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- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Business Day

      Mugabe is no idiot


      ANYONE who thinks that Mugabe is an idiot is severely mistaken. Mugabe
is a very canny political animal who has played the survival game superbly,
just when it seemed that he was on the verge of losing political power.

      He has been spectacularly successful in deflecting the debate from his
manipulation of the election results and his gross human rights violations
record to the issue of white farms.

      Behind the smokescreen of expropriating the land of white farmers, and
driving them off their farms, his so-called war veterans are going about
their business of raping, beating, killing and generally intimidating
opponents of his illegal regime. His real purpose is therefore to stifle and
crush all political opposition by any means possible, even to the starvation
of his own people. Mugabe is at war with his own people, not with the white

      The issue of white farms is really a very clever and useful red
herring, as it plays upon the antiwhite sentiments and sympathies of many
Africans. No wonder then that Mugabe received an ovation for his political
speech attacking Tony Blair at the recent World Conference on Sustainable
Development, while Secretary of State Colin Powell was jeered. Powell also
fell into Mugabe's trap of attacking him on the issue of farm seizures on
which Mugabe has the sympathies of many Africans, instead of calling him to
account for his appalling human rights record.

      In many ways, Mugabe's war on his own people resembles Stalin's farm
collectivisation programme.

      Countless millions of Russians died in a man-made famine to crush any
form of political dissent and to ensure that Stalin's hold on power would be

      Peter Philip-JonesPaarl
      Sep 17 2002 12:00:00:000AM  Business Day 1st Edition

      17 September 2002
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Daily News

      Supplies of petroleum gas reach critical levels

      9/17/02 8:41:32 AM (GMT +2)

      By Chris Mhike Senior Business Reporter

      SUPPLIES of liquid petroleum gas (LPG), have reached critically low
levels leaving many homes, hotels, restaurants, health institutions and
industries stranded.

      The petroleum product, commonly known simply as "gas" has been in
short supply since the end of June this year.

      A snap survey carried out by the Daily News over the weekend showed
that gas outlets had no business, with no ounce of the product in stock.

      A manager at The Gas Works, an outlet in central Harare, Mangarai
Mudeyi confirmed the shortages of LPG.

      He said: "We have been receiving very little of the product for many
weeks now.
      "We used to receive four tonnes of gas every day, which we need to
adequately supply our customers but at the latest supply we got only 1 344
kg for the whole week. In the first week of September we received a week's
supply of 480 kg."

      Another outlet in Harare, Peter Gas, made similar complaints about the
non-availability of gas. Enia Mukungwa, an officer at the outlet, said they
were losing a lot of money and customers because of the non-availability of
gas. "We are running massive losses not only of money but also of customers.
But even when our customers go to other outlets they will not get anything
because this problem of the shortage of LPG is nationwide," said Mukungwa.

      Numerous callers from different parts of the country have phoned the
Daily News to inquire about the shortages of LPG in their respective areas
of residence.
      Mukungwa said the main suppliers of the product had informed outlets
that National Oil Company of Zimbabwe (Noczim) was having problems
co-ordinating the importation of gas.

      The main suppliers of LPG are British Petroleum, BP, Shell and BOC
      All the three petroleum companies confirmed in separate interviews
that gas was in short supply.

      An official from BOC said problems started when government stipulated
that the product had to be procured only through Noczim.

      "In the past local suppliers would buy gas directly from international
suppliers but now we have to go through Noczim and as everyone can see the
arrangement is not working out well," said the BOC official. Noczim however
denied that there were any shortages of gas, even in the face of the
non-availability of the product on the market.

      "Those who say there is no LPG do not know what is happening right
now. There are trucks full of gas out there and suppliers are failing to
cope with the abundance of it.

      There has never been any shortage," said an official who refused to be

      He declined to give more details and referred the Daily News to the
Ministry of Energy.

