The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Half of seized land unoccupied

Harare - Only about half of the farm land confiscated by the government in
one of the country's formerly most productive agricultural areas has been
occupied by new settlers, close to a month after the expiry of the first
deadline for them to move on.

David Karimanzira, the governor of Mashonaland East province in northern
Zimbabwe, the biggest tobacco producing region and a major source of other
crops and livestock, said only 50.5% of the people allocated plots on the
confiscated farms had moved on.

"We have given them a deadline up to the end of this month, failure of which
the land will be given to other applicants," he said in the daily Herald
newspaper on Monday.

It is the second deadline issued in two months to the new settlers.

The farm seizures include the homesteads and billions of Zimbabwe dollars of
equipment from combine harvesters to thousands of tons of fertiliser.

Amid a famine in which half of the country's 13 million people are facing
starvation, agricultural output in the country once dubbed "Africa's
breadbasket" has dropped to at least a quarter of normal, according to food
monitoring agencies.

"We want production on the farms and people should be on their farms before
the end of the rainy season," said Karimanzira.

The Herald has reported that a survey of the rate of occupation of seized
farms in the country's other nine provinces was not complete.

In August, local government minister Ignatius Chombo who heads the
government's resettlement committee, gave the intended new farmers a month
in which to move on to the land allocated to them.

He said then "about half" of the land seized all over the country had been
occupied by new settlers.

Gerry Davidson, chief executive of the Commercial Farmers' Union, said the
real rate of occupation was likely to be much lower.

Efficiency decreased

Local farmers' associations still operating around the country "would not
even put the figure as high as half", he said.

Farms designated for new black commercial farmers had been split into at
least 12 plots for their new occupiers. One property had been cut up into 61

"If there are three or four people on the land, its surprising. The end
result is a serious decrease in efficiency."

On several farms one new settler has moved into the plot around the
homestead, but the rest of the plots were vacant.

"A lot of these people didn't realise the implications of what it meant to
start farming," Davidson said.

Most were unable to raise finance to begin cropping or keeping livestock,
many were reluctant to start without a ready-built home and others were
allocated land unusable for agriculture.

"If there had been a properly scheduled take-over this trough in production
could have been avoided," he said.

"Clearly it demonstrates it is not a land reform programme. It was done
because there is an election coming."

The CFU estimates there are now about only 600 of the former commercial
farmers left on their land out of about 4 000 six months ago.

The Farm Community Trust of Zimbabwe said last week that about 250 000 farm
workers had been left jobless by the evictions.

In August, police arrested hundreds of white farmers for allegedly
disobeying eviction orders, although many of them had obtained court orders
ruling that their eviction orders were illegal.

Ruling party officials, usually backed by mobs of party militants, have
forced many more farmers who have not received eviction notices off their
land, often at gunpoint.
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ZIMBABWE: MDC official dies in custody

JOHANNESBURG, 22 October (IRIN) - Zimbabwe's opposition party on Tuesday called for an independent investigation into the death in custody of Learnmore Jongwe, former spokesman and MP for the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

Jongwe, who was arrested three months ago for allegedly murdering his wife, was found dead on Tuesday morning in the prison where he was awaiting trial, state radio reported.

"We are extremely distressed by the death of Mr Jongwe. We have yet to ascertain the cause of his death. However, at this early juncture we have to bear in mind that Mr Jongwe was an opposition party MP. It is imperative that an independent investigation is carried out in the interest of transparency," MDC legal affairs secretary David Coltart told IRIN

Coltart added that the MDC has written to the attorney-general demanding that an independent pathologist carry out a post-mortem examination.

"If Mr Jongwe's death was due to natural causes or if he took his own life then the Mugabe [President Robert Mugabe] regime has nothing to fear from an independent investigation," Coltart said.

State radio quoted Commissioner of Prisons Paradzayi Zimonde as saying that a full investigation into Jongwe's death had already been launched.

But Department of Information senior press secretary Steyn Berejena refused to comment on the investigation. He said the department had not received "any reports from the police".

News of Jongwe's death came as a shock to teachers' union leader, Raymond Majongwe, who last saw the ex-MDC official on Monday afternoon.

"I am completely devastated. For three days we shared the same cell. Just yesterday we ate from the same plate. He was in a jovial mood. He did not complain of any pains or any illness. It is just shocking and a tragedy," Majongwe told IRIN.

On Monday a court dismissed fresh charges against Majongwe, the secretary-general of the Progressive Teachers Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ), for his role in a nationwide teachers' strike.

Last Friday, the attorney-general's office declined to press new charges against Majongwe but the police changed the accusations against him and kept him in jail over the weekend.

"On Monday at around 1 pm I left the Chikurubi prison. Learnmore asked if I could bring him a packet of cigarettes and some Mazoe [concentrated orange drink]. To learn that in a matter of hours something could of happened to him is really worrying," Majongwe added.

Majongwe was freed on bail 10 days ago after reportedly being tortured while in police custody.

"I am a most recent victim of torture at the hands of this government. I was subjected to electric shocks in prison and the worst form of treatment. The UN should really take a look at this," Majongwe told IRIN.

The police accused Majongwe and other union leaders of visiting schools and intimidating teachers into following the strike call.

Earlier this month MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai called on the United Nations to investigate alleged human rights abuses in  the country.

"The Mugabe regime, through the police force, has continued to defy provisions of the Constitution of Zimbabwe, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and several protocols to which Zimbabwe is a signatory, which clearly prohibit torture and other degrading treatment," the MDC said in a statement

Jongwe, a lawyer, handed himself over to police on 21 August, two days after fleeing his Harare home where the body of his wife, Rutendo, was found with multiple stab wounds.

He admitted stabbing his wife during a domestic row but denied intending to kill her. He was due to go on trial in the Harare High Court on 25 November.

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Independent (UK)

Inquiry urged after Zimbabwe MP is found dead in cell
By Basildon Peta Southern Africa Correspondent
23 October 2002
The main opposition party in Zimbabwe has demanded an independent
investigation after one of its legislators, Learnmore Jongwe, was found dead
in his prison cell yesterday.

Morgan Tsvangirai, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) leader, blamed
President Robert Mugabe's government for Mr Jongwe's death. He said it
wanted to eliminate as many opposition MPs as possible to create a big
enough majority in parliament for the ruling Zanu-PF party to change the
constitution. "He was in government custody and, without any explanation of
the circumstances [of his death], they are accountable," Mr Tsvangirai said.

Mr Jongwe, 28, a lawyer, had been in custody since July over allegations
that he murdered his wife, 23, in a domestic dispute. Mr Jongwe resoundingly
won the slum township of Kuwadzana in the 2000 election and had been seen as
a rising star.

The MDC's justice spokesman, David Coltart, said the circumstances of Mr
Jongwe's death justified an immediate independent investigation and
post-mortem examination. He asked why Mr Jongwe had been in a cell on his
own when remand prisoners were normally kept in groups of up to 30.

Two of Mr Jongwe's friends said they wanted investigations into allegations
that state agents had been torturing him to extract information about the
operations of the MDC.

Zimbabwe's director of prisons, Paradzai Zimondi, confirmed Mr Jongwe's
death in a state radio interview but did not explain how he died. A
post-mortem examination was due to be made yesterday. State radio claimed Mr
Jongwe had tried to commit suicide several times, but it did not provide

Mr Jongwe had been due to appear in court on 25 November. He surrendered to
the police on 23 July after his wife was stabbed eight times with a kitchen
knife. Mr Jongwe's lawyers said he admitted to stabbing his wife after he
had caught her having sex with another man, but that he had not intended to
kill her.


            MDC holds Zimbabwe govt responsible for MP's death
            October 22, 2002, 22:00

            Morgan Tsvangirai, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
leader, today said he held the Zimbabwean government responsible for the
death in prison of Learnmore Jongwe, his spokesperson and MP. Jongwe was
awaiting trial in the Harare central prison on charges of allegedly
murdering his wife.

            He turned himself in to police on April 21, two days after the
body of his wife, Tatenda (23), was discovered at their Harare home with
multiple stab wounds. Tsvangirai said he believed that the 28-year-old
lawyer's death was part of a plan "to eliminate as many MDC MPs as they can"
to give the ruling party absolute power in parliament.

            Wayne Bvudzijena, the police spokesperson, said Jongwe was found
dead in a cell of 80 inmates at 4am this morning. He said Jongwe had been
treated in the prison clinic on Saturday for severe chest pains and
coughing, and that he had vomited and suffered from diarrhoea last night
after eating food delivered to him by his relatives.

