MEPs were visibly moved upon hearing a speech by Ephraim TAPA,
the international campaign Save Zimbabwe, to the European
Development Committee on Wednesday. They gave a firm promise to
his appeal for help.
In his statement to
the committee, Mr Tapa stressed that the current
crisis in Zimbabwe was in no
way a fight against agrarian reform but the
result of 'political terrorism',
a 'battle between a tyrant and a suffering
people'. He added that Mr MUGABE
was using famine as an instrument of
political oppression. However, a glimmer
of hope remained: Zimbabwe had
enough infrastructure and goodwill, what was
needed was to set up a
legitimate regime. This was the goal of the Save
Zimbabwe campaign launched
in Durban in July 2002. He said the European
Parliament must encourage
African Heads of State who were reluctant to act
against Mr Mugabe. The
international community could help the reconstruction
of Zimbabwe by means
of clear political and financial undertakings, and this
must be a positive
test for the New Partnership for the Development of
John CORRIE (EPP-ED, UK) deplored
Europe's impotence vis-à-vis the
Mugabe regime. What was needed, he claimed,
was a popular uprising in
Zimbabwe, which would happen sooner or later given
the situation there.
According to Ulla SANDBAEK (EDD, DK), regional sanctions
the countries bordering Zimbabwe should push for President
departure. Nirj DEVA (EPP-ED, UK) felt that action was urgently
that Parliament should make its position clear by calling for
international arrest warrant to be issued against Mr Mugabe.
MORILLON (EPP-ED, F) drew a parallel with Serbia. He said one should
illusions about any support for change coming from neighbouring
the people of Zimbabwe had their fate in their own hands. Only
would Mugabe find himself facing the judges in The Hague. In an
speech, Nelly MAES (Greens/EFA, B) voiced her indignation at the
torture carried out in Zimbabwe with no reaction from the
community, and with backed from John BOWIS (EPP-ED, UK) she
incomprehension that Zimbabwean leaders had recently been
authorised to go
to Belgium for an international conference. A resolutely
Angel MARTINEZ (PES, E) pointed out that, like any
dictator, Robert Mugabe
had 'a biological end, which would not be far
02.10.02 Committee on Development
In the chair: Joaquim MIRANDA (EUL/NGL, P)
Alexandre Stutzmann - tel.
(32-2) 28 43439
Focus On Economic Impact of Land
UN Integrated Regional Information
October 3, 2002
Posted to the web October 3,
This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United
Zimbabwe's fast-track land reform programme has ignored the
played by the commercial farming sector in the economy,
analysts and farmers
"President Robert Mugabe's ... land
reform policies are having profound
consequences not only for commercial
farming but for the agricultural sector
as a whole. However, land reform is
only one strand in a set of policies
undermining the economy and feeding
political instability," warned the
political think-tank Oxford Analytica in a
In previous years mining, manufacturing, services and
agriculture - both
large and small-scale - all contributed significantly to
employment and to
gross domestic product (GDP).
agriculture alone contributed some 17 percent. The economy
well-integrated with particularly strong linkages between
agriculture and services and manufacturing. It was axiomatic that
the rest of the economy would benefit from reinvested earnings
good agricultural season. Commercial farmers were also playing an
role in the rapid expansion of Zimbabwe's tourism industry through
conversion of marginal farmland into wildlife habitat," Oxford
But by the second half of 2002, the economy was
"rapidly unravelling" as the
government struggled to deal with a major food
crisis, blamed largely on its
own land reform programme.
government's programme was aimed at addressing the imbalance in
ownership in Zimbabwe, and landless blacks are supposed to be the
beneficiaries. However, it has been criticised for disrupting
agriculture and being undertaken in a disorderly
Given the central role of commercial farming to agriculture and
it was important that the foundations of agricultural recovery
weakened further, Oxfam Analytica said.
