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      THE cost of President Mugabe's land grab of white farms became apparent yesterday with an official forecast that next year's tobacco crop, the mainstay of the economy, will fall by at least 30 per cent.
                  Tim Henwood, president of the Commercial Farmers' Union, told its annual congress that the land crisis was 'threatening the future of every Zimbabwean'
            Fuel shortages, price rises and huge job losses have caused simmering discontent in Harare's black townships. Economists say that Mr Mugabe's planned seizure of 3,270 white farms, almost three quarters of the total, will plunge Zimbabwe still deeper into recession.

            If the president presses ahead, fewer than 800 white farms will survive and the great majority of tobacco farms - the largest single export earner - will be seized. The Zimbabwe Tobacco Association predicted that next year's crop would plunge to about 167,000 tons.

            Unofficial forecasts are even more pessimistic, putting the fall at 50 per cent. The forecast came as the white farmers' leader said they would launch a Supreme Court challenge to the land grab in a final effort to halt what he termed "the collapse of our nation".

            Dropping his conciliatory approach, Tim Henwood, president of the Commercial Farmers' Union, told its annual congress that the land crisis was "threatening the future of every Zimbabwean".

            He accused the government of reneging on pledges to evict the squatters who are illegally occupying more than 1,100 properties and said: "That is why the CFU has to return to the Supreme Court to represent all the farmers affected by the government's decision to compulsorily acquire over 3,000 commercial farms.

            "This class action will specifically challenge the power to take land from an individual without compensation." The farmers on Mr Mugabe's hit-list are being refused bank loans. Many have been unable to prepare a crop for next year and are being forced to lay off black workers.

            Jerry Grant, deputy director of the CFU: "We now stand to lose the entire farming season unless a pragmatic land reform exercise, which everyone in the industry subscribes to, is implemented quickly. At this rate, we are throwing the whole sector into turmoil."

            Mr Mugabe is under immense pressure to reward his supporters after his narrow victory in June's parliamentary election. Many of the 1,952 farms listed for seizure so far are owned by prominent supporters of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change. One farmer on the hit-list said: "It's a retribution list and it reads like a who's who in the MDC."

            John Robertson, an economist, said that the farms on the hit-list employed more than 250,000 people and contributed at least £600 million to the economy. He said: "Zimbabwe has only a few weeks to reverse the possibility of the total collapse of its economy."
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Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe has railed against critics of his land reform plan and said he will not back down from a campaign to take away farms from descendants of white British colonialists and give it to impoverished blacks.

"Our conscience is clear. We will not go back. We shall continue to effect economic and social justice for all our people without fear or favour," he said in a speech to the UN Millennium Summit of world leaders.

President Mugabe has come under fire for his land reform plan, in which veterans of the war that ended white rule in 1980 have led violent mobs to occupy more than 1,600 white-owned farms since February.

About 4,000 whites own one-third of the fertile farmland, where 2 million farm workers and their family members live. About 7.5 million people live on the other two-thirds.

The president used the international forum to defend his policies and blast critics.

"We have sought to redress this inequity through a fast track land reform and resettlement programme," he said.

"And what has been the response from some interested quarters? Their response has been staggering beyond description. My country, my government, my party and my person are labeled 'land grabbers', demonised, reviled and threatened with sanctions in the face of accusations of reverse-racism," he told the UN General Assembly.

While in New York for the summit, President Mugabe was served with a civil lawsuit filed in US District Court alleging that he orchestrated a campaign of violence to keep his political party in office, The Washington Post reported on its website.

The plaintiffs, who filed the case under a 211-year-old US law that allows foreigners to sue for violations of international law, include relatives of three people slain and a political opponent who claims she was attacked. The lawsuit seeks about $400 million in damages, the Post reported.

The US Senate is considering a bill to force Zimbabwe to pay off its debt to the United States and suspend US aid unless law and order is restored and property that was held before January is returned.
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Zimbabwe minister snubs farmers -- UK BBC
Mugabe's version of Mao's Cultural Revolution -- Zim Daily News Leader
Government struggles to complete airport -- Zim Daily News
Fast-track land reform exercise could hit snag -- Zim Daily News
Bikita, Gutu villagers invade more farms -- Zim Daily News
Biggie Chitoro in court for arson -- Zim Daily News
Hungwe attacks fast-track land reform exercise -- Zim Daily News
Hunzvi's antics leave Parliament stunned -- Zim Daily News Parliament
Mafudze threatens Hunzvi -- Zim Daily News Parliament
Hunzvi walks out as AG reports on War Fund -- Zim Daily News


Thursday, 7 September, 2000, 17:51 GMT 18:51 UK

Zimbabwe minister snubs farmers

Nearly 700 CFU members waited in vain for the speech
By BBC's Grant Ferrett in Harare

The annual Congress of Zimbabwe's Commercial Farmers Union ended in
confusion on Thursday after the minister for land and agriculture failed
to attend to deliver his traditional address.

Nearly 700 delegates who had gathered for the meeting in Harare appeared
surprised and disappointed that the minister, Joseph Made, did not turn

The delegates suggested calling on the UK to intervene, or to appeal for
the services of an international arbitrator such as the former South
African President, Nelson Mandela.

On Wednesday, the farmers announced that they had resumed their legal
challenge to the government's attempts to seize their land without

Minister's calendar

The union President, Tim Henwood, said it was the first time in living
memory that the relevant minister had failed to speak to the conference.

Addressing the two day event is traditionally one of the most important
events of the minister's calendar.

Mr Henwood suggested ironically that perhaps the minister had a more
pressing engagement.

But relations between the mainly white farmers' union and the government
have deteriorated sharply since President Mugabe and his ministers gave
official backing to the illegal occupation of commercial farms in the
run-up to parliamentary elections in June.

Survival plan

The failure to evict squatters, combined with a listing of thousands of
white owned farms for redistribution to government supporters, threatens
to completely undermine the entire economy.

Commercial agriculture is the backbone of the Zimbabwean economy,
earning more foreign currency and employing more workers than any other

Faced with a breakdown in the rule of law, and a refusal to enforce
court orders, the farmers are desperately trying to formulate a survival

But their biggest problem, as they were reminded when the land and
agriculture minister failed to show up for their annual congress is that
the government is not listening.

The Daily Newspaper: Zimbabwe
9/7/00 10:57:35 AM (GMT +2)

LEADER PAGE Thursday 7, September

Mugabe's version of Mao's Cultural Revolution


If history teaches any lesson it is that "people never learn from
The current lawlessness fostered by rogue war veterans is synonymous to
the 1965-71 Cultural Revolution in China.

