The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Zimbabwe Mirror

UNDP's land plans for Zim unfolding
Tawanda Majoni/Innocent Sithole

THE United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), an organ of the United
Nations, is ready to support the land reform programme in Zimbabwe as the
agrarian exercise nears completion, the Sunday Mirror has learnt.

After the Commonwealth Troika's Abuja meeting early last week, at which
South Africa and Nigeria both resisted Australia's attempts to have Zimbabwe
expelled from the Commonwealth, a forward-looking programme, which captures
the thrust of the Troika's Marlborough House agreement to have the UNDP
assist Zimbabwe on its land programme, looks set to start soon.

The revelation comes in the wake of calls by the United Nations Secretary
General, Kofi Annan for a fully funded land reform programme in Zimbabwe.

"There can be no lasting solution to the current problems unless the
Government of Zimbabwe implements a phased and fully funded land reform
programme," Annan said late last month.

He said the land reform programme was urgently needed "in order to minimise
the negative effects of the current situation on food production and the
overall economy in Zimbabwe".

The UNDP reportedly agreed in principle to support the settlers who had been
allocated land under the land reform programme. The aid would be used to
establish a solid infrastructural base on the farms while at the same time
facilitating the accessing of financial assistance for farming activities.

According to the statement made by the Commonwealth Troika at its
Marlborough House meeting in London in March this year, the Commonwealth
Secretary-general was requested to remain actively involved with the United
Nations Development Programme in promoting "transparent, equitable and
sustainable measures for land reform in Zimbabwe.

With the entry of the UNDP into Zimbabwe, its sister agencies such as the
Food and Agricultural Organisation, and other international organisations
would then move in to support the programme.

Sources close to the UNDP plan hint that Britain and its EU partners might
then work out a plan, especially for compensating white commercial farmers,
some of whom have already benefited from a government compensation scheme
that has seen it paying out more than $380 million in the first quarter of
this year.

"There's a major spin-off in the offing for international companies, who
will be rushing to grab business contracts as the UN plan takes off," said
one corporate executive on condition of anonymity.

He however added that the Zimbabwe government had to move fast to build
confidence, both at home and internationally to guarantee the success of its
land programme.

The Zimbabwe government has also been urged to be less defensive of its land
policy, and instead move to tidy up its legal framework in order to
cultivate confidence and legality for its land reforms, which have come
under severe challenge from militant commercial farmers association, Justice
for Agriculture, whose members instituted a series of court challenges
against eviction notices served upon them by government.

Some prominent local politicians and analysts expressed the need for
Zimbabwe to embrace external and local support so as to guarantee a
successful conclusion of the agrarian reform, which started two and a half
years ago.

Nathan Shamuyarira, the ruling ZANU PF information and publicity chief, said
international organisations such as the United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP) could be involved in assisting Zimbabwe at the operational level, now
that the basic frame work of allocating land to the majority had been

"As a country, we should be willing to invite assistance for the land reform
programme," said Shamuyarira. He said he hoped the UNDP would be able to
help in whatever form, adding that it was encouraging that the United
Nations body was playing a significant role in providing drought relief to
the country.

Turning to Britain, Shamuyarira said it was commendable that Zimbabwe's
former colonial master had provided financial assistance to the food relief
programme. He however expressed reservations over Tony Blair's statement
that Britain was ready to provide compensation for the land reform programme
provided the money was channelled through the UNDP.

"Blair has been so negative. I don't see any further funding from Britain,
besides what has been provided for drought relief," adding that since the
framework of the land redistribution programme had been established,
Zimbabwe should not bother much about Britain's politics of compensation.

He said since most of the new settlers had taken up their plots, adding that
Zimbabweans were eagerly awaiting the coming of the rains so as to start
ploughing and planting. He said the new farmers were ready to work hard in
order to ensure a good harvest.

Shamuyarira was upbeat about the support Zimbabwe was getting from African
countries. He paid tribute to South African President Thabo Mbeki and
Nigeria's Olusegun Obasanjo for resisting Australian Prime John Howard's
efforts to have Zimbabwe completely suspended from the Commonwealth.

He said since agrarian reform was near completion, Zimbabwe should shed the
tendency to be defensive. "We should move on to the offensive with the
programme Mbeki is reported to have argued that there was no reason why the
Commonwealth should rush to throw Zimbabwe out of the club.

Speaking on the telephone from South Africa, the South African Presidential
spokesperson, Bheki Khumalo reaffirmed South Africa's objection to the call
to expel Zimbabwe.

"Our position, as spelt out in the communique, still remains that it is not
necessary to expel Zimbabwe from the Commonwealth," said Khumalo "We need to
give the country the twelve months it was given in March when it was
suspended. Therefore, there is no basis to for Zimbabwe to be suspended and
if that will happen, the situation should be reviewed in March next year,"
he added.
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Zimbabwe Mirror

      White farmers invite Australian PM
      Tawanda Majoni

      JUSTICE for Agriculture (JAG), an organisation representing white
farmers most of whose land was designated by the Government for the
resettlement of scores of thousands of black Zimbabweans, has invited the
Australian Prime Minister, John Howard, to visit Zimbabwe in order to assess
the situation in the country.

      Echoing the sentiments of Zimbabwe's Foreign Affairs Minister, Stan
Mudenge, JAG called on Howard and other Heads of State to come to Zimbabwe
and see for themselves what was actually transpiring as the country
proceeded with its land reform programme.

      "We would like to echo the sentiments of our Minister of Foreign
Affairs, Dr Stan Mudenge, in inviting Prime Minister Howard and any other
Heads of State to visit Zimbabwe to establish the reality of the situation,"
read a press statement sent out by JAG.

      The farmers' organisation urged the invitees to visit not only Harare,
but also the rural and farming areas "where the harsh reality of an
unmitigated humanitarian disaster is most evident".

      Members of JAG have fiercely criticised the manner, in which the land
reform programme has progressed, charging that the agrarian reform was
unconstitutional. It has been networking with the affected farmers in a bid
to legally challenge what it has described as haphazard land-grabbing.

      The land reform programme kicked off in earnest in 2000 when former
freedom fighters led farm occupations, accusing the government of President
Robert Mugabe of taking too long in giving land to the landless majority who
were crammed on unproductive land.

      So far, more than 300 000 families have been allocated land, which was
taken from the white commercial farmers who were accused of selfishly
holding on to most of the prime agricultural land.

      The land redistribution programme has affected more than 4000 farmers,
half whom defied an August 8 deadline to vacate their farms, arguing that
eviction notices were not properly served since bondholders were not
notified of Government's intention to acquire the farms.

      In its press statement, JAG sought to remind Presidents Thabo Mbeki
and Olusegun Obasanjo of South Africa and Nigeria respectively, that the
spirit of the New Partnership for Development (NEPAD) was to remove the
tendency to depend on donors.

      NEPAD, an economic blueprint meant to kick-start Africa's economic
development, was launched earlier this year in South Africa. It also seeks
to address social issues affecting the continent.

      However, JAG said, this was not so in Zimbabwe where over six million
people were in dire need of food assistance. The organisation accused Mbeki
and Obasanjo of abandoning their responsibility to help the Zimbabweans.

      The spokesperson for JAG, Jenni Williams, who is currently in South
Africa, said a group of foreign-based Zimbabwean nationals was meeting there
to discuss the way forward for the country while at the same time showcasing
the political and economic problems the country was going through. She said
the meeting was vital in that it would provide opportunities for the
Zimbabweans to network with sympathetic organisations and individuals living
abroad. At the Commonwealth troika meeting that took place recently in
Abuja, Nigeria, the two African leaders fiercely opposed Australia's
attempts to have Zimbabwe completely suspended from the Commonwealth in a
move that some analysts have described as a diplomatic coup for President
Mugabe and an embarrassment for Howard.

      Australia went on to announce that it would impose targeted sanctions
against Harare, a move that has been scoffed at by Zimbabwean government
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Zimbabwe's Opposition Disputes Vote

Associated Press Writer

September 29, 2002, 9:13 PM EDT

HARARE, Zimbabwe -- Zimbabwe's main opposition party on Sunday disputed the
legitimacy of rural council elections, claiming its members were subjected
to violence and intimidation.

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change, the main challenger to the
ruling ZANU-PF party for the 1,397 council posts, said several of its
workers and candidates were prevented from entering polling booths during
the two days of voting that ended Sunday, while others were detained or had
gone missing.

"Reports received from various parts of the country, so far, indicate that
ZANU-PF has stepped up violence in a bid to prevent the people from choosing
their preferred councilors," the opposition said in a statement.

Zimbabwe has been wracked by more than two years of political and economic
turmoil, widely blamed on the ruling party. Elections observers accused the
increasingly unpopular President Robert Mugabe of rigging March presidential
elections to extend his 22 year reign.

Results of the local council elections were expected Monday.

Thomas Bvuma, a spokesman for the government's Electoral Supervisory
Commission, said voting Sunday was going smoothly in all areas.

Police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena said he received reports that two huts
were set afire, but no one was hurt. One belonged to an independent
candidate and the other was owned by a ruling party official.