      The ongoing gas shortages have affected families that use gas stoves
and other household appliances such as fridges. Some families in rural areas
where firewood has run out as a source of energy, had turned to gas as an

      But lately urban families have also turned to gas energy to keep their
electricity bills low.

      Zabron Jimu from Belvedere said on Saturday the shortage of gas was
negatively affecting his life.

      Jimu said: "All my gas reserves are exhausted. My family cannot cook
and I can no longer engage in backyard businesses such as welding."

      LPG shortages are set to also affect the hotel industry where hotels
keep food warm using gas. Cresta Hospitality confirmed that they had been
forced to use electrical stoves where gas should have been used, thereby
experiencing slashes in profits.

      Many factories rely on LPG for industrial processes, such as the
operation of particular types of furnaces. Hospitals, clinics and scientific
laboratories also use LPG extensively.
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Daily News

      Property market in danger of collapse,warns experts

      9/17/02 8:35:41 AM (GMT +2)

      Business Reporter

      SOME local analysts and estate agents have warned of an imminent
collapse of the property market if no proper policy measures are taken.

      Drawing similarities between the local property market and the
Indonesian one, analysts indicated that some form of intervention had become

      In a wide ranging interview with The Daily News, Edson Muvingi, a
property portfolio manager with Bard Real Estate, said it was unfortunate
that the bulk of Zimbabweans were taking a simplistic approach to problems
bedevilling the local market.

      "Problems in the property market that have seen demand by far
outstripping supply are a serious indicator of an anomaly that requires
immediate attention. As long as nothing is done to correct macro-economic
problems afflicting the nation, you can be certain that the property market
will collapse," said Muvingi.

      Muvingi said the supply side was dead, hence even some government
flats in Waterfalls built years back when Enos Chikowore was Local
Government minister were still incomplete.

      "People are just exchanging what is available and like what happened
during the Indonesian crisis there shall be a point when monies run out and
all of it collapses," added Muvingi. The majority of the people are crowding
in the high density areas pushing prices of the deteriorating structures up.
Most professionals including some executives no longer afford mortgage rates
by local banks and building societies.

      Justin Machibaya, a director with Homelux Real Estates echoed the same
sentiments and called for some form intervention.

      He said most people selling houses were emigrating overseas, but there
was nothing much to sustain high demand for houses.

      "Yet it may sound difficult because of the problems the country is
facing, some form of government and private sector intervention is the best
way forward," said Machibaya.

      However, Boysen Mutembwa of Sunway City Estate, who is also a board
member of the Real Estates Institute of Zimbabwe, had a different
perspective as he said market forces would determine the fate of the
properties market.
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Daily News

Leader Page

      Josiah Tongogara must be turning in his grave

      9/17/02 9:22:24 AM (GMT +2)

      NOTHING is sacred any more as far as Zanu PF is concerned: the
government media can misrepresent the speech of an opposition leader and get
away with it, although a law now exists which makes publishing "falsehoods"
a crime.

      Morgan Tsvangirai's speech in Harare last week was so deliberately
mutilated by both the State electronic and print media it reflected a panic
in Zanu PF ranks which we have seen only in their resort to violence.

      If the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act was not
such a deliberate strategy to gag the independent media, the editors
responsible for that State outrage would have been jailed for a hundred or
more years.

      Then a 65-year-old former judge of the High Court is hauled into court
on allegations of committing a crime when he was still on the Bench.

      Recently, the same judge ordered the arrest of the Minister of
Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs on a charge of contempt of court.

      Fergus Blackie was locked up in Matapi Police Station in Mbare,
although he was arrested at his home in the low density suburbs, on the
other side of the city.
      The police brought him to court in handcuffs. All this can probably be
explained by the police, perhaps convincingly, but it would be difficult for
them to wash away the foul stench in most people's mouths that this was
"payback time" - a deliberate attempt to humiliate the former judge.

      Some might even go so far as to say that the intention was to show the
Europeans and the Americans how whites are now being treated by the
government since the European Union and the United States imposed "smart"
sanctions on President Mugabe and his inner circle, including Patrick
Chinamasa. At the end of it all, it is so petty and petulant.