Like President Mugabe's farm invasions and reign of terror in 2000, Mao
in 1965 introduced the cultural revolution to stop what he thought were
increasing reactionary tendencies in China.
Both Mao and Mugabe's intentions were to cow the opposition.
In China, students and youths were enlisted into Mao's Red Guard units
across China to attack perceived "capitalist roaders".
Similarly, some war veterans, Zanu PF supporters and unemployed youths
have formed themselves into "Red Guard" units across Zimbabwe to
terrorise perceived anti-Zanu PF elements.
The Red Guards in China spread to industry, agriculture and the
bureaucracy with Mao's blessing just as war veterans have invaded and
terrorized Zimbabweans with Mugabe's blessing.
In China, "reactionary" teachers and university lectures were removed
from the classroom and "reactionary" officials were marched in the
streets and given political "re-education" lessons.
Similarly, war veterans and Zanu PF militia have unleashed a reign of
terror against teachers, closing schools, abducting teachers and pupils
for night pungwes, toyi-toying and even raping them and destroying their
Muchapera Mabhunu, for example, abducted 25 pupils in Chitungwiza and
detained them for more than six hours at night during which they were
treated to mbanje smoking, rigorous toyi-toying and sexual harassment.
The notorious Biggie Chitoro closed many schools in Mberengwa district
while other war veterans elsewhere carried out similar activities.
Joseph Chinotimba must be remembered for the illegal allocation of
stands in urban Harare while Black Jesus is back from prison and
currently busy illegally pegging land in Masvingo.
Mao, like Mugabe, envisaged the Red Guards (war veterans in Zimbabwe) as
becoming permanent organs of mass political power.
By 1967 the Cultural Revolution had slipped out of the control of both
the Communist Party and Mao, just as war veterans have slipped out of
Zanu PF and Mugabe's control.
The Red Guards seized power and shut down schools, universities,
factories and government offices in China.
Similarly, war veterans caused the breakdown of law and order in
Zimbabwe by their terror, land invasions and plundering of commercial
farmers' property, particularly livestock.
Sooner or later they may move from farms, schools and illegal land
allocation to mines and factories in urban areas.
It is from this point of view that war veterans' brutality and terror
must be condemned in strongest terms as it is unjust and will never
foster the development of Zimbabwe.
Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.
A threat to liberty anywhere is a threat to liberty anywhere. Liberty
has no place for prejudice or violence.
All Zimbabweans must place tolerance at the centre of all efforts to
achieve national peace and progress.
Tolerance encourages dialogue where differences persist, understanding
where suspicion exists and co-operation where divisions have impaired
development for too long.
The struggle for tolerance is the struggle for humanity itself and it is
incumbent upon all Zimbabweans to seek out and embrace what fosters
development and unites us.
The land question is a test for Zimbabwe.
What is happening in Zimbabwe today may happen in Zimbabwe tomorrow, and
what the Zimbabwean government does today must set a precedent for what
it may have to do tomorrow.
Zimbabwe will be judged by success or failure of its handling of the
farm invasions and the accompanying lawlessness.
While we are not opposed to land equity, we are perturbed by war
veterans' methods to establish such equity that currently has promoted
anarchy and lawlessness.
The government, for political expediency, has now adopted the so-called
"fast-track" resettlement programme which rests on slippery ground,
operates on rusty machinery and is doomed.
No compromise can alter the cardinal and fundamental principle and idea
that war veterans and Zanu PF youths must be treated as any other
To treat war veterans as special is not only a serious travesty of
justice but also a woeful contradiction of the very dictates of history.
History moves in a particular logical direction, and in this particular
instance the logical direction is that eventually law and order must be
restored in Zimbabwe.
The government must practise the democracy enshrined in our Constitution
rather than reflect a sectional outlook.
It is important to note that democracy flouted is democracy denied.
Now has come the time when we, as Zimbabweans, must articulate what we
want, and put it across to the rogue war veterans and from a position of
strength begin to say: "Gentlemen, this is where you are, this is where
we are and this is what we want."
No group of people in Zimbabwe possesses the monopoly of truth,
intelligence and force. There is room for all of us at the rendezvous of
In China, when the Red Guards got out of control, Mao was forced to call
in the army to restore order by disarming the Red Guards and forcing
students back to school and university.
Several Red Guard leaders were also arrested which further helped to
quell the unrest and restore order.
While we appreciate the arrest of a few criminals, it is our conviction
that there are numerous criminals walking free and we wonder why the
police are not apprehending them.
It is high time Mugabe considered calling on our national army to arrest
lawlessness in our beloved but sinking country, as the police seem to
have failed to do so.
More importantly, the arrest of the leaders of anarchy, lawlessness and
terrorism such as Chenjerai Hitler Hunzvi, Black Jesus, Border Gezi and
Chinotimba, to mention only a few, may help to quell the current unrest
and restore order.
Surely we must learn from the Chinese cure to anarchy and lawlessness,
and execute a properly planned land resettlement plan as well as foster
meaningful and sustainable development.
The rest of Zimbabwe views the lawlessness and anarchy spearheaded by
rogue war veterans as an unforgivable sin that cannot be pardoned by
civilized societies.
We, therefore, urge war veterans and Zanu PF militia as well as any
other criminals to sit up and think again.


The Daily Newspaper::Zimbabwe
9/7/00 10:12:23 AM (GMT +2)
NATIONAL NEWS Thursday 7, September

Government struggles to complete airport

Political Reporter

ZIMBABWE borrowed a whopping $3,7 billion to finance the construction of
the new Harare International Airport but it is failing to raise $94,2
million to enable the project to be completed, a government minister
told Parliament yesterday.

The Minister of Transport and Communications, Swithun Mombeshora, said
the airport project was almost complete but progress was being hampered
by financial problems.
Mombeshora was responding to a question by Glen Norah MP, Priscilla
Misihairabwi-Mushonga on the sources of the funds for the project and to
state problems being faced in the financing to ensure the project is
When Zimbabwe borrowed the $3,7 billion from three international
financiers, it was supposed to pay a 15 percent content on each loan in
both local and foreign currency with 85 percent to be met by the
The foreign currency was for the procurement of goods not locally
available and the local currency was for paying for local goods, labour
escalations and increase in sales tax.