Lawyers said they were still trying to get access to opposition activist
Thomas Spicer, 18, who was detained in Harare Thursday for what authorities
said was riotous behavior.

Spicer's father, Newton Spicer, said his son had been subjected to electric
shocks and beatings, but was being denied medical treatment.

Police refused to comment on the allegations.

Meanwhile, police arrested a ruling party lawmaker and his wife Saturday in
the Chimanimani area in southeastern Zimbabwe.

Roy Bennett, 48, and his wife Heather were detained at a roadblock because
they had resisted government efforts to seize their farm, a friend said on
condition of anonymity.

Bvudzijena confirmed Bennett had been arrested for defying land takeover
notices that came into effect in August.

The government had earmarked thousands of white-owned farms for seizure,
claiming they are to be redistributed to landless blacks. Mugabe says the
measure addresses the legacy of inequitable land ownership left by colonial

Critics of the program say many of the best farms have been allocated to
senior government officials and ruling party supporters.

More than half of Zimbabwe's 12.5 million people face severe food shortages,
blamed on drought and the land reform program, which has brought commercial
farming to a standstill.

Bennett, who has won several court orders preventing the seizure of his
land, faces new charges of defying government eviction orders.

He was being held at the Chimanimani police station, and been denied access
to lawyers, his friend said.
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Business Day

Going forward in learning from Zimbabwe


A FUNDAMENTAL problem in dealing with the Zimbabwean situation is that key
partners see the crisis in totally dissimilar ways. This reflects different
interest. But a review of mistakes made might assist in finding future
common ground.

How do key actors see the Zimbabwe crisis?

The SA government partly views Zimbabwe, in the words of one former
Zimbabwean cabinet minister, "in its rear-view mirror" meaning that the land
issue has racial resonance down south, with President Robert Mugabe's
actions supported by a sufficiently large number of African National
Congress constituents to make Pretoria hesitant about taking tough action
against him, despite international and local business pressure to do so.

Conversely, there is a need for Pretoria to take an active role in
supporting New Partnership for Africa's Development's (Nepad's) principles
of good governance, rule of law and democracy, and to lend credibility to
its leadership and to African abilities for self-regulation. This suggests
the need for a tougher line towards Mugabe's actions.

But SA's role in working with Harare is further constrained by regional
perceptions of its hegemony, which worsen tensions and ensure policy
divisions within the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Other SADC states have supported Mugabe, if only through inaction, partly
because in some their values are more in congruence with Harare than
Pretoria, and sometimes because this has offered means to cock a snook at SA
leadership. Others, such as Malawi and Zambia, have more direct interests in
not sticking their necks out, given the potential economic fallout from
returning migrants and the flooding of the markets with cheap, under-valued
Zimbabwean goods.

SA's fears of widening regional divisions are compounded by concerns that
more radical action against Mugabe will not only have little effect, but
could stiffen the Zimbabwean president's resolve to complete his political
and economic "revolution".

Increasingly, key international actors are disengaging from the crisis,
preferring to see the region or the Commonwealth assume responsibility.
Hence the tougher recent line from the US administration, echoing that
expressed at the outset by the UK's Minister of State for Africa Peter Hain.

Yet a combination of hard-line rhetoric matched only by increasing
ambivalence will achieve little, apart from soothing critical domestic
audiences back in the US and Europe. And it has served to polarise the
debate, in ideological and also in racial terms.

Multinational organisations agencies, including the United Nations, have
until now attempted to play their part in settling the land issue
principally through the good offices of the UN Development Programme. But,
as with most multilateral actions, this has been held hostage by the lack of
consensus between members.

More recently, the role of international agencies has been dominated by
those concerned with humanitarian assistance, reflecting both the
deteriorating food situation and the shifting focus of international concern

Disagreement over "what to do with Harare" has had considerable costs in
terms of its corrosive effect on investor confidence, worsening regional
perceptions, and more practical direct economic consequences from the land
grab itself . The failure of past attempts to remedy the crisis has
aggravated and amplified differences, undermining both Nepad and SA
leadership. Yet a recognition of these failures and of the constraints on
all parties could offer a way out.

Dr Mills is the National Director of the SA Institute of International

Sep 30 2002 12:00:00:000AM Greg Mills Business Day 1st Edition
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Business Day

Pandering to Mugabe will not benefit Africa


Apartheid government argued for noninterference, saying it was a domestic
IT IS popular wisdom that "the more things change, the more they remain the
same". The truth of this adage was demonstrated again when Zimbabwe's
President Robert Mugabe and SA's Deputy President Jacob Zuma invoked the
same arguments against noninterference in Zimbabwe's domestic affairs as did
apartheid crusaders like Hendrik Verwoerd, John Vorster and Eric Louw
against interference in SA's domestic affairs.

Although the fate of the Mugabe regime remains uncertain, it is now history
that the defenders of apartheid protested in vain. The world community
decided that apartheid was a crime against humanity and, therefore, no
longer a purely domestic issue. Apartheid's defenders argued almost ad
nauseam that apartheid was strictly a domestic matter and that international
law, particularly article 2 paragraph 7 of the United Nations (UN) charter,
proscribed any interference.

What they overlooked was the fact that article 2(7) was qualified elsewhere
in the charter. Article 55 (c) calls for "universal respect for, and
observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without
distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion". In article 56, states
pledge themselves to take the necessary action to achieve the purposes set
out in article 55.

This successful fight against apartheid confirmed that in modern
international law, domestic political aberrations, particularly human rights
abuses, could no longer be committed under the protection of domestic

Sovereignty has become an increasingly relative concept and states are
simply less sovereign today than they were under the traditional Westphalian
system when noninterference was an absolute rule in international politics.
This happened in response to globalisation and mass communication and people
all over the world have become more "other oriented", while interdependence
rendered states increasingly vulnerable to universal moral interests.

But even if Mugabe and Zuma's thinking on these matters do not go beyond the
17th century, they should know that for a country to enjoy the advantages of
membership of the civilised international community certain universal
principles should be upheld.

Nineteenth century English social scientist Walter Bagehot defined these
principles in terms of "life", "law" and "property". This means that all
societies must seek to ensure that life will, in some measure, be secured
against violence resulting in death or bodily harm; that promises or
agreements once made must be kept; and that the possession of property will
remain stable and not be submitted to challenges that are constant and
without limit. Without these basic civilised rules, life on earth would be
consumed, as 17th century British philosopher Thomas Hobbes has stated, by
"a war of all against all".

Measured against these criteria, Mugabe is a rabid Hobbesian in his approach
to politics and society. Like the defenders of apartheid, he now seeks
refuge behind flimsy arguments on domestic jurisdiction and national
sovereignty to escape international exclusion and sanctions. Can he get away
with it?

Application of the abovementioned principles depends of course on the
consent of the majority of UN members, and action. Judging from the support
from Zuma and other African leaders, collective action by either the UN, the
Southern African Development Community (SADC) or the African Union (AU)
seems improbable. This leaves Mugabe under very little pressure from African
leaders to mend his ways. SA sticks to its feeble policy of soft diplomacy
while Mugabe scoffs at Commonwealth and European Union action. He also need
not worry about unilateral intervention by major powers because they are
more occupied with Iraq and international terrorism. All this points to an
unfortunate gap between principle and action in international relations.
Many violators of human rights simply go unpunished, while action like that
taken against apartheid in SA and the perpetrators of ethnic cleansing in
former Yugoslavia, is exceptional.

SA policy makers ought to take the Zimbabwe issue in hand. Refusing to put
the pressure on Mugabe is a denial of principles of international morality,
international law, the ethos of the SA constitution, the African National
Congress's principled stand against apartheid and the objectives of the New
Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) and the AU.

Pandering to Mugabe is also not in the interest of Zimbabwe, southern
Africa, or Africa. While Zimbabweans suffer from persecution, hunger and
deprivation, Nepad's quest for democracy and good governance is ridiculed,
and the SADC and AU are being reduced to impotent hostages of Mugabe's

Those among us who would like to believe in SA's future, are particularly
concerned that Zuma has now all but joined Namibian President Sam Nujoma's
club of Mugabe sycophants instead of giving diplomatic leadership. Earlier
this year President Thabo Mbeki himself said that misbehaving African
countries should no longer be allowed to hide behind the sovereignty
principle. Something, therefore, seems out of control in the domain of our
foreign policy making and diplomacy.

To end with a caveat: George Bush was crucified by almost everybody in SA
from Nelson Mandela downwards for his stance on Iraq. Perhaps they are not
all conversant with the subtleties of the diplomacy of meaningful and
continuous pressure on the enemy. US diplomacy can now smell sweet victory
after Iraq's capitulation to demands on weapon inspection. Another case
study: If Churchill had not successfully resisted Neville Chamberlain's
appeasement policy towards Hitler, world history would have turned out very
differently indeed. Our diplomats could perhaps learn something from these
case studies.

