The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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 Sunday, October 07, 2001 12:59 PM
Subject: you may not grow food

Dear family and friends,
For the first time in months my letter this week is a day late and again there are many letters from you that I have not answered. I apologise for both. I got back this morning tired and dusty after having spent a couple of days travelling around meeting farmers, drinking lots of cups of tea and listening to stories that defy all reason. I cannot believe some of the things that I have seen out on those bumpy, dusty roads that lead to the farms where all our food is grown and all our foreign currency is earned. I have seen things and heard stories that made my hair stand on end, made me feel nauseous, frightened and angry - angry beyond words. I have met the most amazing people who are courageous beyond words, more patriotic than I thought possible. I hope that anything I say in this letter does not offend them or make them feel violated. What I saw and what I heard must be told. The world does not know, the people in the towns and cities of Zimbabwe do not know and they must be told. I will not allow you to stand alone. I too love my country and for that reason these horrors must be told. Again, I apologise to the farmers who welcomed me into their homes if they feel betrayed - I cannot and will not give up, the world must know.
About twenty metres from a farmers' garden gate is the most abominable squatter dump. I cannot call it a village because it is not that, it is a dump. A few rough branches have been hewn off the nearby trees, tall, scraggly thatching grass has been leaned up against them and it is in this hovel that the squatters live, make their statement to the farmer that they have claimed this land. In another collapsing lean to is a latrine and sitting around outside are perhaps half a dozen surly, grimy bored looking individuals. These people are the only law on this farm. They decide which fields the farmer can plough, can put his cattle on, can grow his crops on. The road which leads down onto the farm is filled with vehicle tracks because every night there are plenty of cars driving in and out. Cars with men, snares and spotlights. Every night they come into private land, down private roads and hunt out the animals that have survived the fires, a kudu or duiker or steenbok. Every night the farmer lies in bed and hears the vehicles, engines revved, dust swirling and every night he knows what they are doing but can do nothing. A little further down the road are the ploughed and ridged tobacco fields. Fields which the farmer has been allowed to plough by the youngsters who live in the dump. Fields which they first said he could plant with tobacco and then when he started planting the seedlings, they changed their minds after the first day and rapidly erected a hut on the turned red soil, he can not plant any more.
On another farm the young couple invite me in to a barely furnished farmhouse. For months and months they have lived with almost none of their furniture, pictures, posessions in case they get suddenly evicted, in case the squatters become looters. They tell me how this week their home was assesed by two young government valuators. These men, barely out of school arrived with two of the squatters and said they had come to value the house so that compensation could be paid for it when they are thrown out. The owners would not let the two squatters in, only the "official valuators". The two youngsters measured the outside perimeter of the house and counted door and window frames. They asked which rooms had ceramic tiles on the walls, how many fitted cupboards, geysers, toilets and baths there were. In less than two hours they valued a man's whole life. They did not measure the length or height of the perimeter security fence and gates. They did not measure or record burglar bars, electrical sockets, mains boards, pelmets, curtain rails, ceilings, woodwork panels, taps. They did not look in the roof for timbers, supports, guttering, wiring, plumbing, tiles. How deep is the swimming pool they asked. They did not look at the tiles, the paving, the filters. They did not look at the garden, the trees, the flower beds - the loving care of a lifetime.When they left, the valuators did not give the farmer a copy of their notes, recorded on a scrap of paper. That night the two valuators slept in a house with the 'war veterans' squatting on the farm.
On another two farms, the farmers are doing nothing. They are doing nothing. The planting season is now, the fields should be full of tractors, of workers but they are empty, the farmers have been told by the 'war veterans' that they may not plant. The farmers are doing nothing, their workers have been sent on leave and told to come back at the end of the month "in case we are allowed to plant". Farmers, their wives, their workers are all saying the same to me: "Cathy, there is not going to be any food. There is going to be massive, massive starvation." This is a fraction of what I saw and heard. Everywhere there is fire, smoke or ash. Beautiful flocks of Boer Goats pick through blackened fields looking for a blade of grass that has escaped. Cattle are thin, desperately thin so that every rib can be counted and they stand huddled in dusty, tiny paddocks as the "war veterans" have said the farmers may not put them out to graze. A call comes in on the radio, a fire has been started in bales of hay meant to support starving cattle. In a few minutes Z$400 000,00 of feed is piles of ash waiting to be blown away in the wind. Everywhere I look there are "war veterans" huts, not being lived in, in fact not liveable in but they are everywhere. The huts are not surrounded by ploughed fields or war veterans busy planting food, they just stand derelict, a statement to Zimbabwe - this is OUR land and you may not grow food on it, it is OURS.
Today I am wearing my yellow ribbon for all of Zimbabwe's farmers and for their workers. You do not suffer alone. Your anguish, despair and frustration is mine. You do not stand alone. This week I was told by the publishers of African Tears that the marketing of my book was not going well because I would not stand in front of the cameras. I stand firm in my anonymity, what is happening in the whole of Zimbabwe, to every man, woman and child is footage for the world's cameras. The story of what happened on my farm is one that is still unfolding on thousands of farms. For Zimbabwe's farmers the collapse has taken 19 months.Thank you for allowing me into your homes. I cannot say "hang in there" or "stay strong", all I can say is thank you and stay safe. With much love, c
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Zim wants 'no interference' in next year's poll

