The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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      Move to bring bodies home

      By Chris Mills
      12:00 - 02 October 2003

       The family of a Devon-born woman murdered in Africa may attempt to
bring her and her husband's bodies home to Britain. Majorie Eggleston, 66,
and her 72-year-old husband Eric were murdered by a gang of armed men during
a robbery at their home outside the Zimbabwean capital of Harare.

      Mrs Eggleston was born in Devon and lived in Heavitree and Exmouth
before settling in Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe, in 1962.

      The couple had insisted on remaining in the strife-torn country
despite pleas from their family, including Mrs Eggleston's sister Valerie
Clarke, who lives in Exmouth, to come back to Britain.

      Mrs Clarke is likely to travel to Zimbabwe for a funeral service later
this week, but the country's ongoing economic crisis is threatening to ruin
her family's arrangements.

      She said: "There is going to be a post mortem and the bodies will be
released later. But my niece out there said the bodies may not be cremated
because the crematorium has run out of gas and there are bodies piled up

      "Everyone is desperate to find fuel and gas out there now.

      "There may be a service on Friday or Monday, but no cremation.

      "We are now speaking to Air Zimbabwe, who my brother-in-law worked
for, to see if there is any possibility of bringing the bodies home to

      "Whatever happens, we intend to bring their ashes back here.

      "My niece wants me to go over there to help and I probably will, but I
am still afraid of what could happen."

      The Egglestons were murdered at their home in the mainly black
neighbourhood of Prospect, near Harare, last Friday.

      Police believe they were killed during what was probably a bungled
armed robbery.

      The retired couple were bound and gagged and Mrs Eggleston was shot in
the back. Only her handbag was stolen. Her husband is believed to have died
from asphyxiation while tied up.

      One of the armed gang of four was later caught by a neighbour's

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PR COMMUNIQUE - AGRIZIM - October 1, 2003



AGRIZIM. The Way Forward.

- The more things change the more things stay the same -

George Marshall - President Truman's Secretary of State gave the NAME and
POLICY to the rebuilding of Germany after the their dictator Adolf Hitler
committed suicide.


June 1947.

Marshall proposed the that the USA should provide money for a programme of
European recovery:

"Our policy is not directed against any country or doctrine, but is
directed against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos - to permit the
emergence of political and economic conditions in which free institutions
can exist."

The ethos of the Marshall Plan was to foster capital investment in areas
needing development and make technical knowledge available to the free
peoples of the world in order to help them help themselves.

It would appear that the USA continues to see a need for poverty
alleviation, relief from hunger and desperation in Africa but is criticized
by African Governments continually.

Is our current Wind of Change a repetition of Harold Mac Millan's idea in
1960, or is this a more destructive force and something completely

History appears to show that African peoples want to adapt European ideas
and skills to African circumstances - from Scotch carts to Cherokee Jeeps,
from beating drums to using Designer Nokias, from pole and dagga to
Borrowdale Brook, from marimbas to ghetto blasters, and so forth.

Ironically the one idea shunned of late is the very one that has built
WEALTH in America and Australia and nearly all Western democracies - TITLE

A fundamental principle of AGRIZIM is TITLE - it is the one factor that had
created PRODUCTION, WEALTH & SECURITY in Commercial Agriculture in this

How happy are the Financial Institutions to advance loans without SECURITY?


PR Communique No. 2

>From the friends of The Daily News:


The presses of the independent Daily News stand silent and the long
suffering people of Zimbabwe are today deprived of news about what is going
on in their own country.

Their fundamental human right of freedom of expression has disappeared in
flagrant breach of the government's commitments to the United Nations, the
Commonwealth, the African Union and the Southern African Development
Community (SADC).

An urgent meeting to discuss the deteriorating situation in Zimbabwe was
held today (25 September 2003) in the House of Commons.  In attendance were
leading figures from international bodies concerned with constitutional
law, human rights, the media, trade unions and the business sector.

Those present decided to work together as an action group to be known as
the Friends of The Daily News to fight for the restoration of freedom of
expression in Zimbabwe

They deplored the decision of the Media and Information Commission to
reject the application of the Daily News for registration and its right to

Furthermore, the group urged the Judiciary of Zimbabwe to recognise the
High Court ruling of 18 September calling on the police to leave the
premises of the Daily News immediately, return the confiscated equipment
and allow the newspaper to resume publishing forthwith.

The meeting also called on the Judiciary to exercise their independent
duties as professional lawyers and the police to fulfil their proper role
as guarantors of law and order in accordance with international practice.

A crucial Commonwealth summit in Abuja approaches.  In view of this,
delegates appealed especially to the 19 Commonwealth African member
countries to do everything possible to ensure that Zimbabweans are assured
of a free flow of news and views in the weeks leading up to it and in the
years to come.

For further information please contact:

Lindsay Ross, Executive Director, Commonwealth Press Union - 07798 601019
David Banks, Zimbabwe Democracy Trust - 07732 743228
Kate Hoey, MP - 07802 418005
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Please send any material for publication in the Open Letter Forum to with "For Open Letter Forum" in the subject line.


Letter 1:

Dear John Kinnaird

I read with great interest your follow up to farming in Zimbabwe today. Are
you expressing a point of view or are you trying to get a reaction. By
calling people who are probably at there lowest point emotionally, bone
idle is not the way to win friends and influence people.

In essence I agree with what you say in as much as that people who have
lost their farms and property have to hold somebody accountable. I am sure
that many evicted farmers are following this course of action.
Unfortunately like yourself I do not have the information as to who is
doing what in regard to investigations and court cases, so i am also

I also observed that once again your letter carries the same sort of
blanket accusations. Following this strategy is probably going to have the
negative effect on what you are trying to achieve. Lady Killen wrote a
letter on the same open letter page as your follow up to farming in Zim,
expressing the opinion that you have clarity of vision and would make a
great leader. Maybe we should at least send you to a school on diplomacy
before you are let loose on this ship she envisages you navigating through
the maelstrom. Otherwise we might have a mutiny halfway through.

For goodness sake John these people have lost most of what they owned now
you want to take away their DSTV and send them of to the library what is it
that you want action or reading groups.

For those who do enjoy reading may I suggest the book NEXT YEAR WILL BE
BETTER written by Hylda Richards. This is a brilliant book about the
struggles and tenacity of a settler family just after world war one. To
those who still have DSTV the first game is on 10/10/03 Australia vs.



Letter 2:

Dear John Kinnaird

RE YOUR LETTER: Farming Today

In paragraph two you write " I feel that the farming community has been
torn apart by the whole messy business". Then in paragraph seven you go on
to say:

"The only commercial farmers who have been left alone are those influential
members etc etc". Well I believe that this sort of generalisation of blame
only serves to fragment an already diminished farming community. The above
statement by yourself also does not serve any purpose on your explanation
as to why farms were taken.

Some of the JAG hierarchy are still on their farms. Could we therefore
assume that they are involved in shady deals and have never come to the aid
of a fellow farmer? I THINK NOT.

You also say that if all farmers had acted in a selfless and concerted
manner, we as a country would today be in a very different situation. Well
as true as this might sound I believe that if the industrial and commercial
sector had stood united with the farmers in a concerted and selfless manner
it may have made a difference as to the situation in this country today.
You cannot expect us to feed the nation, enrich our suppliers and fight a
one-sided battle by ourselves and then tell us we did not do enough. When
most of the people in the towns sat with their arms folded.

In some cases townies made a lot of money out of these farmers predicament,
remember how property prices shot up. I therefore feel that it is very
selfish and naive of you to try and blame the farmers alone. We did what we
could and helped when it was needed even if it was the sad task of moving
your neighbours belongings. Using whatever vehicles you had and not asking
for a single cent or drop of fuel. Unlike some transport companies who
charged the whole whack.

If you feel the need to apportion blame as to who bribed who, get the facts
and name those concerned. Please don't tar everyone with the same brush.
You might also find that some who tried to bribe their way out of losing
property still had their farm taken away.

Willem Botha


Letter 3: Re JAG Open Letters Forum No. 149 dated 22 September

Surely Mr Kinnaird meant, and the farming community needed, Good Leadership
from the CFU in those early days in 2000.  Had the leadership reacted
strongly and stood up for Right, and then Stood Firm who knows what would
have followed?

We know this did not happen.  Let us not point any more fingers at each



Letter 4:

John Kinnaird for President!!!!

It has been many years since someone in Zimbabwe has stood up and spoken
such honest frank truth about what is happening in Zimbabwe. Offering
logical insight and a way forward!  Well done John!!

Daily I read the Zimbabwean web sites, gleaning information of my homeland.
What strikes me every day is how apathetic and accepting Zimbabweans have
become of their situation everyone wants a better life but everyone is
waiting for 'someone' to provide it.  No one will help you until you start
helping yourselves!

Stop blaming one another and start working together and follow someone who
has strong leadership skills.  You will never reach a situation where
everyone agrees with everything - that is not human nature, and laws must
be upheld to protect the nation's citizens - this means that some will be
punished and see the system as unfair.  What Zimbabwe needs now is Justice
and stability, if more people followed John's example I am sure Zimbabwe
would see a new dawn!

All letters published on the open Letter Forum are the views and opinions
of the submitters, and do not represent the official viewpoint of Justice
for Agriculture.

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JOB OPPORTUNITIES: Updated October 1, 2003

Please send any job opportunities for publication in this newsletter to:
JAG Job Opportunities <>


(ad inserted 01 October 2003)

We are looking for someone to work on our till in the Art Mart, please
contact Lindy Rowlands at 485514 for more details.


(ad inserted 19 September 2003)

ONCE UPON A TIME NURSERY SCHOOL is looking for a teacher to start in
January 2004.

Any ex-teachers, or qualified Nursery School teachers, wanting to get back
into the teaching environment?
Ex-teachers, farmers' wives looking for a satisfying job in a happy

Good package. Mornings only.
Please contact Rosy van der Westhuizen on 776470 (school hours) or
091-216730 or e-mail


(ad inserted 19 September 2003)

Applicant, who should be 30 years of age or over, would ideally have:

Minimum 5 years experience
Good references
Competitive salary offered.

Contact: Ms Bassett
Telephone: 758921


(ad inserted 19 September 2003)

Retired farmer/handyman required overseeing a clothing and fabric factory
in Msasa.  No special qualifications needed.  Work hours are from 7am - 5
pm on Mon-Thurs and 7am - 1pm on Friday.  Please contact 011 217 841 for
further details.


HARARE - Avondale area
(ad inserted 19 September 2003)

We are looking for someone to work a 2-3-morning week.  Must be computer
literate and have knowledge of Data input, Excel and Graphs.

Please contact 04 794478 for further details.


(ad inserted 16 September 2003)

We have a vacancy for a receptionist.
Applicant must be MS Word/ Excel/ e-mail literate and of a cheerful manner.
Salary on application.
Phone Carol Livingston 305613/4 Harare


HARARE (Glen Lorne)
(ad inserted 04 September 2003)

Position for a 5-day week mornings only handyman at Imba Matombo Hotel will
be available from 14 September 2003. Please contact Julie Webb 499013.


(ad inserted 03 September 2003)

Wanted: Trial Balance Bookkeeper to join a dynamic team.  We are looking
for someone who is computer literate, familiar with Excel and Word.
Knowledge of Quickbooks would be an advantage.  The person will handle all
accounting functions for the company.  Duties would include the
following: -

- Cash Book
- Daily Banking
- Creditors
- Debtors
- Monthly Profit & Loss
- Salaries
- Personnel Records
- Produce Sales and Finance reports
- Sales Tax, Nssa, PAYE and other
- Stock reconciliation
- Update price lists
- Miscellaneous typing and filing

If you are interested please contact Trish on 703903/704008 or email  Package negotiable.


(ad inserted 21 August 2003)




(ad inserted 21 August 2003)

Do you love children and have a passion for teaching?

Highlands School SDA is looking for mature Junior and Infant School
Teachers either full or part time for 2004.