Olivier is a Professor in the Department of Political Sciences at the
University of Pretoria.
Sep 30 2002 12:00:00:000AM Gerrit Olivier Business Day 1st Edition
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Daily News

      CIO, police in alleged terror campaign

      9/28/02 10:52:09 AM (GMT +2)

      From Our Correspondent in Mutare

      THE MDC has accused the Registrar-General (RG)'s Office in Chipinge of
      forwarding the names of MDC nominees and election agents in the rural
district council elections to the Central Intelligence Organisation, the
police and Zanu PF activists.

      The MDC on Wednesday filed an urgent application in the High Court
seeking a postponement of this weekend's elections citing widespread
violence and intimidation.

      This comes at a time when 100 of the 153 registered MDC candidates in
this weekend's election in Manicaland have reportedly fled the province
citing victimisation by Zanu PF supporters and the police.

      Pishai Muchauraya, the MDC provincial spokesman, said:
      "We have established that the RG's office in Chipinge copied the MDC's
candidates nomination forms to Zanu PF and State security agents,"
Muchauraya said.
      "As a result, the nominees' election agents and candidates have been
assaulted and many have fled from the constituency."

      Edmund Maingire the provincial police spokesman refused to comment on
the allegations of the police's involvement.

      Joyce Munamati, the provincial registrar-general based in Mutare,
dismissed the allegations in their entirety. "We have not received any
reports of that nature," she said.
      "These politicians . . . must not incriminate our department in their
political games. No one from the MDC has reported this to us.

      "Maybe they do not know how we work.
      "After we have registered the candidates we forward the names to our
headquarters in Harare and not to anyone else."

      But Muchauraya insisted the names on the copied list were exactly the
same as the one which the MDC submitted to the RG's Office.
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Daily News

      Chombo facilitates illegal nomination

      9/28/02 11:00:58 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      ON 5 SEPTEMBER, the day the nomination court for the rural and
district council elections sat, Ignatius Chombo, the Minister of Local
Government, Public Works and National Housing lifted an earlier decision he
had taken in September 2000 to dismiss Clever Manhombo, an ineligible
candidate, in the rural district council elections for Ward 1 in Manyame, in
contravention of the Rural District Councils Act.

      Manhombo, a councillor with Manyame District Council, was dismissed in
2000 for misconduct by Chombo.

      Section 157 of the Act, states that: "A person who has been dismissed
in terms of Sub-section (3) shall be disqualified from nomination at
elections as councillor for a period of five years."

      But Chombo reversed the decision and allowed Manhombo to be nominated
for election before the expiry of his five-year term of dismissal lapses.
He, however, did not quote any part of the Act which gave him the powers to
reverse the decision.

      A B. Mpala of the Registrar-General's office on Wednesday, wrote a
letter to Jacob Mafume of Kantor and Immerman acknowledging Manhombo's
earlier dismissal. Mpala said: "Manhombo's nomination was accepted after his
dismissal was lifted by Chombo."

      On Thursday, the MDC insisted Tobaiwa Mudede, the registrar-general,
should immediately declare Darlington Tangwara, the MDC candidate, elected
      Mafume said Manhombo should not have been nominated and must not be
allowed to contest the elections. "As such, our client must be declared duly
elected unopposed because Manhombo is disqualified from contesting," Mafume

      He gave Mudede's office until yesterday to disqualify Manhombo or they
would seek the nullification of his nomination in court.

      Mudede refused to speak to The Daily News.

      According to his letter to Manhombo on 27 September 2000, Chombo said
following the councillor's suspension on 2 March 2000, he instituted an
inquiry into the alleged misconduct regarding the council's affairs.

      "The findings of the inquiry confirmed the first three of the four
charges initially laid against you, as contained in my minute of
 suspension," Chombo said. "Indeed, you have been found guilty of dishonesty
in reneging on your contract with council where the submission of monthly
returns was required, financially prejudicing council of $225 887,23 in
unpaid royalties relating to your sand extraction venture and mismanaging
the affairs of council."

      Chombo said under the circumstances, Manhombo had to show cause why he
should not be dismissed from holding public office within Manyame Rural
District Council . After Manhombo dismissal, a by-election was held in Ward
1 and Kuda Makosvo was elected councillor. Despite that, Zanu PF proceeded
to nominate him as its candidate for Ward 1.
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Daily News

      Police dump confiscated bread in Bulawayo dam

      9/28/02 10:42:58 AM (GMT +2)

      From Chris Gande in Bulawayo

      DESPITE the serious shortage of bread in Bulawayo, the police are
reportedly confiscating the scarce commodity and dumping it into a dam in

      The police this week intensified their blitz against bread vendors and
shops charging more than the controlled price of $60,40 a loaf.

      Workers at the Hillside dam site yesterday allegedly saw policemen
off-loading several dozen loaves of bread from a police truck on Wednesday
before dumping it into the dam.
      "We don't know exactly why they are doing this," said a worker at the
site, "but one thing is certain: the fish are definitely going to enjoy

      However, a senior officer at Hillside Police Station, denied that the
police were dumping bread into the dam.
      "I am not aware of that," he said. "The policemen seen dumping the
bread could be from another station."

      Several shops in Bulawayo's high-density suburbs have been fined for
selling bread above the stipulated price.

      The blitz has created a serious shortage of bread and vendors are
exploiting the situation by charging as much as $150 for a loaf.

      Residents said although they welcomed the clampdown against the
vendors, they were now suffering its negative effects as it had become
difficult to get bread on the parallel

      "The only solution is for shops and bakeries to ration bread so that
vendors find it difficult to buy bread for resale," said Marvis Sibanda of

      Vendors in Harare, Mutare and Gweru are reportedly exploiting the
shortage by queueing to buy as many loaves as they can for resell.

      There have been no reports in the three cities or elsewhere in the
country of the police confiscating the bread and destroying it - or turning
it into food for fish.

      The country was hit by a shortage of most basic goods following the
farm invasions.
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Daily News

      Workers release boss after he agrees to pay them $219m

      9/28/02 10:48:31 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      PAUL Hopcroft, the chief executive officer of Banket's Tredar
Agricultural Security Company who has been held hostage by his workers for
the past six days, was released on Thursday after agreeing to pay them the
$219 million severance package they were demanding.

      The security guards at the company, which provides security to most
commercial farms in Mashonaland West province, were alleging that Hopcroft
was planning to flee the country without paying them their retrenchment

      On Thursday the company's management held talks which involved
Ignatius Chombo, the Member of Parliament for Zvimba North and Minister of
Local Government and National Housing, Tredar Workers' Union
representatives, the police and Hopcroft agreed to provide the workers a
$219 million send-off package.

      Chombo said he had been invited to resolve the matter in his capacity
as the constituency's MP.

      Said Chombo: "This is my constituency and I would like to see my
people happy, thus I am happy now that I have resolved this issue and made
my people happy.
      "I want the security guards to unite and to set up a co-operative
security company if their present company folds. "

      However, Mitch Ferguson, the transport manager at Tredar, accused
Chombo of arm-twisting the company into paying the security guards a package
it cannot afford.

      Ferguson said: "Over 1 000 people have now lost their jobs because
there is no way the company can survive after paying the workers so much
money. Had it not been for Chombo we could have worked out a better
resolution to the whole problem."

      Hopcroft said after Thursday's developments the company would be
liquidated as it cannot sustain itself after paying the retrenchment

      He said: "It is sad that we now have to close down the company but we
have no choice as the situation was no longer manageable. The workers had
hi-jacked the whole operation and were abusing the company's properties such
as vehicles and the watcher dogs."

      A tearful Diana, Hopcroft's wife, said she was relieved to be reunited
with her husband after his week- long house arrest.
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Daily News

      Zesa switches off hostel over $300 000 debt

      9/28/02 10:51:03 AM (GMT +2)

      From Our Correspondent in Bulawayo

      THE BULAWAYO City Council-owned Mthandizi Hostel, adjacent to the
Vehicle Inspection Depot, which houses about 50 tertiary students, has been
without electricity for more than a month because the council owes the
Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority $300 000.

      This was revealed by the tenants who complained that the council was
taking long to rectify the problem.

      The students pay $248 per month.

      One tenant told The Daily News they have had no electricity since
early August.
      "We have now gone for a month and a half without electricity, but the
council has not bothered to explain to us what is happening.

      "We are also informed that the council's outstanding debt amounts to
more than $300 000," he said.

      A Chartered Institute of Secretaries student said: "This inconvenience
has come at a wrong time as some people will be sitting for their final
examinations at the end of the year."

      Another tenant said: "If the city council is not playing hide-and-seek
games with us, it should explain why there has been this blackout."

      He added that the lack of electricity had prompted cases of
housebreaking resulting in the loss of valuable property.

      The city council's senior public relations officer, Lennox Mhlanga,
confirmed that the council had an outstanding electricity bill for the

      "It is true that the council has an unpaid electricity bill and that
is the cause of the power cut," he said.
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Daily News - feature

      We are heading the tragic way of Sierra Leone

      9/28/02 10:26:29 AM (GMT +2)

      I HAVE just finished reading The Devil That Danced On The Water by
Aminatta Forna.

      This compelling book is a daughter's memoir of her father - Mohamed
Forna, her country - Sierra Leone, and a continent - Africa.