      But nothing is now beyond a ruling party and a government under siege
and lashing out at everyone and everything they perceive as critics of their
arrogant, cruel and corrupt rule.

      Among historians of the liberation struggle, the worst display of the
crass repudiation of everything thousands of people died for was the
harassment last week of Joshua Tongogara in Shurugwi.

      His brother, Josiah Magama Tongogara, was one of the first heroes
buried at the Heroes' Acre.

      It is true that his death in Mozambique, like Herbert Chitepo's in
Zambia, has always been shrouded in controversy: who killed him - the usual
suspects, the Smith regime, or his rivals for power in his own party?

      But what cannot be denied is that Josiah Tongogara, like Chitepo, paid
the ultimate price for the freedom of his country. What he fought for was
the freedom of the people from colonialism, their freedom to choose what
form of government they wanted, the kind of leadership they wanted to
spearhead that government and the freedom to legally change that government
and that leadership, if they felt it had betrayed their expectations.

      Joshua Tongogara had apparently defected from the party of his brother
to the MDC.

      But Zanu PF, as they have done since 2000, terrorised him until he
apparently defected back to Zanu PF.

      The upshot was that he withdrew his candidature from the rural
district council elections due later this month.

      Some people have argued that these elections are of such insignificant
consequence to national politics that nobody ought to bother about the
outcome. But this is wrong and is a clear sign that some people have no
clear understanding of what democracy entails.

      If there is an elective office anywhere in the country, a political
party which doesn't put up candidates is either too naive to appreciate what
the struggle was all about, or is too lily-livered to engage in the rough
and tumble of real politics.

      The real pity is that men like Joshua Tongogara are forced to betray
their politics as Zanu PF holds a gun to their heads. Josiah Tongogara must
turn in his grave every time that happens.
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Daily News

      Priests blast Bishop

      9/17/02 9:19:38 AM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      THE forced departure of a Roman Catholic Church priest from his Nyanga
parish took a new twist last week with a group of priests attacking their
superior for his alleged inaction in the matter.

      Catholic priests of the St Patrick Missionary Society in the Mutare
Diocese blasted Bishop Alexio Muchabaiwa over his failure to immediately
resolve the forced departure of Father Patrick Joseph Kelly from Nyanga.

      Father Joseph Patrick O' Conor, speaking on behalf of the society,
said: "We, the members of St Patrick Missionary Society, working in the
diocese of Mutare, wish to express disappointment and concern that a priest
of the diocese, Father Kelly has been removed from his parish in Nyanga
allegedly by order of seven war veterans.

      "Bishops Muchabaiwa and Mutume, of the Catholic Diocese in Mutare have
failed to adequately address the matter of Kelly's expulsion by the said war
vets, members of the
      Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) and the political leadership.

      "They have acquiesced to his departure.
      "The acquiescence undermines the work of those who work for justice
and peace in this troubled country."

      But Muchabaiwa has maintained that the issue was "sensitive" and his
investigation had so far yielded nothing.

      "I'd like you to ignore that letter," said Muchabaiwa yesterday.
      "We've a very different way of dealing with issues."

      Last month, Kelly was allegedly approached by a group of seven war
veterans in Nyanga and ordered to leave the constituency by August or face
unspecified action.
      The former fighters allegedly accused him of preaching opposition

      Following the threats, Kelly left Nyanga and went into hiding.

      Earlier, the priest said he had been detained on two occasions by CIO
agents, who accused him of distributing anti-government literature.

      He said on each occasion the interrogations lasted for at least two

      Meanwhile, Kelly said yesterday he was still living in fear and was
disturbed by Muchabaiwa's silence on his plight.

      He said he might be forced to leave the country if Muchabaiwa
completely failed to resolve his problem.