The Daily Newspaper::Zimbabwe
9/7/00 10:20:39 AM (GMT +2)
NATIONAL NEWS Thursday 7, September

Fast-track land reform exercise could hit snag

Painos Dakwa, Gweru

The fast-track land reform programme could hit a snag in the low
rainfall districts of Zvishavane and Mberengwa in the Midlands province.

The two districts have a waiting list of more than 40 000 people who
need to be resettled.
Mberengwa and Zvishavane are in semi-arid regions four and five whose
agricultural yields are comparatively low due to erratic rainfall
In drought prone Mberengwa for instance, there are only four commercial
farms which are mainly ranches in a district where 20 000 people are
clamouring to be resettled. In Zvishavane, 15 000 are waiting to be
allocated land on 10 commercial farms which have small arable hectarage.
The Governor for the Midlands is aware of the shortage of arable land in
the two districts. Msipa who launched the fast-track programme at the 2
000-hectare Radway Farm in Mberengwa, said several people would have to
be settled outside the two districts.
"We are looking at identifying more commercial farms in Gweru, Kwekwe
and Shurugwi where we can accommodate the people from the two
 districts," Msipa said.
One villager suggested that the farm workers at Radway be given priority
for logistical reasons since they are already living on the property.
Others argued that the land should be shared among the villagers and
ex-freedom fighters who occupied the farm in March this year.
As a result, tension is running high among the 20 000 people who need to
be resettled in Mberengwa. Besides the shortage of farming land, some of
the villagers are demanding that funds be made available to enable them
to go into ranching.
Although Rugare Gumbo, Mberengwa East Member of Parliament, assured the
villagers that this was only the first phase of the resettlement
programme, a number of them are sceptical on whether they would benefit.
Joyce Nyoni, one of the intended beneficiaries, said she would not be
willing to be moved from her ancestral home in Mberengwa to distant
areas like Kwekwe and Mberengwa.
Jacob Mema from Zvishavane, says all he needs is more land for farming
and does not mind moving out of his home area.
Mberengwa which falls under ecological region five, receives between
350mm to 500mm of rain while that for Zvishavane is between 450 - 600 mm
during the rain season.
If the smallholder farmers, farm workers, ex-freedom fighters and others
insist on cropping and ignore ranching, then they will have to be
Several boreholes and dams will have to be opened on the acquired farms
if those to be resettled are to engage in meaningful agricultural
The Zimbabwe Farmers Union's Midlands representative, Aaron Dondofema,
said as the exercise gets underway, the authorities should take into
account the fact that 45 percent of the province's supplies of beef
comes from Mberengwa.
Rapoko, sorghum and groundnuts are the major crops cultivated in
Zvishavane and Mberengwa.
Zvishavane produced cereals such as rapoko, mhunga and horticulture and
their contribution to the provincial basket was 28 percent.
"Although the two districts are mainly ranching areas, they could be
developed by way of more boreholes and large-scale commercial dams so
that the farmers can venture into both cropping and ranching," Dondofema
He said for a start, those to be resettled should identify their needs
pertaining to inputs and farming implements.
"What the beneficiaries need is support from agritex extension workers,
workshops on production and help from the government and donors to come
up with a viable and efficient farming programme."
A situation where farmers in the two districts will end up abandoning
the commercial farming sectors should not be allowed to happen,"
cautions Dondofema.
The government has identified more than 3 000 commercial farms for
resettlement amid warning that the programme could be the death knell to
country's once viable agricultural sector if not handled diligently.


The Daily Newspaper::Zimbabwe
9/7/00 10:10:20 AM (GMT +2)
NATIONAL NEWS Thursday 7, September

Bikita, Gutu villagers invade more farms

Daily News Correspondent, Masvingo

About 1 500 war veterans and villagers from Bikita and Gutu districts of
Masvingo moved into commercial farms in Masvingo East during the past
two days and started clearing huge tracts of land, farmers in the area
said yesterday.
The invaders swooped onto Southwales Estate, Bon Air, Marha, Yetorn,
Sharlock and Dromore farms, all in Masvingo East commercial farming
area, and have threatened to forcibly remove owners from their
Yesterday, they set Southwales Estate on fire as part of their tillage
preparations, putting about 2 000 head of cattle in danger.
"We are actually in a dilemma," said Osman Khan at the farm. "All the
pastures were destroyed and I do not know what to do with the cattle.
Chaos is reigning supreme and the squatters are busy erecting houses.
Police are reluctant to act."
Fences around most farms in the area were destroyed and cattle from the
neighbouring communal areas are now grazing in the farms.


The Daily Newspaper::Zimbabwe
9/7/00 9:29:14 AM (GMT +2)
NATIONAL NEWS Thursday 7, September

Biggie Chitoro in court for arson

Zerubabel Mudzingwa, Gweru

Mberengwa war veterans' leader Wilson Kufa Chitoro, also known as Biggie
Chitoro, in custody for murder, kidnapping, robbery and various other
politically related crimes committed in Mberengwa during the run-up to
the June parliamentary election, appeared in court again yesterday.

This time, he and two others were charged with burning down Sekai
Holland's car and kidnapping three officials from the Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC). Holland lost in her bid to represent Mberengwa
East in Parliament on an MDC ticket. Zanu PF's Rugare Gumbo is now the
MP for the constituency.
Chitoro, 60, was remanded in custody to 20 September while his
co-accused, Nyashadzashe Koke, 43, and Tavatangira Dzingairai, 43, were
released on $500 bail each by Zvishavane magistrate Elizabeth Rutsate.
In another case already before the courts, Chitoro is being separately
charged for the kidnapping and subsequent murder of Fainos Kufazvineyi
Zhou during the election campaign period.
Gibson Sibanda of Sibanda and Partners, a Zvishavane law firm,
represented Chitoro and his co-accused.
The State alleges that sometime in March, Chitoro a Mberengwa district
chairman of the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans' Association
addressed a meeting at Zeederberg Ranch where he allegedly incited war
veterans and Zanu PF youths to terrorise any known opposition party
supporters in the area.
Dzingirai, as the base chairman, led some youths and set up roadblocks
on major roads.
Travellers who failed to produce Zanu PF cards at the roadblocks were
severely tortured and forced to join the ruling party.
On 4 June, the car in which Holland and three senior MDC officials
Erasmus Matika, Simbarashe Muchemwa and Masimba Jeremani were travelling
broke down close to the war veterans' base. While trying to repair the
car, they were allegedly approached by Koke who offered to fix it for
them. When he failed to repair the car, Koke is alleged to have gone
back to the base and then returned a few minutes later in the company of
Dzingirai then ordered the youths to kidnap Matika, Muchemwa and
Jeremani before setting Holland's pick-up truck car, worth $400 000, on
Those kidnapped were severely assaulted throughout the night at a
notorious torture base named Gweshuro.
Muchemwa, who managed to escape, reported the matter to the police in
When the police arrived at the farm, they were allegedly denied entry
until after the intervention of Chitoro.
According to the State, Jeremani is still admitted at Bulawayo United
He is unable to talk due to injuries inflicted by the war veterans.