Both existing and new
commercial farmers required timely access to farm
machinery and equipment,
seed, fertiliser and water for irrigation and
resettled farmers have the resources to purchase farm equipment,
and half of
the government-owned tractor fleet is out of service because of
the lack of
foreign currency to purchase spare parts. [Also] the extent to
seed-breeders' farms have been expropriated is unknown as is the
the supply of hybrid seed," Oxford Analytica said.
inflation had led the government to impose price
controls on fertiliser - "a
policy that has only exacerbated shortages".
This was because "the trend in
fertiliser use in older resettlement areas
has declined since adjustment
policies were introduced in the early 1990s,"
The 2002 drought was cutting food supplies at a time when many
full, "because no irrigation is taking place on the farms acquired
Many of the people who received land reallocated
from large-scale farms had
"little or no commercial farming experience, so
technology and inputs - if
available - may be poorly or under-utilised if
practical training is not
But newly resettled farmers were
unlikely to receive adequate training as
"almost all of the country's 1,200
agricultural specialists applied for land
under the [redistribution]
programme and are among the best-qualified to
was not known how many had actually received land and would then
government service, the government was "rapidly recruiting more than
new specialists and is assuming zero attrition among existing staff to
total numbers to more than 6,000", Oxford Analytica added.
Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) reported on Thursday that the
soon embark on a land audit to assess land uptake on
designated farms. "The
minister for land reform, Flora Bhuka, said the
exercise will be done to
ensure that all land is occupied and put to good
"The fast-track land reform programme has seen government
allocating land to
more than 310,000 families. Government is still in the
process of handing
over land to more than 54,000 families," ZBC
The Commercial Farmers Union (CFU), meanwhile, said the
reform programme and "illegal" evictions of farmers by
supporters had brought the commercial farming sector "to its
Ben Kaschula, regional executive officer for the CFU Mashonaland
region, told IRIN that "commercial farming as we've known it before
to an end ... very few, perhaps 20 percent, of commercial farmers
previously on land will possibly farm to a reduced extent in the
season. We had 3,200 licensed commercial farmers for the year that
ended, it's likely to be about 1,400 now and that's being optimistic,"
No less than 1,200 farmers had been forced off the land,
whether or not they had received government eviction notices,
In January 2000, the commercial farming sector employed
more than 350,000
workers, roughly one-third of all wage
"By mid-2002, most of these workers had been displaced, and a
minister reported that a third of all formal sector jobs in
the economy had
been lost. Other sources put the unemployment rate at above
70 percent. Many
of those who have lost jobs are now living in destitution,
government is avoiding addressing the welfare implications of
unemployment," the Oxfam Analytica report alleged.
agricultural activities was a major obstacle to agrarian
International donors have ceased all funding, save for drought
HIV/AIDS programmes, and financial institutions were reluctant to
to land reform beneficiaries as they lack title deeds to their
"In the face of debt, crop production and exports are generally
major crops, only coffee and tea production was above 2000 levels in
Last year, commercial farming contributed some 38 percent of
total foreign exchange earnings, but it is estimated that at least
percent of such earnings will be lost under the current land
programme," the think-tank warned.
Production of staple maize
declined 31 percent in 2001 and even more in
2002, creating a need for
expenditure to import an estimated 1.7 million mt
earnings have also nose-dived - "not only because of international
surrounding civil unrest but because of the widely publicised
endangered wildlife in game conservation parks, where some 60
wildlife has been lost," the report said.
The domino effect of the
present land reform policy has resulted in
Zimbabwe's GDP shrinking by 4.5
percent in 2000, 7.5 percent in 2001. A
decline of between 12-15 percent was
forecast for 2002, "largely a
consequence of farm invasions and the
withdrawal of investors and foreign
donors", the report
IOLZimbabwe dropped as host of
2003 SADC summit
October 03 2002
By Manoah Esipisu
Luanda - Zimbabwe was
replaced on Thursday as deputy chair of the 14-nation
Development Community (SADC), in what diplomats said was a
sign of the
region's displeasure with President Robert Mugabe's policies.
role as acting deputy chair of the regional body had been
expected to be
formalised on Thursday at the SADC's annual summit in Luanda.