      "I am disturbed by Muchabaiwa's actions," he said.
      "I may leave the country as there seems to be no light at the end of
the tunnel," Kelly said.
      "I am out of a job. I have been left high and dry.
      "I will have to leave and go somewhere where I can continue to work
for the Lord," the priest said.
      "Muchabaiwa has not even gone public to condemn my forced departure
yet he is our leader in the province. What message is being sent here, I
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Daily News

      Lebanese sue ZBC for $15m

      9/17/02 8:57:48 AM (GMT +2)

      Court Reporter

      TRANSWORLD Television Corporation (TTC), a Lebanon-based company, is
suing the State-run Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) in the High
Court over the non-payment of at least US$268 729,47 (Z$15 million at the
official exchange rate and about Z$175 million at the parallel rate).

      The money is for several films and television programmes such as
Richmond Hill, Walker Texas Ranger, Sesame Street, EMU-TV and Shortland
Street, supplied between 10 September 1997 and 23 May 2000.

      According to court documents, ZBC says it only owes TTC US$226 535, 83
(approximately Z$147 million on the black market and Z$12 million at the
official rate) and has offered to pay the equivalent in Zimbabwean dollars.

      The Beirut company has rejected this. Part of a letter written by
Jennifer Tanyanyiwa, the ZBC's head of corporate affairs, to TTC's lawyer in
Zimbabwe, Ostern Mutero of Sawyer & Mkushi on 20 June this year, reads:
"Unfortunately, due to shortage of foreign currency in our country we have
been unable to secure the requisite forex to offset the debt.

      "If your client is agreeable we can pay the equivalent in Zimbabwean
dollars as we have exhausted all possible channels and are unable to secure
enough foreign
      currency. We await to hear from you soon."

      TTC decided to sue Zimbabwe's sole broadcaster in July after it came
across information on the internet that the ZBC was either almost or already
insolvent and decided against taking any risks by extending the corporation
another reprieve.

      It instructed its lawyer to serve summons on the ZBC on 22 July.

      Mutero is still to apply for a date for the hearing to be set down
after the ZBC indicated that it would defend the suit four days later.

      According to the summons, the corporation has acknowledged its
indebtedness to TTC, but it has failed to settle the debt despite several

      The ZBC and TTC entered into an agreement in terms of which TTC would
supply ZBC with films and television programmes, reads the summons.

      The agreement says the ZBC was supposed to make monthly payments for
materials supplied. All payments would be made in US dollars and in the
event the ZBC fell into arrears, those arrears would attract interest at the
rate of 9 percent per year.

      The agreement was oral and at all material times, ZBC has always paid
interest on arrears at that rate, states the summons.

      TTC says as on 3 August 2000, ZBC owed it US$230 435,83. That amount
plus US$38 294,64 in interest accrued between September 2000 and July, at
the rate of 9 percent per year, brought the total debt to US$268 729, 47.
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NGO Network Alliance Project (NNAP)
CLG - Update #23 - Another round of disenfranchisement?
September 03, 2002
Dear All
 A couple of emails today have alerted me to the reality that the Registrar-General's office is up to it's old tricks.
Individuals are starting to receive documents entitled:
"Finalization of electoral appeals to objections issued in terms of Section 25 of the Electoral Act [Chapter 2:01]"
The text reads as folows:
The Constituency Registrar served you with a notice objecting to your name remaining on the voters roll with the belief that you had become disqualified by operation of the law and in response you duly filed a notice of appeal against that objection.
Following the decision of the Supreme Court in the ase of the Registrar General and Others vs Morgan Tsvangirai S.C.12/2002 which held that non-citizens, other than those who had become permanent residents as at 31-12-85 were not entitled to vote and hence had no right to be registered as voters.
 Unless your citizenship is restored in terms of the Citizenship Act of Zimbabwe [Chapter 4:01], the loss of your right to vote still stands: per High Court Judgement Case No. H.C. 2434/2002 (Hlatshwayo J.) and Supreme Court Judgement, Case No. S.C.12/2002 (Chidyausiku C.J).
 Please be advised that the $50-00 deposit you paid to lodge your appeal in terms of section 25 (5) of the Electoral Act [Chapter 2:01] will be refunded: per High Court Judgement, Case No. H.C.2434/2002 (Hlatshwayo J.).
Constituency Registrar
What you should do :
Check you post office box regularly for the time being!
Please urgently advise me when/if you receive such a document. Please supply the following:
 1. Name
2. Email address and/or tel#
3. Date of letter
4. Date stamp on letter if different from 3. above
5. Date letter received
6. District Registrar concerned
What I will do
1. Foward details in a structured form to the Zimbabwe Lawyers' for Human Rights and the Legal Resources Foundation
2. Request advice and information from the ZLHR & LRF regarding the way forward.
 Please consider the importance of your resistance to this disenfranchisement.
Your combined participation against this abuse of the legal system is critical to our progress.
The significance of your right to vote cannot be understated.
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Zimbabwe police chief elected chairman of SADC police body


