The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Business Day

      Red herrings and Robert Mugabe


      AMONG the discussion papers published by the African National Congress
(ANC) to inform debate at its 51st national conference, to be held in
Stellenbosch in December, is one called Facing the African Continent.

      The paper states that "tolerance of dictators" by the Organisation of
African Unity (OAU) was one of the reasons why the continent "entered the
1990s with its hope for a renaissance shattered".

      SA, the paper argues, can now contribute to renaissance by "bullying"
others or by "working through multilateral structures".

      The arguments for multilateralism, whether over Zimbabwe or any other
problem (such as Iraq) are powerful and need no repetition. But the
multilateral approach adopted by SA towards Zimbabwe has failed, along with
"quiet diplomacy".

      Failure has been almost guaranteed by the ambiguity which has been the
hallmark of our policy all along. Whatever disapproval President Thabo Mbeki
might have expressed to President Robert Mugabe in private has been
outweighed by a series of public statements conveying the opposite

      Although various anonymous sources have lately again been tipping off
journalists that SA policy is toughening up, contradictory statements

      Cumulatively, the statements suggest that our government's sympathies
are with the Zimbabwean president rather than with his victims. Notably:

      SA repeatedly characterises the key issue in Zimbabwe as land reform
(the subtext of which is that it's all really the fault of white farmers and
British colonialism);

      We argue the violent dispossession of land should be accepted as a
fait accompli, and criticising it would be "unrevolutionary";

      We have characterised two violence-ridden elections (in 2000 and 2002)
as producing legitimate results;

      We continue to denigrate the opposition Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC) and its leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, as beholden to other "masters";

      We downplay events in Zimbabwe by saying the media are exaggerating

      We reiterate that the only people really bothered by what is happening
there are selfish SA whites (ignoring harsh criticism voiced by black South

      When the attacks on the Zimbabwe bench began we said they did not
undermine the rule of law; and

      We endorsed a Southern African Development Community (SADC) view there
were no human rights abuses in Zimbabwe.

      Government complains Mugabe "would not listen to us". It is far more
likely, however, he did listen to all of this and drew the reasonable
conclusion that he had little to worry about from SA.

      The question is, where do we go from here? The first step is for
government to decide whether or not it actually disapproves of what Mugabe
is doing. On the assumption it does disapprove, it needs to say so

      Unfortunately, it has already attempted to dismiss this option as
"shouting from the rooftops" or "megaphone diplomacy".

      These are red herrings. It is quite possible to communicate
condemnation of Mugabe's behaviour in compelling but measured terms using
the global mass media government uses for all its communications. Given
worldwide doubt about SA's stance on the Zimbabwe horror, Mbeki would be
sure of huge coverage.

      This would be the beginning of a process of undoing the huge damage
that two-and-a-half years of ambivalence has done to our reputation, our
economy, and our people. It would help us to strengthen our claims that we
are different from Zimbabwe.

      As for working through the SADC, that requires leadership. We are told
that as the new boy on the block we have to tread warily in Africa.

      However, as the tragedy in Zimbabwe deepens, this argument is becoming
a rationalisation for abdication.

      It is also part of why the OAU led to one-party states that "became
instruments for mass repression", as the ANC discussion papers recognise.

      The issue is not whether we are going to be a "bully" another red
herring but whether we are willing to exercise the role of moral and
political leadership that our relative size in Africa inescapably thrusts
upon us.

      Contrary to what Mbeki says, we are not called upon to invade Zimbabwe
yet another red herring but we are called upon to speak up for the values
upon which our democracy is built.

      If Mugabe's friends in the SADC do not want to follow our lead, then
they will just have to stay behind.

      Kane-Berman is SA Institute of Race Relations CE.

      The first step is for government to decide whether or not it actually
disapproves of what (he) is doing

      Oct 30 2002 12:00:00:000AM  Business Day 1st Edition

      30 October 2002
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Africa's ugly sisters leave trail of death

A summit next week will explore new ways to fight the twin evils of Aids and

Rory Carroll in Lwangwe
Wednesday October 30, 2002
The Guardian

In the bleached shantytowns of southern Africa they call them the ugly
sisters - a twin force of such devastation that from the wreckage it is
seldom possible to distinguish one sibling's impact from the other: Aids and
hunger have become inseparable.
Relief agencies and governments will meet in South Africa next week to call
for a new approach to a humanitarian crisis on a scale no one has quite seen
before. Plague and famine have intertwined into a self-perpetuating
phenomenon which could last for decades.

The Johannesburg meeting will bring together UN agencies, the 14-member
Southern African Development Community and non-governmental organisations to
discuss new ways of tackling the economic, social and cultural nexus that is
the result of the ugly sisters.

A shack dustier than most in Lwangwe, a sprawling shantytown in northern
Zambia, illustrated the challenge facing policymakers. Not so long ago it
was a prosperous household. Although Derek Mubanga lost his job when the
copper mines closed hefound another with a relief agency and his wife,
Agnes, sold vegetables in the market. Providing for the six children was not
a problem.

Derek, however, was HIV positive and he became too sick to work. Nursing him
for 16 months prevented Agnes from growing vegetables so they sold their
possessions until there was nothing left to sell. Two weeks ago Derek died
and the last of the food was used up at his wake.

Stretched on a mat cradling her youngest son, a three-year-old also called
Derek, it was obvious from her wan, skeletal figure that Agnes, 38, had
full-blown Aids. The family had not eaten that day, there was no food in the
house and the next monthly ration of relief food - a 1kg pack of fortified
maize - would not arrive for two weeks.

"Derek cries from the hunger but I tell him God will provide and eventually
he falls asleep," said Agnes. Sheepishly, she admitted not consuming vitamin
tablets. "I know they are good for the health but the tablets make me

The tablets stimulate appetite, making doctors despair that a vicious circle
spins ever faster. People with HIV/Aids are supposed to eat 50% more protein
than usual, supplemented by foods rich in micronutrients, otherwise the
immune system collapses and vulnerability to opportunistic infections such
as tuberculosis and meningitis rises.