      Mohamed Forna left medical practice to serve his country as Finance
Minister in the government led by Siaka Stevens.

      He is described as a brilliant man of unimpeachable integrity, ability
and charisma.
      As dictatorship and corruption overtook the land, he refused to join
the bandwagon of evil. He fearlessly spoke against corruption in government
and openly challenged Stevens' misuse of public funds.

      Finally he resigned from government in disgust.
      Mohamed Forna was loved by the common people. Of all the candidates
from his political party, he had won the greatest number of votes in any
      His continued popularity, even after he left government, made Stevens
jealous and afraid of him. He, therefore, went on a sustained campaign to
harass and frustrate the young man.

      Finally, he was arrested by a politicised police, jailed under a
cooked-up treason charge, found guilty by a judge under the president's pay
and hanged like a common criminal.
      What I found to be startling about the book is the similarity of
events which led to Sierra Leone's total collapse and events taking place in
Zimbabwe today.

      The similarities are frightening, to say the least. The underpinning
ingredients to these events are the same - greed, corruption and lust for

      After reading the book, I am convinced that, unless God, somehow,
intervenes in our situation, we are heading the same tragic way Sierra Leone
      In order to preserve power Stevens recruited unemployed youths and
organised them into a militia called The Red Shirts.

      These instilled fear into the population through mutilation, torture,
robbery, rape and murder.

      They were a law unto themselves and even government ministers were
afraid of them.
      In Zimbabwe we have a similar organisation in the youth militias which
people refer to as Green Bombers because of their violence and green shirts.

      They are also a law unto themselves and have spread terror throughout
the country.
      In Sierra Leone, Stevens subverted the police, the judiciary, the army
and the Press to his own use.

      Parliament was there to do his bidding and cabinet ministers became
mere puppets.
      Civil society was harassed and intimidated until there was no
organised protest of any kind to Stevens' excesses.

      He had absolute power - and absolute power corrupts absolutely.
      As Aminatta Forna wrote: "The country's budget surpluses and foreign
exchange reserves had been drained away. At the time of our father's
resignation an astute desk clerk at the World Bank had sent a memorandum up
to his superiors, asking whether the bank should continue to loan Sierra
Leone in the light of the minister's claims of corruption in the government.

      "The bank had gone ahead anyway. Within a short time the treasury in
Sierra Leone had begun to default on payments of overseas loans; by the time
we came home the new bank notes, printed with Stevens' face, could not be
exchanged in any bank outside Sierra Leone.

      "The country was crawling with spies, who reported every conversation,
every whisper to the president. The newspapers had all been either brought
under state control or closed down. Summary arrests, detentions and beatings
had become commonplace.

      "There was no opposition, no voice of criticism: people had learnt to
fear for their lives if they spoke out against government. And this was
what, in the West, they called 'benign dictatorship'. Good enough for
Africa, good enough for Africans."

      Need I say anything more about how similar our own situation is to
that which existed in the now devastated state of Sierra Leone?
      With the total hegemony of Zanu PF in Zimbabwe, corruption has come
out into the open unashamedly like a naked witch drunk with the blood of her

      All pretences at decency have been thrown off. One top official was
overheard saying boastfully: "Tisu tiri kutonga. Vasingazvide vangagon'eyi?
Hapana." (We are the ones ruling. What can those who oppose us do? Nothing).
      Corruption in Zanu PF has recently openly manifested itself in the
open grabbing of white-owned commercial farms by the powerful.

      At the beginning of the so-called land reform programme, the nation
and some international friends were led to believe that the land was being
taken from selfish and evil white colonists to be equitably distributed to
poor, black, landless peasants who had until now been marginalised.

      We all now know the truth.
      Even the landless country peasants, who had blindly supported Zanu PF,
now know the truth.

      Last but, not least, President Mugabe also knows the truth.
      And the truth is that Zanu PF, from the word go, has grabbed all the
prime land for its leaders, their relatives and party cronies at the expense
of poor, landless peasants.
      In their scramble for prime farms with their immaculate homesteads
some of them had actually been involved in physical fights resulting in some
of them killing each other.

      Rather belatedly our de facto President issued a directive to the
sharks in his government to give up the multiple farms they had greedily
grabbed under the fast-track resettlement

      Instead of resettling the poor, they were busy settling themselves.
But, the harm has already been done.

      Through corrupt private deals, which are nothing less than extortion,
helpless and desperate white farmers were forced to sell their properties at
give-away prices to Zanu PF political leaders and hastily formed indigenous
commercial farming companies.
      It's not that our dear de facto President was oblivious of the fact
that most of his party leaders are corrupt. Some time back he actually
acknowledged that he knew that some of his ministers accepted bribes.

      The tragedy is that he laughed at this as though it was some funny
joke. Such is the moral calibre of the man we refer to as our President.
      Poor Zimbabwe, what unforgivable sin did we commit to deserve such
morally bankrupt leadership?

      Patrick Chinamasa, the Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary
Affairs, who is among VIPs in the frontline of the scramble for prime farms,
had the gall to defend his
      unbridled greed.

      His wife recently grabbed Rockland Farm in Marondera despite the fact
that the family is alleged to own two farms in Manicaland.

      In a lame attempt to defend his aberrant behaviour, he said that his
wife had been lawfully allotted the farm in a transparent manner and there
was nothing sinister about it.
      "There is nothing irregular about that because she was legally
allocated that land," was Chinamasa's limp response.

      I would like to ask the Honourable Minister of Whatever (certainly not
Justice) to tell the nation whether something that is legal according to
Zanu PF's fast-tracked and mostly unconstitutional laws, is also legitimate
and just according to God's law? He is the ultimate judge, you know.

      He who has ears to hear, let him hear.
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Daily News - feature

      Coloureds - stuck in the middle of nowhere

      9/28/02 11:00:06 AM (GMT +2)

      By Foster Dongozi Features Writer

      "We are sick and tired of being called people without a culture,
half-caste, or even more cruel statements, such as that we are the children
of prostitutes."

      These anguished sentiments came from Bertram Tabbett, a spokesman for
the National Association for the Advancement of Mixed Race Coloureds (NAAC).

      People of mixed blood in Zimbabwe, known as Coloureds, have over the
years found themselves on the wrong side of the ruling class in Zimbabwe.

      Under successive Rhodesian regimes, the Coloured community was
sidelined from the mainstream political and economic activities.

      They were considered a buffer between supremacist whites and the
down-trodden black majority, to the extent that they enjoyed better fortunes
than their black mothers, cousins, aunts and uncles.

      After independence in 1980, despite constituting a significant section
of the
      population, only a small number of Coloureds, among them Amina Hughes,
Joseph Culverwell and Ibbotson Joseph, now known as Ibbo Mandaza, became
actively involved in politics and achieved some degree of social prominence.

      Coloured people allege they have always been shunned by both their
black and white relatives.

      In the majority of cases, the first generation Coloureds were products
of settlers and adventurers from Europe who had cohabited with black women
as concubines, or in
      some cases, developed genuine relationships with them.

      While the Zimbabwean government has championed the policy of
indigenisation in business and land reform, some members of the Coloured
community are of the opinion that only a few have benefited from the
exercise because they are well-connected.

      Rejected and spurned by both their black and white relatives, the
Coloured community formed the NAAC to advance their interests.

      Formed on 18 March, 2001 in Arcadia, the association has already
established chapters in Harare, Bulawayo, Mutare, Kwekwe and Gweru.

      "We are an urban-based minority and that is why we set up the branches
in the cities. There are, of course, some Coloureds who live in the rural
areas," said Tabbett.

      He said while Zimbabweans, both black and white, took pleasure in
making crude jokes about the "uniqueness" of Coloureds, the practice
traumatised members of their community.

      "Can you imagine how a child feels if told that because they are
Coloured, they will only grow up to be a thug, a drunkard, prostitute and an

      "As a result, people of mixed blood are denied the right to celebrate
their diversity as normal beings," Tabbett said.

      Angus Martens, who handles the association's human rights matters, was
equally perturbed.

      "The majority of Coloured people end up interacting among themselves.
Whites do not want to know us as their relatives while some negative
attitudes among our black
      relatives limit the levels of interaction. It is very painful that our
relatives are the people calling us cultureless or people without roots."

      Unnerved by the fact that some whites had been attracted to black
women and fathered children with them, the settler governments removed the
Coloured children from their black mothers and housed them in institutions
like St Joseph's home, with active
      participation of various churches.

      Suburbs like Nashville in Gweru, Thorngrove in Bulawayo and Arcadia in
Harare were established to cater for that section of the population.

      At the launch of the association, Tabbett's comments clearly revealed
a community yearning for recognition from the races whose sexual unions
produced them.
      One newspaper positively described Coloureds as "that glorious mixture
of black and white".

      "We are looking for recognition and acceptance as Coloured people.
Because we are multi-cultural, we want to build bridges. Being ethnically
mixed, who is better placed to do this than we are?"

      Luke Davies, a member of the community, said it was puzzling that some
people could not accept them as people of mixed race.

      Even more alarming was that some sections of the media still labelled
them as "so-called Coloureds".