We have a reputation for providing a high standard of education in a
relaxed, fun and lively atmosphere.  We strive to maintain this excellence
and will pay top salaries for the right people.

Please email your cv with contactable references to with
a brief description about yourself and why you would like to work at

Alternatively post your application to
Highlands SDA,
Highlands School,
P O Box HG 691,

We regret that we can only contact applicants who fulfill our criteria.

Help us to educate our precious children.


(ad inserted 13 August 2003)

Farm to lease or sell:

478ha (1180 acres) 55 km from Harare. Listed in Herald 9th May 2003. No
sections, invaders or settlers.

2 spacious homes, 1 with self-contained cottage, pool and granny flat.

Store, workshops, storerooms and facilities for tobacco / paprika / maize /
seed maize.

Tractors, trailers, ploughs, harrows, water carts etc. included.

No equipment for sale individually. No chancers.

Replies by e-mail only please, to


(ad inserted 02 September 2003)

Farm sitter urgently required from 16-30th September 2003.  Duties to
include looking after tobacco grading shed and possible ridging to be done.
Please contact 091 321 406.


(ad inserted 19 August 2003)

Position Vacant.
Estate Manager for large company, Eastern Districts, to control fields,
office and factory. Duties entail learning and enforcing all present
practices, maintain and improve standards of production and quality. Good
prospects for the right person seeking long-term commitment.

Qualifications: BSc Agriculture / Horticulture; plus 8 years experience at
senior level; may consider Diploma plus track record.

o Normal farm perks;
o Double-cab with free fuel; may qualify car purchase scheme.
o Company share scheme.
o Annual Commission on performance.
o Competitive Salary.
o Assistance with school fees.
o Company pays 75% of CIMAS.
o Generous Leave.

Appointment on probation for 4 months.
Submit CV to "The Director"


(ad inserted 06 August 2003)

Position Vacant
A large company in the eastern districts seeks to fill the post of Estate
Manager on the following general terms. Appointment may be subject to a
satisfactory report from an Industrial Psychologist.

Duties: To take control of the estate, reporting to the overall
agricultural manager, being responsible for field supervision, for office
control and planning, and for factory production. These duties will entail
learning and enforcing all present practices to maintain and improve
standards of production and quality. Later, we would expect initiatives to
lead this enterprise to even greater heights.

This post has good promotion prospects for the right person, as the
incumbent gains experience and responsibilities. These duties require a
high level of commitment and long hours of work at busy times. The Company
works a 6-day week.

Qualifications: A BSc in Agriculture or Horticulture; plus at least 8 years
of relevant experience, recently at a senior management level; Capable of
commanding a large workforce through the department managers and with
assistance from the service departments; Aged between 32 and 45 years. A
Diploma plus excellent track record may be considered, but demonstrable
technical and managerial expertise is essential.

o Subsidised housing with lights and water, and 2 gardeners;
o A double-cab vehicle with free fuel within reason; may qualify for the
car purchase scheme after the probation period.
o Company share schemes allow participation in the company's fortunes.
o Annual Commission on performance against targets of production, quality,
profitability, and tasks.
o Competitive Salary, commensurate with qualifications and experience.
o Pension Scheme. Employee contribution is 8%. Must meet medical standards
in this respect.
o Schooling: assistance with school fees for up to four children.
o Company pays 75% of CIMAS monthly rates on any scheme level.
o Leave: 36 calendar days; plus 1 day per month `occasional' leave.

Appointment would be on probation for 4 months, during which one month's
notice applies. The company is looking for a long-term commitment by a
professional seeking a career.
Suitable candidates should submit CVs marked for attention "The Director",


(ad inserted 18 September 2003)


A very exciting and challenging opportunity for a financial controller /
accountant in the tourism industry

IDEALLY: We require: A couple who can both become involved in the
business and who do not still have children at school.

Either the husband or wife should have extensive accounting experience and
be able to manage the accounting staff.

The company is also involved in Christian mission and overseas student
tours throughout Africa, conducting hunting safaris and has an export
orientated weavery business.

The company offices, homesteads, extensive workshops and very busy Safari
lodge/camp are based on a game park 10 kms out of Gweru.

Enthusiastic and committed couples interested in joining us should please
forward details to or phone me directly on 091-205956

The position is available immediately and really is an exiting one.

We offer:

· Company vehicle
· Company house on the game park
· Competitive salary
· Lots of perks
P O Box 1218, Gweru, Zimbabwe
Phone/Fax: +(263 54) 52172, 50919


(ad inserted 16 September 2003)

Lake Fresh Fisheries in Kariba has a vacancy for the position of General
Manager with the core business being Kapenta Fishing. Ideal for successful
farmer - minimum age 30 years. The company offers a very attractive Salary,
free vehicle for company use, plus free house, lights and water, with 21
working days leave p/a. Genuine applications only please
Phone 011 608 782 or 308960, or email
(ad inserted 09 September 2003)

A General Manager is wanted in Chalala, Kariba to start work immediately.
Skills to include:

1. diesel mechanic,
2. must be a hard worker,
3. is familiar with boats and equipment,
4. good at labour relations,
5. preferably married as social life is limited.

A 3-bedroomed cottage is offered for accommodation.

Salary is substantial but negotiable.

Please contact 061 2523 or 011 715 425 for further information.



(ad inserted 16 September 2003)


A farm manager / assistant for a horticultural project situated 25 km from
Please contact Mr. P. Buchan on



(ad inserted 13 August 2003)


Barwick School is situated in the peaceful countryside of Mutoroshanga
about 100km north of Harare. The school itself faces the beautiful hills of
the Great Dyke and surrounded by the Caeser mining village and Barwick
farming community.

We require the services of a matron, as of the Third Term preferably
someone who has nursing experience and who has a lot of drive, to look
after the Grade 5----7 and maintain law and order in the top hostels.
Please contact the Headmaster on phone no:066-8-285/091345352 or



(ad inserted 29 September 2003)


Please contact: for further details



Tobacco managers wanted in Malawi: 2003/4 seasons 100ha Flue cured 100ha
Maize African tobacco managers of Malawian extraction wanting to relocate
with costs paid and paper work facilities. Malawian Passport Holders will
obviously be given preference. Respond to JAG's email address and we will



(ad inserted 19 August 2003)

A cellular company is looking for a Manager for their operations in
Nigeria.  This post would suit a single male with no children between the
ages of 30-40.  This is a hostile business environment so it requires
someone of tough character and with good business acumen as well as the
ability to manage himself.

The salary is payable is USD with two home return trips per year.
Accommodation is provided as well as the use of a company car and driver.
Further details provided on application to the candidates who fit the
company's criteria.

Applicants to email their most current cv and a brief description of one's
capabilities to Barbara Taylor at this address:  Or
apply in writing to Box MP 1270, Mount Pleasant, Harare.


(ad inserted 08 September 2003)

I have been in Uganda for the last six weeks. Whilst there, I met a Ugandan
who is a lawyer by profession, who owns three pieces of land and who is
looking for someone to run farming operations for him. He has 800 acres
between Entebbe and Kampala, where he is doing maize and cattle and two
other properties of 10 square miles and two square miles respectively, both
with potential for irrigation if necessary.

Should you know of anyone who might be interested, I would ask that they
send responses to the Ugandan email address for more information:

(ad inserted 01 October 2003)

Vegetable and fruit grower supplying large supermarket chain from
developing irrigated Copperbelt Farm requires a suitably qualified hands-on
Assistant.  Married or single.  Wife could assist in office.  Some
experience with seeding growing an advantage.
Excellent free housing and services paid, and vehicle provided.  Salary
Please reply email
Fax: Zambia +260 2 210468
Tel: Zambia +260 96 990096


(ad inserted 09 September 2003)

Mechanical Engineer required for a large engineering firm in Lusaka.  All
enquiries contact Diego Casilli in Lusaka on or


(ad inserted 08 August 2003)

For Attn of Mr Richard Tigner

Dear Mr Tigner,

I am contacting you in response to information given to me, and subsequent
to a conversation with Mr John Hanley of the University of Exeter.

We understand that you have a dairy scheme for which you are looking for
farmers who may wish to participate, and that there have been various trips
to Europe to recruit farmers to become engaged in the project.

I understand also that you have been looking for people with the funds to
invest in the opportunity as well.

You may also be aware that there is a particularly difficult situation in
Zimbabwe (Southern Africa) where the Govt of the day has forced 85% of the
former farmers off their land and as a result has all but destroyed the
farming industry.

As a charity, the Zimbabwe Agricultural Welfare Trust is well connected
with many of those deposed farmers, and it may well be that some may be
interested in opportunities you may offer. Some may have funds they could
invest, but others would be looking for any kind of opportunity.

Please would you get back to me with any details you may have that could be
of some interest to these farmers.

I am copying this email to the Justice for Agriculture Team in Zimbabwe and
I would ask that when you reply to me, you copy your reply to them.

Thank you for your help.
Yours aye,

James Maberly
Chairman, Zimbabwe Agricultural Welfare Trust
Dear Mr Maberly,

I am a farm management specialist with Iowa State University, a land grant
university established in the mid-1800's.  Iowa is an important part of the
US dairy industry, producing just under 3% of the total US milk, number 9
in total milk processed and number 12 in milk produced per cow.

New dairy farmers would find available feed and dairy production
facilities.  Some local crop farmers have also indicated they are ready to
sell land for construction of a dairy facility, sell the dairy producer
feed and use the manure produced on the dairy for crop production.  We have
begun working with some Dutch farmers in moving to the US since they have
limited opportunities there, but for different reasons.

The most difficult part of the process of developing a dairy here is the
immigration process; at this time an exemption has been applied for to the
US government's immigration service that may make immigration easier.
There are some financial investment requirements for one visa type that may
be eased.  There is another visa type that does not put the immigrant on a
citizenship track.  An application for citizenship could take place at some
other time however.

It is possible that we may assist the farmers you are in contact with, but
additional information about there needs, financial resources, skills and
goals than I currently have.  Please respond to this email at your
convenience.  Thank you.

For the latest listings of accommodation available for farmers, contact (updated 1 October 2003)

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Poaching threatens Zimbabwe wildlife

Barnaby Phillips
BBC Southern Africa correspondent

There is a war raging in the Zimbabwean bush and the wildlife is losing.
Eighty per cent of the animals have been killed

Poaching of wild animals on the formerly white-owned ranches is out of control.

"We estimate that 80% of the animals that lived on commercial game farms have been killed in the past three years," says one expert.

Hundreds of ranches have been taken over by settlers and so-called war veterans.

In the dry bush country of the Gwayi Valley, anti-poaching patrols are overwhelmed.

Every day they find animals that have stumbled into wire snares and are suffocating to death.

Endangered species

Much of the poaching is at a subsistence level; desperate people looking for something to eat in a country that is running out of food.

But the poachers' snares kill indiscriminately; trapping valuable animals like the sable antelope, which if hunted legally, would earn Zimbabwe many thousands of dollars.
Zimbabwe veterans
Zimbabwe war veterans have taken over hundreds of ranches

In the Gwayi Valley endangered species like the African wild dog have also been killed.

"The animals have no chance now - there are snares everywhere, and the poachers are killing much more than they can possibly eat," one wildlife rancher told me.

He said that his anti-poaching patrols often come across large animals like buffaloes that have simply been left to rot in a snare.

"It is a terrible waste of a precious resource," he said.

Safari camps

I was driven on to what was, until recently, one of Zimbabwe's most successful wildlife ranches - the former owner was forced off the land in July.

"This has been our home for 44 years," he told me, "but if the war vets see me here now they might try and shoot me."

The network of safari camps on the huge estate have been taken over by settlers and war vets; we did not feel it was safe to approach them.

There is a lot more at stake here than animal welfare, or the conservation of endangered species.

The safari and wildlife industry was one of the most successful sectors of the Zimbabwean economy, employing tens of thousands of people.

Over the past two decades ranchers in southern Zimbabwe restocked vast areas of bush with wildlife.

"This is the most profitable way to use this land - you cannot grow crops on this soil," one game farmer told me.