      Xinhuanet 2002-09-17 14:45:39

      HARARE, Sept. 17 (Xinhuanet) -- Zimbabwe's Police Commissioner
Augustine Chihuri was unanimously elected as chairman of the Southern
African Regional Police Chiefs Cooperation Organization (SARPCCO) Monday
during the ongoing seventh annual general meeting in Victoria Falls.

      SARPCCO is an influential grouping of Southern African Development
Community (SADC) police chiefs, which operates under the auspices of the
International Police Organization.

      Commissioner Chihuri takes over, on a one-year tenure, from
Mauritian police chief Amanooj Gopalsingh.

      Accepting the leadership role, Chihuri, who is also the
vice-president of the International Police Organization for Africa, said
that despite the dynamics and sophistication of criminals in the region,
crimes such as carjacking, armed robberies, theft of motor vehicles and drug
trafficking should never be given leeway to stifle efforts in creating
conducive business climates in the region.

      "Strategic policing initiatives are critical in a world facing the
scourge of terrorism. Terrorism has an adverse effect on undermining the
confidence of our people in the ability of law-enforcement organizations in
providing a tranquil environment," said Chihuri.

      He said that SARPCCO would be entering a new phase of close
cooperation and understanding while extending frontiers against renegades of
lawlessness in the region. Enditem

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Daily News

      Industry, mines face invasion

      9/16/02 7:46:06 AM (GMT +2)

      Business Reporter

      INDUSTRY and mines in Zimbabwe could soon face the same fate that the
farming sector has been subjected to if the country's economic downturn
continues, Brian Raftopoulos has warned.

      Speaking as a respondent at a Mass Public Opinion Institute public
forum in Harare on Monday this week, Raftopoulos, an associate professor at
the University of Zimbabwe's Institute of Development Studies, said: "As the
national economic cake shrinks further and as the government discovers that
the land alone is not the economy, and the economy is not the land alone,
industry faces a real danger of being invaded the same way farms have been
taken over.

      "Government might want to see the economy grow but in the present
circumstances the Zimbabwean economy cannot grow; it can only contract
further and that will likely push government to the limit, into the invasion
of factories and mines."

      He said the company invasions by the Zimbabwe Federation of Trade
Unions (ZFTU) last year were a precursor to the present threat against
industry. ZFTU was in the headlines in 2001 as it raided private businesses
under the leadership of Joseph Chinotimba, who claimed to act in the
interests of aggrieved workers.

      TM Supermarkets, Glendale Spinners and Jetmaster (Pvt) Limited were
some the companies targeted by ZFTU in the company invasions.

      Local economist Godfrey Kanyenze, a consultant at the Zimbabwe
Congress of Trade Unions echoed Raftopoulos' fears, in an interview. He
said: "That industry is under threat from the current situation is clear.
Companies have been closing either as a direct result of intimidation or
indirectly as a result of the negative impact of macro-economic pressures on

      Kanyenze said: "when Zanu PF made the statement about the land and the
economy it was simply playing a political gimmick, romanticising the land
issue. It is clear that
      over-reliance on the land for a nation's economic welfare is
problematic because agriculture depends on many factors, such as climatic
conditions and prices of commodities on world markets."