      "The issue of identity has been laid to rest. We are Coloured,
minority Zimbabweans," Davies said."

      He said it was time the Coloured community asserted itself in all
spheres of Zimbabwean life. "In the Zimbabwean context, the Coloured
minority finds itself at a crossroads in its development and seeks to
establish its rights and its place within the mainstream of Zimbabwean
social, economic and political life."

      He implied some form of institutionalised segregation prevented them
from actively participating in the social, economic or political scene in

      "There is a barrier to full participation because of our colour. For a
true democracy to thrive, the inclusion of minority groups must be seen to
be taking place at all levels."
      Tabbett said members of the community wanted to benefit from the land
reform and indigenisation programmes because they were native to Zimbabwe.

      "We were deprived of land and economic development, like anybody who
was not white, and we believe we are entitled to a share of the national

      "There's a lot of poverty in the community because we were never
incorporated into the whole economy. It is like being given a train ticket
and not being allowed to board the train."

      He said their urban lifestyles had created the impression that they
did not want to
      mingle with their black relatives.

      As a result, accusations like "You are still with the whites" kept
resurfacing from black relatives who remained suspicious.

      "Until the association was formed, there was a leadership vacuum which
resulted in the absence of anybody who could articulate our concerns and
create dialogue with, and be received by, all stakeholders in the country."

      Even so, there have been immense successes on other fronts by members
of the Coloured community.

      On the sporting front, Carlos Max and Henry McKop have captained the
national soccer team while in entertainment, stand-up comedian Edgar
Langeveldt and, until recently, Andy Brown, stand out as the most
successful. Rosalla Millar sang her way to international stardom from

      But Brown's fortunes have plummeted following accusations that he
spiced up his concerts, meant to be family occasions, with vulgar talk.

      He attempted to revive his waning career by siding with the
government, which has lost most of its support in towns. This resulted in
his record sales and show attendances dwindling.

      Former High Court Judge, James Devittie, Terrence Hussein and Joseph
James easily come to mind as some of the success stories in the legal

      Arnold Payne and Joshua Cohen and the late Elaine Raftopolous shone in
the human rights and advocacy sector. Brian Raftopolous is a well- known
academic and human rights crusader.

      Guy Georgias, the Hall and Tombs families have done well in the
transport business.

      During discussions with some Coloureds, it emerged that some members
of the community did not want to be regarded as such, with some preferring
to be called black, to protect their business interests.
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Save Zimbabwe Campaign News Release

Monday September 30, 2002


"Save Zimbabwe" campaigners have said they fear for the life of Stewart
the Briton arrested yesterday with outspoken Zimbabwean opposition MP Roy
Mr. Girvin is now missing from the jail where he was being held. It is
that Joseph Mwale, the notorious regional head of the Central Intelligence
(CIO), implicated in several murders, has taken him away.

Mr. Girvin, a British citizen is a friend of Roy Bennett who was visiting
England. He works in a restaurant in Covent Garden. Mr Girvin is a diabetic.
At the time of his arrest he was travelling without his medication.

Mr. Girvin was arrested at 3pm on Sunday September 29 along with Roy and
Bennett, and an employee Mike Magwaza, were arrested in the Chimanimani area
(Mr. Bennett's constituency) for allegedly contravening section 8 of the
Acquisition Act and on a charge under the Electoral Act for "taking
within 100 m of a polling station".

Neither Mr. Girvin nor his Zimbabwean companion Mr. Magwaza are landowners
Zimbabwe and therefore cannot be arrested and detained under charges
the Land Acquisition Act.

The British Consulate in Zimbabwe has been contacted on Mr. Girvin's behalf.

The arrest of Roy Bennett MP comes after Robert Mugabe, on his return from
Earth Summit in Johannesburg said of the two white opposition leaders, Roy
and David Coltart: "The Bennetts and the Coltarts are not part of our
They belong to Britain and let them go there. If they want to stay here, we
say 'Stay here, but your place is in jail'.

"Those do not deserve to be in Zimbabwe and we shall take steps to ensure
they are not entitled to our land".

A spokesman for the "Save Zimbabwe" campaign said:

"We are very fearful for Stewart Girvin's safety. The man who has taken him
the prison is renowned for acts of extreme violence against individuals.

"We call on the British government to act to assist one if its citizens as
as possible.

"However, it would be wrong to see these arrests as a black versus white
These arrests are part of much wider moves by the Mugabe regime to crush the
opposition during the local elections. The overwhelming majority of human
abuses are against black Zimbabweans. We should not allow the African and
community to forget this fact."


For more information, or to interview a representative for the campaign,

Mark Pursey on +44 20 7939 7934 or +07796 954 105

Notes to Editors:

The "Save Zimbabwe" campaign is a non-partisan international initiative,
broad-based support drawn from both political parties and community groups.
was launched during the recent African Union meeting in Durban and is
to restore democracy, human rights and legitimate government to Zimbabwe.
holding of early, free and fair elections, under full and proper
supervision, is a key objective of the campaign.
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Zimbabwe ruling party seals victory in local polls

HARARE, Sept. 30 - President Robert Mugabe's ruling party won the majority
of seats in weekend council elections in Zimbabwe, sealing its grip on its
traditional rural power base, state radio reported on Monday.
       The main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), which won
12 of the seats announced by late on Monday, says 700 of its candidates were
barred from registering or intimidated from running in the polls, in which
1,400 seats were up for grabs.
       ZANU-PF's victory was largely expected.
       ''The ruling ZANU-PF party has taken a commanding lead in the
just-ended local government elections, clinching 72 of the 86 wards
announced so far,'' the state radio said.
       On Sunday, the MDC said it had received reports from various parts of
the country showing ZANU-PF had stepped up violence to prevent Zimbabweans
from voting freely.
       It said Roy Bennett, an opposition legislator, and eight others,
including his bodyguard, had been detained.
       But Police Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena said on Monday
only three people were arrested and that they were likely to appear in court
tomorrow on Tuesday charged with disrupting the election process at a
polling station.
       He said Bennett would also face charges of defying governement orders
to vacate his farm.
       The MDC, which accuses Mugabe of stealing victory in a presidential
election in March, said Mugabe had resorted to political violence in the
council elections because he knew he would lose any free and fair poll.
       The ruling party dismissed the charges of intimidation as lies.
       Zimbabwe has been in turmoil since pro-government militants began
invading white-owned farms in early 2000 in support of the government's
drive to redistribute the farms among landless blacks.
       Mugabe, in power since independence from Britain in 1980, says the
controversial land reform programme is aimed at correcting colonial
injustice, which left 70 percent of the country's best land in the hands of
whites who form less than one percent of Zimbabwe's population.
       The opposition says the land policies have contributed to a severe
food shortage which is affecting nearly seven million people, or half the
population. The government insists the shortages are solely the result of
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Zimbabwe to complete land reform in November

LUANDA, Sept. 30 - Zimbabwe said on Monday it would complete its
controversial land redistribution programme in November and rejected
complaints about the impact on the regional economy.
       Foreign Minister Stan Mudenge told Reuters in an interview that the
redistribution of white-owned farms to blacks was nearing its end after
being delayed for weeks in August by court challenges launched by farmers
reluctant to give up their farms.
       He also said Harare was considering retaliating for sanctions imposed
on Zimbabwe after Western powers and the domestic opposition condemned as
flawed the presidential elections won by Robert Mugabe in March.
       Mudenge, in Luanda for a meeting of the Southern African Development
Community (SADC), said Harare might impose sanctions, first suggested by
Mugabe last month, on former colonial ruler Britain very soon.
       ''We're considering the possibility of reciprocating the restrictions
we have (on going) the United Kingdom, sometime very soon...because
Britain has put those restrictions on us. It's a reciprocal arrangement,''
he said.
       The United States and the European Union imposed travel and financial
restrictions on Mugabe and his ruling elite after his disputed re-election.
Australia has said it may follow suit.
       Mudenge said the government had resettled 310,000 families on land
taken from white farmers and was completing the handover of land to a
further 54,000 individuals.
       ''That (redistribution) is virtually at an end,'' he said. ''As you
know...we wanted it finished at the end of August but because of the legal
actions which some of the farmers...took, we have had to comply with the
obligations of the law.''
       ''But that should be all finished more or less at the end of October,
beginning of November,'' he added.
       Britain has challenged the programme, saying redistribution has not
been conducted in line with the rule of law, that it seems to be benefiting
the ruling elite rather than the landless and that it is worsening food
       Mugabe rejects the complaints and says Britain is meddling in the
internal affairs of his country. He says the land reform will help to
correct the wrongs of British colonialism, which left 70 percent of
Zimbabwe's best farmland in white hands.