But as Zimbabwe's political and economic problems have worsened, tourism has collapsed and thousands of jobs have been lost.

Buffaloes have not been spared by the poachers
I stayed in one of Zimbabwe's best game lodges, close to its most famous national park - it was a sad, strange experience.

The lodge was almost completely deserted.

The staff put on a brave face; dutifully polishing the windows, tending the garden and cleaning the swimming pool.

But there was no mistaking their sense of despair.

In Zimbabwe's climate of fear, few people want to give their names to foreign journalists but I did meet one man who used to work in the safari industry as a tracker and driver.

"I am very worried about my future, because without a job how can I keep my children at school?" he said, in a low depressed voice.

"Maybe I will try and go to South Africa, it cannot be worse than here".

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The Star

      Zim might respond to 'carrot and stick'
      October 2, 2003

      By Lindsey Arkley

      Melbourne - The pope and the head of the Anglican Church have given
their support to a new bid to help achieve a settlement to the political and
humanitarian crisis in Zimbabwe.

      In an interview during a visit to Australia, the Anglican Archbishop
of Cape Town, Njongonkulu Ndungane, revealed that he and the Catholic
Archbishop of Nairobi, Ndingi Mwana A'Nzeki, had been appointed joint

      Ndungane said he and Ndingi had held talks by phone on how to
encourage dialogue between the government of President Robert Mugabe and the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). However, recent plans to go
to Zimbabwe for an initial mediation session had been cancelled.

      "We do still intend to make a visit (to Harare) together at an
appropriate time, when the local churches determine it is right for us to

      The mediation plan follows a visit by Ndungane to Harare in February,
when he held talks with Mugabe, the MDC and local church leaders.

      "I had consistently received messages from various people in South
Africa, and also people from Zimbabwe, who kept on saying the church has let
us down, and yet it will be the church that will take us out of this
quagmire," he said.

      "But I think that what actually made me pick up the phone and seek an
appointment is the humanitarian crisis."

      All participants in the February talks had agreed that Zimbabwe's
problems could be resolved only through negotiation and dialogue, and he had
been invited to play an active mediation role.

      "I think what my visit did was create a position for the churches in
Zimbabwe to begin lobbying the political parties so they could come to the

      "I am also greatly encouraged that in this initiative I have the
support both of the Archbishop of Canterbury (Rowan Williams) and the Holy
Father, Pope John Paul II," said Ndungane.

      Reaching a resolution to the Zimbabwe crisis would require a "carrot
and stick" approach, Ndungane suggested.

      "It depends what the carrot is, and it depends what the stick is, but
in my position as mediator I am not able to prescribe what they should be,"
he said.

      Land ownership was not the basis to the Zimbabwean crisis. "That's
what President Mugabe says, but there are other issues there - the whole
question of human rights, hunger relief, and long-term political and
economic arrangements. I think it is all tied together," he said.

      One major aim of his visit to Australia would be to raise awareness of
the extent of the HIV/Aids pandemic.
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      ZANU PF split over Zvobgo

      Brian Mangwende Acting News Editor
      10/2/2003 7:56:41 AM (GMT +2)

      ZANU PF, going through a crisis of confidence has, for fear of
sparking off a political storm, granted a stay of execution to its enigmatic
key member Eddison Zvobgo, scheduled to have been hauled before a
disciplinary hearing for allegedly decampaigning President Robert Mugabe in
the last presidential election.

      The latest twist to the Zvobgo saga threatens to split the ruling
party amid niggling disappointment among those miffed at ZANU PF’s failure
to discipline its Masvingo strongman.

      There are several party members who thought they had Zvobgo on the
ropes and wanted his head on the stick.

      Zvobgo, the brusque and sometimes cryptic communicator who has been
called many things by political phraseologists has, during his illustrious
political career, had his fair share of problems with some of his colleagues
in ZANU PF who are increasingly wary of what they consider his fading
commitment to the cause of the ruling party.

      Party officials who indicated that the issue could be water under the
bridge, were this week unanimous that proceeding with the hearing could not
only be a gross error of judgment on the part of ZANU PF but would also be a
monument to its political ineptitude, particularly at this irksome moment in
the face of the death of Vice President Simon Muzenda.

      Even though Zvobgo was seemingly balancing on a political knife-edge,
the ruling party would be shooting itself in the foot if it dragged him to a
disciplinary hearing especially at a time when the party was riven by
factionalism in Masvingo. Zvobgo would have been expelled from the party if
found guilty.

      The move would also work against the ruling party in its quest to
retain the Gutu North seat, they said.

      The seat fell vacant after the death of Muzenda last week. The veteran
politician and ZANU PF chief strategist Muzenda, 81, died a fortnight ago at
Parirenyatwa Hospital, Harare, of an undisclosed ailment. His death has
re-vitalised power struggles in Masvingo province where he was the party’s
provincial godfather. This has tended to accelerate jockeying for President
Mugabe’s position as it emerged that whoever takes over from the late head
of state’s confidante could be the chosen successor to the political hot

      Retired Chief Air Marshal Josiah Tungamirai strongly warned that it
would be dangerous to expel the Masvingo South legislator from the ruling
party as the ripple effect could spell doom for ZANU PF in that province.

      "It’s very dangerous to expel Zvobgo as this may divide the province,"
Tungamirai said. "We saw that when we expelled Edgar Tekere from the party.
He went out there and formed his own political party, which gave us
sleepless nights. We saw the dangers in that and if we want to keep our
party intact we need to be more tactful and not expel people willy-nilly."

      Tekere, a firebrand who at one time had Zimbabweans eating from his
hands, has since been condemned to the political wilderness although it has
since been suggested and not denied that the increasingly unpopular ZANU PF
is frantically trying to lure back the maverick politician to shore up its
waning support.

      "It would be detrimental to bring Zvobgo in front of a disciplinary
hearing because we may lose the much-needed support he enjoys in Masvingo,"
said a senior party official who refused to be named but indicated that
pushing the hearing could finally be the lever that prises apart the party’s
fragile harmony, especially in Masvingo province.

      "It’s untimely taking into consideration the death of our gallant
fighter for liberation Vice President Muzenda who was the strongman in the
province. Unless the party wants to be careless and test the waters then
they would try him. But be rest assured ZANU PF supporters in Masvingo will
not take it lightly. The party should just let it go and concentrate on
keeping the province together and retaining the Gutu North seat."

      Last week, President Mugabe urged in the strongest possible terms the
ZANU PF leadership in Masvingo not to let his lieutenant’s death further
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      divide them but instead do everything possible to make sure that the
ruling party does not lose its grip on the province.

      Zvobgo, whose hearing was meant to have kicked off two weeks ago but
failed because he was out of the country, has since dismissed the
allegations levelled against him, saying it was the work of detractors
within ZANU PF wishing to see him expelled from the party on trumped up

      ZANU PF’s national chairman and head of the disciplinary committee,
John Nkomo, told this newspaper that a new date was yet to be set for Zvobgo
’s hearing. Without giving reasons, Nkomo said: "We have not set a new date

      This comes against a background of rife speculation that Commander of
the Defence Forces,Vitalis Zvinavashe, who has reportedly indicated his
intentions to retire in the past, is now set to leave the army in December
and embark on a new political career laid before him.

      Zvinavashe caused havoc and panic within the opposition MDC last year
when he publicly announced that the uniformed forces would not salute any
leader without war credentials ahead of the March 2002 presidential election
controversially won by President Mugabe.

      The army boss is tipped to take over from Muzenda as the godfather of
Masvingo province, but is likely to meet stiff resistance from Tungamirai, a
founder member of ZANU PF who belonged to the ruling party’s liberation war
council Dare re Chimurenga.

      "To be a godfather you need to be in the party structures which start
at cell level all the way up to the politburo. I am aware that Zvinavashe
was a member of the central committee by virtue of his position in the army,
but I am unaware of his current position in the party structures. He rarely
attended central committee meetings," said the highly respected Tungamirai.

      "To be a provincial leader, you need to be built by the province.
However, the President can appoint a person to the politburo and that can
happen either during our congresses or annual conferences, but I don’t
believe that will happen. But it will emerge soon anyway who will fill in
the late vice president’s shoes in Masvingo. We are still mourning Muzenda."

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      ZBC suspends two staffers over Muzenda

      Staff Reporter
      10/2/2003 7:58:37 AM (GMT +2)

      THE Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) last week suspended two
heads of department over the manner in which the corporation handled the
death of Vice-President Simon Muzenda.

      Sources at Pockets Hills told The Financial Gazette that Susan Makore,
acting head of Radio and Television Services and Douglas Dhliwayo, head of
Production Services were suspended for the cavalier manner in which the
corporation allegedly treated Muzenda’s death.

      "After the President had announced the death of Vice President
Muzenda, ZTV and radio stations did not immediately switch to solemn
programmes and music," one ZBC staffer said. "This is what led to their

      Other charges against the two stemmed from the poor production quality
of the recently-held Miss Malaika beauty pageant, which influential
political wire-pullers running the corporation blamed squarely on the two.

      ZBC spokesperson Loveness Chikozho yesterday flatly denied that there
had been any suspensions at the corporation.

      "It’s actually news to everyone here," Chikozho said. "The two people
whom you are referring to were here through- out the whole of last week and
they are at work right now."

      Dhliwayo refused to comment while Makore could not be reached for

      Sources said the two are expected to submit written explanations
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      ZANU PF rolls up sleeves over Abuja

      Staff Reporter
      10/2/2003 8:00:29 AM (GMT +2)

      THE ruling ZANU PF, dumbfounded by the government’s impeding exclusion
from the Commonwealth Club meeting to be held in December, is spoiling for a
fight should the final outcome further ostracise President Robert Mugabe’s
embattled government.

      With hopes for its re-admission into the powerful 54-member grouping
fast evaporating, President Mugabe’s ruling ZANU PF is now banking on a
change of heart on the part of Nigeria and support from neighbouring South

      South Africa and Nigeria are however, slowly giving up on President
Mugabe’s government because of its failure to stick to agreed positions.

      Commonwealth foreign ministers from Botswana, Malta, India,
Bangladesh, Bahamas, Samoa, Nigeria and Australia hinted recently that
Zimbabwe’s chances of gaining re-admission into the club at the meeting to
be held in Abuja, Nigeria were slim.

      Gbenga Ashiru, a Nigerian government official, weighed in two weeks
ago when he said both Zimbabwe and Pakistan remained barred from the summit.

      But ZANU PF’s national spokesman, Nathan Shamuyarira, remained hopeful
this week that the outcome could turn out in favour of the embattled

      "There is still light at the end of the day because a concrete
decision has not yet been made on Zimbabwe. At the moment it’s all

      "When they make a definite statement, we will definitely respond, but
at the moment it’s still too early. Let them come up with a definite stance
first," Shumayarira said.

      Analysts said ZANU PF was already itching for a fight as it has done
in the past. The ruling party is known for issuing strongly-worded
statements whenever its interests are threatened.

      South Africa, Zimbabwe’s long time ally, has shifted its position of
quiet diplomacy and deserted its northern neighbour, giving in to Nigeria’s
decision to exclude President Mugabe from the summit.

      President Thabo Mbeki’s spokesman, Bheki Khumalo, told The Financial
Gazette last week that his government would not lobby for Zimbabwe’s

      "There is no need to lobby anyone. Whatever conclusions the Nigerians
make, we will respect."

      The shift in South Africa’s position comes against the backdrop of a
police clampdown on Zimbabwe’s only privately-owned daily newspaper, The
Daily News and its recently launched sister paper, The Daily News on Sunday,
whose office equipment worth millions of dollars was confiscated.

      Zimbabwe was suspended from the club of former British colonies in
March last year for violating the 1991 Harare Declaration on human rights,
rule of law and principles of democracy.