News24: 07/10/2001 13:49

Harare - President Robert Mugabe's government on Sunday rebuffed a request
from the United States government for a respected private American-based
group of election specialists to visit Zimbabwe ahead of presidential
elections due next year.

"We are not taking any examinations, we are not Talibans (students)," said
information minister Jonathan Moyo. "We have no test to pass because we
fought for this country and the only test we had was to win the war" of
independence that ended in 1979.

"We will not allow people who can't run their elections to tell us how to
conduct ours here," said Moyo, referring to the confusion over the final
count in the narrowly contested American presidential elections last year.

He was quoted by the state-controlled Sunday Mail newspaper following a
request from the United States embassy here last week to allow a delegation
from the International Foundation for Election Systems to visit later this
month, "to conduct an initial assessment of the government's preparations
for the presidential election, in anticipation of launching its own
independent election observation effort".

On September 13 the government expelled two senior IFES officials after
Tobaiwa Mudede, the head of the government-run elections directorate,
refused to speak to them. IFES is regarded as one of the world's leading
experts on the conduct of elections, and has observed polls all over the
world, including Africa. The embassy request asked the government to allow
the IFES team into the country and be "allowed to work unhindered".

Moyo responded: "The request is not worth the paper it is written on. Just
as America has become strict about who enters its country, we also have the
final say about who enters our country."

Zimbabwe wants no interference

No comment was immediately available from the embassy. A Western diplomat
said "what they really mean is that they are not going to have anyone who
they think is going to 'interfere' with their running of elections. I think
it's pretty clear they don't want observers here next year."

There is growing anxiety that Mugabe, 77, faced with the likelihood of
losing an election for the first time in 21 years of power, will rig the
polling to ensure victory.

He is to face Morgan Tsvangirai, head of the popular opposition Movement for
Democratic Change, which in parliamentary elections last year won 57 out of
120 elected seats. Mugabe's ruling Zaby-PF party was able to ensure a
comfortable margin through constitutional provisions for him to appoint
another 30 MPs to the 150-seat chamber.

The ruling party achieved its narrow margin in the elected constituencies
after a comprehensive campaign of violent intimidation, publicly backed by
Mugabe, in which 37 people were murdered and thousands assaulted, tortured
and driven from their homes.

The embassy statement said that "serious irregularities have marred
municipal and parliamentary elections".

In recent by-elections and mayoral elections around the country after last
year's parliamentary elections, there were widespread reports of continuing
violence against opposition supporters, manipulation of voters' rolls and
bussing of large numbers of ruling party supporters into constituencies to
vote for Zanu-PF.

The regime has dismissed outright appeals from human rights organisations
and opposition parties for an independent electoral commission to run the
country's elections.

Moyo has also warned that he plans to ban the monitoring of elections by
independent organisations, claiming they are "biased" in favour of the MDC.
Until now, volunteers from local church groups and civic bodies have been
permitted to monitor elections. - Sapa-DPA
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In Zimbabwe, brides come at a price - and the price is going up

San Francisco Chronicle: Sunday, October 7, 2001
Rachel L. Swarns, New York Times

Harare, Zimbabwe -- The church bells are pealing, the red hibiscus flowers
are blazing and the jacaranda trees are shedding so many purple petals that
the sidewalks seem awash in fairy dust. Love is in the air, and giddy
couples are drifting through Africa Unity Square while dreamy brides-to-be
are twirling in gowns at B B Boutique on Robert Mugabe Road.

It is springtime in Zimbabwe, when hearts turn to romance and pockets empty
for "roora," the word for bride price in the local Shona language.

Roora is the gift offered to prospective in-laws by suitors hoping to win a
young woman's hand and the blessing of the ancestors.

It is meant to be a token of appreciation, a gift that unites two
families - - loosely akin to an engagement ring. The tradition has passed
from great- grandfathers who once herded cows through green grasslands to
suit-and-tie civil servants who toil in this capital city's office towers.

But these days, this nation racked by political and economic turmoil has
added wedding woes to its troubles as parents charge higher and higher bride
prices to earn extra income. Some people are requesting cell phones, second-
hand cars or even canisters of gasoline to sweeten the deal.

In rural communities, men typically offer 5 to 10 cows as a bride price; in
cities, the tradition was for men to offer the cash equivalent. But
inflation has sent the price of cows from $54 a head to as much as $200,
while most salaries have not kept pace.