       Mudenge said the land reforms should be seen not as damaging
investment in southern Africa, but rather as part of the resolution of a
problem affecting many of the SADC's 14 members.
       SADC trade and foreign ministers are holding two days of closed-door
talks in the Angolan capital Luanda before their leaders arrive for an
annual summit on Wednesday.
       Zimbabwe's land policies are not on the summit agenda, but some
ministers have said they will raise concerns.
       Mauritian Foreign Minister Anil Gayan earlier told Reuters that
Zimbabwe's political and economic crisis was of grave concern to the region
and that SADC ministers would tell the Zimbabwean delegation to resolve it.
       Several countries in the region are suffering badly from a prolonged
drought, and critics say Mugabe's land reforms have further cut farm output.
       Mudenge rejected criticisms of the land reform.
       ''Certainly we are not dragging down anybody. If anything, we are
contributing to a solution to a major issue within the region and that is
the issue of resolving the question of land redistribution,'' he said.
       ''Zimbabwe is the pioneer and pioneers don't drag people down, they
pull them forward. So we are making a very important contribution,'' he
       Mudenge said Zimbabwe hoped the international community would give
the U.N. Development Programme some money to help fund newly settled black
farmers and some 250,000 black labourers formerly employed on white-owned
farms, and to help compensate farmers whose land had been repossessed.
       ''We are still committed to ensuring that they (white farmers) are
fully compensated but we need resources,'' he said.
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SADC ministers to talk tough on Zimbabwe

      September 30 2002 at 04:09PM

By Manoah Esipisu

Luanda - Southern African ministers meeting in Angola said on Monday they
would deliver a stern message to Zimbabwe to resolve a political crisis
threatening investor confidence in the region.

Foreign and trade ministers from the 14-member Southern African Development
Community (SADC) are holding two days of closed-door talks before their
leaders arrive for an annual summit on Wednesday.

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's land policies and his controversial
re-election in March are not on the summit's official agenda, but some
ministers said they would still raise concerns over events in Zimbabwe.

"Clearly we have to resolve the governance issues in the region. We cannot
be punished for the mistakes of one country - Zimbabwe," Mauritian Foreign
Minister Anil Gayan told Reuters.

"We shall be asking that they shape up," Gayan added.

The SADC has previously criticised Mugabe's seizure of white-owned farms for
redistribution to landless blacks and the election which has shattered
investor confidence in the region. But it has opposed sanctions.

"Ministers will use the closed door session to tell the Zimbabwe delegation
that it is time to end the political and economic crisis in their country,
which is having a huge influence on investment and business in the region,"
another minister, who asked not to be named, said.

"Mugabe will not be publicly reprimanded by SADC. But there are those in the
region who feel that the land crisis should not have been a long and
drawn-out process and they will make this clearly known to the Zimbabweans,"
the minister added.

South African President Thabo Mbeki and Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo
dashed Western hopes for tougher action against Mugabe last week when they
blocked a bid by Australian Prime Minister John Howard to formally suspend
Zimbabwe from the Commonwealth.

The Commonwealth, which groups 54 mostly former British colonies, had
already partially suspended Zimbabwe in protest against the alleged rigging
of Mugabe's re-election.

Commonwealth observers and a group of SADC parliamentarians said the vote
was flawed, but observers from South Africa, Namibia and Nigeria said the
poll was legitimate.

Mbeki and Obasanjo insisted on waiting until the end of the one-year
suspension already imposed before assessing Mugabe's response and deciding
whether to extend measures.

The ministers will also focus on the region's food crisis threatening more
than 14 million people with starvation due to drought, HIV-AIDS and
politics. Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Lesotho and Zimbabwe are

They will look at ways to speed up the delivery of millions of tons of
international food aid, and debate gene-altered food aid rejected by some
countries, officials said.

The SADC comprises Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho,
Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Seychelles, Swaziland,
Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa.
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Five Political Opposition Members Released in Zimbabwe
Peta Thornycroft
30 Sep 2002 17:26 UTC

In Zimbabwe, five members of the opposition party are out on bail after
spending several days in prison on charges of public violence. The men say
they were beaten by police while in prison.

The most severely injured member of the opposition was 18-year-old Thomas
Spicer, who had to be helped into court by one of his co-accused.

His lawyers say he was singled out for special punishment during his four
days of incarceration.

Lawyers for the five said that all of the defendants had been assaulted by
members of the law and order section of the Zimbabwe Republic police.

Thomas Spicer's father said he was "incensed" that his son has been tortured
in his own country. This is not an isolated incident, he said, thousands of
youngsters in Zimbabwe have been abused this way.

Meanwhile, in eastern Zimbabwe, opposition Member of Parliament Roy Bennett
remains in jail in the town of Chimanimani. He was arrested Sunday and
charged with failing to comply with a government eviction notice to leave
his home. Eight other members of the opposition are in police cells with

Mr. Bennett's bodyguard, Mike Makwaza, and a South African who was with Mr.
Bennett are still missing. They were last seen in the custody of the
government's Central Intelligence Organization.

There were many acts of violence and intimidation reported last week in
Zimbabwe before local government elections Saturday and Sunday in rural
areas. No independent monitors covered the elections.

While the opposition blames government supporters for the violence, the
government responds that the opposition is behind most of the violence.

The results of the rural elections should be available Tuesday, but because
so many opposition candidates were excluded from the elections, political
analysts say the outcome will be big win for the ruling ZANU-PF party.
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 Senior MDC members to face treason charges in November
            September 30, 2002, 21:15

            Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe's opposition Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC) leader, and two other senior party members Welshman Ncube and
Renson Gasela have been indicted for trial in the High Court on November 11.

            The three are facing charges of plotting to assassinate
President Robert Mugabe.

            This comes as reports of widespread intimidation and violence
begin to surface in the local government council elections held over the
weekend in which the MDC failed to field more than half of its candidates.

            Zanu-PF says the elections were free and fair. Tsvangirai seems
unsure what the future holds for him; today he appeared again facing treason

            If found guilty, the future of the whole opposition in Zimbabwe
will be in doubt. But as the MDC leader appeared in the courts, counting was
going on in the controversial rural council elections, that the MDC claims
were not free and fair.
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Daily News     
 Chaos, threats mar rural council elections

      9/29/02 8:44:38 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporters

      CHAOS, intimidation and apathy marred the two-day rural district
council elections which ended yesterday, with some polling stations only
opening as late as in the afternoon due to the delayed arrival of ballot

      Voting only started around 2pm in some parts of Masvingo Province
following the late arrival of ballot boxes and other poll material.

      Voters who had turned up at polling stations as early as 7am were only
able to cast their votes as late as 4pm.

      The situation was generally tense at most polling stations as Zanu PF
youths manned voting centres, scaring away opposition supporters.

      Ignatius Mushangwe, the Masvingo provincial registrar, yesterday
confirmed they had experienced logistical problems which resulted in some
people casting votes late in the day.

      Mushangwe, however, said voting was going on peacefully. He said voter
turnout had been very high in Masvingo, but did not give figures.

      In Manicaland's Mutasa Ward 21, The Daily News observed one war
veteran being allowed to vote twice. Confronted by our correspondent on the
anomaly, the presiding officer, Spatiwe Kupenya, brushed aside the question
and simply retorted: "It is allowed."

      Widespread violence preceded the weekend elections with opposition
candidates and supporters either fleeing their respective wards or
withdrawing their candidature as Zanu PF youths went on the rampage.

      The elections were held in 1 397 rural districts and 27 urban wards.
The MDC only fielded 646 candidates because of the violence which resulted
in 700 Zanu PF candidates being elected unopposed.
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Daily News

      Harare runs dry

      9/29/02 8:47:17 AM (GMT +2)

      By Precious Shumba

      SEVERAL filling stations in Harare ran out of fuel over the weekend,
exposing government claims that the country had abundant supplies of the
vital commodity.

      The signs of an imminent shortage manifested themselves on Saturday
through long queues at most filling stations that still had supplies.

      By yesterday several outlets had run dry with some attendants saying
they had been without supplies since Friday.

      Commuter omnibus drivers said the fuel shortage would only worsen the
      crisis, which has resulted in long, meandering queues of people coming
to work and going home after knocking off.

      Diesel was unavailable at 90 percent of the 18 service stations
visited by The Daily News yesterday.

      However, government officials have maintained that there are adequate
fuel supplies in the country.

      Only a week ago, Amos Midzi, the Minister of Energy and Power
Development, assured the nation that his ministry and the State-run National
Oil Company of Zimbabwe (Noczim) were working on other financing
arrangements, which would guarantee continuous fuel supplies.

      Following the emergence of long queues in most cities, the government
dismissed fears of an imminent fuel shortage as "panic buying" due to
rumours by "enemies of the State".

      Midzi said: "I would, therefore, like to urge the public, motorists
and all stakeholders in the oil industry not to panic and hoard fuel."

      At Greenwood Park Service Station at the Fife Avenue shopping centre
they had no fuel at all.

      Myfriend Chomusora, a petrol attendant at the filling station, said
they had run out
      of both diesel and petrol on Thursday.

      He said they expected deliveries either today or tomorrow.
      At BP Fourth Street, an attendant said petrol ran out on Friday around
noon and they had gone without diesel since Wednesday afternoon.

      Yesterday, BP Southerton only received 25 000 litres of diesel after
going for nearly three weeks without taking any deliveries.

      Joel Chirandu, an attendant, said the 25 000 litres would not last
long given the long queue that was slowly taking shape at the fuel station.