      The suspension was extended to December 2003 when Commonwealth leaders
would converge in Nigeria to decide on Zimbabwe’s re-admission into the

      Australia has championed a campaign to ban President Mugabe from
attending the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Abuja, saying the
government’s actions were an obstacle to the return of democracy in the
country where millions of people are facing starvation.
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      MDC backtracks on talks ultimatum

      Staff Reporter
      10/2/2003 8:01:04 AM (GMT +2)

      THE Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) this week backtracked on an
ultimatum it reportedly issued to get ZANU PF into negotiations for a
political settlement in what could be an indication that the party had no
action plan after the deadline.

      MDC’s national spokesman Paul Themba Nyathi and the MDC leader Morgan
Tsvangirai’s spokesman William Bango denied the MDC leader gave ZANU PF up
to October 1 to return to the negotiating table or risk unspecified action.

      Bango and Nyathi were refuting a statement attributed to Tsvangirai on
25 August 2003.

      "If there are no formal talks by 1 October then the window of
opportunity, which we have opened, will be closed and we will shift our
focus on the presidential election challenge whose date of hearing is 3
November," The Daily New quoted Tsvangirai as saying.

      The MDC leader was further quoted saying his party would revisit mass
actions if there are no formal talks by the beginning of October to force
ZANU PF to the negotiating table.

      "We cannot be held to ransom for too long. If they are not prepared to
take advantage of this opportunity then we may have to close the window and
move ahead with other options," Tsvangirai was quoted as saying.

      Bango said he had unsuccessfully approached the newspaper requesting
for a correction. The MDC did not consider litigation seeing that the
newspaper concerned was the only medium that could reach out to its members.

      "He never issued an ultimatum. That’s a wrong interpretation of what
Tsvangirai said. I have got the rally on video and he never gave ZANU PF an
ultimatum. Tsvangirai never said that," Bango said.

      "In fact, he said if ZANU PF want him to withdraw the court challenge
against Mugabe before 3 November, a date set down for the hearing by the
court, there is a window of opportunity between that period and the hearing
date. This is simply because it would be difficult to be engaging in talks
and at the same time meeting Mugabe in court over his legitimacy."

      Constitutional law expert and political analyst Lovemore Madhuku said
it would be unfair for the MDC to shift blame at the moment.

      "The MDC had a number of occasions to correct the statement because
The Daily News was not the only avenue to do that," Madhuku said.

      "A number of statements came up as a result of the built-up on the
assumption that the story was correct. It’s probably a matter of the MDC
having changed its mind without wanting to take responsibility for it. It’s
not the first time they have made statements which do not materialise and
people are beginning to notice this. I don’t believe The Daily News made an

      Heneri Dzinotyiwei, a political commentator, said the MDC should be
more responsible and make statements they can follow through instead of
making empty threats.

      "In a climate where several developments are taking place, people who
are seriously active in politics need to think through issues before they
make statements," Dzinotyiwei said.

      "There is no doubt that the statement was made and not denied because
I think it would be an admission on the part of the MDC that there were no
concrete plans after the deadline. They have made statements in that past
that do not hold water. Instead of denying the statement they should simply
have just said the climate had changed positively. People should make
statements after serious consideration."
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      Liberation war veterans engage in new struggle

      Hama Saburi Deputy Editor-in-Chief
      10/2/2003 8:02:22 AM (GMT +2)

      VETERANS of the1970s war that brought Zimbabwe’s independence from
Britain in 1980 have now turned their guns into plough shares and are now
fighting yet another struggle — this time to empower themselves

      The "new revolution", which is complimentary to the nationwide
"indigenisation crusade," has catapulted army and police chiefs into
strategic economic sectors where some have scaled dizzy heights.

      Observers this week said the service chiefs are out-manoeuvring
renowned deal-makers to land their hands on lucrative deals offshore and on
the domestic scene.

      There are also accusations that some of them are using military-style
techniques to bulldoze their way through, a criticism that has left a
permanent mark on all empowerment exercises.

      Not all the service chiefs have been entirely successful. A number of
companies have been left to collapse after being stripped of their assets.

      Analysts said despite the harsh criticism, entry by veterans of the
liberation struggle into the mainstream economy had been commendable.

      "The development is like a carbon copy of what has also happened in
neighbouring South Africa where Cyril Ramaphosa and a few other fighters of
apartheid have become the bearers of black economic empowerment," said a
local analyst.

      Fifty-five-year-old retired air marshal Josiah Tungamirai was in the
news recently after breaking new ground in the entertainment industry.

      Tungamirai joined forces with gospel musician Elias Musakwa of
Ngavavongwe Records and Michael Chidziva, chairman of Tanaka Power to
acquire a controlling stake in Gramma Records and the Zimbabwe Music
Corporation (ZMC).

      The transaction, estimated at $2 billion, has the effect of localising
Gramma Records and ZMC’s ownership, making the renowned military supremo and
his colleagues major players in the entertainment industry.

      Tungamirai is also an alternate director of the Zimbabwe Stock
Exchange-listed Bindura Nickel Corporation Limited.

      Former ZANLA chief, retired general Solomon Mujuru, has also been
making waves in the business world since his retirement from active service
in the mid-1990s.

      Mujuru (54), who is rumoured to be a key power broker in President
Mugabe’s succession debate, has become a major player in the mining

      His purchase of a significant stake in the Zimbabwe Mining and
Smelting Company, though not confirmed, has made the feared guerrilla leader
one of the leading regional exporters of ferrochrome.
      Colonel Tshinga Dube has also managed to steer the Zimbabwe Defence
Industries through hard times.

      Airforce of Zimbabwe commander Perence Shiri and police commissioner
Augustine Chihuri, although their business interests are unknown, have also
done well in farming.

      Analysts said the service chiefs had shown diversity by going into
other sectors rather than investing in the defence industry like what
distinguished former Zimbabwe army colonel Lionel Dyke has done with his
land mine clearance company — Mine Tech.

      "Entrepreneurship is not about possessing the necessary skills to run
a company, but ambition and dreams. What is important is to turn these
dreams into reality," said a local analyst Gibson Maunganidze.

      Most of the war veterans, said analysts, had a vision to penetrate
sectors that were dominated by the whites but they have not been so
successful 23 years after independence because of lack of finance and

      The majority tried their luck in farming, thanks to President Mugabe’s
controversial land reform, which has since reduced the once robust economy
into a basket case.

      In the telecommunications sector, Daniel Shumba, a former military
man, is on the verge of ending the former Posts and Telecommunications
Corporation’s monopoly in the fixed telephone network.

      Shumba, was last year awarded the first licence to operate a fixed
telephone network after about two years of waiting. Shumba also owns one of
the largest information technology companies in Zimbabwe, Systems Technology
and the low profile Kings Haven Hotel in Avondale.

      Chemist Siziba, another fighter of the liberation struggle, became one
of the first blacks to succeed in the telecommunications sector through his
Cosmos Cellular, which is now fighting a bitter wrangle with the state-owned
Net*One over the cancellation of its dealership licence.

      Ethan Mathebela of the militant Affirmative Action Group said the
success of a few war veterans should not be misconstrued as that of the
entire battalion that fought against white settler rule.

      "The majority of war veterans are still far below, but politically,
yes, they may be at the forefront. The success of blacks takes a collective
effort rather than individual effort," he said.

      Mathebela said war veterans missed an opportunity in the early 1990
when they blew up $50 000 gratuities received from the state.

      He said: "Collectively, we could have bought a chunk of shares from
multinationals, but we didn’t. Some spent the money recklessly by boarding
taxis from Harare to Mutorashanga and in drinking sprees."

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      Siege on ANZ robs group of $720mln

      Brian Mangwende Acting News Editor
      10/2/2003 8:02:57 AM (GMT +2)

      THE government-orchestrated siege on the Associated Newspapers of
Zimbabwe (ANZ), publishers of The Daily News and The Daily News on Sunday,
has robbed the group of at least $720 million revenue a month apart from
further damaging the country’s tattered human rights reputation or what was
left of it.

      The two titles published by the five-year-old ANZ have not been on the
streets since September 13 after the police besieged its offices the
previous day following a Supreme Court ruling on September 11 that declared
its operations illegal.

      Analysts said the closure of Zimbabwe’s only surviving privately-owned
daily newspaper and its weekly sister further battered the country’s already
tainted image and denied the nation of more than 13 million people of an
alternative voice.

      Zimbabwe, whose top leadership was slapped with sanctions at the
height of the bloody farm invasions in 2000, needed nothing short of
sobering news to shove its disintegrating economy, now in its fourth year of
a recession, out of the woods.

      The closure of The Daily News and The Daily News on Sunday that came a
day after the Supreme Court ruling and aptly referred to across the globe as
the death of press freedom in Zimbabwe, has been met with strong
condemnation even among the ruling ZANU PF’s thinning friends.

      Media critics said the way the police reacted to Justice Godfrey
Chidyausiku’s ruling could deal a heavy blow to the government’s chances of
re-admission into the 54-member Commonwealth Club.

      President Mugabe’s government has already been sidelined at a
Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting scheduled for Abuja, Nigeria, in
December in what could be a construction of walls between Zimbabwe and other
African countries that were seeking solutions to the local political crisis.

      So far, the police have confiscated ANZ equipment worth billions of
dollars. Five ANZ directors have been arrested for allegedly violating
Section 72 of the draconian Access to Information and Protection of Privacy
Act (AIPPA) by operating a media house without registration and 15
journalists from ANZ have also been charged for operating without

      Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena said the police were keen to
question Strive Masiyiwa, ANZ’s majority shareholder.

      Analysts said the closure of the ANZ has also shaken downstream and
upstream industries that were dependent on the ANZ. For example, it has had
the effect of cutting newsprint and stationary supplies. The impact will rub
off onto the suppliers of ink and chemicals.

      The closure has also thrown into doubt the future of about 1 300
workers employed by the ANZ, among them journalists, advertising sales
representatives, printers, newspaper vendors and other supporting staff.

      ANZ director of corporate affairs Gugulethu Moyo said the loss of
revenue to the group was substantial. At $300 per copy, the group would push
about 70 000 copies onto the streets daily, raking in over $21 million in

      An estimated $30 million was earned from advertising support, while
Internet advertising brought in hundreds of thousands of dollars.

      The closure has, however, come as a salvation to the struggling
Zimbabwe Newspapers (1980) Limited (Zimpapers) whose recent editorials spoke
of a relieved newspaper group.

      The government-run Zimpapers, publishers of The Herald, The Sunday
Mail and six other titles, has struggled to make meaningful sales owing to
an editorial slant hostile to the urban readership and competition from The
Daily News.

      Analysts said The Herald, which rides on its strength in classified
advertisement and sports reporting, could soon realise that the benefits
were short-term should The Daily News bounce back soon.

      "ANZ now has a lot of sympathy because of the lean spell they have
been going through, which may work in its favour once it starts operating,"
said a local analyst.

      Tafataona Mahoso, head of the Media Information Commission (MIC) stuck
to his guns, saying his commission was abiding by the law in refusing to
register ANZ and argued that it was the publication that disregarded the
rule of law with a desire to operate illegally.

      "The Supreme Court ruled against a most dangerous and inconsistent
doctrine propounded by the ANZ and their attorneys which purported to
flatter the judges as the constitutional court but would have destroyed the
independence and integrity of the same if it had succeeded," read a
statement issued by the Mahoso-led MIC last week.

      "In other words, in this trial the ANZ and their attorneys were in
fact assaulting the institution of the Constitutional Court itself, of
course after assaulting the Parliament, the Executive and the Media
Commission. The court found itself having to defend its constitutional role
and constitutional integrity in the face of cynical flatters."

      The United States government, increasingly critical of the boiling
political situation in Zimbabwe, said the ANZ’s closure and the subsequent
refusal by the MIC to register it was "a travesty and confirms the collapse
of freedom of the press and the rule of law in Zimbabwe".

      "The MIC, the government body that denied the newspaper’s application
to register, is a tool used by the government of Zimbabwe to attack
democracy, free speech, and political pluralism," the US State Department
said in a statement.

      "Along with the draconian Public Order and Security Act (POSA),
intimidating youth militias, and public officials who ignore court rulings
with impunity, these actions arising from the Orwellian AIPPA are the
Zimbabwean government’s latest tool to repress its population."