Local newspapers report that some prominent families are charging thousands
of dollars at a time when the average private-sector employee earns only
about $1,800 a year. Some families, mindful of the plummeting value of the
Zimbabwe dollar, are demanding payment in American dollars.

All this has horrified both traditional leaders and sociologists here, not
to mention some potential grooms. As for the ancestors, some people warn,
they must be shaking their heads in disgust.

"With this poverty these days, people are capitalizing on tradition," said
Richard Mhike, 33, who works as a printer. "Any reasonable person would tell
you it's just not right to charge such exorbitant amounts of money. It's
bad, bad, bad."

Mhike should know. Three weeks ago, he was sitting in a mud hut with a black
satchel full of cash. He was negotiating a bride price for his brother, an
electronics technician who was seeking permission to marry his sweetheart, a
clothing store clerk.

Uncles and brothers typically negotiate on behalf of the future groom, and
aunts and sisters for the future bride. The discussions usually take place
in the rural home village, even if the lovers are city people with brick
houses and satellite dishes.

Mhike had about $545 with him, which he thought would be plenty. But when
the bride's family told him they wanted $3,800, close to his brother's
entire annual salary, he walked out in protest.

The groom-to-be threatened to cancel the wedding. His fiancee wept. After
some nail-biting negotiations, her relatives reduced the price by 10
percent. They took the $545 as a deposit and agreed to accept the rest in
installments over the life of the marriage.

Mhike said the bride's extended family probably needed the money to buy
groceries. "If you love her," Mhike said glumly, "you have to accept it."

But advocates for women warn that the trend may have ugly consequences. Even
before prices started rising, they condemned the tradition, saying it leaves
women vulnerable to abusive husbands who believe they own their wives.

Claude Mararike, a sociologist at the University of Zimbabwe, worries about
what the trend might mean for poor men. Poverty is on the rise in this

which has lost some Western aid because of the government's support for
invasions of white-owned farms.

"People are saying that this is the only chance to make a lot of money, but
a poor man must also marry," Mararike said.

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Zim Standard

EU swoops on Mugabe

Staff Writer
THE European Union is concerned that President Mugabe’s regime is not
abiding to the Abuja Agreement, which seeks to restore the rule of law in
Zimbabwe, and is now considering ways of pushing Mugabe to make good his

A joint assembly of the African, Caribbean and Pacific states and the EU is
now calling for the convening of a special Commonwealth heads of government
summit to take necessary steps to suspend Zimbabwe from the club of former
British colonies.

The joint assembly is also calling on those present at the 6 September
Commonwealth Foreign Ministers meeting in Abuja to reconvene so that they
can outline measures that will be adopted if President Mugabe fails to
implement the Abuja Agreement within an agreed time frame.

Diplomatic sources in Brussels, the Belgian capital which also serves as the
EU capital, told The Standard on Friday that a draft resolution for the
joint parliamentary assembly, which meets from 29 October to 1 November,
condemns the escalation of violence in Zimbabwe and the government’s
unwillingness to end political violence and the illegal occupation of farms
despite pledges to do so at a meeting in Abuja, the Nigerian capital.

The Abuja summit saw Zimbabwe agree to, among other things, a lawful land
reform programme, restoring the rule of law and guaranteeing a democratic
electoral process, while on the other hand Britain agreed to fund the land
reform exercise provide these conditions were met.

Said the diplomatic sources: “The assembly is also urging the international
community to continue to focus on Zimbabwe even though the Commonwealth
Heads of Government Meeting (Chogm) has been postponed, and for the
Commonwealth to deliver a verdict on Zimbabwe.

“There are also calls on the French government to adhere to the line taken
by other EU states and to reduce or suspend its financial engagement in

There is now debate on whether the EU should now move to Article 96 of the
Cotonou Partnership Agreement so that the European Council can take the
necessary measures to identify and freeze the assets of Mugabe, his family
and named associates, held in European countries.

The joint ACP-EU assembly is also worried that the Zimbabwe government has
refused to establish an Independent Electoral Commission to conduct next
year’s presidential election. The establishment of such a body is seen as a
minimum condition under which a free and fair election can be staged.

“The assembly considers it vital that the EU send observers to Zimbabwe’s
presidential elections and requests full EU access to observe, and calls on
the Commission to start preparing a comprehensive election monitoring
mission, including the support of domestic monitors and training of
observers,” said the diplomats.
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Zim Standard

Foreign affairs secretary grabs unlisted farm

Farai Mutsaka
FOREIGN affairs permanent secretary, Willard Chiwewe, whose ministry is
supposed to lead the diplomatic offensive on the Abuja agreement, has
grabbed a farm in Shamva that had been delisted from the compulsory
acquisition list.