            "We hold the government accountable for Learnmore Jongwe's
death," Tsvangirai said. "He was under government custody, and without any
explanation of the circumstances, they are accountable. We believe this is
part of a grand plan to eliminate as many MDC MPs as can be eliminated to
create a constitutional majority in parliament."

            Tsvangirai said that the MDC's legal department had asked for an
independent pathologist to carry out an autopsy. Bvudzijena responded later
that police did not rule out the presence of outside witnesses being present
at the examination. The examination is expected to be carried out tomorrow.

            Jongwe's lawyers said that he admitted to police after he gave
himself up that he had killed his wife in a rage of fury after he allegedly
caught her having sex with a male colleague in the law firm where she
worked. He was due to go to trial in the Harare high court on November 25. -
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Not the Land of Milk And Honey

Business Day (Johannesburg)

October 22, 2002
Posted to the web October 22, 2002

Dumisani Muleya

Even the most basic commodities are scarce in Zimbabwe

A SEVERE shortage of basic commodities continues to grip Zimbabwe as the
country's economic situation worsens.

The catalogue of goods in short supply is increasing almost every week, but
bread has now become the most scarce commodity as the government and the
Bakers' Association of Zimbabwe remain locked in a price-increase deadlock.

Bakers are demanding a hike of up to 40% in the controlled price of bread so
that they can stay in business, but the government is reluctant to grant
permission for the review for political reasons.

The organisation's president Armitage Chikwavira said his organisation had
appealed to the government to increase the bread price by between 30%-40% to
save their struggling operations.

"We have forwarded proposals to the government and we expect them to come up
with something concrete in the next few weeks," he said. "The most hard-hit
producers are small-scale bakeries, which continue to reel under severe
operational conditions because they cannot stay afloat due to soaring input

Apart from the rising input costs, the shortage of wheat has been at the
centre of the bread crisis.

The state-run Grain Marketing Board has cut the supply of wheat to millers
from 7400 tons a week to about 4500 tons due to the grain shortage, forcing
millers to reduce flour supply to bakeries from 639 tons to 336 tons.

Zimbabwe consumes 400000 tons of wheat annually, but it is expected to only
harvest 150000 tons this season. Maize production is also expected to fall
heavily and the current maize meal shortage will worsen.

The price of bread is officially fixed at Z60 but shops are now selling it
for up to Z150 due to the shortage. Most basic commodity prices in Zimbabwe
were pegged in October last year when the government reverted to price
controls in a bid to put a lid on skyrocketing inflation, which now stands
at 139,1%.

Economists say the inflation rate calculated by the government's Central
Statistic Office is grossly underestimated.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is apparently forecasting a 522,2%
inflation rate in Zimbabwe next year. The IMF expects inflation to surge to
200% by the end of the year.

Analysts say price controls have inevitably led to the shortages. People now
rise as early as 2am to queue for bread. The other basic goods in short
supply are maize meal, sugar, milk, salt, and cooking oil. The shortages
have been worsened by the decline in agricultural produce due to
government's corrosive land reforms and drought.

Most of these commodities in short supply in the supermarkets are now found
in the black market where the prices are not controlled.
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Carrington Backs Zimbabwe Farmers

Sunday Times (Johannesburg)

October 27, 2002
Posted to the web October 21, 2002

Andrew Unsworth

LORD Carrington, who chaired the Lancaster House conference that led to the
end of white minority rule in Zimbabwe, has joined in the growing
controversy over Prime Minister Tony Blair's government's reluctance to
support white farmers who have been evicted from land in Zimbabwe.

In a question tabled in the House of Lords this week, Carrington asked
whether the British government was prepared to use money earmarked for land
reform more than 20 years ago to help farmers now left destitute.

Speaking to the Sunday Times, he said that funds were available for land
redistribution in 1979.

"What we intended to do at the Lancaster House negotiations and subsequently
was to help Zimbabwean farmers on a willing buyer-willing seller basis, and
to help the Zimbabwean government . . . to make more farms available to
black farmers," he said this week. "It all fell down because the Zimbabwean
government gave farms to their own cronies and the British government of the
day decided the money could not be used on that basis."

He said the government's response to this had been to "waffle" . No specific
sum was pledged originally, but £44-million (about R750-million) had been
given to Zimbabwe up to 2000.

The Conservative Party has accused the British government of complacency
over the plight of people fleeing Zimbabwe, and comparisons have been made
with the response to the expulsion of Asians from Uganda by Idi Amin 30
years ago.

Prince Charles recently wrote to Blair pointing out that Zimbabweans
arriving in Britain faced difficulties claiming benefits, getting work and
finding schools for their children.

The United Nations World Food Programme has suspended food relief
distribution in the drought-stricken Inziza district in Matabeleland South,
reports Methembe Mkhize.

Programme spokesman Kevin Farrell said the immediate stoppage of the
food-aid distribution was prompted after relief workers were intimidated by
ruling Zanu-PF party militants.

Farrell said militants seized "three tons of food aid and distributed it in
an unauthorised manner".
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      22 Oct 2002 16:37
      U.S. fears too late to halt Zimbabwe famine


      By David Brough

      ROME, Oct 22 (Reuters) - A senior U.S. official believes it may be too
late to prevent famine striking Zimbabwe and says the country is largely to
blame for its dire food shortages.

      "Zimbabwe is heading into a major, major disaster and probably
famine," Tony Hall, the newly appointed U.S. ambassador to the United
Nations food agencies, who returned from a visit to Zimbabwe and Malawi this
month, told Reuters on Tuesday.

      On Monday, Hall told the executive board meeting of the U.N. World
Food Programme (WFP), the world's largest food aid agency: "People will die
and Zimbabwe is headed for famine. I'm not sure we can stop it."

      Hall said Zimbabwe, formerly an exporter of food, was in large part
responsible for the hunger because its land seizure programme had deprived
commercial farms of thousands of skilled workers, jeopardising production of
the staple maize.

      The ambassador also blamed a long drought, a soaring HIV/AIDS rate
which has eroded productivity, and resistance to biotech food aid.

      Hall, who took office as ambassador in Rome last month, estimated that
half of Zimbabwe's population was hungry.

      "The international community is now reaching just 20 percent of the
people who need food in Zimbabwe," he said.

      He called on Zimbabwe to open its doors to a massive influx of food
aid to prevent famine, which also threatens millions in Malawi, Zambia,
Mozambique, Lesotho and Swaziland.

      Hall, who estimated Zimbabwe would need 600,000 tonnes of food aid by
March 2003, said he had seen many chronically malnourished people during his
trip to Zimbabwe.

      "They were weak, very thin and they don't have visible means of
support," he said, adding that HIV/AIDS was ravaging farming communities.

      Hall criticised Zimbabwe for delaying the arrival of biotech food aid,
mainly maize, which was sitting in South Africa awaiting entry to the

      The United States, where the genetically modified food comes from,
provides half of all food aid that Africa requires and has said it will be
unable to help countries that refuse gene-altered relief aid.

      "All of the food donated by the United States has passed rigorous food
safety and environmental impact testing, and in fact, is eaten daily -- and
has been for years -- by millions of Americans," Hall said.
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DRC: Focus on UN Panel report on the plunder of the Congo

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

      ©  IRIN

NAIROBI, 21 Oct 2002 (IRIN) - Despite the withdrawal of foreign forces from
the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), "elite criminal networks" have
become so deeply entrenched that continued illegal exploitation of the
country's natural resources is assured, independent of the physical presence
of foreign armies, said the latest report from the United Nations Panel of
Experts on the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources and Other Forms of
Wealth of the DRC.

"Three distinct criminal groups linked to the armies of Rwanda, Uganda and
Zimbabwe and the Government of the DRC have benefited from overlapping
micro-conflicts [and] will not disband voluntarily even as the foreign
military forces continue their withdrawals," said the Panel in the report,
released on Monday.

"The looting that was previously conducted by the armies themselves has been
replaced with organised systems of embezzlement, tax fraud, extortion, the
use of stock options as kickbacks and diversion of state funds conducted by
groups that closely resemble criminal organisations," it said.

The human toll

The humanitarian consequences of the financially driven conflict had been
horrific: in the five eastern provinces of the DRC, the number of excess
deaths directly attributable to the Rwandan and Ugandan occupation since the
outbreak of war up to September 2002 had been between three million and 3.5
million people, said the panel.