      The US government, accused by the ZANU PF regime of sponsoring the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), said it would continue to
support all Zimbabweans working to reestablish the rule of law and human
rights in Zimbabwe.

      "We will continue to work with key regional leaders, Zimbabwean civil
society, and others to press for needed political reforms and an end to
governmental repression," it said.

      ANZ is currently pursuing three court actions to get back on its

      Among these is the challenge to the constitutionality of the MIC.

      ANZ has also sought an order for the police to release its property in
terms of the order issued by Justice Yunus Omerjee. Judgment on the matter
was postponed to this week.

      The equipment, worth billions of dollars, was confiscated from the
newsrooms a day after the Supreme Court ruled that ANZ was operating outside
the law.

      Arnold Tsunga, the director of Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights
(ZLHR), said the confiscation of ANZ property was a serious violation of
both civil and criminal law of Zimbabwe as well as international human
rights law.

      Tsunga said: "The police have no right to act arbitrarily in the
enforcement of the law. They are not above the law. We are worried about the
police conduct and enthusiasm of taking advantage of the Supreme Court
ruling to pursue a malicious agenda against the ANZ and the right to freedom
of expression."

      Tsunga said the police action also exposes the government to potential
serious financial losses if the ANZ and people who lost substantial business
opportunities consequent to the failure of ANZ to operate decide to sue the

      "More sadly, the police conduct unfortunately provides ample evidence
that the rule of law is far from being restored in Zimbabwe and the country
has no desire to comply with its obligations in terms of the Commonwealth
principles as well as other international human rights instruments that it
has signed and ratified," said Tsunga.
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      Mugabe gives glimmer of hope for talks

      Cyril Zenda
      10/2/2003 8:03:30 AM (GMT +2)

      PRESIDENT Robert Mugab?s conciliatory speech towards the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) at the burial of Vice President Simon
Muzenda last week could provide a rare "window of opportunity" for dialogue
between the ruling ZANU PF and the opposition, observers said this week.

      The observers, who were unanimous that continued intransigence between
the two parties was tantamount to continuously digging when the country was
already in a deep hole, said if President Mugabe meant what he said in his
graveside speech at the Heroes’ Acre, this could provide an opportunity to
resuscitate the much-needed dialogue to end feuding between the two parties
and save the country from total collapse.

      The talks between ZANU PF and the MDC, which many hoped would soothe
the economy’s running sore, were put in the deep freeze a couple of months
ago despite efforts by influential African leaders to find a negotiated
settlement to the Zimbabwean crisis.

      There was no keen appetite for negotiations, particularly from ZANU
PF, which accused the MDC of being a Western creation meant to effect regime
change in the country.

      "I think it’s good that he is offering a hand and we need to see how
the opposition will respond," said University of Zimbabwe lecturer Heneri
Dzinotyiwei. "I think the opposition should take advantage of this to open
discussions with ZANU PF. After what the President said, they don’t have to
wait for ZANU PF to start dialogue," he said of President Mugabe’s speech
which was cautiously welcomed by ordinary Zimbabweans who have been feeling
the sharpest edge of the knife under the accelerating economic melt-down.

      In his address at the Heroes Acre, President Mugabe — known for
seizing every opportunity to take potshots at the opposition whom he has
always accused of pushing an imperialistic agenda — took everyone by
surprise when he warmly welcomed the MDC leadership.

      In a speech uncharacteristic of him, Mugabe said: "To our MDC friends
I say welcome. You are Zimbabweans and you eat the same sadza we eat. We all
eat matumbu embudzi. Tinoada zvikuru and you also eat what we eat . . . we
are sons of the soil together and as sons of the soil, we should behave like
sons of the soil. We should resolve our problems internally, not to invite
outsiders for solutions . . . the journey is long and we have only done 23
years of it . . . we are yet to move on."

      And towards the end of his speech, he urged the MDC to work together
with ZANU PF and the government in nation building instead of mobilising the
international community to impose sanctions on Zimbabwe.

      He appeared different from the President Mugabe who, on Heroes’ Day,
poured cold water on the prospects of fruitful dialogue between the country’
s two main political parties when he vowed that no talks were going to take
place "unless these enemies of Zimbabwe repented".

      Agyeman-Duah Baffour of the Ghana Centre for Democratic Development
said President Mugabe’s position was very encouraging to efforts to finding
a solution to the crisis in Zimbabwe.

      "Mr Mugabe’s comments, if sincere, mark a major turn-point in the
needless political conundrum in Zimbabwe," Baffour said. "Many observers
have noted long ago that dialogue and compromise between ZANU PF and the MDC
are key to resolving the crisis. It is heartening that Mr Mugabe has at long
last recognised this and is calling on Zimbabweans with common values but
divided by politics to find common solutions."

      University of Zimbabwe political science lecturer, Joseph Kurebwa,
said it was possible that President Mugabe meant what he said when he
invited the opposition to dialogue because he could be realising the urgent
need for finding solutions to the problems the country’s is facing.

      He, however, said President Mugabe’s speech could have been prompted
by the desire to endear himself to Commonwealth countries ahead of the Abuja

      "There is also a possibility that he was only saying it so that he can
be seen by Commonwealth countries as wooing the opposition," Kurebwa said.

      The Commonwealth meeting will take place in December and Zimbabwe,
which is suspended from the 54-nation club, had until this week not been
invited amid reports that chances of the crisis-hit southern African country
being a participant are getting slimmer.

      Some cynics said the euphonious speech could have been crafted more to
impress some of the foreign dignitaries who attended Muzenda’s burial than
to precipitate the long-stalled inter-party talks. About half a dozen
representatives from African countries — mainly vice presidents — attended
the event.

      Baffour said while President Mugabe’s remarks were encouraging and
even soothing, he must take the first steps to demonstrate his sudden change
of attitude. "For instance, he should call a national meeting of all
political parties and other stakeholders where a new national agenda for
peace and progress should be discussed. Also, all politically-motivated
court trials should be terminated."

      He said such immediate measures would demonstrate President Mugabe’s
change of heart in no uncertain terms, otherwise, most observers would not
take him seriously.

      Kurebwa said this could be an opportune time for dialogue between the
two parties especially when ZANU PF is showing willingness to participate.

      "ZANU PF feels more secure and stronger now than it was just after the
presidential elections. Because of this it will make sure that the dialogue
takes place under its own terms."
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      Face right direction

      10/2/2003 8:06:19 AM (GMT +2)

      PRESIDENT Robert Mugabe, whose party has been digging in its heels
over a negotiated settlement to the Zimbabwean crisis, last week toned down
his rhetoric and did something close to a volte-face, making some
conciliatory remarks as regards ZANU PF’s position on the issue.

      His sentiments lifted some of the clouds that have weighed heavily on
the prospects for the resumption of the long-stalled but crucial talks with
the Movement for Democratic Change. Like Mother Theresa would have said,
President Mugabe’s words might have been short and easy to speak, but their
echoes are truly endless.

      This is a welcome development considering that there has not been a
keen appetite for talks especially from ZANU PF, which has not been able to
say exactly what is holding back progress on the talks meant to bring an end
to the country’s deep-seated crisis.

      In fact the momentum set earlier on had since fizzled out until
President Mugabe’s remarks last week rekindled a flicker of hope over the
resumption of the still-born talks.

      Much as it is true that politicians say one thing in public and the
very opposite in private, we do not, for what it is worth, doubt his

      Having said that, we feel that gears should have been immediately
engaged towards the resumption of talks because no words are worth their
weight in gold unless they prod us into doing something. ZANU PF, which is
the ruling party and should therefore take the blame for the economic crisis
because the situation in Zimbabwe today is the result of the decisions and
actions taken by those in power, has previously insisted, without being
specific, that certain obstacles should be cleared before the resumption of

      But then, nothing will ever be attempted if all possible objections
must first be overcome. It was therefore high time they realised that a
difference for the better for the long suffering Zimbabweans is only a
decision away.

      We take cognisance of the fact that the situation obtaining in
Zimbabwe today does not in any way lend itself to a quick fix solution, but
mending fences between the sometimes violent political divide will gain us a
measure of acceptance by the international community, which has seemingly
been sitting on the fence having adopted a wait-and-see attitude over

      Literally speaking, no country is an island and Zimbabwe cannot afford
to remain ostracised by the international community. We need their support
to put a fresh heart into the stricken economy which might take years to

      Unless we put our house in order and reduce the political risk that
has tended to shoo away investors, these investors will continue sitting on
their hands and their appetite for risk will not return until there is at
least a semblance of political stability in the country.

      Otherwise Zimbabwe risks remaining in the grips of economic collapse
which can only be turned around by tough remedial action. We have to accept
that as the situation stands right now, we are facing the wrong direction
and it is high time we faced the right one.
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      ZANU PF-led race-agitation must be rejected

      10/2/2003 8:17:16 AM (GMT +2)

      Zanu Pf's unelected mouthpiece suggested in an interview in Patrick
Bond's book entitled Zimbabwe's Plunge that they had tried socialism "but
enemies of the people fought against it".

      His proposed solution to Zimbabwe’s current economic woes is "a
land-driven socialism".

      The mouth-piece suggests that the mayhem we have seen in the last
three years constitutes this land-based socialism.

      In his view, anyone who says that this type of socialism does not work
"is an ignoramus".

      Now I am one of those people who believe in land reform, but I do not
believe that our recent politics of unpleasantness works.

      Perhaps those that believe otherwise are either dishonest or simply

      My position starts with the simple question: "What is true, when and
why?" Simply put, unless there is verifiable evidence, the proposition
should not be believed.

      The case for a developmental model with a bias towards human
development makes itself.

      The case for redistribution of resources and opportunities is
compelling. This redistribution process may take several interventions by
government either through law, policy directives, sanction/prohibition or

      Such interventions have three objectives, social integration,
political stability and economic development.

      Granted, socio-economic change maybe disruptive, but the basis for
recovery is written in the process of such change.

      In order to ascertain whether Zanu PF is steering the nation towards
an egalitarian model of development we have to do two things, namely: audit
the policy performance history and the content and process of its current
policy prescriptions.

      Last week, we demonstrated that there was a crude disparity between
Zanu PF rhetoric and practice.

      Harsher critics might characterise this as either ideological
prostitution or disintegration of purpose.

      The following examples serve to further demonstrate the duplicity in
Zanu PF:

      ESAP and its discontents

      There maybe debates about why we ended up with ESAP and whether we
could — at the time — have rejected its prescriptions.

      However, what is not in dispute is the zealous role played by Zanu PF’
s model (neo-liberal) missionaries and perhaps model mercenaries.

      The unelected mouthpiece suggested that it was the enemies of the
people who brought ESAP.

      Nathan Shamuyarira — just to follow this logic — identifies these

      At a meeting organised by the Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and
Development dubbed "From ESAP Back to Socialism: Assessing the Implications
of Price Controls", Shamuyarira gave the following insights, I quote:

      "I expressed serious reservations against ESAP during cabinet meetings
. . .

      "When cabinet accepted the ESAP programme, I predicted it would fail
and retard our economy . . .

      "However, I was bound by the decision of the majority and the
ill-fated programme was subsequently implemented."

      Zanu PF’s cabinet Ministers (the majority of them) are, therefore, the
enemies who, the unelected mouthpiece claims, fought against socialism and
for ESAP.

      If they were enemies of the people then, when did they change camp?

      Some of you may recall the spirited opposition by the ZCTU to ESAP.

      The Tsvangirayi-led labour body even went to the extent of drafting
"An Alternative to Esap". Were these, perhaps, the friends of the people? If
so, have they changed? ESAP’s only defenders were Zanu PF cabinet Ministers,
IMF/WB officials and Western diplomats. There may be many reasons why ESAP
failed such as its inherent contradictions, rent-seeking officials in
government and poor implementation. Zanu PF implemented and defended ESAP
with the same militancy it is defending the so-called land-based socialism.
When workers and students took to the streets in protest, the Zanu PF
leadership insisted that "Rambayi makashinga".