      He said: "Our supplies only last about eight hours. Most of the time
we go without both petrol and diesel."

      An attendant at Caltex Houghton Park Service Station said they ran out
of petrol on Saturday around 10am.

      He said they last received diesel about a week ago.

      "We usually receive between 20 000 and 35 000 litres of diesel, but we
only have received 10 000 litres today," the attendant said.

      A driver with Caltex oil company said the fuel supplies from Noczim
were so erratic that they could not even tell when the next deliveries would
be made.

      "Nothing has been explained to us. We just deliver what we get from
them," said the driver, who was delivering fuel at a service station in
Waterfalls, along Simon Mazorodze Road.

      The fuel situation in the country has remained critical despite the
recent conclusion of a US$360 million (Z$19,8 billion) deal with Libya,
following President Mugabe's visit to Tripoli.
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Daily News

      Evicted invaders destroy property on MP's farm

      9/29/02 8:49:49 AM (GMT +2)

      From Energy Bara in Masvingo

      ABOUT 23 families who invaded former MP Albert Chamwadoro's farm near
Mashava yesterday went on the rampage driving out livestock in the face of
their imminent eviction from the property they have been occupying

      The invaders threatened to destroy the farmhouse after they were
served with a High Court order to vacate the property.

      The High Court last week ordered Augustine Chihuri, the Commissioner
of Police,
      to eject the families from the property.

      But in an act that was clearly contemptuous of the High Court order,
the illegal settlers uprooted fences and threatened to mete out instant
justice to Chamwadoro if he set foot on his property.

      The drum-beating invaders, led by Stephen Zibako, said they were
settled on the farm by Masvingo Governor, Josaya Hungwe, and would only move
out if he directed them to do so.

      Zibako said: "We will make sure that Chamwadoro is the first person to
leave this property. We were settled here by Governor Hungwe and not the
High Court."

      Hungwe was not immediately available for comment yesterday.

      The villagers have until tomorrow to move off the farm.

      Chamwadoro yesterday said the High Court order for them to move out by
tomorrow is still valid.

      Chamwadoro said: "I am a black man with only one farm. If some people
have been evicted by the police on the instructions of the provincial land
committee, I do not see how they could fail to remove the invaders from my

      Police in Mashava yesterday confirmed the incident and said they had
to plead with the mob to return the livestock they had driven from the

      The farm, Lot 1 of Allavale Farm, was bought from the Shabani Mashava
Mines in 1999 by the former MP.

      In a surprise move, the Masvingo provincial land committee chaired by
Hungwe, acquired the property for resettlement despite a clear government
policy that all black-owned farms should be spared from designation.

      High Court judge, Justice Charles Hungwe, last week issued an order
that all the farm invaders be removed from Chamwadoro's property with
immediate effect.
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Daily News

      MDC supporter hacked to death in Hurungwe

      9/29/02 8:51:37 AM (GMT +2)

      From Pedzisai Ruhanya in Magunje

      NIKONIARI Chibvamudeve, an MDC supporter in Hurungwe West was hacked
to death by Zanu PF supporters last Sunday ahead of the two-day by-election
which ended yesterday, amid poor voter turnout.

      Faston Chipurupuru, of Mabishori village under Chief Mujinga, who
sustained head injuries after he was attacked with an axe, said about 30
suspected Zanu PF supporters descended on them last Sunday evening.

      Chipurupuru, escaped to Chinhoyi, where he is receiving medical
attention. He has a deep cut on his head and lacerations on his back
inflicted with barbed wire.

      "We were attacked by Zanu PF youths who accused us of supporting
enemies of the government," Chipurupuru said.

      Confirming the murder, Bothwell Mugariri, the police spokesman told
The Standard that 12 people had been arrested in connection with the
Hurungwe incident.

      Justine Dandawa, the MDC candidate, who locked horns with Zanu PF's
Phone Madiro in the weekend by-election, said he failed to hold a single
rally because of rampant violence.

      Dandawa said despite the violence he would not abandon his party and
supporters. He accused the police of inaction.
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Daily News - feature

      Dirty, unkempt children flood Harare's streets

      9/29/02 8:54:52 AM (GMT +2)

      By Simba Chabarika Deputy Features Editor

      A four-year-old girl jogs spiritedly after a woman walking along the
streets begging for money.

      So determined is the little one to get something from her "donor" that
she will not go away empty-handed.

      Even harsh words or a rebuff will not put her off. At one corner, a
boy of about the same age, stalks a white tourist.These little children have
literally become "begging tools".

      Having received instructions from their guardians on who is likely to
give out something, they invariably target all females and white foreigners
Theirs is not a life of luxury - playing on the swings, jumping castles or
riding a model train or tinkering with modern gadgets. They will be busy
pestering members of the public walking or driving along the streets, for

      This is poverty in modern-day Harare, the sunshine-cum-poverty city.
Dirty, unkempt little boys and girls have become part of the Harare traffic
scene. One finds them either at busy robot-controlled intersections or along
the main and busy roads like First Street.

      Some of the children, who are of school-going age, have suddenly found
themselves being the eyes and ears of their blind relatives whom they guide,
dicing with death between motor vehicles, begging for money.

      Some women who usually move around with four or five of their little
children, patronise shopping malls in The Avenues and other low density

      "We get a little money to buy food, but members of the public are
stingy these days. It could be a sign of the hard times and the economic
hardships they face," said a woman who declined to give her name.

      The children, the innocent "guides", are victims of poverty. They have
      education in lieu of family upkeep. The children and their guardians
have designated their own "begging territories" where they will not allow
other indigent and needy people to operate from.

      Poverty has reached frightening proportions in Zimbabwe. People are
resorting to different and sometimes outrightly dangerous methods to
generate income on the streets.

      In what amounts to almost daredevil tactics, young boys move
wheelchair-bound beggars from one motorist to another in the middle of the
street at a busy intersection.

      Seeing little children, unleashed onto the streets, persistently
nagging members of the public for money or even the food they are consuming
has become a common sight.

      A woman licking an ice-cream cone was harassed until she dropped most
of the cream. The young boy who had caused her to drop it, scooped it up
with his fingers and shoved it into his mouth.

      In some instances, the little beggars make snide or rude remarks if
they are not given anything.

      Harare's main streets and intersections have become the begging places
for these young children, usually accompanied by their mothers who remain
seated on the pavement or under the shade of trees while their children get
on with the job. Doreen Mukwena, director of the Child Protection Society
(CPS), says adults as care-givers, are to blame for the children's
predicament and must shoulder all the blame. She says poverty should not be
a scapegoat when adults fail to be responsible and control their children
whom they drive into exploitation.

      CPS helps prevent child abuse, exploitation, neglect, suffering and
promotes child welfare, but it has a limited resource base which cannot be
extended to children begging on the streets at present.

      "Children are minors in the hands of care-givers. These are adults who
must prevent child exploitation in these times of economic hardships. True,
poverty has driven people to do all sorts of things, but a child is helpless
and has no coping mechanism and is totally dependent on the care-giver," she

      "If the care-givers provide begging as the only form of guidance to
their children and socialise them to this, then it creates a dependency
mentality which teaches children to be on the streets begging for money.
They won't think that they ought to work for themselves to survive, but have
to beg all the time."

      Mukwena says child begging robs children of their full potential since
they are forced away from education and leisure as they are relegated to

      The cultural perspective that children are assets, supposed to be used
and benefited from by adults, is what pushes care-givers into sending
children into begging. The monetary benefits get to the adults who manage
the money collected on that particular day, she says.

      But children are exposed to all sorts of abuses - mental, verbal and
sexual - which kill their self-esteem. They are offered money and lured by
adult benefactors who exploit them.

      "We have an advocacy programme for child rights where we promote good
parenting methods by care-givers for better children's welfare. But we have
to network with other organisations. We are strategically focused on
children's homes and community-based care for orphans to prevent them from
going onto the streets," she says.

      The society works together with the United Nations Children's
Emergency Fund in the current humanitarian crisis of famine.

      "The food crisis is an open chasm for child abuse and instances of
exploitation are likely to rise if children themselves are not made aware of
their rights," says Mukwena.

      Professor Edwin Kaseke, the director of the School of Social Work,
says society is to blame for encouraging beggars to remain on the streets.
"We give them money so they keep on flashing out their begging bowls. We are
actually reinforcing this behaviour. Some people feel pity for some of these
children who are hungry and give them something, but this encourages the
children to come back tomorrow for more," he says.

      "If poverty is the root cause of this, let us address it, instead of
using children as a source of support. I think we are also bewildered by the
level of the problem of these begging little children at every corner in the
city. We just talk about it, but take no action to rectify it."

      He says the irony of child beggars is that they come from homes and
have parents who release them onto the streets "for work" where they make
money to take home for food. He says some pupils go onto the streets after
school and during weekends to beg for money to buy books.

      "They do this with the blessing and encouragement of their parents.
The danger is that once they get used to life on the streets where the
sub-culture flies in the face of cultural values, these children graduate
into criminals," he says.