The Daily Newspaper::Zimbabwe
9/7/00 10:30:20 AM (GMT +2)
NATIONAL NEWS Thursday 7, September

Hungwe attacks fast-track land reform exercise

Muchaneta Muchenje

SILAS Hungwe, the president of the Zimbabwe Farmers' Union, yesterday
launched a scathing attack on the government, accusing it of being only
concerned with displacing commercial farmers and farm workers, instead
of allocating land to the needy.

Hungwe, previously considered an uncritical supporter of government
agricultural policies, spoke at a workshop to create dialogue between
the government and stakeholders on the fast-track resettlement
Said Hungwe: "The government does not say anything about supporting the
resettled people. Its only aim is to resettle them. Resettlement is not
for people to have a home at which they will be buried, but to change
their lives for the better."
Hungwe said he believed it was useless to resettle people without giving
them the necessary support such as training.
He criticised the fast track programme as an "unplanned and flawed"
programme, despite the government's efforts to make it look right. The
government wanted to be seen as doing the nation a favour but was
actually creating more problems through its rash programme, said Hungwe.
The workshop, attended by government officials and other civic
organisations, was organised for the women who feel marginalised in the
land programme An independent consultant, Unity Chari, said the
government should make public the policy document on land which she said
was silent on gender concerns.
The Women and Land Lobby Group co-ordinator, Abby Taka Mgugu, said
although her organisation fully supported land reform without proper
infrastructure life was going to be very difficult for the women.


The Daily Newspaper::Zimbabwe
9/7/00 9:37:23 AM (GMT +2)
PARLIAMENT Thursday 7, September

Hunzvi's antics leave Parliament stunned

Political Reporter

War veterans' leader, Dr Chenjerai Hunzvi, on Tuesday stunned Parliament
when he declared that the war veterans would return to war if the
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) assisted members of the white
minority to maintain their hold on land.

Making his maiden speech in Parliament, Hunzvi accused MDC MPs of
suffering from what he called memory impairment.
He then gave a long discourse on the colonial history of Zimbabwe.
All but nine MDC MPs walked out of the House as the MP for Chikomba
spoke and shouted slogans denouncing the MDC for working with the white
Clenching his fist and alternating between oratory and dancing, Hunzvi
applauded President Mugabe and the war veterans for working to ensure
the land acquisition programme continues, with hundreds of the landless
being resettled.
"Whites are refusing to give us the land and the MDC is also refusing
because they are jealous," said Hunzvi as he recounted the war of
After Speaker Emmerson Mnangagwa extended Hunzvi's speech time, he
continued to attack the MDC saying its MPs suffered from what he called
"emptiosis and MDiosis".
As the MDC MPs walked out of the House, Hunzvi shouted: "Let the
Rhodesians go out! It is a shame that the MDC is now being supported by
the former colonial settlers. They are running away because they do not
know their history."
While the remaining MDC MPs told Hunzvi that he was behaving
irrationally, Zanu PF MPs urged him on, calling him by his "Mhofu"
Bragging about his role in the land invasions, he said the MDC MPs were
sellouts, especially for supporting the white commercial farmers and the
recent work stayaway.
He, however, said land should be given to all Zimbabwean regardless of
political affiliation, even to members of the white community as long as
they were permanent Zimbabwean residents with citizenship.
MDC MPs shouted him down, saying rival war veterans' leader, Andy
Mhlanga, was a better leader for the war veterans.

The Daily Newspaper::Zimbabwe
9/7/00 9:40:52 AM (GMT +2)
PARLIAMENT Thursday 7, September

Mafudze threatens Hunzvi

THE government must move with speed to restore the rule of law or face
popular unrest and disobedience it may fail to control, Hilda Mafudze
(MDC,Mhondoro) told Parliament on Tuesday.

Mafudze, in her maiden speech, said the political violence unleashed on
ordinary citizens for supporting opposition parties before and after the
June election was not called for.
She said the government must move with speed to ensure law and order
prevails for the good of the country. She said it was saddening that war
veterans and Zanu PF supporters were used in the terror campaign to
mobilize support for "desperate despotic rulers whose sole objective was
to stay in power, no matter what".
"Two months after the elections, these misguided elements are still
continuing unabated and this should not be tolerated," she said. "Those
who supported it must move with speed or face popular unrest and
disobedience that no government can control."
At that point the war veterans' leader, Chenjerai Hunzvi (Zanu PF,
Chikomba), interjected: "Tinokurongera jambanja," which literally means
"We will organise violence against you."
"Ndino kurova (I will beat you up)," responded Mafudze.
"People have been tortured, maimed and harassed by the government for
choosing to support a party other than Zanu PF.
Mr Speaker, is that democracy?"

The Daily Newspaper::Zimbabwe
9/7/00 10:17:22 AM (GMT +2)
NATIONAL NEWS Thursday 7, September

Hunzvi walks out as AG reports on War Fund

Political Reporter

THE Member of Parliament for Chikomba Dr Chenjerai Hunzvi walked out of
Parliament yesterday moments before the Minister of Justice, Legal and
Parliamentary Affairs, Patrick Chinamasa, responded to a question
relating to the defrauding of War Victims Compensation Fund of millions
of dollars in 1996.

Chinamasa told Parliament yesterday that the Attorney General's office
had completed work on the 21 dockets that will lead to the prosecution
of some of the people who abused and defrauded the fund. Referring
specifically to Hunzvi he said the war veteran leader was already an
accused facing trial before the courts.
Chinamasa said the dockets had been completed to allow trials to
continue while others were being considered for further investigations.
He made these statements while responding to a question from the
Movement for Democratic Change MP for Zengeza, Tafadzwa Musekiwa who
wanted to know what steps were being taken to ensure the speedy
prosecution of senior Zanu PF government officials who had defrauded the
The fund's coffers were emptied of about $4,5 billion in less than six
months prompting the government to launch investigations into the manner
in which the funds were administered.