Based on interviews with local and international relief NGOs, the Panel
reported a mortality rate for children under five years of 35 percent in
areas most affected by the conflict, while malnutrition studies carried out
by NGOs in both northern Katanga and the Kivus had shown that, in some
places, 25 percent to 30 percent of all children under five years were

Widespread and repeated displacement had become commonplace: the Panel
quoted the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs as having
estimated that in the northern Katanga area alone, 350,000 displaced persons
were living away from their homes, with neighbours, in the cities or in the
bush, while in North Kivu, four out of five rural residents had been
forcibly displaced at one time or another since 1998. This is the highest
number ever registered for Africa.

The Panel also cited a recent study by Medecins Sans Frontieres conducted in
Kilwa - deemed to be "a representative town" in the southern Katanga
Province - it was found that one in four children were dying over a period
of two years.

Years of armed conflict had led to a social environment in which men abused
women on a staggering scale throughout the eastern DRC, and children became
instruments of war, forced to work in the mines and conscripted into armed
forces, the report said. Destroyed farm production had resulted in food
insecurity, malnutrition and high mortality rates for the displaced and host
populations, while malnutrition, in turn, had substantially increased the
exposure of the population to life-threatening illnesses, it added.

Unemployment had become the norm: an income survey by civil society groups
in Butembo had found that 90 percent lived on a few cents a day and ate one
meal a day, prompting many women to resort to prostitution as their sole
source of income, the Panel reported.

Three zones of control

In areas controlled by the DRC government and its allies, the Panel reported
that the diversion of funds from state companies and public coffers, by
fraud or under the pretext of serving the war effort, had contributed to
eliminating funds available for public services. Most government soldiers
were unpaid and turned intlo social predators, financing themselves through
theft and pillage, living off the population they were presumed to protect,
while the government's "elite criminal network" benefited from the
instability, its representatives in Kinshasa and the Zimbabwe Defence Forces
(ZDF) had fuelled instability by supporting armed groups opposing Rwanda and

"Although troops of the ZDF have been a major guarantor of the security of
the Government of the DRC against regional rivals, its senior officers have
enriched themselves from the country's mineral assets under the pretext of
arrangements set up to repay Zimbabwe for military services," the Panel
noted. "Now ZDF is establishing new companies and contractual arrangements
to defend its economic interests in the longer term should there be a
complete withdrawal of ZDF troops."

Chief figures in this "elite network" from the DRC government were said to
include Minister of National Security Mwenze Kongolo; Director of the
National Intelligence Agency Didier Kazadi Nyembwe; Minister of Presidency
and Portfolio Augustin Katumba Mwanke; the president of the state diamond
company, Societe miniere de Bakwanga (MIBA), Jean-Charles Okoto; Planning
Minister and former Deputy Defence Minister Gen Denis Kalume Numbi; the
director general of Sengamines, Yumba Monga; and former Minister of the
Presidency Pierre Victor Mpoyo.

The "key strategist" for the Zimbabwean branch of the network was said to be
Speaker of Parliament and former National Security Minister Emmerson
Mnangagwa, with his key ally being ZDF Commander Gen Vitalis Zvinavashe.
Among the businessmen in the elite network, the Panel cited a Belgian
national, George Forrest; Zimbabwean-backed entrepreneurs John Bredenkamp
and one Al-Shanfari; a "convicted criminal based in South Africa", Nico
Shefer; and three Lebanese "clans" - Ahmad, Nassour, and Khanafer.

In areas controlled by Uganda and its allied rebel organisations, the Uganda
People's Defence Forces (UPDF) "continue to provoke ethnic conflict" for
economic gain, particularly in the northeastern DRC province of Ituri, the
Panel reported. The "elite network" operating out of Uganda was
decentralised and loosely hierarchical, unlike the network operating out of
Rwanda, it said.

Meanwhile, in anticipation of the UPDF withdrawal from the DRC, a
paramilitary force was being trained under the personal authority of Lt-Gen
(Salim) Saleh, which, according to the Panel's sources, is expected to
continue facilitating the commercial activities of UPDF officers after their
departure. The Panel cited Saleh, a half-brother of Ugandan President Yoweri
Museveni, and Maj-Gen James Kazini as "the key figures" behind this "elite
network", which was also said to include Col Noble Mayombo, Col Kahinda
Otafiire, and Col Peter Kerim.

Rebel politicians and administrators such as Ernest Wamba dia Wamba, John
Tibasima and Mbusa Nyamwisi of the Rassemblement congolais pour la
democratie-Kisangani-Mouvement de liberation (RCD-K-ML); Roger Lumbala of
RCD-National, and Thomas Lubanga of the Union des Patriotes Congolais were
also implicated, while private entrepreneurs were said to include Sam
Engola, Jacob Manu Soba, Mannase Savo and other Savo family members.

As for the announced withdrawal of the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA) from the
DRC, the Panel disputed the veracity of this claim by the Kigali
authorities, countering that the number of soldiers who had left the DRC
was, so far, only a portion of the total number of RPA troops in eastern
DRC, which various sources estimate at between 35,000 and 50,000. "Instead
of departing for Rwanda, large numbers of Rwandan Hutus serving in the RPA
have been provided with new uniforms" and assigned to brigades of the
Rwandan-backed Congolese rebel movement, the Rassemblement congolais pour la
democratie (RCD-Goma).

As for Rwanda's repeated claims concerning its security as justification for
the continued presence of its armed forces, the Panel reported to have
"extensive evidence to the contrary". Using a term employed by the Congo
Desk of the RPA, Rwanda's "real long-term purpose" was to "secure property".

"RPA battalions that specialise in mining activities remain in place, though
they have ceased wearing RPA uniforms, and will continue the activities
under a commercial guise," said the Panel. "The rationale for Rwanda's
presence is to increase the numbers of Rwandans in the eastern DRC and to
encourage those settled there to act in unison to support its exercise of
economic control."


The Panel decided that an embargo or moratorium banning the export of raw
materials originating in the DRC "does not seem to be a viable means of
helping to improve the situation of the country's Government, citizens or
natural environment", noting that this would require massive technical and
financial aid for the population to offset the humanitarian impact of such
restrictive measures.

However, concerned that if it did not recommend any punitive measures and
thereby encourage a continuation of the exploitation by different criminal
organisations, the Panel proposed imposing certain restrictions on business
enterprises and individuals, ranging from travel bans to freezing of
personal assets to barring of access to banking facilities.

Similarly, to promote peace and good governance, the Panel called for a
reduction of official development aid to developing nations implicated in
DRC exploitation. It cautioned, however, that reductions be applied to
institutional budget support, stablisation lending or project lending and
not sector-specific allocations.

As an added incentive, the Panel recommended disbursement of aid for the DRC
and other Great Lakes countries involved in the conflict, for reconstruction
and rehabilitation programmes aimed at creating jobs, rebuilding
infrastructure and improving conditions for local populations, notably in
the areas of education, health, water and sanitation. However, "disbursal
should be contingent on the adherence to peace agreements".

The Panel supported the idea of an international conference on peace,
security, democracy and sustainable development in the Great Lakes region,
and likewise called for the support of efforts towards regional economic
integration as a means of bringing countries involved in the conflict closer
and as acting as a barrier to future outbreaks of armed conflicts, via trade
and other regional organisations.

It also urged reconstruction and reform of DRC state institutions, with a
view to increasing Kinshasa's capacity to secure its territory and borders,
as a fundamental "counterpoint" to the withdrawal of the foreign troops.

Echoing a call made during the inter-Congolese dialogue, the Panel endorsed
the establishment of a special commission to examine the validity of
economic and financial agreements reached since the fall of the late DRC
leader, Mobutu Sese Seko, in 1997.

The Panel insisted that governments of countries whose individuals,
companies and financial institutions were involved in activities in DRC
should assume their share of responsibility. It proposed adherence of
business enterprises to Organisation for Economic Cooperation and
Development guidelines as a mechanism for bringing violations to the
attention of governments of countries where the enterprises were registered.

Finally, the Panel suggested that the UN Security Council establish a
monitoring body to report regularly on its findings, including
recommendations about further action to halt activities that violated the
Council's decisions. Similarly, specialised industry organisations could be
requested to monitor trade in commodities from conflict areas. For example,
all member states where trade in rough diamonds was being carried out should
join the Kimberley Process.


Washington Post

Foreign Armies Seek Control of Congo's Wealth

By Colum Lynch
Washington Post Staff Writer
Tuesday, October 22, 2002; Page A20

UNITED NATIONS, Oct. 21 -- The armies of Uganda, Zimbabwe and Rwanda have
established permanent paramilitary and criminal proxies in Congo to control
the country's trade in diamonds, gold and other natural resources after
their soldiers withdraw under the terms of U.N.-monitored peace deals,
according to a United Nations report.