      And our socialist leaders were lining their pockets all the time! Some
argued that they were eating the fruits of independence. Now it looks like
they have consumed the tree as well!

      Relationship with the West

      During the 1980s and 1990s, we were shown several images of our
closeness to the empirial centre. You remember how our leader was competing
with the Queen in articulation and fluency.

      Many of you might recall the many visits by one Baroness Linda
Chalker? What about the inhumane cleansing rituals that preceded the Queen
of England’s visit?

      Do you recall how the urban homeless were rounded up by the socialist
government and dumped at Porta Farm? All because Her Majesty was not to be
burdened with the eyesore of landless and homeless blacks?

      Oh, I almost forgot, His Excellency was even knighted by Her Majesty’s
government! When then did this government stop playing harlot with the

      The land question

      From 1984 up to 2000, villagers from Chihwiti and Nyamatsitu communal
lands repeatedly invaded properties that the state had leased to white
commercial farmers. You may also recall the Mhondoro land invasions at a
farm leased from government.

      In each instance, the socialist government religiously evicted these
landless villagers using unbelievable amounts of force.

      ZimRights took the Chihwiti case to the High Court in 1996.

      Our land-socialist government burnt and destroyed property of these
poor landless peasants. Can you imagine?

      On November 30 1999, the Constitutional Commission, made up of the
entire Zanu PF cabinet and parliamentary representatives-submitted a draft
constitution to Mugabe.

      It argued that this draft represented the views of the people.

      The clauses dealing with rural land and land reform specifically
provided for a more generous compensation regime than had been the case
under the amended Lancaster House Constitution.

      Madhuku expressed alarm at this fact in a well argued article in this

      Following the Zanu PF congress in December 1999, the draft was altered
through the unelected mouthpiece’s 40 clarifications to the draft

      There is a story to be told here: these clarifications were published
in mid-January of 2000.

      This disproves claims that the draft constitution was opposed due to
its land provisions. So who is fooling who?

      Racism and white domination

      In 1992/3, students at the University of Zimbabwe mounted a series of
demonstrations demanding justice in the Richard G. McGown case. The father
of one of McGown’s victims — a Mr Khaminwa — joined them. They alleged
racism and, therefore, a need for decisive action by government.

      There are many arguments as to why McGown was treated like a sacred
cow. These range from an alleged conspiracy within the legal fraternity, to
political patronage and lack of expertise in our government.

      What is clear though is that the government typically avoided the race
arguments and opted for the less contentious professional negligence

      In 1994 the students at the UZ were at it again. This time around they
were invading social utilities either preserved for whites only or those
that they perceived as racist. The response of the government was to unleash
riot police on these students.

      Several government ministers called the student efforts misguided.

      In real terms, the government was unresponsive –if not violently
opposed- to any anti-racism initiative. They did not want anyone to rock the

      They were the biggest accomplices in continued white dominance in the
professions, the economy and sport.

      The only sympathy for these student efforts came from the Indigenous
Business Development Corporation (IBDC) and Affirmative Action Group (AAG).

      These are groups that had been set up by frustrated black
entrepreneurs because the government had- after 10 years of independence-
failed to come up with a coherent framework for black economic empowerment.

      Chemist Siziba, Masiyiwa, Kamushinda, Mucheche, Chanakira, Sithole,
Makoni, Vingirayi, Lupepe, Nyemba and many others are self-made

      Very few currently successful black entrepreneurs actually started off
with any help (direct or otherwise) from the current government.

      Zanu PF has sought to benefit from these individuals’

      In other words, our socialist government wants to reap where it did
not sow.

      Some of these entrepreneurs have become willing handmaids of the
system and are therefore part of the army of success alcoholics and tramps
milling around the corridors of power.

      To go back to my original point, Zanu PF has not made legislative
interventions that meaningfully contradict this position.

      It even tried to impede Masiyiwa and others from setting up.

      Very few pro-black prohibitions, incentives or even sanctions have
been seen in its policy process in the last 23 years.

      I can bet you these were not prohibited by the Lancaster House
Constitution. This is why we should reject any Zanu-led race-agitation for
want of sincerity.


      The alleged return to socialism based on radical land reform is,
therefore, an illusion.

      There maybe radicalism in race-based reconfiguration of land
ownership, but it is not a socialist radicality.It is simply black

      But was the manner in which the fast track programme unfolded good

      Certainly not, it destroyed the very basis of capitalist thinking,

      It took land out of the market place and made it such a precarious
commodity that very few financiers wish to invest in it.

      Is it, therefore, good socialism? Certainly not, because it destroyed
the very basis of any socialist system, namely collective ownership of the
means of production by the majority and working class.

      Socialism is based on the presumption of total equality, as opposed to
domination by cell-phone farmers, unelected ministers and military generals.
This is, therefore, poor capitalism dressed in socialist rhetoric.

       Brian Kagoro is a human rights lawyer and a political commentator.
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      IT sector threatened with collapse

      Givmore Nyanhi Staff Reporter
      10/2/2003 8:14:56 AM (GMT +2)

      ZIMBABWE’S information technology sector is at a cross- roads where it
faces possible collapse due to the acute shortage of foreign currency and
the excessive loss of skilled manpower spawned by the acute economic

      The industry, which is heavily dependent on imported equipment and
accessories, has been in reverse mode ever since Zimbabwe collapsed into a
recessionary heap about four years ago.

      Major players in the industry told The Financial Gazette this week
that the industry — touted as the fastest growing sector prior to 1997 — had
been weighed down by the excessive costs of importing products into Zimbabwe
against the background of shrinking disposable incomes.

      This comes at a time when the once robust agriculture-driven economy
has virtually given up on securing offshore lines of credit due to the
worsening country risk profile.

      Companies have also cut back on capital expenditure despite the
compelling need to invest in information technology.

      "The other problem the computer industry is facing is the loss of
qualified professionals. Qualified computer professionals are leaving the
country and it will be very difficult to attract them back.

      "We cannot compete with some of our neighbouring countries in terms of
salaries because our currency is absolutely vulnerable and as a result our
professionals go for greener pastures abroad," said Gary Ballard, the
chairman of the Computer Suppliers Association of Zimbabwe.

      "The exchange rate and the fact that we buy computers and computer
spares abroad has also contributed to the high computer prices."

      Before the "black Friday" of November 1997, which marked a turning
point in Zimbabwe’s economic fortunes, the information technology sector
appeared headed for a boom. Six years later, it now anchors the bottom of
the ladder after investors turned their backs on Zimbabwe at the height of
violent land seizures.

      Maxwell Mabika, a director at Innovative Computers and Networks, said
the industry was not getting foreign exchange on the formal market, hence
companies were surviving on buying expensive foreign exchange on the
parallel market.

      A number of companies have closed shop as a result and the remaining
ones are virtually operating on survival mode.

      Compulink managing director Max Gwangwadza said the hyperinflationary
environment and the requirement that exporters retain part of their earnings
at the official exchange rate has made the industry less competitive.

      "We are forced to remit about 50 percent of our earnings to the
government, which drastically affects the way we operate, the way we pay our
employees and ultimately the price tags of our computers," he said.
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      NEPAD: business wakes up from slumber

      Staff Reporter
      10/2/2003 8:21:18 AM (GMT +2)

      THE business community, which has remained largely ambivalent on the
New Economic Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), will depart from
its inaction and actively engage the government on the continental economic
blueprint, the Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries (CZI) president Anthony
Mandiwanza said.

      Addressing t a conference hosted by the Institute of Internal Auditors
Zimbabwe (IIA) held in Harare last week, the recently re-elected CZI
president said it was time for business to swing into action on NEPAD.

      "As business leaders, captains of industry and commerce, we are going
to be more proactive on NEPAD.

      "The tendency has always been to let other people formulate policies
that impact on the environment in which we operate, and then turn around and
complain when things go wrong," said Mandiwanza.

      Acting CZI chief executive Farai Zizhou last week said that the body
would actively pursue the NEPAD issue, among others, as it sought to remain

      Mandiwanza said involvement in NEPAD was just one of the issues that
the CZI would be presenting to the government.

      Both the government and business have remained largely non-committal
on the continental economic blueprint masterminded by presidents Thabo
Mbeki, Olusegun Obasanjo and Abdelaziz Bouteflika of South Africa, Nigeria
and Algeria.

      NEPAD was adopted as the continental body’s formal economic
development policy structure at last year’s summit of the African Union held
in South Africa. The blueprint, which has received a bit of funding, from
the United States and other G8 member states, has been slammed for what many
critics have argued were conditionalities designed to entrench the rich
countries’ hold on African economies.

      Also of great concern to most African governments is the peer review
mechanism within the NEPAD system, which entails the policing of aberrant
states in terms of economic policies, democracy and human rights issues.

      Mandiwanza said local business stood to lose if it remained on the
sidelines of the NEPAD structures and processes, hence the need to engage
the government with a view of charting the course as far as compliance and
participation is concerned.

      "The regional market continues to open up and staying competitive
there, when the local production costs are soaring at a rate of over 400
percent, presents a challenge and that’s where men are separated from boys,
but we need to ensure that we have the right sort of environment," he said.

      On the current exchange rate debate, Mandiwanza said although there
was a general clamour for a review of the exchange rate, it was also
important to take into cognisance the position of most local businesses that
are net importers whose operations would be hit by further devaluation of
the local currency. There was need to strike a delicate balance, he said.

      Industry has been expecting a review of the exchange rate, which was
first effected in February to incentivise exports by Finance minister,
Herbert Murerwa, who gave the promise of a quarterly review.
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      2004 budget: Same old story?

      Hama Saburi Deputy Editor-in-Chief
      10/2/2003 8:13:32 AM (GMT +2)

      THE Finance Ministry is wrapping up consultations for the 2004
national budget to be presented in mid-November with analysts predicting its
outcome may turn out to be the same old story of missed targets and
unfulfilled promises.

      The budget, which highlights the government’s sources of revenue and
how it intends to spend it, will be tabled barely two months after a shock
$672 billion supplementary budget sailed through parliament last month.

      A senior Finance Ministry official said consultations have been
completed, while meetings were underway with line ministries to discuss
their bids.

      Finance Minister Her-bert Murerwa would be like a captain navigating
without a compass because there is little information available to assist
him in planning, analysts said this week.

      For instance, the Agriculture Ministry is still to release sound
statistics on food requirements and projected crop output for next year,
while the Central Statistical Office stands accused of churning out outdated

      Failure to rein in parallel markets for foreign exchange, fuel, cash
and other basic commodities makes it difficult for the experienced finance
minister to predict how they will behave in the full 12 months.

      "Murerwa would have to be realistic in his budget to avoid coming up
with yet another supplementary vote next year," said a local analyst.

      Chaos in the agricultural sector demands that Murerwa introduce
contingent measures to bankroll the huge import bill resulting from
anticipated wheat and maize deficits.

      Farmers have admitted there is inadequate wheat to meet demand from
millers after the winter crop was affected by electricity load shedding,
shortage of inputs and uncertainty on the farms.

      Predictably so, there won’t be any reprieve on the shrinking fiscus,
as pressure would continue to build up on the need to subsidise loss-making
parastatals such as the Grain Marketing Board.

      The Cold Storage Company, which is saddled with a debt in the region
of $7 billion, would also require funding to build the national herd and
turn around the corner.

      With the restructuring of the National Oil Company of Zimbabwe,
National Railways of Zimbabwe and the Zimbabwe Iron and Steel Company on the
cards, billions of dollars would be required to see the programme through.

      Passing the full cost of services provided by the ailing parastatals
to the hard-pressed consumer may prove to be a political disaster to the
ruling ZANU PF, known for its pursuit of populist policies.

      Samuel Undenge, a trade economic consultant, told The Financial
Gazette this week that the major challenge facing the economy would be
controlling inflation, which hit 426.5 percent in August.

      Undenge said there was over-reliance on reining in inflation via
monetary policy while negating the influence of fiscal policy in the whole

      "It is now time to fully engage fiscal policy. There has been this
misunderstanding that inflation can be controlled by monetary policy alone.