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Satellite evidence of the land crisis in Zimbabwe Zim Land

Thought you might find this interesting - read on and then take a look at the attached satellite photo.
Info. courtesy Malcolm Kincaid-Smith.

WE SHOULD ALL BE VERY CONCERNED BY THIS IMAGE Satellite evidence of the land crisis in Zimbabwe

Fig.  1 An enlarged part of the Africa mosaic showing Zimbabwe (courtesy of Earth Satellite Corporation).  Lake Kariba forms part of the border with Zambia in the northwest.  Note the Great Dyke which strikes through Zimbabwe from north-northeast to south-southwest.
* Note the differences between commercial and communal land.
The patches of light tones are severely degraded.  Darker tones indicate forested or fallow land.  Crops appear light pink.  The degraded areas are all communal lands.
* See the contrast with surrounding countries.
Mozambique to the east is densely vegetated.
Zambia to the north is densely vegetated in spite of high population along the line of rail north of Lake Kariba.
Botswana to the south-east is drier and naturally less vegetated, yet the communal lands along the Zimbabwe border appear as more degraded.
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Farmers Receiving Section 9 Eviction Orders
Farmers have been receiving notices to vacate their properties, in most cases after having been issued Section 8 Compulsory Acquisition Orders. 
All the notices to vacate have given only 30 days notice.
These notices are NOT VALID as Section 9 of the Land Acquisition Act 1992 as amended by S.I.148A of 2000 provides -
Section 9 (3)  If the owner or a usufructuary of land which has been acquired in terms of this Part is occupying that land, he shall not be required to vacate that land unless at least 3 months notice has been given to him.
If any specific response is necessary by those farmers in receipt of such Notices to Vacate, it will be contained in the Union brief on Monday 11th September 2000.
Mutepatepa - People from the Chiweshe communal lands are causing obstructions to farm operations on Crewkerne Farm. They are cutting trees and preventing the owner and his sons from moving around the property.  Police have been ineffective.  War vets on Insingizi Farm have refused to move so as to allow the owner to make a fire break.  War vets are building and cutting trees on Dundry Farm.
Horseshoe - Cattle are being slaughtered by war vets on Rushpeak Farm.
Mazowe/Concession - War vets are building huts outside the security fence on Amatola, and are suspected to have burnt grazing lands.
Marondera - Nothing to report.
Marondera North - Nothing to report.
Beatrice - War vet Mavingira told the labour of Argyle Ranch that they were to attend a meeting in the Beatrice township.  There were 21 people on Marirangwe claiming land. 12-15 people, led by war vet Maddoch, went to Denby to claim land. A Police vehicle from Mahusekwa escorted 5 of the war vets to the farm using the excuse that they were helping Maddoch look for someone. He then took them off the farm when he left.  Joyce Mine: Occupiers are moving onto Joyce Mine with scotch carts. There is continued pegging on Goldylands.  War vets moved onto Boch with a 3.5t truck full of furniture.
Harare South - There has been no field work done on Stoneridge since Monday. Yesterday the boom at the gate was stolen and taken to the war vet camp. There are another two houses being erected, and no response from the Police. Occupiers on Blackfordby destroyed about 6ha of ridges. There has been no work done on the farm since Wednesday. Wood cutting and house building continues on Dunnotar.  Some women started a fire deliberately on Kimcote in order to clear land.
Wedza - Three steers were slashed on Collace but are recovering. A calf was snared and is also recovering. The water works to the paddocks are being tampered with.  About 2km of fencing was stolen from Saltash.  There is an increase in poaching on Chakadenga.  There were three beasts stolen from Skoonveld but a Wedza Farm Security Guard caught two cutting up two of the beasts and it was later found out that the other one had already gone to Harare for selling. House building and tree cutting continues on Fair Adventure. On Shaka two fires were started on the farm.
Enterprise - Nothing to report.
Bromley/Ruwa - The base camp commander on Dunstan is wanted by the Police for the murder of a male, either a member of the public or one of the members of the camp.  The assailant who robbed Mrs. Cullinan at gun point was found and her cell phone recovered. The assailant is being detained at Chitungwisa.
Macheke/Virginia - A few people arrived to take over Castledene Pines.  The Police were collected and taken to the farm and explained that the Section 8 Order had been lifted and the farm belonged to the owners.
Bunya Farm was occupied on Wednesday 6 September.
Chegutu/Suri Suri - There was a work stoppage of paprika planting on San Fernando on Tuesday by threatening war vets, which has now been resolved. The owner of Leny Farm was given a three week eviction notice by Government. Leny Farm has conceded but no valuators have visited it and no agreement of sale has been reached. DDF are currently pegging. Irrigation pipes and fencing are being stolen and poaching is rife.
Chakari - On Barcombe Farm the war veteran who attempted to murder the farm worker two weeks ago is still at large.  The worker is still in hospital and is unable to speak although he has come out of the coma.  On Rondor four workers received death threats on Tuesday.  On Newbiggin and Deweras war veterans were interfering with land prep, and the owner of Deweras was told to vacate the property and received threats.  War veterans are busy building houses, cutting fences and cutting down thousands of trees.  On Blackmorvale cattle cannot be moved into the grazing area due to war veterans burning it and setting snares, in which two cattle have been caught. 
On Montana approximately 40 new roofing sheets of corrugated iron have been stolen and war vets that have been living in the cottage for some months have given death threats if electricity is turned off.
Kadoma - Hut building continues on Alabama and there has been much movement on and off several farms in the district. People involved with using a Rio Tinto lorry to steal firewood from Just Right have been arrested due to excellent reaction from Rio Tinto management.
GENERAL - Four properties have so far received Section 9 Orders which are date stamped 28 August and dated the 25 July. None of these properties have had Government valuators or reached an agreement of sale.
Masvingo East and Central - Farm owners in this area reported fresh occupations occurring on their properties. There is continued tree cutting and clearing of land. There was a large veld fire on Wondedzo and Ballihone farms. Kudu and impala had to flee.  The homestead was in danger, but guti rain put most of the fire out last night.  Some farm owners are receiving notices to vacate their farms by 27th September 2000.
Chiredzi  - The situation remains the same.
Mwenezi - The situation remains the same.
Gutu/Chatsworth - The situation remains the same.
Save Conservancy - Cutting of trees, the pulling in of snares, and occupations by war vets still continue on some properties. New peg lines have been put in on the Angus Boundary.
Headlands - On Ruanda Farm war vets have planted maize in the tobacco ridges. There was a tense situation yesterday between the war vets and farmers who arrived to give moral support to the farmer.
West Nicholson - Sovelelel Ranch: On Tuesday 2 September 2000, 300 Zanu PF youths abducted one ZRP officer and one ranch game scout. A sergeant from West Nicholson Police telephoned his Member in Charge, requesting support. The MIC of contacted Gwanda, who denied support and told West Nicholson to uplift the six ZRP details from the farm. On Wednesday 6 September arrests were made.  The two abductees are still missing.
Kwekwe - To date the following properties have had fires started by occupiers:
Loozani: 1500 ha burnt
Milsonia: 500 ha burnt
Moyo Ranch: 5000 ha burnt
Hunters Moon: the bulk of this 2000 ha property was burnt
Riverside: about $80 000 worth of hay bales for the dairy were destroyed
Sebakwe Farms: 500 ha burnt
On Milsonia 50 snares were picked up around where the occupiers are living, and there was an attempted stocktheft. People from the resettlement area are moving on to Bonwei and East Range. On Wednesday, a fire which started on Mvurachena Farm and burnt the whole farm, spread on to Sebakwe and burnt a portion of that and a portion of Borrowdale. It spread to Twin Springs and Bushy Park. No assistance in fighting the fire was received from war vets/occupiers.
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8 September 2000

