate agent said illegal structures outside one's yard did
not diminish the value of a property.

"All that residents have to do is notify the local authorities about the
sprouting structures and the structures will be destroyed while something is
done to protect the people settled there.

"When a property is in a prime area like Gunhill, we value it for that
without paying any attention to what could be on the other side," the agent

Squatters interviewed by The Herald said they would welcome alternative
shelter because they had nowhere to go.

Some of the people settled at a makeshift structure along Borrowdale Road
said they lived in the open space because they worked for Mashonaland Turf
Club and earned $3 000 a week.

Others said they were employed as domestic workers in the neighbourhood.

They said that they found their wages insufficient for them to lodge in the
high-density areas and commute to and from work.

"We are living here just because it is near our workplaces. The fact that
there is no proper sanitation is something we have since forgotten about
hoping that our God will take care of us.

"The people we work for want us to report for work as early as 6am but do
not care about our housing needs so we have to make do with what we can
find," said Mr Albert Chodeya one of the squatters.

Another squatter, Mrs Emma Tapera said she would welcome the chance to live
in a real home but did not think such a chance would ever present itself.

"Our husbands work for peanuts in the horse stables and our children only go
to school when there is some extra money.

"Council officials sometimes come here and just burn down our structures
without any thought of how we are going to live. We need some assistance,"
Mrs Tapera lamented.

She said council officials suggested that they go to the rural areas but
they did not have resources to build homes.

She also said she would not entertain the idea of leaving behind her husband
because she feared he would contract the deadly HIV and Aids.
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Fuel Shortages Drag Down Zimbabwe Dollar
Peta Thornycroft
15 Oct 2002 17:35 UTC

Zimbabwe's currency this week sank to its lowest level in the country's
history. At the present rate of exchange, it now costs nearly 1,000 Zimbabwe
dollars for one U.S. dollar. Economists say the latest plunge by Zimbabwe's
currency was sparked by the cost of imported fuel.

Three weeks of fuel shortages ended Monday, after the government used all
its available foreign currency to pay Libya for fuel. The fuel was stored in
tanks controlled by the Libyans on the outskirts of Harare, and they only
released it after receiving payment in foreign currency.

Zimbabwe pays Libya about 40 American cents per liter of fuel. It is sold to
the public and transporters at eight cents a liter. If the fuel were sold at
what it actually costs the government, it would be about 400 Zimbabwe
dollars a liter.

Several economists said the country would grind to a standstill if
Zimbabweans had to pay the actual price for fuel. Motorists are already hard
pressed to pay 70 Zimbabwe dollars a liter.

And fuel is not the only import that must be paid for in hard currency.
Zimbabwe imports electricity from South Africa and Mozambique and must pay
those countries in hard currency.

In years, the country earned much of its hard currency from its tobacco
exports, and much of this currency was used to pay for importing fuel and
electricity. But this source of hard currency is also disappearing, as most
tobacco farmers have been evicted from their homes and land.

On Monday, the tobacco industry announced that its foreign earnings for the
upcoming season would be down to less than a third of previous years.
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Daily News

CFU division widens

10/16/02 9:08:32 AM (GMT +2)

By Takaitei Bote Farming Editor
THE split within the troubled Commercial Farmers' Union (CFU) has widened.
A faction of the union has called for the resignation of the CFU leadership
or a vote among the membership to decide how to deal with the government
over farm evictions.

This is not the first time the CFU has been torn apart. In August this year,
Justice for Agriculture (JAG), a new outspoken association representing
commercial farmers unhappy with the CFU's accommodating stance on the land
issue, broke away from the union and decided to take the government head-on
in the courts.

Farmers, during a CFU Matabeleland council meeting last Friday, unanimously
voted for litigation instead of dialogue. They called for the CFU president,
Colin Cloete, and his deputy, Dough Taylor-Freeme, to resign if they did not
organise a vote to decide how the union should handle the eviction orders
issued to most commercial farmers in the past eight to 10 months. According
CFU Matabeleland council meeting minutes leaked to The Daily News, a CFU
splinter group, mainly from Matabeleland and spreading to other areas, wants
the CFU leadership to hold a referendum where all members of the CFU would
vote on whether dialogue or confrontation should be their reaction to the

Chris Jarrett, chairman of Nyamandhlovu Farmers' Association, told the
meeting on Friday: "Our government has broken every agreement concerning
land since they signed at the 1998 Donors' Conference, Abuja, Southern
African Development Community summits - all of them have been trashed." To
CFU president Cloete,
Jarrett said: "We in Nyamandhlovu expect you to acknowledge that your policy
was wrong and that it was not in line with the wishes of members generally.

"We expect you and your vice-president to resign as you are no longer
acceptable to represent our interests. Should you refuse I am tasked to tell
you our farmers' association in Nyamandhlovu will not be renewing
About 90 percent of the CFU's 4 500 members have been issued with eviction
notices since the beginning of the year. While the CFU leadership have said
they want dialogue with the government over land reform, some sections of
the CFU believe that approach has failed during the past 30 months. The
farmers say the government continued to evict even those who owned single

A CFU member, who declined to be named, said: "The CFU has called for
dialogue for the past two-and-half years, but it has failed to work. "About
94 percent of our farmers have been evicted and the CFU presidents are still
saying they will dialogue. Farmers have been beaten, crops stolen, animals
slaughtered and dogs killed and we still call for dialogue." The farmer said
while most farmers wanted to use the courts to challenge what he called the
"disastrous" land reform programme, the CFU leadership still believed that
the majority of farmers wanted to dialogue.

"We are, therefore, challenging Cloete to hold a referendum where we will
decide to have dialogue or use litigation," the farmer said. Out of the 2
900 commercial farmers issued with eviction notices, 30 percent are believed
to have left the country, while the rest have either left their properties
and are now living in urban areas or co-existing with farm occupiers. Cloete
and Taylor-Freeme yesterday did not return calls.

The CFU is holding its national council meeting on 29 October, where a
showdown is expected. Councillors opposed to dialogue are expected to
challenge the CFU leadership to hold the referendum or resign.
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