      "Monetary policy has not delivered because it was not complemented by
fiscal policy.

      "For example, we talk of value addition yet there is no fiscal policy
to back it up. If one exports raw material today, he/she is rewarded at the
rate of $824 to the United States dollar. The same exchange rate applies to
finished products, which shows that there is no encouragement for value
addition," said Undenge.

      With poverty now affecting at least 75 percent of the population,
analysts said substantial resources would be required to ensure that social
service ministries are adequately equipped to cater for the rising number of
people needing assistance.

      The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare would also need funds to
fight the HIV/AIDS pandemic killing at least 2 000 people every week.

      Analysts said the government, which has a history of allocating the
biggest budget towards the Ministry of Defence, was unlikely to break the

      "Given the current pressures, I foresee the Defence Ministry still
getting priority as well as the Ministry of Home Affairs because the
authorities are in a corner and want to withstand external and internal
upheavals that may come by.

      "Education and health will be next followed by agriculture because
they (government) want to show that they are committed to agricultural
reform," said the analyst.

      As usual, Murerwa would be forced to further widen the tax brackets in
response to inflation, which has condemned over 75 percent of the population
to the ranks of poverty.

      A Harare economist said perennial supplementary budgets have put paid
to the whole point of budgeting, adding that Murerwa should be preoccupied
with creating cohesion between fiscal and monetary policies, which have been
operating at variance.

      He said the success of the budget was also dependent on the political
will to rein in expenditure.

      Economic pundits would be hoping that resources are earmarked towards
the capital budget, which has been lagging behind over the years.

      The fact that much of the resources have been going towards
consumption has not helped Zimbabwe in its efforts to revive industry.

      "I don’t foresee major surprises because the economy is shrinking.

      "It will be a very difficult budget to come up with," said another
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      Bickering pushes out ZFU director

      Zhean Gwaze
      10/2/2003 8:23:57 AM (GMT +2)

      THE director of the Zimbabwe Farmers Union (ZFU) Sylves-ter Tsikisayi
has resigned from the union in a huff after alleged clashes with the farmers
’ representative body’s top brass over the implementation of policies.

      Industry sources told The Financial Gazette this week that Tsikisayi
packed his bags after senior ZFU officials pointed out that he had failed to
implement some of the critical policies that could have benefited the union’
s membership.

      Senior ZFU official were also not happy with the popular view that the
land reform had failed and believed Tsikisayi could have done more to
project the controversial exercise as a success.

      The ZFU is now the biggest farmer representative body, taking over
from the Commercial Farmers Union (CFU), whose membership declined heavily
following the land reform.

      Its members have not matched the standards left by the displaced white
commercial farmers due to the shortage of inputs and the lack of funding.

      Tsikisayi has openly commented on the scarcity of farming inputs and
the implications on the farming season.

      Contacted for comment this week, Tsikisayi confirmed that he had
resigned from ZFU in search of greener pastures.

      He said: "Yes I have resigned from the ZFU and I am finishing off
tomorrow. I want to try something else like business because I have been
basically a worker for the union. I am venturing into commodity trading."

      Tsikisayi denied leaving the union in a huff saying he would continue
to do some consultancy work for ZFU.

      "No, there was not anything like that, but anyway I wish the union the
best and I will be available in shaping up its future," said Tsikisayi.

      Tsikisayi, an economist by profession, was appointed ZFU director last
year, replacing Kudakwashe Matekaira who retired in 2001.
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      High interest rates essential for inflation reduction

      10/2/2003 8:26:13 AM (GMT +2)

      Since the beginning of the second half of the year when the interest
rate debate heightened, policy rates have hardly moved, with the benchmark
91-day Treasury Bill (TB) rate hovering in a very narrow range of between
48.5 percent and 50 percent, which gives a yield of 55 percent and 57
percent, respectively.

      Any attempts by banks to cause an increase in rates by bidding for
higher rates at the Reserve Bank’s (RBZ) weekly TB tenders, has been
emphatically resisted by the RBZ as it has been consistently rejecting all
those higher bids.

      Resultantly, the government has remained relatively inactive in the
primary TB market.

      However, the resultant absence of major TB issues by the RBZ in more
than two months has raised questions about how the government is financing
its budget deficit considering that its overdraft with the is currently at

      In contrast to these low policy rates, overnight accommodation rates
have been hardening due to excessive market shortages of more than Z$40

      Such market shortages saw Call money and other short-term interest
rates hardening from around 100 percent at the end of August to around 140
percent during the first week of September. This prompted the RBZ to slash
overnight rates for both secured and unsecured borrowing.

      The RBZ did cut the margin between the repo rate (currently at 65
percent) and the overnight rate for secured borrowing to 5 percent from 20
percent while the margin for unsecured funds was reduced to 10 percent from
40 percent.

      This move brought down the overnight rate for secured borrowing to 70
percent from the previous 85 percent and the overnight rate for unsecured
borrowing to 75 percent from 105 percent.

      The rate cut only induced a temporary softening of interest rates such
that by mid-September, rates had gone back to their previous levels. The
shortages were beginning to have negative effects on the viability of some
banks and as a result, the RBZ decided to offer some temporary liquidity
assistance to financially distressed banks.

      This has seen short-term rates softening somewhat during past the few
days to levels of around 110 percent.

      The consistency of policy rates against a background of
liquidity-driven high market rates has sort of operationalised the dual
interest rate policy whereby productive and export sectors benefit from
established finance schemes such as the RBZ concessional finance scheme
whereby the productive sector can access funds at 15 percent while the
export sector get funds at 5 percent.

      Agribank has also been transformed into the Agriculture Development
Bank (ADB) for the purpose of bankrolling the land reform programme.

      Furthermore, the RBZ has devised cheaper funding mechanisms for the
two important public enterprises which play a critical role in the provision
of public utilities, Grain Marketing Board and National Oil Company of
Zimbabwe, through issuance of bills, which banks are required to hold as
part of their liquid assets.

      These funding arrangements if properly managed, will go a long way in
fighting inflation and at the same time help to promote economic growth.

      The inflation fight comes through curtailing excessive demand for
credit particularly for purposes that do not directly contribute to the
creation of wealth in the economy, that is, borrowing for consumption and
speculation while the economic growth promotion comes through the
availability of cheaper funds to the productive sectors.

      This view, has been corroborated by the RBZ when it says; "Now with
the resettled farmers schemes being funded cheaply through the Agricultural
Development Bank; other players in the agricultural sector being funded at
concessional interest rates, through the bank’s revolving facility; other
private investors also accessing cheap credit from the enlarged revolving
fund; and with management and funding of the country’s major public
enterprises in place, it follows that the larger part of the productive
economy will be funded at low interest rates. High interest rates should,
thus continue to apply on non-productive activities — the essence of the
dual interest rate policy."

      What then do these market developments imply about the future
direction of interest rates?

      If government is serious with the dual interest rate policy as was
recently re-emphasised by the Minister of Finance when he presented the 2003
Supplementary Budget , then the RBZ might deliberately want to keep the
market short, even if TB maturities improve.

      The RBZ may only intervene to cool off the negative effects of market
shortages if they become severe through some temporary liquidity assistance,
as we have witnessed in the past few days. This means that the unsecured
overnight accommodation window will continue to be a theoretical one to make
sure that funds available at secured accommodation window remain inadequate
as the TBs to provide the security also remain inadequate.

      Any bank that needs unsecured liquidity will have to get it from the
market at higher rates thereby curtailing speculative activities and
consumptive borrowing.

      As roughly indicated by the President when he opened the Fourth
Session of the Fifth Parliament on July 22 that interest rates should come
down in order "to recharge this economy in ways that encourage real wealth
generation, as opposed to speculative wealth", policy rates are expected to
remain low.

      This scheme of things on the interest rate front, if maintained,
should go a long way in choking consumptive and speculative borrowing that
is fuelling inflation.

      This means that the monetary authorities should let market rates
harden as much as possible. In other words, the market should be allowed to
set market rates, while the authorities continue to fine-tune the productive
and export sector credit facilities to ensure that no money borrowed as
those low rates finds its way to the financial markets for speculative

      However, such a dual interest rate policy, will only work within the
framework of a viable and comprehensive macroeconomic policy package that
incorporates a tight fiscal policy and a realistic exchange rate policy.

      A realistic exchange rate policy designed to improve foreign currency
inflows will only achieve the desired results only if accompanied by
measures to promote participation by the international community.

      However, to unlock foreign currency inflows from the international
community, the country’s sovereign risk has to improve.

      That is why it is imperative for the government to seriously and
urgently stabilise the current hostile political environment.

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Z1,000 Bank Notes

Business Day (Johannesburg)

October 2, 2003
Posted to the web October 2, 2003

Dumisani Muleya

THE Zimbabwean government released new Z1000 bank notes yesterday hard on
the heels of last week's issue of redesigned Z500 notes to alleviate the
cash crisis.

The government pumped Z2,5bn into the banking system, and said it would
continue to introduce the same amount every day until December to improve
money supply. Last Friday, the government injected new Z500 bills amounting
to Z2,5bn.

A similar amount of these notes would be released into the financial system
every day for the next three months.

The cash crisis was caused by hyperinflation of 426,6% and the government's
inability to print enough bank notes.

There is Z220bn cash in circulation in the banking system, but at least
Z400bn is needed for sufficient money supply.

Other forms of payment have been introduced to deal with the crisis, such as
last week's issue of Z390bn worth of "bearer cheques" on top of the
travellers' cheques that were introduced two months ago.

The bearer cheques for Z5000, Z10000 and Z20000 are valid from September 15
to January 31 next year. They are more acceptable as legal tender than the
travellers' cheques that the public resisted due to their problematic

While these measures have eased the cash crisis, the introduction of new
bank notes and cheques has created a chaotic currency situation, and there
are different methods of payment, including different bank notes of the same

The Z500 bills were injected into the market while the old ones were still
in circulation and the situation would remain like that until December when
the old notes would be phased out.

The government has been told to print higher-denomination bank notes like
Z20000 or even Z50000 to reduce printing costs and to ensure people carried
less money on them.

But the authorities have rejected this to avoid embarrassment for political

The authorities are said to want to avoid providing printed evidence of
leadership and policy failures.

Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions economist Godfrey Kanyenze said the
government had resorted to stop-gap measures and not solutions.

"These measures will only alleviate the problem but not resolve it,"
Kanyenze said. "There is a need for a holistic approach to deal with the

The union has threatened to stage a strike over the money problem. "We
demand a cash medium of exchange in our daily lives. Travellers and bearer's
cheques don't work," he said.

"Even the poorest of the poor nations have never run out of local currency.
Let's stop this madness of ad hoc planning."
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National Post, Canada

Zimbabwe in currency chaos
New Z$1,000 bill unable to stay ahead of eroding economy

      Kelly McParland
      National Post

There's a new scam being worked along Zimbabwe's southern border.

"Hunters" from South Africa are buying "licences" that allow them to strip
the area of its remaining game. A South African newspaper reported one
"hunter" bragged of bringing back 400 zebra skins from a single trip.
Slaughtering animals on this scale would never be allowed in South Africa,
but with little law -- and less enforcement -- in Zimbabwe, there is nothing
to stop it.

Much of the land in question used to be owned by white farmers, but was
seized by Robert Mugabe's government for redistribution to landless blacks.
Some blacks, in turn, have been forced to give up their new stakes to
cronies of Mr. Mugabe. In any case, nobody is growing much of anything,
thanks to the general collapse of Zimbabwe's economy. So selling licences to
kill off the country's irreplaceable wildlife is a welcome opportunity to
turn a buck.

Money is very hard to come by in Zimbabwe today. Not just because jobs are
scarce, but because the physical currency is in critically short supply.
Thanks to the vast ineptitude of Mr. Mugabe's government, inflation has
risen -- at last count -- to 426.6%. There is talk it is heading for 1,000%.