MASS DEMONSTRATION - Bulawayo - Saturday 9th September
Please be assured that this demonstration is going ahead.
The party is definitely on for Saturday morning as planned!
9:00 am, City Hall Car Park 
If you can't attend, at least spread the word to build morale!
MDC Support (Southern Region)

In this issue :

From The New York Times, 6 September

Mugabe - who he?

Not many New Yorkers have heard of Mugabe - and those that have "think he is some kind of maniac".

The summit meeting of world leaders got under way at the UN in New York.  Kofi Annan, the UN secretary-general, called the three-day conference a "defining moment for the world's leaders and for the UN".  To be sure, some of the world's most vexing problems, from poverty to disease, will be debated by presidents, prime ministers, kings, and crown princes.  Discussions began among four African presidents on Zimbabwe's troubled land reform programme.  More than 700 other meetings, dealing with issues aound the world, are expected to follow.

In Harlem, the Friends of Zimbabwe pressed ahead with a publicity campaign - but there was a funeral across the street which drew a bigger crowd.  Roger Wareham, a Brooklyn lawyer, unveiled a poster of President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe at the Mount Olive Baptist Church on Malcolm X Boulevard.  The Rev. Charles Curtis, pastor of the church, spoke of an international political and media campaign to discredit Mr Mugabe.  And Amadi Ajamu, the group's publicity chief, handed out a press release announcing the Zimbabean president's appearance tomorrow night at the church, a sort of coming-out party for the African leader.  "The problem is that he is not really well known in the black community," Mr Wareham said.  "People know Fidel," he said of Mr Castro, "but if they've heard of Mugabe in the mainstream media, they think he is some kind of maniac."

From The Times (UK), 8 September

Mugabe seeks help in Harlem

NEW YORK - President Mugabe, not perhaps the most popular of the world leaders gathered for the UN summit, went looking for a warmer welcome in Harlem last night. The Zimbabwean leader, mired in the international row over a land resettlement programme that has frequently erupted into violence and has cost the lives of at least three white farmers, was speaking at a church that has hosted other controversial black leaders, including Louis Farrakhan, the Nation of Islam leader. American supporters of Mr Mugabe were estimating a crowd of up to 1,500 at Mount Olivet Baptist Church. But the reaction to the arrival of the veteran ruler was more one of bemusement than anything else. Very few African Americans seemed to have a clue who he was.

Behind the counter at Louise's Family Restaurant, a few doors from the church on Malcolm X Boulevard, Marvin Wilson said that he was going to hear Mr Mugabe speak despite being unsure of his identity. "He's the President of . . . of . . . Oh, man! I was just reading about him in the paper," he said. "He's the man!" said Jim King, but despite his chuckling he couldn't say which man he was. "It says on the posters he returns home to Harlem," said Loretta Smith. "But I don't see how it's that. Nobody really knows who he is." Nobody appeared to know, either, about the deaths and maimings during the Zimbabwe land seizures. "The problem is that he is not really well known in the black community," said Roger Wareham, a lawyer involved in Friends of Zimbabwe, who were organising the event. "People know Fidel [Castro] but if they've heard of Mugabe in the mainstream media they think he is some kind of maniac."

With the US Congress considering imposing economic sanctions on Zimbabwe, Mr Mugabe was seeking to drum up American support. "He's come under what we believe are unfair attacks as he attempts to correct what's really historical injustice in his country," Mr Wareham said. "Mugabe wants to be able to speak directly to the black community, because he's always been a pan-Africanist in believing in close ties between Africa and the diaspora." The Rev Charles Curtis, pastor of Mount Olivet, said that the West was simply reluctant to see Africans control their own land. "I don't quite understand the moral conflict which seems to arise when indigenous people or African people take charge of their land," he said.

From The Star (SA), 7 September

Annan reaches out to help Mugabe

United Nations - UN Chief Kofi Annan has given Zimbabwe an escape route out of a deepening land crisis threatening to close its economy, but analysts are waiting to see if President Robert Mugabe will play ball. And leaders from Africa, like those from the rest of the world at the UN Millennium Summit in New York, are watching to see how Mugabe navigates the explosive land issue, a legacy of colonialism.

Black Zimbabwean war veterans have occupied thousands of white-owned farms across the country since February, fighting what they see as a battle against lingering colonial injustice. At least 31 people, including 26 opposition activists and five white farmers, were killed during the farm invasions and in a wave of violence across Zimbabwe before a general election in June that Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF narrowly won. The violent land seizures have put Mugabe on a collision course with former colonial power Britain and almost the entire international community.

But in talks in New York on Tuesday requested by African leaders, led by South Africa's Thabo Mbeki, Annan gave Mugabe an escape route. The UN secretary-general gave Mugabe conditional support for his controversial land reform programme but said Harare must first settle differences with Britain and other key Western donors who underwrite crucial aid to Zimbabwe. "It was the best Annan could do. The ball is now in President Mugabe's court," a senior UN official said. It's really up to him. He can seize the chance, open up dialogue with donors and return Zimbabwe to normality, or he can throw it away and plunge his country into an irreversible crisis," the official added.