According to information gathered by The Standard, Chiwewe, in collusion
with Mashonaland Central governor and Zanu PF provincial chairman, Elliot
Manyika, has declared his intentions to grab the farm from Peter Rorbye.

It is understood Chiwewe has made his intention clear to Rorbye that he
wants to swap his Chipoli Day farm for Rorbye’s farm, which is more

Chiwewe confirmed his interest in the farm when contacted by The Standard on

After initially refusing any knowledge about the issue Chiwewe later
confirmed he wanted to grab the farm.

“I don’t know what you are talking about. Go back to your sources and then
come back to me. I don’t take farms from people, I don’t have that power,”
said Chiwewe.

He however changed his stance after being pressed further: “I have been
visiting the farm under different circumstances which have nothing to do
with your newspaper. I am not doing it in my personal capacity. I have been
asked by the provincial leadership to go and have a look at the farm and see
if I am interested in it.

"My farm is adjacent to a communal area so the province wants to use it for
resettlement purposes under the Model A1. So I will swap my farm for that
one. I am examining the two farms before I take a decision. The decision I
take has nothing to do with you,” said Chiwewe.

Chiwewe’s actions are in direct violation of the Abuja agreement in which
government agreed to halt all new farm occupations and restore the rule of

Although Rorbye refused to talk about the issue, The Standard has it on good
authority that Chiwewe frequently visits the farm to make ‘inspections’.

According to sources, Chiwewe last visited the farm a fortnight ago.

So afraid of Chiwewe is the Rorbye family that it has refused to talk to
this newspaper about the issue.

A woman at the farm yesterday pleaded with The Standard not to publish
anything regarding the issue as they feared reprisals.

“This issue is very sensitive and we don’t want anything published in the
press. I have a family living at the farm and I don’t want to put their
lives in danger. You will jeopardise a lot of things if you publish that
story. I will take issue with you if you write about our farm, I will take
action,” said the woman.

Farming operations have been disrupted in Mashonaland Central by war
veterans and Zanu PF supporters who continue to terrorise farmers and their
workers. Farmers in the area say attempts for dialogue with the provincial
leadership have failed.
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From the Zim Standard


Cornelius Nduna and Farai Mutsaka
THE Zanu PF MP for Mutoko North, David Chapfika, and a consortium of local
businessmen have come under investigation from the PTA Bank over a $41,3
million (US$750 000) loan obtained from the bank irregularly, investigations
by The Standard have revealed.

Deloitte and Touche auditors in Kenya, where the bank is based, confirmed
last week that they had been contracted by the bank to investigate the

Chapfika and his associates are alleged to have used unorthodox means to
borrow the money which they used to resuscitate the Boka Tobacco Auction
Floors which are now trading as Zimbabwe Tobacco Auction Company (ZITAC).

Chapfika is also the chairman of the parliamentary portfolio committee on
budget, finance and economic development.

ZITAC used an insider at the PTA Bank, the director for projects, Hardwork
Ndaka-senga Pemhiwa, to obtain the loan and in return Pemhiwa was given some

Documents in The Standard’s possession show that Pemhiwa used his influence
to push the loan to ZITAC without ensuring that the bank was not exposed.

Sources said the $41,3 million loan to ZITAC was insecure because the
company had failed to to provide securities for the loan. Already $22
million of the $41,3 has been disbursed to ZITAC through a local bank.

The land on which the auction floors are built belongs to the Harare City
Council which needs $9 million just to start the process of transferring

The project is the brainchild of Chapfika, Wilson Nyabonda, Caleb Dengu and
Pemhiwa, who are directors in Thirdline Trading which gave birth to ZITAC.

The ZITAC board consists of Nyabonda (chairman), Lovegot Tendengu, C Masango
and Artwel Seremani.

PTA Bank president Dr Michael Gondwe who was in Zimbabwe last Sunday could
not be reached for comment. Sources in Kenya said Gondwe, who was booked at
an Harare hotel, had flown into Zimbabwe over the ZITAC transaction after
revelations that the PTA Bank’s reputation was at stake because of the deal.

Dr Gondwe’s secretary said the bank’s president would only be back in Kenya
on Wednesday.
Pemhiwa told The Standard in a telephone interview on Friday from Kenya that
he was not authorised to speak on matters relating to the bank and its

Said Pemhiwa: “It may well be that because the bank is going through some
restructuring, consultants have been going through our whole process.”

Asked about the insecurity of the loan to ZITAC, Pemhiwa said: “I don’t
think it will be fair for me to discuss what is not in the public domain.
Only Dr Gondwe is qualified to speak on such matters.”

An auditor with Deloitte and Touche (Kenya), Sammy Onyangu, said the PTA
bank had given his firm some work but refused to elaborate.