The 59-page report paints a grim portrait of life in the Democratic Republic
of Congo, where international criminal networks, backed by invading African
armies, have extracted mineral wealth worth billions of dollars, looted the
country's national and local treasuries, and contributed to the deaths of
more than 3 million people. The report concludes that peace agreements
signed in Lusaka, Zambia, Luanda, Angola and Pretoria, South Africa,
designed to oversee the withdrawal of foreign troops, are unlikely to mark a
major improvement.

"All three countries have anticipated the day when pressure from the
international community would make it impossible to maintain large forces in
the Democratic Republic of Congo," according to the report by a U.N. panel
of experts. "The governments of Rwanda and Zimbabwe, as well as powerful
individuals in Uganda, have adopted other strategies for maintaining the
mechanisms for revenue generation, many of which involve criminal
activities, once their troops have departed."

The authors of the report recommended imposing a financial and travel ban on
83 individuals and companies, including foreign businessmen, senior
Congolese, Rwandan, Ugandan, and Zimbabwean military officers, as well as
multinational firms from Africa, Europe and the former Soviet Union. It
charged that 85 multinational firms are in violation of guidelines
established by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development
governing corporate conduct in conflict zones.

After backing the overthrow of Mobutu Sese Seko by the late Congolese leader
Laurent Kabila in 1997, Uganda and Rwanda turned against their former ally
in August 1998. Zimbabwe, Namibia and Angola intervened on behalf of Kabila,
who was later killed by a palace guard, and was succeeded by his son, Joseph
Kabila. At the height of the war, more than 40,000 troops from seven
countries were deployed in Congo. But under international pressure, the
foreign armies have begun to withdraw.

The report says the initial motivations for the war have been replaced
largely by economic interests. "These conflicts are fought over minerals,
farm produce, land and even tax revenues," the report said. "The elite
networks derive financial benefit through a variety of criminal activities,
including theft, embezzlement, diversion of public funds, undervaluation of
goods, smuggling, false invoicing, non-payment of taxes, kickback to public
officials and bribery."

Each foreign power has developed unique strategies for enforcing control
over its respective sphere of influence. The Rwandan military, which uses
its Congo gains to finance its military operations, has placed Rwandan
businessmen in charge of Congolese state companies to ensure control over
the water, power and transportation facilities in eastern Congo. It also has
obtained large numbers of Congolese passports and has begun to assign
Rwandan soldiers to local rebel movements, to protect Rwandan assets.

Senior Ugandan military officers, including retired Lt. Gen. Salim Saleh, a
brother of President Yoweri Museveni, have "taken steps to train local
militia to serve as a paramilitary force," the report said, and added,
"there will be little change in the control Ugandans now exercise over trade
flows and economic resources." Congolese and Zimbabwean political, military
and business elites have transferred ownership of at least $5 billion of
assets from state-owned mining companies to private firms they control, and
are paying no taxes.

© 2002 The Washington Post Company

Multinationals in scramble for Congo's wealth

Scathing UN report points finger at British companies for helping to plunder
resources of war-torn African country

Rory Carroll, Africa correspondent and agencies
Tuesday October 22, 2002
The Guardian

Dozens of multinationals including Barclays Bank, De Beers and Anglo
American have been accused of facilitating the plunder of the Democratic
Republic of Congo's wealth in a scathing UN report published yesterday.
An independent panel of experts reported to the UN security council that 85
multinational companies based in Europe, the US and South Africa had
violated ethical guidelines in dealing with criminal networks which have
pillaged natural resources from the war-torn central African country.

According to the panel, a scramble for gold, diamonds, cobalt and copper by
army officers, government officials and entrepreneurs from Congo and
neighbouring African countries had generated billions of dollars which found
its way to mining companies and financial institutions.

The panel did not detail the accusations against the 85 multinationals but
said it had evidence that they violated OECD ethical guidelines, to which
Britain was a signatory. The British government will be expected to take
action because 12 of the companies are registered in Britain.

"Home governments have the obligation to ensure that enterprises in their
jurisdiction do not abuse principles of conduct that they have adopted as a
matter of law," said the 59-page report.

The panel's report accuses a Zimbabwean businessman of procuring military
equipment from BAE Systems (part of the former British Aerospace) in
violation of European sanctions. The report named John Bredenkamp as a key
investor in the Aviation Consultancy Service Company, which represents BAE
Systems. The report alleges that he offered to mediate sales of British
Aerospace military equipment to Congo. The panel said he procured aircraft
parts for Zimbabwe, which was propping up the Kinshasa government.

"Mr Bredenkamp's representatives claimed that his companies observed
European Union sanctions on Zimbabwe but British Aerospace spare parts for
Hawk jets were supplied early in 2002 in breach of those sanctions," the
report said.

The publication of the report caught several of the multinationals by
surprise and they scrambled to obtain copies.

A Barclays spokesman said: "We have not yet seen a copy of the report . . .
but I can assure you that we take our ethical responsibilities extremely
seriously and apply high standards of business conduct across our operations

De Beers declined to comment until it had seen the report and Anglo American
did not return calls. The other British-registered companies were Afrimex,
Mineral Afrika, Euromet, Das Air, A Knight International, A&M Minerals and
Metals, Alex Stewart, Arctic Investment and Amalgamated Metal Corporation.

François Grignon, the central Africa director for the research organisation
International Crisis Group, welcomed the report's targeting of
multinationals. "Even providing a bank account to those who are exploiting
the resources is a substantive role," he said. "The corporations must accept
responsibility. They benefit more from this dirty business than those doing
the digging and mining."

The report named an additional 29 companies and 54 individuals, mostly
African and Belgian, which it said were directly involved in the plunder and
should be considered for financial restrictions.

The five-member panel had Egyptian, Canadian, American, Belgian and
Senegalese members, and British and Swiss technical advisers. It was
mandated by the security council to investigate the scramble for Congo's
resources in the wake of four years of war which left 2 million dead.

Some of the report's harshest criticism was levelled at officials from
several African countries who stayed in Congo after peace deals led to the
official withdrawal of outside forces. The list of the accused is a roll
call of top military officers, government officials and businessmen,
including the Rwandan army's chief of staff, James Kabarebe, Zimbabwe's
parliament speaker, Emmerson Mnangagwa, and Uganda's army chief of staff,
Major General James Kazini.

"The elite networks derive financial benefit through a variety of criminal
activities, including theft, embezzlement, diversion of public funds,
undervaluation of goods, smuggling, false invoicing, non-payment of taxes,
kickbacks to public officials and bribery," the report said.

So lucrative and elaborate was the looting that there were attempts to
prolong the fighting by stirring conflict between rival militias and rebels.
"Those [criminal] groups will not disband voluntarily. They have built up a
self-financing war economy centred on mineral exploitation," the panel said.

Rwanda's claim to have stayed in Congo to hunt the Hutu interahamwe militia
responsible for the 1994 genocide was described as a cover for its army's
desire to strip minerals. The report even claimed that Rwanda had
collaborated with its enemies. It cited a letter from Jean-Pierre Ondekane,
a senior pro-Rwandan official, urging all army units to maintain good
relations "with our interahamwe and Mayi-Mayi brothers", and "if necessary
to let them exploit the sub-soil for their survival".

Companies under the spotlight

British-registered firms accused of violating business ethics in Congo

Afrimex Exports coltan, an ore essential for making most electronic goods,
such as mobile phones

A. Knight International Ltd

Based in Merseyside, weighs, tests and examines metals, a process known as

A & M Minerals and Metals Ltd Based in London, trades metallurgical raw
materials worldwide. Ships non-ferrous scrap and residues

Alex Stewart Ltd Specialist in assaying

Amalgamated Metal Corp Holding company of AMC Group, operates in 15 nations.
Supplies raw materials, steel, chemicals and coltan. Total sales of £1.5bn
in 1998/99

Anglo American Plc Mining and natural resources conglomerate, owned by the
Oppenheimers, formed in 1998 when Anglo American Corp merged with Minorco,
moving from Johannesburg to London. Beyond the precious minerals market,
company interests include construction (LTA), financial services
(FirstRand), explosives (AECI), wine (Vergelegen) and forestry (Mondi). Also
holds a 45% share in De Beers

Arctic Investment Investment firm in Europe and Africa

Barclays Bank Active in Africa for over a century, with offices across
Africa, but not in Congo. Declares mission to become Africa's leading bank.
Donates millions to community projects but image tarnished by apartheid
boycott in the 1980s. Lawsuit filed from former employee claiming it
exploited black workers in South Africa

Das Air Airline's motto: we deliver. Operates at Gatwick, serves Africa,
Middle East, US and India. Named best cargo operator 1999 by Nigerian
federal airport authority. Has interline services with Air Gabon, Scibe,
Monarch, and Air Yemenia

Euromet Trades in coltan in the Great Lakes region. Was named in
International Peace Information Service report into coltan exports from

Mineral Afrika Ltd Mines and exports natural resources from Africa to Europe


Diamond deaths in DR Congo
Tuesday, October 22, 2002 Posted: 1:19 PM EDT (1719 GMT)

NAIROBI, Kenya (Reuters) -- Amnesty International has said that diamond mine
guards and Zimbabwean soldiers were killing illegal miners, including
children, in government-held parts of DR Congo.