The most basic effect is that people have to lug about enormous wads of
money just to make simple purchases. Few Zimbabweans have credit cards or
debit cards; things are paid for in cash.

Thanks to inflation, they have to carry almost five times as much money as
they did a year ago to make the same purchases. A loaf of bread is more than
Z$1,000 (about US$1), a 35-litre tank of gasoline about Z$70,000, on the
rare occasions gas is available. Just yesterday the government hiked gas
prices 60%, barely a month after tripling them.

Until two years ago, the highest denomination bill was Z$100. In 2001, a
Z$500 bill was introduced, but there were so few of them in circulation, a
trip to the grocery store meant a mad scramble to come up with enough dirty,
worn-out bills to make the purchase.

Yesterday, the government introduced bills in Z$1,000 denominations, despite
reports it was having trouble finding a foreign firm willing to print the
notes because it couldn't afford to pay. With inflation still rising, even
the new denomination won't help much; one local commentator said Z$50,000
notes would have been more useful.

In August, the government started introducing internal "traveller's cheques"
in place of cash, but many stores rejected them and they didn't really catch
on. So this week the Central Bank began issuing "bearer cheques," which are
more easily printed and can be used in place of cash. The cheques are only
good for six months, which authorities maintain will prevent hoarding. But
they are also easily counterfeited, forcing shops to set up "cheque-checking
desks" to sort out whether they're real.

It is not clear how people will react as the six-month deadline nears and
everyone scrambles to get rid of the cheques before they become worthless.

Zimbabwe's government, which never admits anything is its fault, insists the
cash shortage is the result of hoarding. The logic of this argument is hard
to follow: With the currency becoming less valuable by the minute, holding
on to large quantities is surely the last thing anyone would want to do. A
lot of money is also said to be "externalized" -- taken out of the country
to trade for foreign currency in neighbouring Zambia or Mozambique, with the
foreign currency then being sold at a big mark-up back in Zimbabwe. But why
anyone in Zambia or Mozambique would want useless Zimbabwean dollars is
never explained.

One industry that is thriving from the crisis is the black market. Unable to
meet demand, most banks refuse to hand out more than Z$2,000 or Z$3,000 at a
time, forcing people to turn to freelance dealers for help. The government
maintains these operations are another cause of the shortage -- illegal
dealers need to keep large amounts of money on hand -- and has introduced
regulations making it a crime to carry more than Z$5-million.

Police have the authority to stop and strip anyone they suspect of having
that much money hidden on them, though it would require secreting 5,000 of
the new Z$1,000 notes.

It sounds like a lot of money, but at the official rate it comes to about
C$7,000. On the black market it would fetch just C$1,750.

By this time next week, it will be worth even less.
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From ZWNEWS, 2 October

Tutu urges action

Leading South African cleric, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, has called on African
leaders in increase pressure on Robert Mugabe. Speaking to the IPS news
service earlier this week during a visit to Malawi, Tutu said: ""The time
has come for African leaders to stand up and express their concern over the
deteriorating human rights abuses in Zimbabwe. If human rights abuses
continue to worsen, the political and economic crisis in Zimbabwe will be
difficult to heal." While commending Malawian President Bakili Muluzi for
the interest he was taking in the deteriorating political and humanitarian
conditions in Zimbabwe, Tutu stressed that more needs to be done. ""The
Zimbabwe crisis has affected the entire Southern Africa region and there is
need for African leaders to find quick solutions to the crisis," he said.
"When things are going wrong, we should be able to stand up and say that
this is going wrong." Muluzi, along with Presidents Obasanjo and Mbeki, are
the main regional brokers in the Zimbabwean crisis. Urging civil society
groups in Africa to put pressure on their governments to address problems in
society, Tutu said: "How can we persuade our governments to realise that it
is obscene to spend so much on arms in the absence of an external enemy when
the greatest threats in most of our countries are poverty, disease and
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From The Nation (Kenya), 1 October

Four overseas witnesses to give evidence

Nation Reporter

Nairobi - Four witnesses are expected from overseas to testify in a case
involving an American non-profit making organisation and a Zimbabwean
Cabinet minister. The hearing was postponed to allow parties involved in the
case, including Mr Mutahi Ngunyi of the Series on Alternative Research in
East Africa, to take four consecutive hearing dates. Others sued by the Ford
Foundation are Mr Joshua Nyunya, Ms Milka W. Njuguna-Okidi, Ms Monicah
Wanjiru, the Zimbabwean Information minister, Mr Jonathan Moyo, and Talunoza
Trust, registered in South Africa. Yesterday, the case was mentioned before
High Court judge Onesmus Mutungi. Mr Ngunyi and the others have been sued
for Sh10 million by the US foundation. The foundation is seeking to recover
the money given to Sareat and Talunoza Trust for consultancy fees and grants
to set up a periodical known as Journal for East Africa Alternatives.
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PR COMMUNIQUE - October 2, 2003




· JAG is a farmer led, farmer run registered Trust.  It is run by committed
individuals who believe that there is a future for commercial agriculture
in Zimbabwe and want you to be part of it.  JAG is a non-partisan group
that believes in standing against what is wrong in Zimbabwe and uniting
around what is right.

· JAG believes that the past has to be sorted out in order for the future
to be made secure.  Sorting out the past includes:

. Documenting the truth of the injustices and human rights abuses that have
taken place in the agricultural sector through the loss documents and the
JAG database.
. Taking those injustices through the courts through the Quinnell case, the
JAG case and other cases that become opportune both locally and
. Holding the perpetrators accountable for these injustices through the
courts and a future Truth and Justice Commission.
. Seeking compensation and restitution to open up your options through the

· Sorting out the future involves: putting together a Vision document along
with civic society and future policy makers.
. Working with the CRISIS Coalition to bring a Truth and Justice Commission
. Putting together a full independent land audit so that everybody knows
what has to be sorted out.
. Creating openness and transparency within our society.
. Getting finance activated for rebuilding our farms and the agricultural

· JAG offers members:
. An open door policy for you to get advice and support.
. As much legal assistance as we can give you.
. 25 facilitators to assist you with Loss Claim documents for getting
. All the financial benefits that will accrue from the court cases we are
. Notification of legal developments as they occur.
. The chance to openly express yourself on the Open Letters forum.
. Assistance for job opportunities.
. Free counselling for trauma.
. Emergency financial assistance for critical situations.
. Assistance with food aid procurement for displaced workers or workers
still on your farms.
. Unity with civic society and the CRISIS Coalition.
. Publicity of injustices as they take place
. The Kukurira Orphan Project for farm workers children.
. Inspirational talks countrywide to bring a plan, hope and a future.


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THOUGHT FOR THE DAY - October 2, 2003



When fear knocked, faith answered and no one was there - Unknown.

When the power of love overcomes the love of power, the world will know
peace - Jimi Hendrix

Worry gives small things a big shadow.


To Stand Apart

Here we stand among a few,
A Few only in mind,
Our eyes open to view life,
What we see is our world.
A world of our making.
What it shall become,
Is be determined by what we choose

Seeing through your soul,
Knowing what can be,
Understanding we can do,
Sets your minds and souls free.
Freedom allows for movement.
Movement gives us choices.
We must choose to stand apart.

To stand apart,
Is to have faith.
Faith breeds strength.
Strength increases resolve.
Resolve allows for persistence,
Persistence delivers achievement.
It is this that sets us apart.

To commit is to accomplish
To have faith is to have strength.
To have a vision is to have purpose.
To have a purpose is to have reason.
Reason is enough to make a choice.
What is your reason?
Who do you choose to be?
Unity is achieved by people joining together for a common purpose.  The
truth will prevail

Clive Kay

All letters published on the open Letter Forum are the views and opinions
of the submitters, and do not represent the official viewpoint of Justice
for Agriculture.
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ZIMBABWE: Malaria death toll reaches 786 since January

BULAWAYO, 2 Oct 2003 (IRIN) - Officials announced this week that malaria had
claimed the lives of 786 people between January and the end of September,
and warned that critical anti-malaria outreach programmes may not be
sufficiently funded.

This follows reports that some hospitals had been forced to turn patients
away as they had run out of food and medicines, and experts warning that
Zimbabwe's public health system was on life-support.

Stanley Midzi, director of the Directorate of Disease Prevention and
Control, told IRIN that most of the people who had died of malaria were from
the sprawling illegal gold-panning settlements along major rivers in the
malaria-prone areas.

Although he was unable to provide malaria death toll statistics for the same
period last year, he said the new figure showed a disturbing increase in
fatalities - a situation he said called for a massive anti-malaria spraying

Zimbabwe, situated within the Southern Africa malaria-prone zone, records an
average of between 1,000 and 1,500 malaria deaths per year.

Some officials in the ministry of health voiced fears that the malaria
spraying programme might not take place in time, before the rainy season. As
the government has not yet tendered for the supply of anti-malaria sprays,
because it apparantly does not have funding.

A senior disease control official, who declined to be named, said the
government had pledged Zim $4 billion (about US $4.9 million) for the
exercise, which they said required up to Zim $10 billion (about $12 million)
if the disease were to be controlled.

"Apart from making that promise, nothing has come from government. Even if
the ministry were to get the Zim $4 billion, the outreach programme for
operations in the rural areas and along the major rivers will still not take
off, because the ministry also faces a serious shortage of vehicles and
fuel," said the official.

She said the programme could only succeed if cash and logistical
requirements were made available before the onset of the rainy season.

"The peak malaria season is already underway but, because of the situation
here, there are no chances that it can be controlled. I can foresee a
situation where the anti-malaria spraying programme will have to be
suspended because of lack of money, vehicle and fuel shortages - like all
the immunisation programmes that were supposed to have been carried out
during the course of the year," she added.

The spraying programme is also likely to fall victim to the economic crisis
in the country, as the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) has not yet released
foreign currency for the importation of the necessary supplies.

Sources in the ministry said the government had been unable to procure most
drugs, as private suppliers now demand cash payments when dealing with
government institutions.

The RBZ was supposed to release about Zim $100 billion (about $123 million)
for the procurement of a wide range of much needed medicines to the National
Pharmaceutical Company (NatPharm), but has not done so since because it does
not have sufficient foreign currency.

As a result, the government has not been able to buy all the essential drugs
required. Public health institutions, including isolated rural clinics which
attend to most malaria cases, have so far been able to dispense drugs like
paracetamol, but these have now become scarce.

Midzi told IRIN that although they also anticipate a fuel problem due to
ongoing shortages of petroleum, he was confident of success as this year's
programme will also be funded through UN agencies.

He admitted, however, that the government had not yet tendered for the
acquisition of sprays and spraying equipment, but said this would not hamper
the programme as the government had already released the money to the

"It's not a promise any more. The government has already released Zim $4
billion for the programme, and tender procedures for the acquisition of
sprays and spraying equipment will be finalised by next week. Besides, the
United Nations will be assisting in a great way - this year the Global
Health Fund is giving Zimbabwe US $4.7 million for disease prevention and
control programmes. So far, we have received the first tranche of US $1.4
million to get the programmes running," Midzi explained.

He added that the government was expecting a consignment of 12 seven-tonne
trucks, 200 spray pumps and 40 motorcycles for use during the anti-malaria

"The WHO [UN World Health Organisation] is procuring all those on behalf of
the country because the Fund is administered directly by them. I also feel
the spraying equipment will be enough for our purposes, once it arrives,
because we still have other pieces [of equipment] left from last year's
programme," he added.

With regard to fuel, "we have already approached the Ministry of Transport
and Energy with a request for a special allocation for the spraying
programme. Fuel shortages are a real threat to the success of the programme,
but we are optimistic that government will provide".

Midzi said Zimbabwe records an average of 3 million clinical cases of the
disease every year. The malaria season begins with the onset of the rains in
October and ends in May. The major malaria problem areas are in the
southeastern Lowveld, including Chiredzi and Beitbridge, the Midlands, and
areas along the Zambezi Valley in the north.

The prevalence of bodies of water make Hwange, Binga, the Victoria Falls,
Gokwe, Sanyati, Kariba and Bindura some of the highest risk areas.
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