Asked whether his auditing firm had been hired to investigate ZITAC
transactions, Onyangu said: “Our work is confidential. I am not at liberty
to disclose details but the (PTA) bank engaged us to do some work.”

Contacted for comment, Chapfika said he was not aware of any shady deal
surrounding ZITAC’s loan from the PTA bank.

“My appeal to your paper is to protect Zimbabwe, particularly where we are
dealing with a foreign institution. Yes maybe there was some irregularity
but I’m not aware of it,” said Chapfika.

“But you must apply nationalism. This project is beyond political
boundaries. This is wealth creation, unbundling of monopolies. Here we have
1 000 people employed. You should be fighting PTA, not ZITAC. We should
fight international institutions opposed to emerging efforts.

“We have been fighting for economic emancipation and we should be applauded
for breaking into this very critical area of tobacco. What I know is that
there have been lots of efforts to frustrate us... even government officials
have been fighting us. So I’m not surprised by the accusations.”

Chapfika said the rumours of irregularities could have been started by a
secretary who had been denied some shareholding in ZITAC after she had
demanded that she be made a shareholder.

ZITAC board member Seremani, said he was not aware that they were under
investigations from the PTA and referred all questions to ZITAC chairman,
Nyabonda who could not be reached for comment.
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From Zim Standard

Mugabe, bin Laden the same—Blair

Cornelius Nduna
BRITISH Prime Minister Tony Blair has lumped President Robert Mugabe
together with the world number’s one terrorist Osama bin Laden, saying the
world has a moral obligation to fight terrorists and dictators in any

In a speech at his Labour Party’s conference in Brighton last week, Blair
named President Mugabe, the Taliban militia and Slobodan Milosevic as
enemies of humanity which needed to be fought by the international community
’s united front.

Blair said in the face of the terror attacks on the World Trade Centre and
the Pentagon last month, the international community could no longer sit
back while conflicts, human rights abuses and other ills rock individual

“Round the world, 11 September is bringing governments and people to
reflect, consider and cha-nge. And in this process, amidst all the talk of
war and action there is another dimension appearing.
“There is a coming together. The power of the community is asserting itself.
We are realising how fragile our frontiers are in the face of the world’s
new challenges.

“Today conflicts rarely stay within national boundaries. Today a tremor in
one financial market is repeated in the markets of the world.”

Blair said if the genocide that occurred in Rwanda in 1993 was to be
repeated, his country would have a moral duty to intervene adding that it
was for the same reasons that the British went to Sierra Leone when the
democratically elected government there was under threat.

The British prime minister said a partnership for Africa could be a success
if the developed world provided more aid, untied trade, wrote off debts and
helped with good governance. He however warned that Africa had to play its

“But it’s a deal, on the African side: true democracy, no more excuses for
dictatorship, abuses of human rights, no tolerance of bad governance, from
the endemic corruption of some states, to the activities of Mr Mugabe’s
henchmen in Zimbabwe. Proper commercial and financial systems.”

Blair described that state of Africa as “a scar on the conscience of the
world” which could be healed if the world community focused on it.

The reference to Zimbabwe follows President Mugabe’s refusal to restore the
rule of law since the eruption of state-sponsored terror campaign in
February last year.

At least 117 opposition supporters have died since the preelection period
last year as Mugabe’s government continues its ill conceived land grab
campaign aimed at giving him an edge in next years crunch presidential
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Zimbabwean Firms Diversify Into Regional Markets as Survival Strategy

HARARE, Oct 6, 2001 (Xinhua via COMTEX) -- Former president of the Zimbabwe
Economic Society Ternard Kwashirai said on Saturday that many Zimbabwean
companies were now relocating or diversifying into regional and
markets as a survival strategy.

He told Zimbabwe News Agency that Zimbabwe's economy "is shrinking".

"The cost of doing business here is too high," he said, adding that "the
crisis, lack of confidence and inconsistent government policies were driving
many companies to look for opportunities elsewhere."

Another leading local seed producer, Seedco, had established a wholly owned
subsidiary in Botswana, Seedco International, which would be used as a
for regional growth.

The regional expansion would also be strengthened by contracted seed
in Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi and South Africa.

"It is a response to the economic crisis that we are going through," said
Kingdom Financial Holding economist Howard Sithole."Companies are expanding
the region to survive and generate foreign exchange to support their
at home."

He said it was critical for local companies to venture into regional and
international markets to survive the economic crisis at home which had led
the closure of 400 companies and the retrenchment of more than 100,000
since last year.