"Forget anti-retrovirals, the medicine these people need is food. Food,
food, food," said Sister Joan Walsh, an Irish nun who runs a home-based care
organisation in Lwangwe.

Her colleague Eileen Keane, a doctor, was frustrated by governments and aid
groups which focused on anti-retrovirals. "They end up in the hands of the
elite and those who can afford bribes. For the poor the priority is

The traditional reliance on wild berries and nuts in lean times was not an
option for those with enfeebled digestion, she added. Between 13% and 33% of
the adult populations of Zambia, Lesotho, Swaziland, Malawi, Mozambique and
Zimbabwe are HIV positive. Up to 28 million people are infected in
sub-Saharan Africa, which is too poor to distribute anti-retroviral drugs

According to the UN's World Food Programme (WFP), 14.4 million people in
those countries also face starvation because drought and mismanagement have
shrivelled their crops. The region had a food crisis in 1992 but this one is

"The crisis within the crisis - the HIV/Aids crisis - is enormous," said
James Morris, the head of the WFP. "This is a catastrophe in the world that
in some respects is unprecedented."

That the countries worst hit by famine are among those worst hit by Aids is
no coincidence. Hunger breeds HIV and HIV breeds hunger. According to the
Food and Agriculture Organisation the disease is ravaging farmers.

Mozambique, for example, lost 2.3% of its farmers in 2000 and can expect to
lose 20% by 2020. No one can estimate the impact that will have on output.

Scarcity inflates prices but families exhaust savings caring for sick
members - often the breadwinners - and abandon work in order to be by their
bedsides. Penury deepens with funeral costs.

Justina Nalungwe, 31, would earn 45p every day selling fritters - enough to
feed her two children - but since entering an Aids hospice near the Zambian
town of Ndola the children have stayed with their impoverished grandmother.
"They have nothing to eat," said Justina.

Admissions to the hospice have almost doubled in the past three months
because hunger was accelerating the onset of full-blown Aids, said Sophie
Chifokola, an administrator. It was also accelerating its spread.

Less than two miles from Justina's bed a beer hall geared up for another
night. Wearing short skirts and wide smiles, the widows and abandoned wives
lined a bench, waiting in turn to pick up men.

Full sex cost around $2, double that if the man did not want to use a
condom, said Richard Kasonde, a medical officer who dealt with the

"These ladies have children and with $2 you can feed three mouths for one
day. They are educated about the virus but say they would rather die of Aids
than hunger."

As pregnancies have soared so have the deaths of babies infected with HIV.
The drug nevirapine can greatly reduce mother-to-child transmission if
formula rather than breast milk is used. In the absence of formula milk some
doctors tell mothers to breastfeed, calculating that malnutrition is a
bigger risk than HIV.
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Daily News  - letter

      A bloody revolution, like in France in 1789, is inevitable

      10/30/02 7:15:05 PM (GMT +2)

      THE current happenings in Zimbabwe remind me of the situation in
France before the momentous French Revolution of 1789.

      It has always been said that history has a tendency of repeating
itself. The King of France at that time, Louis XVI, took his people for
granted and never expected them to revolt against him.

      The French government was corrupt, to the extent that by 1789 the
national coffers had run dry. Most of the money was spent on luxuries
especially by the Queen Marie Antoinette.

      It is argued that she had more than 1 000 pairs of shoes and more than
300 servants working for her, while the French masses starved to death.

      In addition, the French King was involved in unnecessary wars which
saw a lot soldiers dying and a lot of the taxpayers money ill-spent.

      Besides, most of the people were overburdened with taxes which were
worsened by the dues which they were expected to pay to the lords.

      The situation was made worse by the system of government which existed
in France at that time. It was simply autocratic.

      Louis XVI believed he was God-sent. He also believed in the Divine
Right of Kings. The major spark among others was that the king failed to
give his own people food. A revolution was, therefore, inevitable and it
overthrew Louis XVI and his autocratic regime.

      The French did not end there, they also killed Louis XVI in 1793 with
a guillotine.

      For the people of Zimbabwe, the future is in their hands. The French
were responsible for their future.

      Richard Nyamanhindi
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Two Top Members of Zimbabwe's Commercial Farmers Union Resign
Peta Thornycroft
30 Oct 2002, 16:58 UTC

The two top men in Zimbabwe's mainly white Commercial Farmers Union quit
their jobs late Tuesday. The leaders lost the support of union members
months ago.

Colin Cloete, president of the farmers' union, was forced to quit under
pressure from the few hundred remaining members in the union. In fact, many
of them were calling for his resignation several months ago.

David Hasluck, the union's director, was a long-serving employee. He quit
because he said he was closely associated with Mr. Cloete's leadership.

The split in the union started a year ago, when the union leaders decided to
stop legal challenges to seizures and invasions of white-owned properties.

Mr. Cloete actively promoted dialogue with the government and told farmers
that going to court would be counterproductive.

He hoped his approach would persuade the government to reconsider its policy
of seizing white-owned farms. But the government's policy never changed and
95 percent of Zimbabwe's white farmers have been forced to leave their
farms. In many cases, supporters of Mr. Mugabe invaded farms and violently
forced the farmers and their workers to leave.

At the height of violence, Mr. Cloete said the first priority was to save
lives of farmers and workers. He believed that any legal confrontation at
that time would lead to further violence.

Under Mr. Cloete's leadership, the union was also reluctant to publicize
hundreds of cases that it had documented where Mr. Mugabe's family, friends
and political associates took the best of the white-owned farms, including
the equipment on them.

As recently as three years ago, the Commercial Farmers Union had more than
four thousand members. But after Mr. Mugabe lost a referendum on a new
constitution in February 2000, the union and its members became targets. Mr.
Mugabe viewed the farmers as supporters of the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change, which worked against the proposed constitution.

He retaliated against the farmers by saying they were enemies of the state
and mobilized his supporters to force them off their land.