      Primary socialisation has been compromised as life on the streets
deviates from usual patterns and new values and norms that relate to people
in the same category are assimilated.

      They share experiences and the tricks of the streets and become
different characters altogether as it will be difficult to survive outside
the street. "Such children become fatalistic and see themselves as victims
of circumstances and not players as well. They expect things to be given to
them instead of doing some work themselves," Kaseke says.

      The rural-to-urban drift increases because of the drought as some
people believe the urban fortunes are better when it is not the case at all,
Kaseke says.

      The level of poverty in the urban areas is quite worrying. Poverty
will leave its mark on some of these children who could easily transform
into delinquents and even future criminals.

      What kind of society are we creating?
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Daily News - feature

      A tribute to the people of Zimbabwe

      9/29/02 8:27:30 AM (GMT +2)

      THIS is a tribute to the people of Zimbabwe. Zimbabweans are a great
people. They are a nation full of peace and love. They do not preach hate,
and they do not listen to hateful sermons. The people of Zimbabwe are great.
Their greatness should be applauded.

      If the people of Zimbabwe were not peaceful in nature, I do not think
they would be tolerating the pain that is very evident. Wherever one goes,
one is confronted by something that disrupts one's peace of mind. There is
so much to cry about, yet the great people go about silently as if
everything was in order. So much is upside down though.

      The scarcity of everything considered basic would drive citizens of
many nations into a madding trance. For the great people of Zimbabwe, the
manner in which they accept their suffering is enough to humble even the
devil. The people see the basic hierarchy of needs breached at the lowest
level, yet they accept the situation with open arms. If Zimbabweans were as
hostile as some club-wielding Zulus of South Africa, the equation of
inequality would have been solved in a very agitated fashion.

      I am not provoking the situation, but I am only putting it on paper as
it is. The lack of basics is such that there is no need for a microscopic
analysis of the situation. Everything is in the open.

      Look at the shacks that we have built on the farms, in the rural areas
and in the towns.
      Allow me to describe them as shacks because that is indeed what they
are. If our bigwigs had to spend a night in one of the shanties, they would
develop an incurable skin rash.

      The food we eat is simply not healthy. This is the worst scenario
humans could find themselves in. The hunt for food is on. The food that
people are looking for is so elusive that one would think it had legs, with
which it eludes people. We now live like our ancient relatives who were food
gatherers. When rumour floats around that food supplies are due to be
delivered at shop A or shop B, the pushing, shoving and jostling starts in
the hope of getting food. The queues that form are potential flash points,
yet the peaceful people manage to restrain their anger from boiling over.

      People speak so eloquently and passionately about their food problems
as they wait their turn to get some food.

      They articulate their problems so well, yet they speak no evil about
the causes of the shortages. They will contemplate their difficulties, yet
never will they expose their complaints. This is a sign of people who are
peace-loving. Some presumptuous people may take that for docility and try to
exploit the people for their selfish ends.

      At their homes, the people have developed some stringent feeding
habits. Starvation diets have become routine. The quantities that are put on
the table are just enough to sustain life. The latest adage that applies to
the people's feeding habits is that they eat to live.
      Since they eat to live, the minimum that can keep them alive is what
they get. It is not that the people are stingy. On the contrary, it is
because the situation demands that people enjoy what they eat in miserly
quantities for survival. As if the problems of food availability were not
enough, the food prices are atrocious. The people spend almost all their
hard-earned cash buying food whose prices are normally beyond their reach.
The way the prices of the few basics that are available on the shelves are
going up is nothing short of amazing.

      The prices do not remain fixed for more than a week. If that happens,
it means that the food item is a luxury of the highest degree. In their
peacefulness, the people silently buy the expensive goods and never
complain. The silence of the people is enough to actually kill them. The
price regime is itching for war, yet the people are holding out the white
flags of peace and capitulation.

      Most of the people of this great motherland stay in hovels. This is
one other sign of people's abject impecuniousness.

      It does not matter where one looks, there is poverty everywhere. The
rural areas stink
      of hardship. The newly liberated farmlands specialise in serious

      Everything in the ghettos in the towns say it all. A visitor from
outside would think that the people enjoy the poverty they live in. The few
signs of wealth that one can see could easily be attributed to some
extra-terrestrial invaders with a different taste for comfort.
      The land of our birth has failed to provide luxury for its people.
There is suffering in the huts of despair that can be seen mushrooming all
over. There are untold hardships in the
      urban dwellings that house the majority of our people. The suffering
and peaceful people take their problems in their stride. There is no
documented case of complaints from the people.

      It appears the suffering people accept their condition
whole-heartedly. The debased people are too complacent to complain. The
patient people deserve respect from those who make their lives what they are
at the moment.

      The children of the people of this great country are eager to learn.
They do battle with illiteracy and innumeracy in battlefields with the odds
tilted heavily against them. The schools, which we hope would mould our
children into responsible citizens, are mostly dilapidated and unscholarly,
to say the least. During this century and time, our children learn from
structures that they come across as they are taught lessons in patriotism.
It is a pity that the citizens of this great country allow their children to
acquire their education from unsafe classrooms. The newest schools in the
occupied farms are the least safe. One wonders how they will cope in rain
and in lightning.

      For their part, the people have to be commended for being too passive
in spite of their troubles. It amazes me to discover that the people of this
country would sacrifice the safety of their children for the continued
existence of the few in comfort and bliss. The people will not complain that
they are sending their children to death traps. The people do not complain
that their children deserve better.

      The people are just too submissive to the extent that they are always
taken advantage of.
      In sickness and in ill-health, the people are delivered to hospitals
that resemble deserted mortuaries. In the hospital wards, the filth assists
the fiends of sickness to prosper.

      The fleas born out of filth do not flee as the cleaners make token
touches on the walls and floors. There is sickness in the wards. There is no
health in the wards. The people are silent about the lack of care and humane
facilities in the hospitals. The people will not get better, for in their
silence it is assumed that they are content. But then the people deserve
better. Someone has to speak for them.

      There is so much wrong, pain, hatred, unapologetic arrogance and so
many shortages and other iniquities that go on in this great country, yet
the people choose to remain silent. The people's acquiescence makes the
leadership assume that all is right. There is so much that needs to be
corrected. We stand to remain wronged and ignored if we shy away in silence.
Leaders need to be reminded from time to time that they are there for the
people's needs.

      It is because the people do not make their sentiments heard that the
leadership finds time to spend its money and energy somewhere else. In
assuming that the silent people are comfortable in their poverty, the
government took the decision to help Kabila instead of uplifting the living
standards of its own people. If the peaceful, resigned people had demanded
the best, the State would not have ventured into the equatorial jungle to
squander State funds on a war started by war-loving people with whom they
have nothing in common.

      Let us all stand up and tell the leadership that we are suffering. If
we continue to sulk in silence, they will also continue to suck our blood
simply for the joy of it.
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ZIMBABWE: Violence marks elections
JOHANNESBURG, 30 Sep 2002 (IRIN) - Zimbabwe's rural and district elections
held this weekend were marked by the arrest of an opposition
parliamentarian, reports of violence and complaints that opposition
candidates had been unable to register.

In addition, Police Chief Augustine Chihuri warned the opposition Movement
for Democratic Change (MDC) that it could not hold meetings without special

Roy Bennet, an MDC member of parliament, was arrested on dual charges of
allegedly violating the Electoral Act by entering polling stations without
permission, and for defying a Section 8 order that he leave his farm. He was
arrested with an MDC supporter and with a photographer.

Police spokesman Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena told IRIN that
Bennet had illegally entered about eight polling stations with the
photographer before he was arrested. Police were then informed that he was
also wanted for allegedly disobeying an order to leave his land under the
government's controversial land resettlement programme.

Bvudzijena confirmed that an 18-year-old MDC supporter, Tom Spicer, was
arrested during a public disturbance while police were investigating another
person on a firearm charge. Media reports said that Spicer's lawyer asked
the court to record that he had been physically harmed while in police

Bvudzijena said the police had received three reports of arson - one was the
torching of huts in Chiweshe which belonged to Elliot Manyika, the minister
of youth, gender and employment. Six people were arrested for the attacks
which the ruling ZANU-PF blamed on the MDC.

The bedroom of an independent candidate in Headlands, northeast of the
capital Harare, was set alight and the bedroom of a ZANU-PF ward chairman in
mid-Rusepe, south of Harare, was also torched, he said.

"There were no reports of violence except in Chiweshe where the MDC burned
down houses of two of our members," Nathan Shamuyarira, ZANU-PF director of
information told IRIN.

He said ZANU-PF was happy with the elections and had already won 700
uncontested seats.

Last week the MDC alleged that ZANU-PF supporters had prevented about 700 of
their candidates from registering through "spurious bureaucracy". The party
made a failed last minute court bid to postpone the elections on those

"This weekend's elections were not close to the democratic standards for an
election. It was simply one complete farce. We have so far won two seats in
Bulawayo and we are happy about that, but we have low expectations," MDC
legal affairs director David Coltart told IRIN. "We totally reject all the
allegations of violence," he said.

The results of the election were expected to be released on Monday night.
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