Increasing exports, opening regional branches and embarking on joint
with foreign companies was one way of risk spreading losses at home, he

Other economists warned that there was a danger that some companies would
relocate completely to neighboring countries if the government did not move
speed to curb violence on farms and adopt radical steps to save a dying

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From ZWNEWS, 7 October

Unjust law and costs creating statelessness

Forced by President Robert Mugabe’s government to renounce any claim to a second citizenship, Zimbabweans with British links face a double penalty: the British High Commission in Harare is charging them at black market rates to cut the tie. The £20 fee, translated into black market terms, is beyond the reach of many elderly people impoverished by Mugabe's insistence that pension funds invest in low interest funds, while hyper-inflation nears 100 percent. The fee is equivalent to more than a month's rent for a two-bedroomed flat in Harare.

"They have got a b....y cheek," said Zimbabwean-born Peggy Thomas, 59, who handed back the British passport she obtained in the 1980s through her Welsh-born husband, David. She was charged more than Zimbabwe $8 000 for a letter from a British official confirming to the Zimbabwean Passport Office that she is again a "mono-Zimbabwean" citizen. Others, faced with charges up to Zimbabwe $13 000 as the black market rate fluctuates, cannot afford renunciation. They thus lose Zimbabwean citizenship even if born here, reported Derek Matyszak, legal adviser to a support group which has complained to the High Commission. A British High Commission spokesman said the charges were "under review" and refused to comment further.

Under a law rushed through Parliament, Zimbabweans have until January 6 to obtain written proof from countries of which they hold dual-citizenship that they have renounced it. If they fail to obtain proof, they may be left stateless. As has become the case with other laws, however, the practical application of the new law has been distorted. The citizenship bureaucrats have also been illegally refusing applications for Zimbabwe passports to those who have never been dual citizens, with officials claiming - wrongly - that the new law states that even the possibility that a person might have a claim to a second nationality is enough for them to lose their Zimbabwean citizenship. In this way, many people end up in a Catch-22 - unable to gain proof that they have renounced a second citizenship which they do not have, they cannot apply for renewal of their Zimbabwe passports, and are thereby effectively rendered stateless.

White Zimbabweans have been the most visible victims of this latest in the series of unjust laws rubber-stamped by the Zanu PF majority in Parliament. This fits neatly with the way in which the government has sought to portray the violence of the last two years - as a war between "white settlers" and the black majority. But the reality is that this new law - like the violence itself, and everything else which has formed part of the grand Zanu PF re-election masterplan - affects far more black than white Zimbabweans. Some 1.5 million black Zimbabwean farm workers and their families of Malawian or Mozambican parentage and grand-parentage, are also affected by the new law - or at least the illegal application of it. Generally regarded with suspicion by Zanu PF, the effective disenfranchisement of this group of people, and the probable deprivation of their nationality, is just a part of the scheme to deprive the vote from as many people as possible who are likely to vote for the opposition. One man - not white, and born in Zimbabwe of Zimbabwean-born parents, has been unable to renew his Zimbabwe passport because "he has a foreign surname". He was told to renounce his "Mexican or Italian citizenship". He holds neither, and has thus effectively been rendered stateless. An elderly man who has lived in Zimbabwe since he was four has also been denied a renewal of his passport because the expired document states his place of birth as South Africa. Even after getting the relevant document from the SA High Commission stating that he has never been a SA citizen, his application was - illegally - denied. He too is now stateless.

The South African High Commission has Pretoria has levied no charges on the 1 100 Zimbabweans who have so far applied to renounce claims to South African citizenship.  At the British High Commission, officials refused to accept the £20 sterling note Mrs. Thomas offered, and insisted she pay in Zimbabwean notes at the "parallel" or black market rate. That day the rate was Zimbabwe $300 to the pound, more than three times the government’s official rate of Zimbabwe $79 to the pound. In addition, she paid a Zimbabwe $2,000 "consular fee". "I’m not leaving this country … and perhaps if I keep my British passport they can turn around and say you can’t own your home," said Mrs. Thomas, referring to fears that Mugabe plans laws banning foreign nationals from working or owning property in Zimbabwe. "The crazy thing, there I was at the High Commission paying to give my British passport back – and the room was absolutely crammed with people trying to get one," she added.

Getting into Britain is the prime aim of hundreds of thousands of black Zimbabweans as political and economic conditions worsen here. As many as 500 000 Zimbabwean are estimated to have gone to Britain already, legally or illegally. Welsh-born Health Minister Timothy Stamps, the sole prominent white in Mugabe's Zanu PF government, recently denounced the mass exodus of trained doctors and nurses, saying they would find Britain "dowdy, dirty and unwelcoming." Among whites who have decided to ignore Mugabe's January 6 deadline is former Rhodesian prime minister Ian Smith, 82. "I am just sitting back and waiting for the dust to settle," said Smith, who was born in Zimbabwe but has a claim to British citizenship by virtue of his father’s Scottish birth. "I believe someone will challenge this in court so I haven't got down to it."

Human rights groups plan a court challenge on grounds that the government should have to prove that Zimbabweans took active steps to claim a foreign nationality before they can be stripped of their local citizenship. But the Supreme Court is now packed with four Zanu PF-supporting judges, which reduces the chance of the Mugabe-picked bench ruling against the government in favour of individual rights.