There are now no more than 300 fully productive white farmers left in
Zimbabwe, and many of them, including those who produce the country's milk,
are under pressure.

Most of the staff of the union are now leaving, and a few remaining white
farmers will take over the day-to-day running of the office.
Daily News

      Cloete, Hasluck quit CFU

      10/30/02 7:33:19 PM (GMT +2)

      By Takaitei Bote Farming Editor

      The embattled Commercial Farmers Union (CFU) president, Colin Cloete
and the unions director, David Hasluck, have resigned.

      They resigned at the CFU national council meeting held in Harare
yesterday after giving in to pressure from members calling for their

      The members had threatened a vote to choose between confrontation or
dialogue with the government in dealing with farm evictions.

      About 95 percent of the commercial farmers 4 300 members have been
issued with eviction notices under the governments controversial and often
violent land reform programme.

      There are now two clear factions within the once united union of
mostly white commercial farmers.

      One faction is calling for the unions to use the courts to deal with
the massive farm evictions, while the other, supported strongly by Hasluck
and Cloete, continues to prefer dialogue. The resignations by the two means
that the faction which advocated litigation against the implementation of
the land reform programme and their resignation, has triumphed. ProComm
Public Relations, the public relations firm of the union said in a
statement: The CFU Council confirms with regret the resignation of the CFU
president, Colin Cloete, who has given 30 days notice of his intention to
relinquish the position he has held since being elected in August 2001 and
re-elected in August 2002.

      The statement said Cloete was leaving the union for personal reasons.

      The election of a new president of the CFU by council will be held on
Tuesday 26 November 2002, the statement said.

      The public relations firm said Hasluck also announced his retirement
during the council meeting and gave a 30 days notice to be relieved of the
position he has held since 1984.

      Hasluck has served the union since 1977.

      Hasluck made headline news in the State media last week when he
attacked Britain for worsening the situation of commercial farmers when it
refused to fund the land reform programme, which has been marred by chaos,
deaths and threats.

      Hasluck called himself a Manyika who comes from Manicaland Province as
he sought to appease the government which was threatening to deal with any
farming union itching for a fight.

      Doug Taylor-Freeme, the vice-president of the CFU, said in the
statement: The CFU has embarked on a broader strategy.

      One, that will encompass the needs of all members regardless of
whether they are farming or not. Both Hasluck and Cloete were not available
for comment yesterday.

      They were said to be still in the council meeting all day.

      As the division within the union widened, Cloete and Hasluck suspended
the unions regional executive officer for Mashonaland West (South) Ben
Freeth for taking a confrontational approach towards the land reform

      Freeth was suspended without pay from 2 September 2002 for denouncing
the government in prayer and a message circulated via e-mail.

      Contacted for comment, Freeth said yesterday: The resignation of the
two is what farmers have been calling for in many instances as they wanted
principled leaders.

      In August this year, Justice for Agriculture, a splinter association
representing commercial farmers who were unhappy with Cloete and Haslucks
accommodating approach toward the government, broke away from the union and
decided to take the government to court.
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Wednesday, 30 October, 2002, 16:28 GMT
Zimbabwe dollar plunges on black market

The seizure of white-owned farms has hit exports

The Zimbabwean dollar has lost nearly half its value on the black market over the past two weeks, pushed down by the need of oil importers to pay off their foreign debts.
It now takes between 1,400 and 1,600 Zimbabwean dollars to buy one US dollar, well above a rate of 750 a fortnight ago. The official exchange rate is 55 to the US dollar.

      Tobacco exports are down 50%
Observers blame Zimbabwean oil importers for the sharp decline. The country imports oil worth about $360m (£231m) a year, and oil traders are currently buying up all the dollars they can get to settle their debts.

This has weakened the Zimbabwean dollar, and will in turn force up the prices of both imported goods and all local products that depend on energy and transport.

Rampant inflation

In a country where about half the population is threatened with starvation, the added inflation will be felt particularly hard. Annual inflation is already running at nearly 140%.

Sharp drops in international aid, tourism to Zimbabwe and exports to western countries have all contributed to the dollar shortage.

      Dwindling tobacco harvest 
      2000 - 237m kg
      2001 - 202m kg
      2002 - 162m kg
      2003 forecast -
      70-80m kg 

Tobacco exports, once Zimbabwe's top earner of hard currency, have collapsed following the state-sanctioned seizure of white-owned commercial farms.

As a result Zimbabwe has a thriving black market for foreign currencies.

Even the government has tacitly acknowledged that its exchange rate is removed from reality.

Key exporters such as miners, tobacco growers and textile companies are offered rates well above the official 55 to the US dollar, to encourage them to repatriate their foreign currency earnings.
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Daily News

      Border Timbers blames State for plantation fires

      10/30/02 6:52:01 PM (GMT +2)

      Business Reporter

      AGRI-PROCESSING giant, Border Timbers Limited, has blamed the
government for the fires that gutted the companys forests in the Eastern
Highlands last week.

      At least $650 million, 60 percent of which brought in much-needed
foreign currency through export earnings, was reportedly lost in the raging

      In a notice to shareholders dated 25 October 2002, the board said the
relevant authorities had failed to remove land invaders from the timber
forests, despite repeated requests to that effect.

      Your board has, in the past, notified shareholders through notices and
annual reports, of the hazards which inevitably follow from illegal
occupation of forest land, a hazard compounded by the low rainfall
experienced during the current season, read part of the notice.

      The notice said following an acknowledgement by the Attorney-Generals
Office of the protection afforded the company under the German-Zimbabwe
Investment Protection Agreement and the consequent delisting of the
properties, Border Timbers made repeated requests to the authorities to have
the settlers removed.

      This, the authorities have failed to do, Border Timbers said. Despite
reporting the acts of arson, to date no legal action has been taken against
the perpetrators.