"Every day blood is being spilled in the diamond fields of
government-controlled Democratic Republic of Congo and nobody in the
international community is taking any notice," the human rights group said
in a statement on Tuesday.

It said dozens of people were shot dead every year for mining illegally.
Most of them were killed in the Mbuji-Mayi diamond fields run by the
state-dominated mining company MIBA.

              RELATED STORY
                              Africa fury at U.N. looting report

The report is another blow to central African countries who were blasted by
a U.N. report on Monday that said Congolese officials and criminal networks
were continuing to help Rwandan, Ugandan and Zimbabwean troops plunder DR
Congo's resources.

"When we see bodies floating in the river, or survivors hiding their
injuries for fear of reprisals by the authorities, you just have the feeling
that these young people are being killed like dogs," Amnesty quoted an
unnamed observer as saying.

It said the Zimbabwe Defence Forces, military allies of DR Congo's Kinshasa
government, were helping defend the diamond fields and were responsible for
some of the killings.

Amnesty said some of its delegates on an official visit to the diamond
fields last year were stopped at gunpoint by Zimbabwean soldiers and an
officer threatened to shoot them.

"There has so far been no international pressure on the DR Congo government
to break the link between its diamond trade and human rights abuses,"
Amnesty said.

States Set Up Cartels to Plunder Congo UN

Business Day (Johannesburg)

October 22, 2002
Posted to the web October 22, 2002

Jonathan Katzenellenbogen, Eddie Botha And Agencies

AFRICAN states that withdrew their armies from the Democratic Republic of
the Congo set up criminal cartels in their place to continue plundering
resources, says a United Nations expert panel report released yesterday.

Among those identified in the report are Zimbabwean businessman John
Bredenkamp, SA company Tandan, top Congolese officials and army chiefs from
Uganda and Rwanda, as well as the speaker of Zimbabwe's parliament, Emmerson

The report recommends that the 54 individuals it mentions get four to five
months to halt their activities. It recommends freezing their assets,
barring them from banking facility access and instituting travel bans if
they do not.

Bredenkamp, a former Rhodesian rugby captain with close ties to the
Zimbabwean government, is among the international businessmen mentioned. The
report says he paid $400000 to the Congolese government through his Tremalt
company for the right to exploit more than 2,7-million tons of copper and
325000 tons of cobalt over 25 years. The concessions were worth about $1bn.

Mnangagwa has denied allegations of involvement. He is said to be the "key
strategist for the Zimbabwean branch of the elite network" operating the
cartels. A copy of a note to Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe from his
Defence Minister, Sidney Sekeramayi, is part of the evidence.

Mining company Tandan made headlines during a 1998 public protector's
inquiry after then minerals and energy minister Penuell Maduna accused then
auditor-general Henri Kluever of covering up theft of R170m from the
Strategic Fuel Fund.

At the time Tandan was run by Israeli businessman Niko Schefer.

The inquiry heard he provided cellphones for secret contacts between Maduna
and fund officials on payments to intermediaries in oil transactions.

Tandan and Bredenkamp could not be reached for comment yesterday.

Mining Giants Puzzled By UN Allegations

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

October 22, 2002
Posted to the web October 22, 2002


Two of the worlds largest gem and mining firms have denied any involvement
in unethical activity in the war-torn Democratic Republic of the Congo

The two South African born companies, Anglo American and De Beers diamond
company, were among dozens of multinationals in South Africa, Europe and the
United States that allegedly violated ethical guidelines on conflict zones
stipulated by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

A UN statement on Monday said an expert panel appointed by UN
Secretary-General Kofi Annan to investigate the illegal exploitation of
natural resources and other forms of wealth of the DRC reported that steps
needed to be taken against companies or individuals to discourage
exploitative and illegal activities. It said behind the exploitation were
"elite networks" of civil, military and government power-brokers.

The report recommended that financial restrictions be placed on 29 companies
based in Belgium, Rwanda, Uganda, DRC, Zimbabwe and South Africa, and that a
travel ban and financial restrictions, such as the freezing of assets, be
imposed on 54 individuals.

"By contributing to the revenues of the elite networks, directly or
indirectly, those companies and individuals contribute to the ongoing
conflict and to human rights abuses. More specifically, those business
enterprises are in violation of the OECD guidelines for multinational
enterprises," the report said.

De Beers spokesman in South Africa, Brian Roodt, told IRIN the diamond
company was puzzled by its inclusion in the report. "We're trying to get
hold of the UN to find out what the specifics are in relation to their
allegations," he said.

Meanwhile, Anglo American issued a statement saying it has had no operations
in the DRC "for several years".

"The group's interests have included a couple of potential projects, only
one of which ... proceeded beyond the earliest form of pre-feasibility
stage. It was precisely because of the company's concerns with regard to
broad governance issues surrounding mining in the DRC that Anglo American
hesitated to become further involved in the country.

"We discussed our concerns with the World Bank and participated with groups
involved in the drafting of the new Mining Code - which we fully support -
the objective of which was to increase transparency in the allocation of
mineral rights and set clear rules," the company said.

In July 2002 Anglo Base Metals (a division of Anglo American) divested
itself of its 50 percent stake in the one project that had gone beyond the
pre-feasibility stage.

Alex Yearsley, of international lobby group Global Witness, said the report
was a "pretty emphatic condemnation of the diamond industry".

"It shows how the majority of independent diamond dealers - from Belgium to
Israel to New York - are still operating outside of the law and have no
regard for human safety and are not interested in the conflict diamond
process," he said.

With regards to the two gem and mining giants, Anglo American and De Beers,
Yearsley said: "If the UN has specific evidence against those two companies
then they should make it available in the wider domain. However, [I would
like] to note that De Beers has been very active in working on solutions to
the conflict diamonds problem."


Africa fury at U.N. looting report
Tuesday, October 22, 2002 Posted: 1:11 PM EDT (1711 GMT)

KIGALI, Rwanda (Reuters) -- Central African nations are angered over a U.N.
report accusing key officials of plundering the Congo's rich mineral

Although fighting that once involved armies from seven African nations has
diminished, Monday's report said "elite networks" are running a
self-financing war economy centred on pillaging the Democratic Republic of
Congo's resources.

Government officials flatly rejected the report on Tuesday, which said
members of the Rwandan, Ugandan and Zimbabwean armed forces were involved in
extracting gems and minerals from war-ravaged Congo.

              RELATED STORY
                              Diamond deaths in Congo

Zimbabwe, Angola and Namibia sent thousands of troops to back the Kinshasa
government in 1998 when Rwanda and Uganda invaded to support rebel forces.

"It has no factual evidence to prove we are plundering Congolese resources,"
Rwandan presidential aide Theogene Rudasingwa told Reuters on Tuesday.

He said Rwanda was particularly disappointed by the section of the 59-page
report which accused its army of making common cause with its arch-enemy
Interahamwe militia to plunder Congo.

Tutsi-led Rwanda has always said it invaded eastern Congo to capture the
mainly ethnic Hutu Interahamwe for their role in the country's 1994 genocide
in which 800,000 people were killed.

"It is the most tragic part of the report. It is cynical, absurd," said

He said he was surprised by the charge that Rwandan soldiers were still in
Congo disguised as locals, despite the army's much-publicised pull-out which
ended earlier this month.

But diplomats and analysts said that dragging the shadowy trade in diamonds,
other gems and commodities into the light may force some governments at
least to make a show of taking to task some of those named.

'Heavyweights' accused
A Ugandan army spokesman rejected the findings, which point the finger at
heavyweights such as President Yoweri Museveni's brother Lt-Gen. Salim
Saleh, army commander Maj-Gen. James Kazini, military intelligence boss
Colonel Noble Mayombo and regional affairs minister Colonel Kahinda

"They have just recycled old information, they should not involve us in that
recycling of lies," he said.

But Andrew Mwenda, political commentator for the independent Monitor
newspaper, said sanctions the report recommended might force action by
donor-reliant Uganda.