That would have
made Harare the scheduled venue for next year's meeting.
was replaced as deputy chair by Tanzania, and the 2003
gathering will be in
its capital Dar es Salaam.
'I think it is
just another red herring'
"The whole reorganisation of the SADC bureau was
unscheduled and is meant to
send a message to Zimbabwe that the region values
peace, security, stability
and respect for greater democratisation," said a
diplomat, who asked not to
Mugabe's land policies and his
controversial re-election in March were not
on the official agenda of this
year's summit, which ends on Thursday.
But during the two-day gathering
in Luanda, several leaders called for
improved governance to lure foreign
investment and spur economic growth in
"The heads of state
and government did not have to discuss Zimbabwe's land
reform directly. Their
actions sent the right signal," another diplomat
President Jose Eduardo dos Santos, Malawi President Bakili Muluzi
Executive Secretary Prega Ramsamy all spoke passionately about the
regional stability during the summit's opening ceremonies
African leaders are currently promoting to the West a
plan called the New Partnership for Africa's Development
It seeks to deliver good political and economic governance in
more investment, better trade access and more debt relief from
Zimbabwean officials were not immediately
available for comment in Luanda.
In Harare, Zimbabwe's state-owned Herald
newspaper said the country had
decided not to take over as deputy chair of
the SADC in order to concentrate
on its land reforms.
"That is a
priority which supersedes everything else. Being deputy chair
the next summit and would therefore distract us from all
that," the Herald
quoted a government source as saying.
The SADC has previously criticised
Mugabe's seizure of white-owned farms for
redistribution to landless blacks
and the election, which was condemned by
some Western nations.
regional body has opposed sanctions, which have been imposed on
the United States and European Union.
During ministerial meetings earlier
in the week, some ministers delivered a
stern message to their Zimbabwean
counterparts to resolve a political crisis
threatening investor confidence in
Zimbabwe Information Minister Jonathan Moyo rejected
complaints that the
land seizures had caused the region economic
"There is no one who is serious who believes that one country is
others pay. I think it is just another red herring being raised
British-led opposition to the land reform programme in Zimbabwe," Moyo
Mugabe, in power since the former Rhodesia gained
independence from Britain
in 1980, says his land reform is aimed at
correcting colonial injustice,
which left 70 percent of the country's best
land in the hands of white
Flour Imports Gobble
The Herald (Harare)
Posted to the web October 3, 2002
Zimbabwe has spent $500 million on importing flour to stay in
allocations of local flour continue to be cut drastically.
charges more for a loaf made with imported cake flour, to cover
This is labelled "premium bread" and is sold unsliced in basic
keep the cost as low as possible although still costs more than
standard loaf made of local flour because of the high cost of
But on the positive side the imports all Bakers Inn
to keep all bakeries
open, retaining all 2 000 workers in employment without
having to seek
retrenchments, and is baking enough bread to satisfy
The company, which is part of listed concern, Innscor Africa
its bakeries started importing flour after the local supplies
drastically in the past few months.
The managing director, Mr
Burombo Mudumo, told Business Herald that local
supplies could further
deteriorate in the coming two months until the new
Normally Bakers Inn buys 7 000 tonnes of flour every month.
Recently it has
been allowed to buy only around 2 000 tonnes, creating a
shortage of 5 000
"Bakers Inn took the decision to import,
from South Africa, while we wait
for the wheat which is now being
"We are likely to see supplies improving around November, when
wheat starts trickling in from the millers," he
Bakers Association of Zimbabwe chairman, Mr Armitage Chikwavaira
recently saying flour reserves have dwindled to critical
"We are getting something between 40 percent and 55 percent of
requirements every week," Mr Chikwavaira was quoted
Zimbabwe consumes 400 000 tonnes of wheat every year although
only 150 000
tonnes are expected this year down from 360 000 tonnes in
The supply of bread in most part of Harare is still erratic with
going for days without receiving bread.