The law as it stands:

The Citizenship Amendment Act passed earlier this year is unjust, but it IS constitutional. It cannot be challenged in terms of the present Constitution of Zimbabwe. Anyone who is also a citizen of another country is required to renounce that citizenship in terms of the laws of the other country, by 6 January 2002, if he or she wishes to remain a citizen of Zimbabwe.

If you renounced your other citizenship at the Citizenship Office here using the form provided by the Zimbabwe government, that is no longer sufficient. To remain a Zimbabwe citizen, you will have to go to the Embassy or High Commission of the other country and renounce that citizenship by whatever process the laws of that country require - and do this by 6 January 2002.

Note :If you have never claimed any other citizenship i.e. never used another passport or enjoyed the privileges conferred by holding another citizenship, then you are not a citizen of any other country. It is important to be aware of this, because being entitled to another citizenship is not the same as having that citizenship. It has come to our attention that people are being told at the Passport Office that if either of their parents was born outside this country, they will have to renounce the citizenship of that country. THIS IS NOT TRUE, unless they themselves hold the citizenship in question as described above. Anyone in this situation who is not allowed to renew their Zimbabwe passport is recommended to seek legal relief – please contact a lawyer if you want further advice about this.

Please also note that in terms of the Constitution, permanent residents of Zimbabwe, who have been permanently resident since BEFORE 31 December 1985 are entitled to register to vote, despite provisions in the Electoral Act which could be challenged. People who have become permanent residents AFTER 1985 are not entitled to vote. If you are required to take any action to remain a citizen of this country and this is your wish, we strongly recommend that you do so as soon as possible, other wise you may not be able to meet the deadline of 6 January 2002. Remember the Christmas holiday period starts at the beginning of December, so you effectively have less than two months left.

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Serialised each Sunday by The Zimbabwe Standard:


Commission on the assassination of Herbert Chitepo
PO Box RW 464

His Excellency Dr Kenneth D. Kaunda
President of the Republic of Zambia
State House

Your Excellency,
By Statutory Instrument No. 101 of 1975, Your Excellency appointed us Commissioners to inquire into the events and circumstances surrounding the death in Lusaka on the 18th March, 1975, of the late Herbert Wiltshire Chitepo, a leading Zimbabwean nationalist leader, and to investigate and establish other matters relating thereto as are contained in our terms of reference.

My fellow Commissioners and I feel honoured and privileged at having been appointed to undertake such an important task. We felt that this Special International Commission was of great significance not only to Zambia but to Africa as well and to the world as a whole.

We have the honour to submit our Report herewith.

I have the honour to be,
Your Excellency’s obedient servant
R. C. Kamanga

Supplement to the Republic of Zambia Government Gazetted dated the 1st July, 1975

Statutory Instrument No. 101 of 1975
The Inquiries Act
(Laws, Volume IV, Cap. 181)

A Commission
THE COMMISSION in the Schedule hereto, issued by His Excellency the President, is published in accordance with the provisions of section two of the Inquiries Act.
S.J. Kazunga
Secretary to the Cabinet

HIS EXCELLENCY KENNETH DAVID KAUNDA, President of the Republic of Zambia —

WHEREAS in my opinion it is advisable for the public welfare to appoint Commissioners to inquire into the matters hereinafter set out:

NOW THEREFORE, by virtue and in exercise of the powers conferred upon me by the Inquiries Act, I do by this my Commission under my hand and the Public Seal of the Republic of Zambia, appoint you the said—
to be Commissioners with all the powers of the said Act conferred and I do hereby authorise and require you in the manner of the said Act provided—
1. Inquire into the events and circumstance leading to the death of the late Herbert Chitepo on the 18th March, 1975.
2. Establish the facts of and surrounding the said death.
3. Investigate and establish whether any racist or imperialist agents or counter-revolutionaries or saboteurs were directly responsible for the said death.
4. Investigate and establish the identity and the motive of the person or persons responsible for the death.
5. Make recommendations with regard to the measures or any additional measures that ought to be taken for the security of persons engaged in any political activities aimed at the attainment of freedom and independence of the people of Zimbabwe and of any other country in Africa still under colonial or minority rule.
AND I hereby direct that you the said Reuben Chitandika Kamanga be the Chairman of the said Commission.
AND I hereby direct that the person before whom you shall take and subscribe the oath or affirmation required by the aforesaid Act shall be the Honourable Mr Justice Annel Muchizwa Silungwe, Chief Justice of Zambia.
AND I hereby direct that the Chairman sitting with five other Commissioners shall constitute a quorum.
AND I hereby direct the Inquiry shall be made in Lusaka and in such other places both inside and outside of Zambia as may be deemed necessary by the Commission.
AND I hereby direct that the report of the Inquiry shall be rendered to me after the Commissioners have concluded their deliberations and decided upon their recommendations.
AND I hereby direct that if the Commissioners in the course of their inquiries become aware of any matter, thing of activity which in their opinion constitutes or is likely to constitute a danger or threat to national security or the security of any person or persons engaged in any political activity aimed at the attainment of freedom and independence of the people of Zimbabwe or of any other country in Africa still under colonial or minority rule, they shall forthwith communicate full information concerning any such matter, thing or activity and their opinion thereon to the Minister responsible for home affairs.
AND I hereby direct that the said Inquiry shall be held in private.
AND I hereby appoint Charles Chishimba Manyema to be Secretary for the purposes of the said Inquiry.
AND I hereby authorise the Commissioners to engage the services of such advisers and experts as they deem necessary to aid and assist them in the said Inquiry.
AND I lastly do hereby command all persons whom it may concern to take due notice hereof and give their obedience accordingly.
GIVEN under my hand and the Public Seal of the Republic of Zambia at Lusaka this 1st day of July, the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventy-five.