"If the U.N. imposes sanctions on the individuals, Uganda will most
definitely censure them, if only to maintain good international relations,"
he told Reuters.

Other analysts and Western diplomats had lower expectations.

"This is a good chance for the army to clean up its act but that seems
unlikely," one Western diplomat said.

Philip Kasaija, lecturer on international relations at Makerere University,
said the major Ugandan players had been building militias and forging
alliances to ensure their interests remained after the army completed its

"They will probably lay low, go underground or even try to legitimise their
activities after this report," he said.

In Kinshasa the government declined to respond to the report, but opposition
politician Kabamba Mbwebwe said he was happy it exposed political forces
interested in ensuring Congo's conflicts continued.

"There are people who are not trying to find a solution to the war because
it is so profitable for them," he said.

General Vitalis Zvinavashe, Zimbabwe's defence forces commander named in the
report, said opponents of his country's involvement in the Congo war were
behind the U.N. probe.

"The story is meaningless. No one in the world, especially in the West, was
happy with the assistance that we rendered to the DRC government. So they
just want to tarnish our names," he told the official Herald newspaper.

From BBC News, 21 October

Sanctions urged for Congo plunderers

A United Nations panel has called on the Security Council to impose financial sanctions against companies and individuals who plunder the Democratic Republic of Congo's wealth. In the report, the five-member panel details how the Rwandan Government and army, the Ugandan army, and Congolese and Zimbabwean Government officials plan to continue to exploit the DR Congo's resources. The central African nation is rich in gold, diamonds, cobalt, copper and coltan, which is used in mobile phones, and medicinal barks. The scramble for those resources has helped fuel a four-year war in which two million people have died. The Council is set to debate the report on Thursday 24 October. More than 27,000 foreign soldiers, including at least 20,000 Rwandans, have now left the country, the UN said last week, but fighting is continuing in the east of the country between the rebels of the Congolese Rally for Democracy (RCD) and the Mai-Mai militia, which Rwanda accuses of being supported by the Congolese government. Most of the 29 companies named are African but the list includes four Belgian diamond firms and the Belgian Groupe George Forrest mining group, which has a joint venture with the US-based OM Group. The panel recommended 54 individuals face travel bans, a freeze on their personal assets and the same financial restrictions as the businesses. Prominent among the individuals named is the Ukranian born arms trader, Victor Bout, who was once described by UK minister Peter Hain as a "merchant of death". The plunder continues, despite the withdrawal of foreign troops, by "elite networks" running a self-financing war economy on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the report said. "The elite networks derive financial benefit through a variety of criminal activities, including theft, embezzlement, diversion of public funds, undervaluation of goods, smuggling, false invoicing, non-payment of taxes, kickback to public officials and bribery," it said.

Several senior political and military figures are named from African countries including:

Rwandan army Chief of Staff James Kabarebe

DR Congo Minister of the Presidency Augustin Katumba Mwanke

Ugandan army Chief of Staff Major General James Kazini

Zimbabwe Parliament Speaker Emmerson Mnangagwa

The report also names 85 multi-nationals in South Africa, Europe and the US for violating the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) ethical guidelines on conflict zones. These include the world's largest gem and mining firms, such as Anglo American, Barclays Bank, Bayer and De Beers diamond company among others.

While Rwanda, with the largest force, has withdrawn troops, it has left soldiers behind to operate the "Congo Desk of the Rwandan Patriotic Army," which in 1999 contributed $320m or 80% of the Rwandan military budget, the panel said. Congolese and Zimbabwean government and military officials have transferred the ownership of at least $5bn in assets from the state mining sector to private companies "with no compensation or benefit for the state treasury", it said. Zimbabwean officials claim their contracts are legal payment for troops, which support the Kinshasa government. The Ugandan army is accused of provoking ethnic fighting in eastern Congo and of training militias to control "directly and discreetly" trade and tax collection. The panel suggested that these individuals and companies be given a four to five month "grace period" before the restrictions begin. It also said an embargo or moratorium on the export of Congolese minerals and resources was impractical. No companies or individuals named in the report have responded so far.

From BBC News, 21 October

Key figures on UN list

BBC News Online profiles some of the 54 people linked by a United Nations commissioned report to the exploitation of natural resources during the four-year war in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Emmerson Mnangagwa

Zimbabwe's parliamentary speaker and number four in the hierarchy of the ruling party, Zanu-PF. He is seen by many as President Robert Mugabe's preferred choice to succeed him. Was in charge of Zimbabwe's secret service during the "Matabeleland massacres" in the early 1980s, when thousands of Mr Mugabe's opponents were killed. He retains close links to the security forces.

James Kabarebe

Rwanda's army chief of staff is an ethnic Tutsi who helped Rwandan President Paul Kagame mastermind the overthrow of the perpetrators of the 1994 genocide. His involvement in DR Congo began in 1996, when Rwanda and Uganda backed Laurent Kabila's march against the late dictator, Mobutu Sese Seko. When Mr Kabila took power, Mr Kabarebe was named as chief of staff of the Congolese army. But in 1998, Rwanda no longer backed Mr Kabila and tried to remove him. Mr Kabarebe left Kinshasa and was put in charge of the Rwandan army's operations in DR Congo. Despite persistent accusations of his involvement in plundering DR Congo's resources, he was promoted to army chief of staff.

James Kazini

Uganda army chief of staff, with a similar career path to his long-time rival, James Kabarebe. Despite being accused of looting DR Congo's resources, while in charge of Uganda's operations there, was promoted to army chief of staff. Rwanda blamed him for the clashes between Rwandan and Ugandan forces in the Congolese city of Kisangani in 1999. Has denied the looting allegations but admitted helped Ugandan businesses profit from the war in DR Congo. Also admitted defying orders from President Yoweri Museveni during the Congolese war. The United Nations says he is close to Mr Museveni's half-brother,Major General Salim Saleh, also accused of looting DR Congo's resources.

Katumba Mwanke

One of the most powerful ministers in DR Congo and a key negotiator in the various peace talks held this year. Originally from DR Congo's mineral-rich Katanga province. Named as Governor of Katanga in 1998, by former President Laurent Kabila, who also came from Katanga. Most of DR Congo's diamond mines are in Katanga.

Victor Bout

A Ukrainian-born arms dealer. Belgium issued a warrant for his arrest earlier this year, for allegedly selling weapons to the al-Qaeda network. The United Nations has also accused him of breaking arms embargoes on Angola's Unita rebels and Liberia's President Charles Taylor. British Minister for Europe, Peter Hain, called Mr Bout a "merchant of death".

Other key figures named are: Zimbabwean Businessman John Bredenkamp; DR Congo Minister Mwenze Kongolo; Retired Zimbabwean General Sibusio Moyo; Retired Ugandan General Salim Saleh; Zimbabwean General Vitalis Zvinavashe; Director of DR Congo's National Intelligence Didier Kazadi Nyembwe; DR Congo's ambassador to Zimbabwe Mwana Mawapanga; Ugandan Colonel Dan Munyuza; Ugandan military intelligence chief Nobel Mayombo.

From ZWNEWS: Part of the UN report reads:

"Towards the end of its mandate, the Panel received a copy of a memorandum dated August 2002 from the Defence Minister, Sidney Sekeramayi, to President Robert Mugabe, proposing that a joint Zimbabwe-Democratic Republic of the Congo company be set up in Mauritius to disguise the continuing economic interests of ZDF in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The memorandum states: "Your Excellency would be aware of the wave of negative publicity and criticism that the DRC-Zimbabwe joint ventures have attracted, which tends to inform the current United Nations Panel investigations into our commercial activities." It also refers to plans to set up a private Zimbabwean military company to guard Zimbabwe’s economic investments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo after the planned withdrawal of ZDF troops. It states that this company was formed to operate alongside a new military company owned by the Democratic Republic of the Congo."

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Students riot over fired staff

Harare - Up to 1 000 school pupils stormed through two low-income suburbs of
Zimbabwe's capital Harare on Monday to protest against the dismissal of
their teachers following a strike, state television reported.

The demonstrations were in the Tafara and Mabvuku suburbs, where one school
was left teacherless and the other with only a handful of staff after the
government last week ordered the dismissal of hundreds of teachers for
taking part in a strike over pay.

Police were called in and have arrested a teacher who allegedly organised
the protest, ZBC television said.

Last week, the government sacked more than 600 teachers for taking part in
the strike. Most of those dismissed say they have not yet received official
notice and have continued working. - Sapa-AFP
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Business Day

Harare acts against Judith Todd


HARARE Government lawyers seeking to strip veteran human rights campaigner
Judith Todd of her Zimbabwean citizenship asked the supreme court for a
postponement yesterday.