      On the contrary, Border Timbers officials have been discouraged by
government from making further reports on the incidents. In recent weeks,
there have been a number of fires in the companys forests, resulting from
illegal occupation, which were contained.

      On 17 October 2002, a fire was started by illegal occupiers burning
part of the companys Westward Ho Forest, at Charter, coincidentally land
which had never been designated, Border Timbers said.

      The company said the effect of the destruction would be felt in the
immediate and long term.

      The overall loss of timber, both mature and immature, would not only
affect current production volumes, but would have a negative impact on
immature timber over the next few years. The fires would reduce harvestable

      Border Timbers said bearing in mind the danger from fires posed by
illegal settlers, it would continue with its urgent efforts through all
legal channels to have the occupiers removed from the company property.
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Daily News

      CIO man beaten up at Jongwe's funeral

      10/30/02 6:17:54 PM (GMT +2)

      By Luke Tamborinyoka Political Editor

      WILLIAM Hungwe, suspected to be a member of the Central Intelligence
Organisation (CIO), was severely beaten up yesterday by mourners and MDC
youths at the tension-filled burial of Learnmore Jongwe, the former MDC
spokesman and Kuwadzana MP.

      Jongwe was laid to rest at his rural home in Samambwa village in
Zhombe. Tension was high at the burial after Jongwe died in custody at
Harare Remand Prison on Tuesday last week.

      He was awaiting trial for the alleged murder of his wife, Rutendo, in
July. He had been repeatedly refused bail.

      The MDC has blamed the government for Jongwe's death, saying they were
bound to have ensured his safety in prison.

      As a crowd of about 5 000 mourners paid their last respects to Jongwe,
the MDC's security team spotted the suspected CIO operative, identified as
Hungwe, loitering outside the Jongwe homestead with an audio recorder.

      Hungwe had on him a Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans'
Association identity card and a Premier Medical Aid Society membership card,
which indicated that he was from the President's Office, under which the CIO

      The MDC youths pounced on him, accusing him of spying on the funeral
of the former MDC spokesman, who they alleged died at the hands of the
State. Within a few minutes after the attack, a vehicle with riot police in
full gear arrived and took the badly injured man away. Earlier, another
unidentified youth was beaten up and had to be rescued by senior MDC
officials after the restless youths said he had been dropped by a vehicle
from the State-controlled Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation, which they
accused of being biased and hostile in its coverage of Jongwe's death.

      Thousands of mourners braved an early morning roadblock mounted by the
police at the Empress Mine turn-off to attend the burial.

      Senior MDC officials, including the president, Morgan Tsvangirai, his
deputy, Gibson Sibanda, the party's secretary-general, Welshman Ncube, and
several MPs attended the tense burial, which took place exactly a week after
Jongwe was found dead in his cell in mysterious circumstances.

      Other prominent people at the burial included Dynamos founder-member
Morrison Sifelani and Gweru businessman Patrick Kombayi.

      Speaking at the burial, Tsvangirai said Jongwe was a talented young
man who was born to serve his country and not just his family.

      He said Jongwe was a child with an adult heart and the party was
distressed by his death. 'I believe he could have died because he refused to
sell out his cause, his country and the path he had chosen as a politician,
Tsvangirai said.

      'He was under the custody of the government, so we believe they killed
him. Sibanda said Jongwe's wish for a better Zimbabwe must be fulfilled. He
too blamed the government for the death.

      Jongwe's close friend, Ernest Mudzengi, and Phillip Pasirayi, the
Zimbabwe National Students' Union's secretary for information, described
Jongwe as a committed leader.

      Posters of Jongwe portraying him as a national hero dedicated to the
country's cause, were pasted throughout the homestead.

      Grief-stricken relatives and friends braved the heat to witness the
burial of Jongwe, whose coffin was draped with a flag bearing the emblem of
the MDC Youth Assembly.
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Daily News

      Militia destroys Daily News copies in Gweru

      10/30/02 7:31:14 PM (GMT +2)

      From Zerubabel Mudzingwa in Gweru

      Suspected Zanu PF militia yesterday took their onslaught against The
Daily News to the Midlands capital of Gweru when they seized and destroyed
54 copies of the paper in the city centre and threatened to beat up the

      Police reacted swiftly and arrested six of the youths, some of them
clad in Border Gezi training centre uniform.

      They were still detained at Gweru Central Police Station by late
yesterday afternoon as the police continued their investigations.

      The police declined to comment but recorded the case number as
BK0003399. The incident occurred after midday.

      Mifungo Magutsa, the papers sales and distribution representative in
Gweru, said the destroyed newspapers were valued at $3 240.

      The newspaper has been banned in most outlying areas of the Midlands
province, especially in Gokwe, Mberengwa, Zvishavane and Mvuma.

      The circulation of the newspaper has also been curtailed in most parts
of Mashonaland East, West, Central, Manicaland and Masvingo provinces.
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Daily News

      Catholic bishop answers critics

      10/30/02 7:34:38 PM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      BISHOP Alexio Muchabaiwa, the leader of the Mutare Diocese of the
Roman Catholic Church, has answered his critics who are accusing him of
failing to rally behind Father Patrick Kelly who is being harassed by
so-called war veterans.

      Bishop Muchabaiwa, however, claims that helping Father Kelly, 60,
would put many lives in danger, a British newspaper has said.

      Father Kelly, the estranged Irish priest, fled his Nyanga parish after
a group of seven so-called war veterans, acting together with Central
Intelligence Organisation (CIO), accused him of preaching opposition

      Kelly was given up to 22 August to leave Nyanga or face unspecified
action. Since those threats were made, the priest has been in hiding.

      According to a British weekly, The Catholic Herald published on 20
October 2002, Muchabaiwa said if he had rushed to defend Kelly, he would
have put many lives in danger.

      But the paper did not disclose whose lives he meant.

      Muchabaiwa was quoted as saying: We are investigating the matter, but
it is a very sensitive issue, and one has to be very careful in matters of
this nature, otherwise you are putting many lives in danger.