On Tuesday, the 18th of March, 1975, at about 0800 hours an explosion occurred at No. 150 Muramba Road, Chilenje South, Lusaka, the house of the late Mr Herbert Wiltshire Chitepo, former National Chairman of Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and a leading personality in the enlarged African National Council (ANC), which came into being on the 7th December 1974.
2. Chitepo and his bodyguard Silas Shamiso died as a result of this explosion and a third person, a young Zambian boy called Sambwa Chaya of No. 148 Muramba Road, Chilenje South, died later at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, from injuries sustained as a result of the explosion. Sadat Kafumazuba, another bodyguard of Chitepo, also sustained injuries.

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Former judge berates Zimbabwe government

October 6, 2001 Posted: 10:09 AM EDT (1409 GMT)

HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) -- A former High Court judge belatedly released a ruling on Saturday accusing the Zimbabwean government of subverting the rule of law, sponsoring terror and undermining judicial independence.

Judge Michael Gillespie, 49, who quit the bench in August, said in the written judgment published Saturday he could no longer in good conscience "administer the law only against opponents of the government."

Gillespie, a white Zimbabwean who reportedly went to England after stepping down, deplored what he called an unduly lenient lower court sentence on a ruling party supporter who attempted to extort $3,000 from a white former employer.

The convicted man, who two years ago received a compensation package negotiated by government labor officers, led a mob to the employer's offices during a wave of similar unrest earlier this year.

Reviewing the verdict, Gillespie questioned why the man was sentenced to 420 hours community sentence in place of a prison sentence. However, the law prevented him from overturning the verdict, allowing him only to express his disapproval.

Opposition officials accused the government of stirring up the urban unrest in a calculated move to gain support for the ruling party and cow its opponents. The opposition has accused ruling party militants, who have led the violent occupation of 1,700 white-owned farms, of similar motives and have said the government appeared to be trying to destroy the independence of the judiciary.

Supreme Court Chief Justice Anthony Gubbay took early retirement in March after the government said it could not guarantee the safety of judges. Gillespie became the third High Court judge since May to resign when he stepped down on August 31. All three were seen as critical of the government.

In the ruling published Saturday, Gillespie also questioned why Joseph Chinotimba -- leader of a group of veterans of Zimbabwe's liberation war and other ruling party militants -- was allowed to continue organizing attacks on businesses and white-owned farms despite being on bail for attempted murder of an opposition supporter.

Chinotimba's treatment "makes a mockery of the law" and "leaves it impossible for me to conclude ... (he) and his actions do not enjoy the full backing of the executive," Gillespie wrote.

Gillespie also accused the ruling party of manipulating the courts to block opposition challenges to last year's parliamentary elections, threatening white judges, and packing the Supreme Court with supporters of President Robert Mugabe.

Information Minister Jonathan Moyo said Gillespie's remarks were "a disgusting abuse of the bench ... political and racist statements that have nothing to do with the case."

"We will not be shaken in our commitment to build a just and equitable society as per the goals of our liberation struggle," Moyo said.

Mugabe's government has pledged to seized most of the farmland owned by Zimbabwe's 4,000 white farmers -- nearly one-third of the country's fertile land -- for redistribution to landless blacks.

The violent occupations and plans for the land seizures began last March after the defeat of a constitutional referendum that would have further entrenched the president's powers -- Mugabe's first electoral loss in his 21-year-rule.

Gillespie said the behavior of the offender brought before him was "a symptom of the breakdown to mob rule."

"A judge who finds himself in the position where he is called upon to administer the law only against opponents of the government and not against government supporters faces the challenge to his conscience -- that is whether he can still consider himself to sit as an independent judge in an impartial court," he wrote.

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