Mr Mudumo said
Bakers Inn's decision to import flour was the best option to
save the 2000
jobs in the company as well as assuring the nation of constant
"We don't want the plants to lie idle and we also don't want our
to be retrenched," he said.
His company had survived in the
past from its strategic flour stocks, which
had now run out.
supplies started to decline in the last four months to levels where
Inn only got 57 percent of its requirements in June.
Ensuing months saw
the flour supply situation declining to 53 percent in
July, 39 percent in
August and 29 percent in September.
The decision to import has meant that
Bakers Inn has to fork out more of its
resources to finance imports. It now
cost the company $212 000 to import a
tonne of cake flour.
A tonne of
flour sourced locally cost the company $60 000. Mr Mudumo said
cake flour was used to bake premium bread, which is not
affected by price
To make the bread affordable, the company has decided to stop
product and using expensive packaging.
Commenting on price
controls, Mr Mudumo said talks for a review in bread
prices were underway
with the Ministry of Industry and International
What Happened to
Mail & Guardian
October 4, 2002
Posted to the web October 3,
In what must rank as some of
the most fatuous remarks made so far on South
Africa's relations with
Zimbabwe, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Aziz
Pahad announced last
weekend that Pretoria will not bow to pressure to
"declare war" on its
"We don't believe that their megaphone diplomacy
and screaming from the
rooftops has helped anyway," he was quoted as saying.
"If it is not
diplomacy we pursue in dealing with Zimbabwe, then it is war.
We will not go
to war with Zimbabwe."
Pahad was replying to remarks by
British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw
expressing disappointment with the
failure of the Commonwealth troika, made
up of President Thabo Mbeki,
Nigeria's President Olusegun Obasanjo and
Australian Prime Minister John
Howard, to adopt a more robust response to
President Robert Mugabe's
suppurating misrule when they met recently in
seemed in particular to resent the suggestion that the two African
state lacked commitment in dealing with Zimbabwe.
"What are they
proposing we should be doing?" Pahad asked. "Jack Straw and
others must tell
us what they expect the Southern African Development
Community [SADC] to
Stop glossing over a brutally stolen election would be a
Beginning with ministerial manipulation of the South African
mission even before the result of Zimbabwe's presidential poll was
early March, Pretoria has been busy underlining the legitimacy of
rogue regime despite the fact he changed electoral laws to favour
candidacy, unleashed state-sponsored militias against members of
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) and prevented it
holding rallies or communicating through the public media.
of thousands of voters were arbitrarily removed from the voters' roll
of the election or turned away from polling stations in MDC
All this was okay with South Africa, ministers suggested.
Deputy President Jacob Zuma was shown on TV embracing his
Harare immediately after this brazen assault on the democratic
Pahad wants to know what the SADC can do. Apart from ending
with a regime whose supporters murder opponents with
impunity, adhering to
standards regional states have set themselves would be
a helpful step.
South Africa and other SADC countries have fundamental
rights enshrined in
their Constitutions that include a commitment to free and
independence of the judiciary and freedom of the press. The
committed to specific electoral principles agreed only last year.
upholding these democratic values, governments in the region have
electoral hijacking in Zimbabwe and remained silent as the judiciary
press are manacled.
In last weekend's council elections opposition
candidates were in many
reported cases barred from registering or intimidated
into withdrawing as
Mugabe's repression grows. Lawless land seizures have led
to destitution and
Despite this record, regional leaders
persist in the pretence that the
negative press Zimbabwe receives abroad is
the product of reactionary forces
opposed to transformation. There has been
no attempt to spell out the
meaning of good governance, accountability and
the rule of law that are
fundamental to the success of the New Partnership
for Africa's Development
(Nepad), which Mbeki and Obasanjo are touting as the
African National Congress spokesperson Smuts
Ngonyama, interviewed by the
Mail & Guardian last week, repeated the
ruling Zanu-PF party's mantra that
MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai was beholden
to foreign "masters". Change must
come from within Zimbabwe, Ngonyama
insisted. Whether Mugabe should go was
not for the ANC to decide.