      Kanyenze warned that invasion of industry would lead to the same
disaster that has
      befallen the farming sector. He said: "The 'invasions strategy' was
tried in Tanzania in the Ujamaa project and its results were disastrous.
What Zimbabwe needs are not invasions but a holistic approach to the country
's economic problems; an approach based on consultations with stakeholders.
Political expediency should not prevail over economic expediency."

      The banking industry has often been accused of doing too little to
support the land reform programme and sections of the sector reported that
government officials had threatened "unspecified acton" upon banks who have
not co-operated within the land reform programme.

      President Mugabe issued a stern warning to companies he termed
"principal saboteurs of our economy". Addressing the 19th session of Zanu PF
's national consultative assembly in Harare, in June this year, Mugabe said
if companies were not in favour of a partnership with government, the State
would be compelled to take over the enterprises and transfer their ownership
to the indigenous populace.
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Daily News

      Mass action rejected

      9/16/02 8:14:10 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      MOST Zimbabwean urban voters want a peaceful rerun of the presidential
election, not mass action, because they believe the March polls were rigged
in favour of President Mugabe, says a public opinion survey conducted in

      "A majority favour dialogue and not confrontation as a way of solving
this country's problems," says the Mass Public Opinion Institute's summary
of a survey in which 1 768 voters were interviewed randomly in 10 political

      The institute's director is Professor Masipula Sithole of the
University of Zimbabwe.
      "Regardless of the high percentage that wants an election rerun, 56,9
percent of the respondents are opposed to the proposed mass stayaway by the
MDC," says the report.

      Most urban voters were uncomfortable with mass stayaways to force a
rerun, while some in the rural areas, particularly those aged 18 to 20 and
41 and above, believe the election was free and fair.

      MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai filed a petition in the High Court
challenging the election his party believes Mugabe won fraudulently.

      Tsvangirai described Mugabe's victory as "the biggest election fraud
in history".

      The United States of America, the European Union (EU) and the
Commonwealth support this view. These powerful blocs have consistently cited
the government's abuse of human rights, a flawed agrarian reform programme,
lawlessness and the shrinkage of democratic space in Zimbabwe as impediments
to freedom and progress.

      The US and the EU have imposed targeted sanctions and a travel ban on
Mugabe and most senior government and Zanu PF officials. They say this could
help the government see the need for tolerance, sanity and respect for basic
human rights.

      The Commonwealth has suspended Zimbabwe from its councils for a year
for the same reasons.

      Last week, the Australian Prime Minister, John Howard, who is chairman
of the troika which recommended suspension, called for a review of Zimbabwe'
s reaction to the suspension. He said the government had not responded
positively to calls for a reversal of the policies which led to suspension.

      The next step could be Zimbabwe's expulsion from the Commonwealth.

      In the opinion survey, it transpired that apart from the calls for a
rerun, the majority favour a government of national unity, especially women
in the rural areas and voters aged between 18 and 20.

      They urged Zanu PF and the MDC to revive the abandoned unity talks
brokered by Nigeria and South Africa.

      The talks were scuttled soon after Tsvangirai lodged his challenge in
the High Court. The petition is yet to be heard.

      "An impressive 65,6 percent say President Mugabe must make known his
retirement plans now. More significantly, this is one question where there
is agreement in all provinces, even those provinces that are considered
overwhelmingly pro-Zanu PF, across the rural and urban divide, the gender
and age divides."

      The survey found that Zimbabweans were concerned about succession
within political parties at national level. They credited Tsvangirai with
uniting the opposition, endorsing his continued leadership of the MDC.