Todd, the daughter of former prime minister Sir Garfield Todd, filed suit
after Zimbabwe's registrar-general, Tobaiwa Mudede, said she had
automatically forfeited her citizenship because she did not renounce any
claim to New Zealand citizenship that she may have inherited from her

She has rebuffed moves by President Robert Mugabe to have her father, who
died last week aged 94, declared a national hero and given a state funeral.

Her father campaigned for black advancement in Zimbabwe when it was the
British colony of Southern Rhodesia. Although the government wants to
declare him a national hero, the registrar stripped him of his citizenship
and right to vote before the elections in March because he was not born in

Todd said on Friday that declaring her father a hero would be inappropriate
and an embarrassment because he abhorred the ruling Zanu (PF)'s "suppression
of democracy, erosion of civil liberties, assassination of opposition
officials and supporters, arrests and torture, and the climate of fear
spread throughout the country".

Hero status confers large cash benefits on heirs, including pensions and
exemption from estate taxes.

Godfrey Chidyausiku, a former Mugabe minister appointed chief justice of the
supreme court, had angry exchanges with Todd's lawyer, Adrian de Bourbon, in
court yesterday.

Chidyausiku criticised De Bourbon for not presenting the court with New
Zealand statutes on citizenship. However, De Bourbon protested that it was
up to the government to prove Todd held New Zealand citizenship. He said it
was not up to her to renounce a theoretical right she had never attempted to

The court said it would rule later in the week on a government request for
postponement to allow time to get copies of New Zealand statutes.

The case could outline the rights and duties of up to 2-million Zimbabweans
of foreign descent.

Mugabe passed tough new citizenship laws last year, claiming 40000 whites of
British descent were behind opposition to his 22-year rule. However, under
the law many black Zimbabweans of Zambian and Mozambican parentage now face

Todd's test case is being funded by international donors.

Zimbabwe has been racked by political unrest and economic collapse since
Mugabe lost a constitutional referendum in February 2000. His claims to
victory in later elections have been widely challenged.

The former premier is due to be buried on Sunday at his farm near
Zvishavane, 500km south of Harare.

Meanwhile, a magistrate's court yesterday released the leader of a teachers'
union that has called for its members to go on strike for better pay,
resulting in 627 teachers losing their jobs.

A magistrate said the decision to release Raymond Majongwe, secretarygeneral
of the Progressive Teachers Union of Zimbabwe, was made "in the interests of

Majongwe was arrested last week. Police alleged he went around schools in
Harare urging teachers to join the strike. But the attorney-general declined
to prosecute Majongwe as it said no offence had been committed.

Police changed their charge to one of behaviour conducive "to riot, disorder
or intolerance" and Majongwe was kept in jail over the weekend.

He is due to appear in court on Friday facing charges of "invading the
rights of others". Sapa-AP-AFP

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This is London

Council slated over Zimbabwe couple

SUPPORTERS of an elderly couple who fled in fear from Zimbabwe have slammed
Bexley Council for its "lack of compassion".

They are accusing the council of failing to lift a finger to help Lionel and
Olwyn Cook after they arrived, virtually penniless, in Sidcup in July.

But the council denies the claims, saying it can only act within the rules.

Jim Wilson, a counsellor with the Soldiers, Sailors and Air Force
Association, has been dealing with the couple, who are British citizens,
since they arrived and is furious with the council's lack of action.

He said: "No-one has done anything. Bexley supplied the Cooks with meals on
wheels but charged them £4 a meal each. Now it has sent them a council tax

Mr Cook, 83, a former Second World War fighter pilot, who was shot down and
injured in combat, and his 79-year-old wife have been living at his stepson
Shaun Lanigan's Sidcup flat since arriving in the country. He moved out to
accommodate them.

The couple, who were unable to bring more than £500 with them because of the
strife-torn nation's strict exchange controls, have so far been unable to
claim benefits in Britain.

They now owe £2,000 in rent and face possible eviction.

Mr Wilson said: "The couple are existing on what Shaun can given them and on
charity. Feelings are running pretty high on this.

"Bexley Council is saying it is doing things, but it has done nothing. These
people would be dying of exposure and malnutrition if it had not been for
their son and charitable institutions.

"It has tried to fob me off as well. Bexley should be exposed. There is a
total lack of compassion."

Mr Lanigan is also angry at the council's lack of action. He says the only
cash the couple have received since July is £500 from the Royal British
Legion, which has gone to their landlord to help pay their rent.

He accused Bexley Council of trying to pass the buck to other agencies.

"It has been completely aware of their situation since the day they arrived.
It has a responsibility as a local authority and it has done absolutely
nothing except send them bills."

Bexley Council accepted it had billed the couple for council tax and meals
on wheels but says the bills will be put on hold until the couple's benefits
come through.

It says it is expecting the couple's entitlement to income support to be
confirmed in the next week. Then it will be able to deal with claims for
housing benefit and council tax rebate.

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SA would never invade Zimbabwe - Pahad

      October 22 2002 at 11:35AM

      By John Battersby

South Africa would step up its engagement with Zimbabwe to resolve the
country's economic and political problems, but would never invade another
country to effect a regime change, said Deputy Minister Department of
Foreign Affairs Aziz Pahad.

Briefing the media on the annual report of the Department of Foreign
Affairs, he said President Thabo Mbeki had said that because events in
Zimbabwe impacted on the whole region, South Africa had an obligation to
work with the international community and the African Union (AU) to resolve
the crisis in the country.

"I don't know whether that is a tougher stance," said Pahad, adding that
Mbeki had made clear for the first time that there was no question of South
Africa "crushing" Zimbabwe militarily or politically.

"We will never invade another country to effect a regime change," said
Pahad. "If they want that then they are barking up the wrong tree."

      'We can establish they have withdrawn'
But he said South Africa would help Zimbabwe in every way possible. "The
nature of their crisis is so deep that all Zimbabweans need to talk
internally to each other to resolve their problems," said Pahad.

He said as far as South Africa could ascertain most Zimbabwean soldiers had
been withdrawn from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

"There might be a few left but as far we can establish they have withdrawn,"
he said.

He described the current military activity in the DRC as a "hiccup" in the
peace process and was confident that the peace process could be rescued.

"We are in touch with the UN secretary-general and we hope we can prevent
the collapse of the talks, given the recent military action," he said.

Pahad said Angola had turned the corner on peace and would never go back to

South Africa could now work with the international community for the
reconstruction of Angola while it grappled with the major legacy of 25 years
of war - thousands of refugees and internally displaced people.

Pahad said South Africa and the AU would prioritise conflict resolution as
there could be no development without peace and no peace without

"Angola and the DRC at peace will give the African continent two major
players both with huge resources to help realise the implementation of
Nepad," he said.
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ZIMBABWE: Teachers vow to continue striking

JOHANNESBURG, 22 October (IRIN) - The leader of the nationwide teachers' strike underway in Zimbabwe has vowed to continue pressing for better pay, despite alleged government harrasment.

"The government's continued harassment has only strengthened our resolve to continue with the strike. The organisation's solidarity with my fate and the conditions I am facing is unquestionable," Raymond Majongwe secretary-general of the Progressive Teachers Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ) told IRIN.

Majongwe was released on Monday after a court dismissed fresh charges against him. He was detained after being accused of trying to force teachers at two schools in the capital, Harare, to join the dispute.

Under the controversial new Public Order and Security Act it is an offence for "any person who, acting in concert with one or more other persons, forcibly invades the rights of other people".

The union leader had been arrested twice last week for his role in the teachers' strike.

Majongwe confirmed reports that up to 2,000 students had taken to the streets of Harare on Monday to protest the dismissal of their teachers.

"So far our reports tell us that a teacher who has been accused of organising the protest in the Tafara and Mabvuku suburbs has been arrested," Majongwe said.

Last week the government ordered the dismissal of hundreds of teachers for taking part in a wage strike.

But Majongwe said most of those dismissed have not yet received official notice and have continued working.

"It is not up to the education ministry to fire teachers. Teachers are hired by the Public Service Commission. So far, the commission has not contacted any of the teachers," Majongwe said.

"It is the teachers' constitutional right to engage in a peaceful strike, and the regime should be, instead, making concerted efforts to address the grievances of the teachers who are the most expensive resource in the education system," legal affairs secretary of the opposition the Movement for Democratic Change David Coltart, told IRIN.