      He allegedly said the possibility of the priest returning to his
diocese depended on what we find out in the process of investigating.

      Muchabaiwa said: It is a long and not an easy process to see all the
people involved.

      Yesterday, Kelly said from his hiding place he had been informed that
Roman Catholic church officials were trying to get the Manicaland provincial
governor and resident minister, Oppah Muchinguri, to intervene.

      I understand they are trying to set up a meeting with the governor,
war veterans, the CIO and the police, Kelly said. So far, nothing has
materialised, but I hope a resolution will be reached soon otherwise I am
left with no choice, but to leave the country.

      Kelly said trouble started when he distributed literature by writers
Chenjerai Hove and Pius Wakatama, calling for peace in the country.

      He claimed he was arrested by CIO agents twice and interrogated for at
least two hours on each occasion.
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Chinese and Zimbabwean defense ministers hold talks


      Xinhuanet 2002-10-30 21:20:35

      BEIJING, Oct.30 (Xinhuanet) -- Chinese Defense Minister Chi
Haotian held talks with Zimbabwean Minister of Defense Sydney Sekeramayi and
his party in Beijing on Wednesday.

      Chi, also vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission and a
state councilor, said China and Zimbabwe enjoyed a traditional friendship,
noting the Chinese people had supported the Zimbabweanpeople during their
struggle for independence. Since the forging of diplomatic ties, the two
countries had conducted effective cooperation in the political, economic,
cultural and scientific areas. Frequent high-level exchanges of visits in
recent years hadboosted mutual understanding and strengthened friendship
between the two countries and the two armed forces.

      Chi said he appreciated the Zimbabwean government's firm support
for China on the issues of Taiwan and human rights and praised Zimbabwe's
contribution to the peace and stability in Africa.

      He hoped the friendly ties between the two armed forces would be
boosted in the new century with the joint efforts of both parties.

      He also stated China's stance on international affairs, and
itsforeign and defense policies.

      Sekeramayi said the friendship between Zimbabwe and China
datedfrom the Zimbabwean people's struggle for independence. The frequent
high-level exchanges and fruitful cooperation in personnel training had
encouraged the development of bilateral ties between the two countries and
their military forces. He said he was positive the friendly cooperative
relations would continue to develop in the future.

      Sekeramayi and his party arrived in Beijing on Oct. 28 for a
nine-day friendly visit to China. Enditem
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Zimbabwe Ban Extended
30/10/2002 04:09 PM

A ban on members of Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe's government travelling
to New Zealand has been extended.

Earlier this year the Government banned 20 Zimbabwe nationals in protest at
President Mugabe's land reform policy.

The ban has now been extended to include 142 people associated with the
Zimbabwean Government.

Foreign Minister Phil Goff says President Mugabe has continually failed to
respond to the international communities concerns over human rights abuses.

He says New Zealand's list of banned Zimbabweans is in line with similar
policies in the United States and the European Union.

Bulletin supplied by IRN Limited Copyright 2001 IRN Limited. All copyright
in this bulletin remains the property of IRN Limited. Terms and Conditions.
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CRS Food Relief Reaches Sick And Malnourished In Zimbabwe

Catholic Relief Services (Baltimore)

October 29, 2002
Posted to the web October 29, 2002


Responding to the severe food crisis that has threatened millions in
Zimbabwe with malnutrition and starvation, Catholic Relief Services (CRS) is
providing direct food assistance in 20 of the country's rural hospitals and
reaching an estimated 150,000 people.

"We are witnessing one of the most urgent humanitarian crises in Africa's
history, and it is hitting hardest in Zimbabwe," said Paul Macek, CRS
Regional Emergency Representative for southern Africa. "We are expanding our
programming -- which has already been functioning at emergency status -- to
assist the greatest number of people possible from the most vulnerable

Approximately 14.4 million people throughout southern Africa are facing food
shortages that could result in widespread starvation, malnutrition and
disease. Of that total, nearly half of the at-risk population is in
Zimbabwe. The country is also suffering from a critically high infection
rate of HIV/AIDS, as one out of four adults in Zimbabwe lives with the

In cooperation with its local partner, the Zimbabwe Association of
Church-Related Hospitals (ZACH), CRS has begun distributions of corn soya
blend on a daily basis to complement in- and out-patient care. The feeding
program is targeted to those in rural districts where acute and chronic
malnutrition levels are high and where forecasts for rainfall and crop
production are poor. The hospitals are located in 14 districts in the
Manicaland, Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland East and Masvingo Provinces.

The ongoing food crisis -- resulting from a combination of factors including
severe drought and poor crop production -- is unprecedented in severity
because of its occurrence during an HIV/AIDS pandemic that has infected more
than 20 percent of adults in the region.

Macek noted that even in years of normal rainfall, crop production has
suffered due to the number of HIV-positive adults who are too ill to carry
out the hard labor required for subsistence farming. "In times of crisis,
resources strain as poor communities are expected to care for rising numbers
of sick people while facing an acute lack of resources," Macek said. "As a
result, the sick receive less care and are more vulnerable to the effects of
the disease resulting from malnourishment."

The ZACH institutions are located in every province of Zimbabwe, with all
but five in rural areas. ZACH hospitals account for 45 percent of all
hospital beds in the country and 68 percent of all rural hospital beds.

CRS began working in Zimbabwe in 1989, helping to coordinate and direct
responses to development and emergency needs throughout the region. CRS
participates in the World Food Program's food distribution network in
Zimbabwe and throughout southern Africa and is one of the lead agencies,
along with CARE and World Vision, of a consortium of American private
voluntary organizations distributing a total of 185,000 metric tons of food
in the region through September 2003.

CRS Executive Director Ken Hackett, along with a delegation of U.S. bishops,
is currently traveling in Zimbabwe to increase solidarity and promote
awareness of the current challenges Zimbabweans, and others in southern
Africa are facing.

Catholic Relief Services is the official international humanitarian agency
of the U.S. Catholic community. The agency provides assistance to people in
more than 87 countries and territories on the basis of need, not race, creed
or nationality.