      Zimbabwe's foreign relations came under the spotlight during the
survey. "A significant 65.8 percent of the respondents said Zimbabwe should
be very much concerned about how it is viewed by countries in the region and
the international community respectively."

      Eighty-two percent of the respondents rejected the view that Zimbabwe
go at it alone, surviving without international co-operation.

      "The depth of these opinions can be gauged by the fact that there is
agreement in all the provinces, across the rural/urban divide, across the
gender divide and within all the age groups interviewed," says the

      Asked for their priority number one in an economic turnaround, people
listed a resumption of ties with the World Bank and other international
financial institutions. Stronger ties with Africa and the Far East came
second and third respectively.
      "Going it alone was ranked last," says the report.

      The voters felt economic recovery must have been a government priority
after the election, followed by improved relations with the rest of the
world. A third urgent matter was the constitution which they felt was
flawed. The land question came last, except in the rural areas where it was
ranked number one.

      Future national elections for a president and parliament must be run
at the same time, as their current separation seemed to serve no purpose.

      "It would appear the separation of parliamentary and presidential
elections is of concern to the electorate, with 46,8 percent of respondents
saying they would like to see a constitutional amendment that would require
the elections to be held concurrently," says the survey.

      "Significantly, 54,2 percent of those who hold this view would like
the date of the concurrent elections to be as soon as possible."
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Daily News

      Survey shows more people voted for MDC

      9/16/02 8:49:43 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      A SURVEY conducted four months after the disputed presidential
election in March shows that 30,5 percent of the voters said they voted for
MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai, while 27,4 percent opted for President Mugabe.

      The margin could have been higher if the electoral process was clean.

      The election result has plunged Zimbabwe into controversy because it
was fraught with numerous problems, resulting in 27,9 percent of the
respondents stating that they failed to vote.

      Harare and Bulawayo, in particular, recorded the highest percentages
of those who failed to cast their ballots (32 percent and 36,7 percent
respectively) despite
      a reasonable set of facilities for elections, available transport and
an impressive literacy rate.

      By coincidence, the majority of those who failed to vote fell under
the 18-40 years age group, Tsvangirai's prime catchment area. Those 41 years
old and above, originally perceived to be Mugabe's supporters and residing
in the rural areas, managed to cast their vote.

      Wilson Kumbula of Zanu Ndonga, Shakespeare Maya of the National
Alliance for Good Governance, and Paul Siwela, an independent, were named as
preferred candidates by 00,9 percent, 00,5 percent and 00,3 percent

      Nearly half the voters in Manicaland, Matabeleland South, Bulawayo and
Harare and a third in Matabeleland North said they voted for Tsvangirai,
while Mugabe was ahead in Mashonaland West (55,3 percent), Masvingo (54,8
percent), Mashonaland Central (38,8 percent), Mashonaland East (32,3
percent) and the Midlands (37,7 percent).
      But another 40,5 percent refused to say how they cast their ballots,
arguing their vote was secret.

      Conducted by the Mass Public Opinion Institute, an independent
organisation run by Professor Masipula Sithole of the University of
Zimbabwe, the survey sampled 1 768 Zimbabwean voters, picked up randomly,
using a computer.

      The institute posed 31 questions to voters in 10 political provinces
over a 12-day period in the first half of July.

      "While the survey provides facts and figures on the questions raised,"
says the institute, "it does not attempt to offer comprehensive
interpretation or give meaning to these facts, preferring to leave this to
the reader."

      Survey interviewers found that an atmosphere of fear was still alive
among the people - four months after the election. Some voters were even
threatened in the presence of interviewers, raising the possibility of some
element of distortion of the responses out of fear. As a result, a high
rejection rate was recorded, particularly among women.

      However, the institute believes most of the people responded honestly
and sincerely to most of the questions.

      The result shows that Tsvangirai's power base was evenly distributed
between 30,7 percent and 39,1 percent among the 18 to 30 age group. It
averages 26,45 percent among the 31 to 50 age group, and fell to 19,6
percent in the 51 and above category - a group which supports Mugabe most
(43,1 percent).