Mbeki said he was confident that Zimbabwe's land crisis would now be amicably resolved. "I am confident that we are now moving in the right direction, that we will be able to resolve this issue," he said. Under the deal hammered out with Annan, with massive input from Mbeki, Mugabe was asked to draw up a multimillion-dollar land reform plan which could be shared with donors. Annan moved a step further and directed the UN Development Programme to assist Harare with technical details, plans and strategy. Diplomats said Annan's moves were a partial coup for Mugabe and gave him a decent way out of a crippling economic and political crisis facing his agriculture-driven nation.

Zimbabwe's economy is on the sickbed. Foreign reserves are virtually depleted, unemployment is at a record 50 percent and rising, inflation is at 60 percent, and interest rates are hovering at 70 percent. To keep the momentum, sources said, Mbeki separately engaged British Prime Minister Tony Blair on the matter. He even took both men, who have frosty relations and have not met since last November, to dinner. "One hopes this is the start of the end of the Zimbabwean crisis and that sense will finally prevail," a European diplomat said.

Some diplomats at the Millennium Summit expect Mugabe to abandon his militant approach after the talks with Annan and try to win back crucial donor support lost over the land policy and Zimbabwe's role in the civil war in the Democratic Congo. Donors, led by Britain, say they will not renew aid until Zimbabwe restores order on the export-earning farms and quits the ruinous Congo war. London has insisted that $67-million in funding for land reform be tied to the departure of the veterans from the farms and the putting of change onto a willing-seller-willing-buyer basis. Without donor support, Mugabe has little chance of solving a severe fuel and foreign currency crisis and taming runaway inflation, economists say.

From Reuters, 7 September

Congo Rebels Say Government Massing Troops

UNITED NATIONS - Congolese rebels said on Thursday the government in Kinshasa was massing troops on two fronts in readiness for a major offensive as world leaders gathered in New York to discuss peacekeeping in Africa. Rebel leader Bizima Karaha, whose claims could not be independently verified, told Reuters that government troops backed by allies from Zimbabwe had moved to positions outside the towns of Ikela and Mbandaka and that intelligence indicated they were preparing for an assault on rebel positions. ``They are getting ready for a major attack. We have so far detected movements of six battalions,'' Karaha said. ``We fear the resumption of a full-scale war is about to happen,'' Karaha said on the sidelines of a U.N. Millennium Summit in New York. ``No wonder the government of (President Laurent) Kabila is refusing to implement peace accords in the country. They have other plans and our only option is to defend ourselves.''

The rebel claims came a day after Congo's foreign minister, Yerodia Ndombasi, said a deal signed in the Zambian capital, Lusaka, in 1999 to end the war in Africa's third-largest country cannot be implemented until the U.N. compels Burundian, Rwandan and Ugandan troops backing rebels to withdraw. Karaha, a former foreign minister-turned rebel, said the United Nations summit should make special note of the government moves and use its influence to prevent fresh fighting. ``The Congolese people are tired of fighting and want peace. We are also ready for peace, for negotiating on a new system for our country but we will defend ourselves at all costs,'' he said.

From News24 (SA), 8 September

Zim 'worse off than in Depression'

Harare - Zimbabwe's top private banking official made it clear on Thursday that any farmer whose land is listed by President Robert Mugabe's government for seizure will not be eligible for farming loans. Greg Brackenridge, chairman of the Bankers' Association of Zimbabwe, told 450 delegates at the congress of the CFU that the country's financial situation was "a bloody mess", following the last eight months of violence and harassment by war veterans who have invaded about 1700 farms. The banking sector was "absolutely unified ... on the need for the restoration of law and order," he said.

Brackenridge, chief executive in Zimbabwe of the South African-based Stanbic bank, said banks were reluctant to provide farmers with loans if there was no certainty that crops would be reaped. Up to 70 percent of commercial farmers could be deprived of finance if the government took over the 3000 farms it has vowed to confiscate. He said the country was worse off than it had been during the 1930 world-wide depression. Economists said the economic collapse was dramatically accelerated by the listing so far of 1952 properties for confiscation without fair compensation, and the government had warned that it intended to list another 200 farms.

Jerry Grant, the union's deputy director, said the upheaval on farms had cost farmers a total of ZD430 million (US6 million) since February when the invasions began. Farmers had shelved capital expenditure plans worth ZD2.2 billion (US44=20 million) because of the violence and uncertainty. Grant said the union was collecting information on incidents on farms and would take action for reparations "once sanity returns to our nation." The union announced on Wednesday that it was relaunching a challenge in the Supreme Court to try and stop the seizures. In August, it withdrew its first attempt to fight the government on the issue but has reinstated it after outraged reaction from farmers.

From The Star (SA), 8 September

Zim peers into empty coffers for state wages

Harare - The Zimbabwean government has run out of money and the 140 000-plus public servants could go without wages from the end of this month unless the country increases its borrowings or prints more money, say authoritative sources. Treasury sources say funds for the public servants' salaries ran out in June, and money to pay the July and August salaries was drawn only through expenditure cuts by ministries. Apart from printing money, the sources say the only other realistic option is for the government to increase its borrowings from the domestic banking sector and add more pressure on interest rates, which currently stand at 56 percent.

Economists say that only massive injections of donor money will arrest the economic decline. However, the international community has slashed aid to Zimbabwe until veterans are moved off the farms, law and order is re-established and farmers are fully compensated. An IMF team was in Harare to assess the economy but there were no talks about financial assistance. Zimbabwe has been cut off from balance of payments support almost continuously for four years because of the government's failure to stick to IMF prescriptions for economic recovery and Mugabe's repeated attempts to seize white-owned land without fair compensation. United Nations secretary general Kofi Annan met Mugabe in New York on Tuesday this week and gave him guarded support for land reform, if the government implemented "a credible programme." The government says it plans to resettle people on what it calls its "fast track programme". Settlers will be moved onto white farms with no start-up support other than water supplies, but critics say the programme will drive the new settlers into worse poverty than they currently endure.

From The Daily News, 7 September

Hungwe attacks fast-track land reform exercise

SILAS Hungwe, the president of the Zimbabwe Farmers' Union, yesterday launched a scathing attack on the government, accusing it of being only concerned with displacing commercial farmers and farm workers, instead of allocating land to the needy. Hungwe, previously considered an uncritical supporter of government agricultural policies, spoke at a workshop to create dialogue between the government and stakeholders on the fast-track resettlement programme. Said Hungwe: "The government does not say anything about supporting the resettled people. Its only aim is to resettle them. Resettlement is not for people to have a home at which they will be buried, but to change their lives for the better."