To contribute to Catholic Relief Services' efforts, send donations to:
Catholic Relief Services, "Southern Africa Food Crisis", P.O. Box 17090,
Baltimore, MD 21203-7090. Tel: 800-724-2530.
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Business Day

Zimbabwe has lost some of its sheen but not its appeal

Mzi Khumalo's acquisition of five gold mines in Zimbabwe for $15,5m from
Lonmin earlier this week may have left some scratching their heads,
considering Zimbabwe's economic plight but Metallon Corporation, which is
chaired by Khumalo, is adamant that this is a good deal for the company.
Lonmin said yesterday that Pemberton International Investments, in which
Khumalo had an unspecified interest, had bought its five Zimbabwean gold
mines. These mines will be managed by Khumalo's Metallon.

In spite of the slump in the country's economy and laws that compel gold
miners to sell their metal through the country's central bank the five mines
were still profitable.

But with the value of the Zimbabwean currency crumbling, recent reports say
the Zimbabwean dollar has just about lost 50% of its value on the black
market in the last two weeks alone. The unofficial black market value of the
Zimbabwe dollar is about Z1400 to the US dollar, while the official rate is
still pegged at Z55 to the US dollar. The weakness of the Zimbabwean dollar
has repercussions for gold miners that need to buy capital equipment,
chemicals and fuel in hard currency predominantly the US dollar.

Metallon, however, said it had got a good deal when the price of the assets,
which produce about 180000/oz of gold a year, was taken into consideration.
"The assets are extremely undervalued as a consequence of the political
situation but we do not believe it is a permanent situation," said a
Metallon spokeswoman.

Ian Farmer, Lonmin's director of corporate development and marketing, said
yesterday that for the last two year's Lonmin's strategy had been, generally
speaking, to focus on platinum group metals, and disputed the claim that the
gold assets had been sold under market value.

"It is a fair price in the context of the perceived political risk of
working in Zimbabwe," said Farmer.

Metallon's spokeswoman said the company would work to negotiate a more
favourable trading arrangement with regard to the current regulatory
environment for gold companies in Zimbabwe. She said, however, that Metallon
was not depending on any changes in the regulatory framework and that the
mines were profitable.

Metallon is also in talks with possible Zimbabwean partners, but nothing as
yet had been finalised.

"We will definitely have a local partner," she said.

Metallon said it was prepared to wait for change in Zimbabwe, but for many
companies the economic slump and political turmoil resulted in business

The deepening economic and political crisis has knocked the country from
third to fifth in the league table of African gold producers, seen
ferrochrome expansion plans shelved and curbed production of metals ranging
from nickel to copper.

Annual inflation is at record levels and the stringent regulatory
environment has seen companies ranging from Delta Gold, now known as
Auriongold, to First Quantum Minerals shut their mines.

Rio Tinto has said that a worsening of the situation could lead to closure
of its two gold mines, while Falcon Gold and Kinross have already shut their

Still, the Zimbabwe government has made some concessions in a bid to stave
off the collapse of the gold mining industry, second only to tobacco in
terms of exports. It has lifted the amount it pays for an ounce of gold to
about Z47000 $854 at official exchange rates, but just $67 at black market
rates. Producers are now allowed to keep 40% of their earnings in foreign
currency. "A number of gold miners are now fairing better," said Josh
Sachikonye, the operations director of Rio Tinto Zimbabwe.

Ashanti Goldfields' Freda Rebecca mine, Zimbabwe's biggest gold mine, is one
operation that appears to be saying afloat.

Business Day

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Ex-Liberators Need to Be Freed From All-Consuming Bitterness

The Daily News (Harare)

October 29, 2002
Posted to the web October 29, 2002

As a white Zimbabwean, I have a question to ask those so-called war veterans
and Zanu PF supporters, the police, army and Central Intelligence
Organisation operatives and government officials who are so intent on
ruining this country with their intolerance, violence, lawlessness,
arrogance, vitriol, hatred, bigotry and bitterness.

They repeatedly told us during the liberation struggle that they were not
fighting against whites per se because that would be reverse racism. Rather,
they were fighting to liberate Zimbabwe from an unjust, oppressive system.
They said that as whites, we had been brainwashed. In their struggle, they
succeeded in freeing me. I no longer think of Rhodesia either physically or
mentally. They succeeded in breaking the mental shackles I had. They freed
me from wrong attitudes and unjust practices. I no longer think of servants
as unworthy second-class citizens. I no longer think of myself alone, now I
think of how we, together, can build this nation. I'm proud of my
Africanness. But, it seems to me that, with their bitterness, anger and
hatred against anything and anyone with whom they choose to disagree even
with their own family the former liberators are now shackled, as I once was.

They are now imprisoned in their mind, as I once was. They are oppressed, as
I once was. They are no longer free. After liberating me, they have become
imprisoned. They are former liberators who still need liberating. My
question is: Do they see the irony in this? Is it not strange that the
rescuer needs rescuing? That the once oppressed has become the oppressor?
That the exploited has become the exploiter? That the persecuted has become
the persecutor? That the slave has become the slave master? Why? Perhaps I
could encourage them to think about this as they go about their daily
activity of ruining this once fine nation.

R Heaton Paddonhurst Bulawayo
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Daily News

      Masvingo MDC official brutally assaulted

      10/30/02 7:35:57 PM (GMT +2)

      From Energy Bara in Masvingo

      CHARLES Muzenda, the MDC Masvingo deputy organising secretary, was on
Sunday afternoon brutally assaulted by suspected Zanu PF youths at Neshuro
growth point in Mwenezi as political violence continues in parts of Masvingo

      The MDC activist was initially admitted to Neshuro District Hospital
following the assault, but was transferred to Masvingo for further treatment
due to the serious nature of his injuries.

      The youths, clad in Zanu PF national service uniforms and armed with
stones and sticks, raided Neshuro business centre saying they were on a
mission to kill all MDC activists in the area.