The teachers have been on strike since 8 October and are demanding a 100 percent salary increment backdated to January this year and another 100 percent cost of living adjustment backdated to June.

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World Bank will not offer support to Zimbabwe
October 22 2002 at 08:10AM
Johannesburg - The World Bank would not return to Zimbabwe until the
government had restored the rule of law and respected property rights, a
senior official said on Sunday.

Zimbabwe and the World Bank have been at loggerheads since 1999.

President Robert Mugabe says his country can manage without the support of
the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Programme support from Western bilateral lenders had also stalled because of
the failure to strike
a deal between the bank, IMF and Zimbabwe.

"We are at a loss. They owe us arrears of around $145 million to $150
million and bank policy will not lend into arrears," said Zimbabwe-born
World Bank vice-president for Africa Callisto Madavo.

"I do not see the World Bank returning to Zimbabwe until we have substantive
changes. The World Bank supports policies that are conducive to investment
and wealth creation, and without the rule of law, attracting investment is
not possible."

Madavo said the World Bank was also following events in the Ivory Coast
closely, where fighting has raged for a month, left hundreds dead, displaced
more than 200 000, intensified ethnic bitterness and raised the prospect of
all-out civil war in the world's biggest cocoa grower.

"I have set up a team at the World Bank following events and the potential
impact on the sub-region," said Madavo, adding that Burkina Faso, Niger and
Mali could require post-conflict assistance. - Reuters
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Mail and Guardian

Half of confiscated land in Zimbabwe lies fallow


      22 October 2002 07:29

Only about half of the farm land confiscated by the government in one of the
country's formerly most productive agricultural areas has been occupied by
new settlers, close to a month after the expiry of the first deadline for
them to move on.

David Karimanzira, the governor of Mashonaland East province in northern
Zimbabwe, the biggest tobacco producing region and a major source of other
crops and livestock, said only 50,5% of the people allocated plots on the
confiscated farms had moved on.

"We have given them a deadline up to the end of this month, failure of which
the land will be given to other applicants," he said in the daily Herald
newspaper on Monday.

It is the second deadline issued in two months to the new settlers. The farm
seizures include the homesteads and billions of Zimbabwe dollars of
equipment from combine harvesters to thousands of tons of fertiliser.

Amid a famine in which half of the country's 13-million people are facing
starvation, agricultural output in the country once dubbed "Africa's
breadbasket" has dropped to at least a quarter of normal, according to food
monitoring agencies.

"We want production on the farms and people should be on their farms before
the end of the rainy season," said Karimanzira. The Herald has reported that
a survey of the rate of occupation of seized farms in the country's other
nine provinces was not complete.

In August, local government minister Ignatius Chombo who heads the
government's resettlement committee, gave the intended new farmers a month
in which to move on to the land allocated to them.

He said then "about half" of the land seized all over the country had been
occupied by new settlers.

Gerry Davidson, chief executive of the Commercial Farmers' Union, said the
real rate of occupation was likely to be much lower.

Local farmers' associations still operating around the country "would not
even put the figure as high as half", he said. Farms designated for new
black commercial farmers had been split into at least 12 plots for their new
occupiers. One property had been cut up into 61 plots.

"If there are three or four people on the land, its surprising. The end
result is a serious decrease in efficiency." On several farms one new
settler has moved into the plot around the homestead, but the rest of the
plots were vacant.

"A lot of these people didn't realise the implications
of what it meant to start farming," Davidson said. Most were unable to raise
finance to begin cropping or keeping livestock, many were reluctant to start
without a ready-built home and others were allocated land unusable for

"If there had been a properly scheduled take-over this trough in production
could have been avoided," he said.

"Clearly it demonstrates it is not a land reform programme. It was done
because there was an election coming." The CFU estimates there are now about
only 600 of the former commercial farmers left on their land out of about 4
000 six months ago.

The Farm Community Trust of Zimbabwe said last week that about 250 000 farm
workers had been made jobless by the evictions.

In August, police arrested hundreds of white farmers for allegedly
disobeying eviction orders, although many of them had obtained court orders
ruling that their eviction orders were illegal.

Ruling party officials, usually backed by mobs of party militants, have
forced many more farmers who have not received eviction notices off their
land, often at gunpoint. - Sapa

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THE VETERINARY SURGERY, 125a J Tongagara Street (Cnr 13th Ave).
Please pass this onto your friends and e.mail list.
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Dear All,
Sorry about this guys - yes afraid so - another appeal!
In these days of Hyper-inflation I hate to ask for anything from people but I also know we have junk and old clothes etc in our cupboards, either, because we have grown out of them or lost weight - whatever they just don't look right anymore.   Sometimes we just don't like certain items of clothing and they have been sitting in the cupboard for years or children's clothes that your kids have grown out of.
This is an appeal for old clothes, blankets and in fact any item that you would like to throw out.    Cups, mugs, plates, kitchen utensils and pots would also be welcome.   
I did put out an appeal some time ago to which some people gave generously.   The reason for the renewed appeal is that THEY are at it again.   Numerous families have recently had their houses burnt to the ground and literally lost everything because they are perceived by war vets, militia etc to have voted for the opposition or are known to be opposition supporters.   This is truly disgusting that innocent Zimbabweans have to lose everything they possess because they choose to support another party. 
Please be assured any items collected will only go to genuine victims and will be shared out as fairly as possible.
Dr Inge Boye has offered her surgery as a collection/drop off point -
            Veterinary Surgery
            125a  J Tongogara Street (cnr 13th Avenue)
Alternatively I will arrange collection if you phone me on 242467 or 011 230 733.
Many thanks,
Fiona Lander
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In the last week teachers in Germany have been on strike and I have watched with great interest how they went about making their feelings known and having their grievances heard. They took to the streets in their thousands, men and women, young and old. They carried banners and flags, displayed posters and blew whistles. They marched peacefully and almost gayfully through the streets attracting the attention of not only their own authorities but also of the worlds' cameras. I wonder if they, or in fact anyone in the world knows that Zimbabwe's teachers are on strike.
There are no banners and posters here, no flags and whistles, no smiles and marches. In Zimbabwe when people go on strike they are fired, arrested, or worse, tortured. What kind of barbaric country has Zimbabwe become?
Where else in the world would the leader of a teachers union be arrested twice in a fortnight? Where else in the world would that union leader twice be assaulted whilst in police custody and no one says or does a thing about it? I wonder what would have happened if the leader of the striking German teachers had been arrested twice and was, on both occasions assaulted by fellow civil servants who happen to wear the uniform of the police force of their country.
I was appalled to read in the press on Saturday morning that Raymond Majongwe had again been abused whilst in police custody. His lawyers say that Mr Majongwe was blindfolded and driven down a dusty road to what he thought was a pig farm. He was slapped around and then had electrodes attached to his testicles through which electric shocks were administered. I wonder why a pig farm was chosen? Perhaps it was because the screams of Mr Majongwe would not be heard over the noise of the animals? I wonder if a farm was chosen because it is one of the properties so recently seized by the government and the perpetrators of this obscene torture knew that there would be no one there on that grabbed farm who would either stop them or report them. With 95% of Zimbabwe's farms to be taken by the Zimbabwe government before the end of 2002 I can only wonder how many more of these properties will become places where ordinary citizens will be taken and tortured - out of sight and out of mind perhaps.  
I cannot think how one man could do these things to another man. It is beyond all comprehension to think that one civil servant could abuse another civil servant in such a barbaric way. Zimbabwe has gone back in time to the dark ages where supposedly professional men attach electrodes to a man's genitals and get away with it. I wonder if the men who were clipping on the electrodes have children who go to school. If they do, I wonder if they are happy with the thought that perhaps one day their children will be taught by such brave men as Raymond Majongwe.
I wonder if the men who abused the leaders of the teachers union can sleep at night. Perhaps for now the abusers of Raymond Majongwe do what they do for the money but I cannot think how they will live with themselves in the years ahead. The next time they eat sausages or bacon or ham will they not hear the screams of the man they tortured on a pig farm? In the last 30 months there have been many, many stories of the misfortunes that have overtaken the lives of the murderers of Zimbabwe's farmers and opposition supporters. There is talk that many of these murderers who still walk our streets as free men are always sick. Apparently they are plagued by nightmares and their teeth and hair is falling out. Their lives have become a living hell, their minds are making them pay for what they have done.
Can you not see Mr Policeman that Raymond Majongwe is a real man? He is a man of principle and dignity. You may burn him on his testicles and in his mouth but still, in the eyes of Zimbabweans, Raymond Majongwe is the real man here.
......................cathy buckle..............19th October 2002.....................
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