when the ANC is part of a regional bloc determined to shield Mugabe
measures designed to prevent him sabotaging his country's
institutions and pauperising its people, then officials like
Pahad who duck the issues by talking about megaphone diplomacy
masters need to be reminded that their apparent lack of
in confronting tyranny presages a future South Africans
have every reason to
Iden Wetherell is editor of the
Chance for Zim to Clear
The Herald (Harare)
Posted to the web October 3, 2002
THE biggest event
on the local travel and tourism calender, the travel expo,
begins in Harare
today and the timing could not have been more perfect.
At least 130
international buyers are expected to attend the four-day fair,
local industry and the country in general, a glorious opportunity
itself and restore Zimbabwe's tarnished image.
The country has been
subjected to incessant negative publicity for the past
three years, mainly
because of the fast-track land resettlement programme.
The programme was
embarked upon by the Government to redress historical land
saw the white minority holding more than 70 percent of
fertile land while the
black majority were overcrowded on barren land.
The programme has
attracted venomous attacks from the West, particularly
from Britain and
America in their futile bid to continue with their
dominance of Zimbabwe's
These attacks fuelled negative perceptions about the
country's safety and
security as a tourist destination.
The outcome of
the March presidential election, in which President Mugabe
winner, has also irked the so-called superpowers resulting in
shameless attacks on Zimbabwe.
This has dampened activity in the tourism
sector, which has experienced a
sharp decline in arrivals and earnings over
the past two years.
However, the international community is now softening
its stance following
President Mugabe's speech at the World Summit on
Sustainable Development in
Johannesburg last month.
set the record straight on the agrarian reforms.
A number of countries
are beginning to appreciate the actual state of
affairs in Zimbabwe,
resulting in the removal of travel warnings in major
source markets, much to
the chagrin of Britain and its allies.
The tourism industry has been
witnessing an upsurge in arrivals over the
past few weeks and prospects for
recovery now look promising.
It is against this background that local
tourism players should take
advantage of the presence of international buyers
from South Africa, UK, US,
Germany and France, among other countries to set
the record straight and
neatly package what the country has to
At least the buyers and other operators from the region and other
source markets are here to see for themselves the actual situation on
ground and they will obviously get first-hand information about
Some visitors who have come to Zimbabwe over the past few
months have been
surprised by the peace and stability prevailing, which is in
to what they have been made to believe by the Western media,
Zimbabwe remains one of the best destinations in
Africa, boasting of such
attractions as the Victoria Falls, abundant wildlife
and the hospitality of
its people and no amount of bad publicity can take
that away from us as
visitors to the expo will discover.
expo also provides a platform for Zimbabwe to market the December
The spectacle will naturally attract visitors but all
stakeholders need to
go out in full-force to ensure that tourists come in
their thousands to
witness the event from this side of the
The Zimbabwe Tourism Authority and the Zimbabwe Council for
been marketing the event since the beginning of the year but a
mileage will be gained at the travel showcase.
industry, identified as one of the major pillars of the economy,
for better times and the expo will play a big role in charting
VOAFuel Shortage in Zimbabwe
Creates Havoc for Commuters
Oct 2002, 16:58 UTC
Zimbabwe all but ran out of fuel
Thursday. For the first time in a year,
long lines for gasoline can been seen
throughout the capital and the second
city Bulawayo. Those worst hit by the
fuel crisis are commuters who must
wait hours to get to and from
Thousands of Zimbabweans were late for work Thursday because of the
shortages, which are likely to continue, despite reports there is
According to sources in the petroleum industry,
there are millions of liters
of fuel in storage, but Zimbabwe does not have
the foreign currency to
release it for distribution.
gasoline stations around Harare say they have not been told
why fuel has
dried up, or when normal supplies will resume.