      The youths later pounced on Muzenda and manhandled him before dragging
him for about 10 metres.

      They later took turns to strike him with empty bottles and stones.
Muzenda said yesterday: I sustained serious injuries all over my body. I
have been referred to Masvingo for further treatment.

      The youths took turns to assault me and ordered me to stop supporting
the MDC.
      They also ordered me to accompany them to their base and I refused.
They then dragged me until the police came to my rescue.
      Muzenda's eyes were badly swollen and doctors have advised him to see
      eye specialist.

      A police constable at Neshuro police post identified only as Sibanda
was named as the investigating officer in the case.

      A police officer based at Mwenezi said: Constable Sibanda is dealing
with the case.

      You can phone him, but as far as I know no one has been arrested since
the Zanu PF youths who were deployed in this area have since left for Guyu
training camp in Gwanda.
      Political violence continues in Mwenezi and Zaka districts of Masvingo
as suspected Zanu PF supporters embark on a fresh wave of violence to
silence the opposition MDC in the districts.

      The Daily News has been banned in the two districts by suspected Zanu
PF youths allegedly on the instruction of top Zanu PF officials
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Daily News

      Impounded maize could have bought votes: MDC

      10/30/02 7:47:52 PM (GMT +2)

      From Our Correspondent in Bulawayo

      RENSON Gasela, the MDC shadow minister for agriculture, has said he
fears the partys maize impounded by the government could have been used to
buy votes in the Insiza by-election over the weekend.

      There were widespread reports that tonnes of maize were being
distributed to villagers by Zanu PF during their campaign in the district.

      The reports said some of the maize was to be found inside polling
stations, apparently to entice villagers to vote for the ruling party.

      About 2 640 bags of maize sourced by the MDC in South Africa in
September are believed to be still at the Customs Offices at the Beitbridge
border post as negotiations to secure their release have reached a deadlock.

      It is possible the maize could have been used by Zanu PF because no
one knows whether it is still there or not, said Gasela. There was a lot of
maize brought to Insiza by Zanu PF at the expense of other drought-ravaged
areas, such as Zhombe. Some of the maize could have been that which we

      Efforts to get a comment from the Customs officials were fruitless.
Last month the MDC, together with the Feed Zimbabwe Trust, brought into the
country 2 000 bags of maize which were later impounded by Customs officials
because the MDC does not have the licence to import maize.

      Earlier, another 640 bags had also been withheld by the Customs

      The MDC has been trying to negotiate with the border officials to
release the maize, which is intended for the drought-ravaged areas of Gweru,
Chivi, Binga and Chikomba.

      But there has so far been no agreement as the government has insisted
that the MDC should first apply for an import licence.

      The State-run Grain Marketing Board has a monopoly to import maize
into the country.

      We are still facing a standoff, but we are putting pressure that if
the maize is still there sanity should prevail and the maize be distributed
to the starving people, said Gasela.
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Daily News - Leader Page

      Government insensitivity fuelling the brain drain

      10/30/02 7:02:33 PM (GMT +2)

      THE confusion and total lack of concern, which seem to characterise
the work of the Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture, is contributing
to the brain drain.

      President Mugabe recently castigated the United States, Australia,
Britain and New Zealand for allegedly stealing Zimbabwes professionals.

      But he and his government would do well to note that they are, in
fact, facilitating the teachers passage to the developed world. Being fired
by a government that is discredited by the rest of the world is a great

      In the past the governments poor handling of the junior doctors and
nurses strikes has contributed to a mass exodus of doctors in great demand
in the US, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.

      Aeneas Chigwedere has acknowledged that teachers salaries are low,
compared with those of other civil servants. Instead of working to bridge
this gap, he resorts to threats, intimidation and even extends his mandate
to firing them, when this is clearly a function of the Public Service

      Chigwedere has not helped matters by repeatedly describing the
Progressive Teachers Union of Zimbabwe as an illegal

      organisation. It is a registered organisation and finds support among
teachers he believes are anti-government. The sooner the minister learns to
negotiate with them, the better will be his working relationship with the

      The minister elects to ignore that teachers under his ministry were
overlooked when the salaries of other civil servants were rationalised. He
should be fighting for the teachers cause.

      Apart from making procedural blunders, the ministry behaves as if
everything is in order. It isnt. Students are in the middle of their final
examinations, but there is no government urgency to address the problem.
Clearly, the failure to resolve the teachers strike will impact on those
writing their examinations. By penalising the teachers, the ministry is
jeopardising the future education of many students who are writing their
final examinations.But last week the government increased the pensions of
war veterans. That this could happen at a time when it is denying teachers
an increase demonstrates a total lack of sensitivity. Many of the
professionals trekking to greener pastures will feel vindicated that the
government does not believe their genuine grievances deserve its urgent

      But perhaps one of the most tragic developments is the apparent
inaction of parents whose children are affected by the governments failure
to listen to the teachers gripes. The parents should not be mere spectators
while the future of their children is being jeopardised. It is time they
brought pressure to bear on the government to treat the teachers fairly.

      But the government could be doing this deliberately. It is aware it
has nothing to offer this years school leavers and its strategy appears to
be to keep them in schools by disrupting their education. If they are kept
in school, it is assumed, their discontent will be contained and they will
not join the ranks of the dissatisfied unemployed, intent on unseating the

      Their first journey into life after school will be into unemployment.
This has the potential of giving rise to seeds of uprisings because there
are no opportunities for the many school leavers.

      The government should be condemned for its inept handling of the
teachers strike. If it was sincere, it would have already made a written

      Zimbabwe is ending its four-year campaign in the Democratic Republic
of the Congo. The withdrawal should translate into savings which can address
the plight of teachers unless there is more looting planned.

      The teachers strike has dragged on for far too long. The ministry has
stood by while teachers were victimised by government supporters. The
ministry has allowed so-called war veterans to recruit and fire teachers in
the countryside. Marking of examination papers is fraught with problems,
there are still double sessions in some local authorities, while the 1999
Zimbabwe Junior Certificate examinations have not been released.