Hungwe said he believed it was useless to resettle people without giving them the necessary support such as training. He criticised the fast track programme as an "unplanned and flawed" programme, despite the government's efforts to make it look right. The government wanted to be seen as doing the nation a favour but was actually creating more problems through its rash programme, said Hungwe. The workshop, attended by government officials and other civic organisations, was organised for the women who feel marginalised in the land programme.

(A few words of explanation for those outside Zimbabwe - the ZFU represents mostly black commercial farmers, the CFU has a mostly white membership)

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8 September
Zimbabwe Democracy 2000 Bill
We  have been appealing, over the last few day, for readers to express their sentiments on the Bill currently before the US House of Representatives.  We now have a huge pile of messages which people have sent in to us, which we will be couriering over to the House International Relations Committee.
If you have not already sent a message, please take time to do so.  You can either send direct to the House International Relations Committee (addresses below), or just send a message to us (at ironhorse@intonet.co.uk)    and we will forward it in printed form to the office of the committee.  Or you could do both.
The Bill which is currently before the US House of Representatives does NOT, as the Zimbabwe government has been arguing, mean the immediate start of Cuba-style sanctions against Zimbabwe if it is passed.  What is does do is lay down incentives for the government to return to the rule of law, and also provide for certain penalties if this is not done.  The provisions of this Bill are too numerous to go into here, but if anyone wishes to receIve a copy of the Bill, just ask and we will send one to you.  It is a "shot across the bows" - intended to state loudly and clearly that the behaviour of President Mugabe and the Zimbabwe government is unacceptable.
As you are probably aware, the Zimbababe Democracy 2000 Bill is currently before the US House of Representatives for consideration.  As you are probably also aware, the Zimbabwe government has been actively lobbying against the possible passing of this Bill into US law.  This bill covers many topics, but the main thrust of it is to provide both carrots and sticks for the current Zimbabwe government to return the rule of law to Zimbabwe.  It is VERY important that the message contained in this Bill gets sent loudly and clearly to the Zimbabwe government, through it being passed into US law..
We strongly urge you to do the following :
Contact the people listed below, who are the members of the International Relations Committee of the US House of Representatives, and its Africa Sub-Committee, expressing your wish that they give serious consideration to The Zimbabwe Democracy Bill, and pass it into law.  Please send a copy of your message to us and we will ensure that it reaches the legislators listed below.
This can be done by email or by letter - but please keep the message polite, short, and to the point.  Please send letters or emails to as many of the people listed below as you are able.  The key people to send to are :
Congressman Benjamin J. Gilman (Rep, NY) (Chairman of the House International Relations Committee)
Edward R. Royce (Rep, CA) (Chairman of the Africa Sub-Committee)
and the following members of the Africa Sub-Committee:
Congressman Amo Houghton (Rep,NY)                           Congressman Tom Campbell (Rep,CA)
Congressman Steven J. Chabot (Rep,OH)                       Congressman Tom Tancredo (Rep,CO)
Congressman George P Radanovich (Rep,CA)                Congressman Donald M. Payne (Dem,NJ)
Congressman Alcee L. Hastings (Dem.FL)                       Congressman Gregory W. Meeks (Dem,NY)                      
Congresswoman Barbara Lee (CA)
Whoever you are, and wherever you live, please express your sentiments to these legislators.  US citizens and residents are particularly urged to do so, especially to the congressmen and women who represent your state or district.
Some suggestions for inclusion in your message :
The address of the House International Relations Committee and its members is as follows :
House International Relations Committee
2170 Rayburn House Office Bulding
Washington DC 20515
United States
Phone : (202) 225-5021
email : HIRC@mail.house.gov
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Another 150 farms gazetted for acquisition

Herald Reporter

THE Government has gazetted another 150 commercial farms for compulsory acquisition, bringing the total number of identified farms to 2 102.

A preliminary notice published today by the Minister of Lands and Agriculture, Dr Joseph Made, comes as the Commercial Farmers' Union is preparing to take the Government to court over the acquisitions.


At its annual congress that ended in Harare yesterday, the CFU said it would challenge the constitutionality of the compulsory farm acquisitions.

Owners or other interested parties of the farms in today's notice have been given a month to respond.

The Government intends to acquire more than 3 000 farms to resettle 150 000 families through the fast-track resettlement programme.

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Industrial site, school on redistribution list

HARARE -- In an increasingly haphazard and error-plagued land reform programme, the government yesterday announced it would seize an industrial site and a school for redistribution to poor black farmers.

A gasoline depot owned by the state oil company is included on the most recent list of properties targeted for confiscation by the government under the programme, which aims to seize white-owned farms for landless blacks.

A co-ed private high school with neat sports fields, state-owned forests and land owned by the government's own railroad company and the Mutare municipal council were among 150 new sites listed yesterday.

The National Oil Company of Zimbabwe's storage and pipeline facility outside the eastern border city of Mutare appeared on the list released by Agriculture Minister Joseph Made.

A defunct oil refinery, shut down because it was too costly to maintain, stands alongside huge gas tanks and the junction of a pipeline from the Mozambique coast on 560 hectares at the property listed for seizure.

The high school Lomagundi College, near Chinhoyi, 115km northwest of here, educates the children of well-to-do blacks, who outnumber white pupils, and is known for its sporting prowess.

Yesterday's list brought to 2076 the number of properties named for confiscation since June 2. The government has said it would identify 3041 white-owned properties for nationalisation.

The almost weekly lists have been riddled with errors and duplications.

Last month, black farm owners were named on the lists, by mistake, Made said, and added those affected needed only report to district officials to be excused.

But yesterday's list still included many blacks, among them Philimon Machipisa, a wealthy businessman and former ruling party lawmaker.

The list said he should forfeit two farms totalling 2000ha near Chinhoyi.

The Commercial Farmers' Union, representing 4000 white farmers, said official records showed Machipisa owned another 10 farms in the same district amounting to another 14000ha, much of which lies idle.

The government insists it is only seizing underutilised farms, those of absentee owners or farms next to peasant areas suitable for cost-effective resettlement.

But the union said two successful vegetable producers north of here on the list met none of those criteria.

Made boycotted a two-day union convention this week after the organisation announced it would sue the government over land seizures it says breach provisions of the government's own land reform law passed by the ruling party in April. -- Sapa-AP

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