The government says
shortages of gasoline and diesel are caused by hoarding.
President Robert Mugabe secured 70 percent of Zimbabwe's gasoline
needs from Libya. Libya, whose leader, Muammar Gaddafi, has close
Mr. Mugabe, accepted payment in Zimbabwe's currency, which has
outside the country.
But other countries are not being as generous as
Libya. Libya ships its fuel
to Zimbabwe by way of Mozambique, which then
pumps it from the port of Beira
to Zimbabwe. However, before Zimbabwe can
claim the fuel, Mozambique has
been demanding payment in foreign
On several occasions in the last year, fuel briefly ran short,
Mozambique had not been paid.
Last month, Mr. Mugabe visited
Libya, and the state-controlled media said
another year's contract had been
Financial analysts cite two possible reasons for the present fuel
either Libya now wants to be paid in hard currency, or Mozambique
been paid port dues and pumping fees.
If either or both these
reasons are behind the fuel crisis, then Zimbabwe is
in a deeper economic
crisis than ever before. Zimbabwe has no foreign
currency and its dwindling
mineral exports are held up in South Africa
because of a strike at the port
Meanwhile, donor agencies are concerned that, if the fuel
problem is not
sorted out quickly, their food deliveries to hungry
Zimbabweans in remote
parts of the country will be
Stress On the Rise Among Productive Age
African Church Information
September 23, 2002
Posted to the web October 3,
Stress, the silent pandemic, is presently
widespread in Zimbabwe although
many ordinary folks are not aware of
The condition can be treated free of charge, but most people are
lot of money because they do not know that they suffer from the
Stress is an individual reaction to the environment or events
one's surroundings. Anything that can disrupt one's mental,
physical well-being can cause stress.
In such cases,
one's coping ability becomes impaired or overwhelmed by
one's life, which include loss of a job, marital problems,
divorce or death
of a loved one and financial problems.
The affected person does not see a
solution to the problem and that person's
life revolves around those issues
day in and day out. Studies have shown
that most local people suffer from
stress as a result of problems within
According to Dr Dickson Chibanda, a psychiatrist, the majority
particularly between 18 and 35 years of age, are disturbed by
"Only 20 percent of people in Zimbabwe who
try to kill themselves are
depressed and 80 percent are really crying out for
help," said Chibanda.
Depression is a higher stage of stress that needs
medical attention while
stress needs counselling only.
that a relationship between HIV/AIDS and stress has not yet
been found though
the infection is rampant in the country. Many people are
he said, because of misunderstandings in a relationship
not because they were
infected with the virus.
Zimbabwe Traditional Healers Association
president Prof Gordon Chavunduka
said most people suffered from the condition
as a result of societal,
religious and cultural problems. "Marital and
societal problems which are
caused by the economy are the major causes of
stress," he said.
Cavunduka said most people were unaware that they were
stressed and said
members of his organisation referred some patients to
depends on the cause and at times we perform traditional
in some instances medical and counselling services are
offered," he said.
Another leading psychiatrist said stress was caused by
adverse things in
life. "People can even abuse alcohol or stop weddings
because of stress.
About two to 15 percent of people who visit clinics are
depressed," he said.
"Most people want to present the doctor with
respectable symptoms that are
physical. They don't want to say anything about
their emotional pain as it
seems like a weakness to them".
non-respectable symptoms like fatigue, poor concentration, inability
and unhappiness were not spoken about. Sudden change could be the
of stress, he added.
Stress can manifest itself through physical symptoms
abdominal pains, shivering and many other physical symptoms,
easily misconstrued for an underlying physical illness.
not treated, it can lead people to abuse alcohol or drugs in an effort
find solutions by themselves. Chibanda observed: "They will do
makes them feel good".
Various ways of treating stress
include regular exercise, spending time with
your loved ones, setting
achievable goals and most of all communication. In
Zimbabwe free treatment is
offered to people suffering from stress.