      These, added to the blunders over a single-school uniform, school name
changes and teachers new working hours, suggest its time the President
rewarded someone
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Daily News

      CIOs Mwale bars media tour of gutted plantations

      10/30/02 7:31:49 PM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      JOSEPH Mwale, a senior officer with the Central Intelligence
Organisation implicated in the death of two MDC officials during the run-up
to the 2000 parliamentary election, has declared Chimanimani, a plantation
and farming region east of Zimbabwe, a no-go area for the private media.

      The move has forced a private company, Radar Holdings, which was
planning a media tour of its plantations gutted by fire last week, to shelve
the tour.

      The Media Institute of Southern Africa said Radar Holdings, which owns
several plantations in the area, had planned an aerial media tour of its
plantations to see the extent of the damage caused by a raging fire on 25

      During the past several weeks, illegal settlers set 14 000 hectares of
pine and gum trees on fire as they prepared their land in readiness for the
planting season.

      Border Timbers Limited (BTL), the subsidiary company that manages the
plantations, confirmed the tour was cancelled for security reasons.

      Mwale denied permission for the flight on allegations that it would
bring in private media reporters who would report negatively on the
situation, said John Gadzikwa, the managing director of BTL.

      He warned us that if the tour went ahead it would be at the risk of
the passengers aboard. We had no option but to shelve the tour.

      Mwale was implicated in the 2000 murder of opposition activists Talent
Mabika and Tichaona Chiminya in Buhera. Although the High Court directed
that the Attorney-General indict Mwale, nothing has happened so far.

      Mwale was also instrumental in the arrest and detention of Peta
Thornycroft, a correspondent for the British Daily Telegraph on 27 March
2002, in Chimanimani.
      According to MISA, BTL lost approximately US$168 million (Z$9 billion)
worth of timber in the fire that gutted the plantations. IRIN
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Daily News

      State to evict settlers from timber estates

      10/30/02 7:39:28 PM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      KILLIAN Mupingo, the provincial administrator for Manicaland, said
yesterday the government would soon evict all illegal settlers on estates
belonging to Border Timbers Limited (BTL) and the Forestry Company of
Zimbabwe (FCZ) in Chimanimani.

      Three weeks ago, the illegal settlers set fire to more than 14 000
hectares of pine and gum trees worth about $9 billion while preparing land
for planting.

      The settlers took advantage of the controversial land reform programme
and invaded Charter Estates belonging to BTL in Chimanimani and various
estates in the province run by FCZ, which is wholly owned by the government.

      BTL and FCZ are two of the biggest timber producers in southern
Africa. Mupingo said: The government did not designate those estates and we
are in the process of putting mechanisms in place to evict those people. We
do not support that type of behaviour. The district administrator in that
area is busy working on the evictions, but they will be soon.

      On 20 August, the Administrative Court in Harare dismissed an
application by Joseph Made, the Minister of Lands, Agriculture and Rural
Development, to have BTL designated after the Attorney Generals Office
failed to defend its acquisition.

      John Gadzikwa, BTLs managing director, and Veronica Gutu, the public
relations manager of FCZ, said there had been sporadic fire outbreaks caused
by the settlers.

      On Charter Estate which has 15 000 hectares and subdivided into
several tree plantations, Gadzikwa said the first fire broke out at
Westward-Ho and Fairfield Block on 25 September, destroying both mature and
immature trees.

      The second outbreak was nearly a fortnight ago in the same area and
700 hectares of trees were destroyed. Gadzikwa said the company lost at
least $9 billion worth of trees during the fires while Gutu said 699,65
hectares of pine and gum trees were destroyed in Chimanimani, Gwendigwe
area, Chipinge and Nyanga with an estimated value of $68 829 774.
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New Scientist

Zambia bans GM food aid

Will Knight

17:09 30 Oct 2002

A government-backed delegation concludes that GM food is too risky - aid
workers say the decision means people will go hungry

The Zambian government confirmed on Tuesday that it would not accept
genetically modified food aid for the 2.5 million Zambians facing severe
food shortages.

Zambia's president Levy Mwanawasa has described GM food as "poison", but in
August 2002 agreed to send a delegation to South Africa, Europe and the US
to assess the risks.

The delegation is now reported to have concluded that GM food poses too
great a risk to be accepted. Zambia's agriculture minister Mundia Sikatana
said on Tuesday: "In the face of scientific uncertainty the country should
thus refrain from action that might adversely affect human and animal heath,
as well as harm the environment."

GM aid has been offered to Zambia by the US Agency for International
Development, via the World Food Program (WFP). The WFP says it will be hard
to find enough non-GM food to feed all of Zambia's hungry people in the next
few months.

Rising need

A WFP spokesman told New Scientist: "At the moment we haven't heard reports
of people starving to death. The main problem is people suffering from HIV
and AIDS. If they don't have the right nutrition then they are going to
start dying. Clearly if we cannot supply them for November there will be
people suffering in Zambia."

During October, the WFP was only able to supply food to 50 per cent of those
suffering from food shortages. The WFP predicts the number needing food will
increase to 3.3 million before the next harvest in March 2003.

"We accept the right of any government to reject GM food," says Jorgen
Schlundt, of the World Health Organization's food safety program. "But we
believe the GM foods on the market do not represent a health risk. They have
gone through risk assessment and have actually been eaten for many years."

Milled grain

Some environmental groups commended Zambia's decision to refuse US GM
supplies. But opposition politicians in Zambia have condemned the move.

Leader of the UPND opposition party, Saqwibo Sikota, told the BBC's Network
Africa there is no scientific evidence that GM food poses a health risk.

Six other southern African nations face food shortages and possible famine
in coming months. Four of these, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique and Lesotho
have agreed to receive GM food aid provided that it is milled so that it
cannot be planted and contaminate indigenous crops.
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