      Mugabe enjoys a lower, but significant, backing within the 31 to 40
age group (30,4 percent) and least support among those aged between 41 and
50 (18,6 percent).

      There is an average 19 percent of Zimbabwe's young adults (under 30)
who still believe in Mugabe, while 36,3 percent in the same age group favour
Tsvangirai for President.

      Mugabe drew the support of 35,5 percent of the voters in the rural
areas and 18,3 percent in towns and cities, while Tsvangirai logged 22,3
percent in the villages and 39,7 percent in urban areas. More women (31,9
percent) thought Mugabe was a better candidate compared to 23,9 percent who
love Tsvangirai.

      The MDC leader commands respect among 37,4 percent of the men, with
Mugabe trailing behind at 22,7 percent.

      "Although the idea was to sample the same number of females and males,
we ended up with 934 or 52,8 percent female respondents and 834 or 47,2
percent male, notwithstanding the fact that the female refusal rate was
slightly higher than male," says the institute. Women constitute 52 percent
of the population.

      None of the respondents aged between 18 and 20 and 41 and 50 said they
voted for Maya and Siwela.

      Further, Maya received nothing from the 21 to 24 age group, while
Siwela had no supporters aged 41 and above. Kumbula recorded nothing among
the 41 to 50 age group, but managed to pick up little support among other
categories. He has no support in Mashonaland West, Mashonaland Central,
Matabeleland North and Masvingo.

      Kumbula's main base is in Manicaland where 03,9 percent claimed to
have voted for him, followed by Matabeleland South (01,4 percent).

      Maya recorded nothing in Bulawayo and throughout Matabeleland,
Mashonaland West, Mashonaland Central and Masvingo. But he has a foot in
Harare where he secured a tiny 01,1 percent.

      Siwela registered no support in seven provinces, but picked up a few
face-savers in Bulawayo (01,8 percent), Matabeleland South (01,4 percent and
Harare (0,4 percent).
      "The 2002 Presidential election raised more questions than answers,"
says the institute.

      "What had been billed as a watershed election has in fact left the
country in a state of limbo. Never before, since this country gained its
independence, has politics been such a centre of attention."
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      Government gazettes new Bill to invalidate evictions

      9/16/02 8:44:54 AM (GMT +2)

      Senior Business Reporter

      THE government last Thursday gazetted the Land Acquisition Amendment
(No 2) Bill as the first step towards sidelining the High Court ruling in
which Justice Benjamin Paradza declared numerous Section 8 eviction orders

      A memorandum in the Bill reads: "This Bill will amend the Land
Acquisition Act in the light of certain difficulties that have become
apparent in implementing its provisions connected with the acquisition of
agricultural land required for resettlement purposes.

      "A recent High Court judgment impugned the validity of certain
acquisition (Section 5) notices upon bond-holders under the principal Act."

      On 28 August Justice Paradza heard the case of 56 commercial farmers
who sought the invalidation of the Section 8 eviction notices served on them
by government. He ruled the orders were null and void.

      The government itself had conceded a week earlier, in a case before
Justice Charles Hungwe, that many of the Section 8 orders it had issued out
to farmers were illegal.

      The Bill is expected to be tabled before Parliament tomorrow.
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      Zanu PF militias kidnap candidates

      9/16/02 8:45:28 AM (GMT +2)

      By Daniel McGrory

      Organised gangs loyal to President Mugabe have kidnapped and beaten
hundreds of opposition candidates to stop them from registering for this
month's local government elections.

      As Mugabe attended the United Nations General Assembly in New York,
his opponents in Harare released a dossier showing how nearly 600 of their 1
200 candidates had been blocked from contesting the ballot.

      Leaders of the main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC), said that Western powers were so obsessed with dealing with
Iraq that they were ignoring President Mugabe's worsening reign of terror.

      Paul Themba Nyathi, the MDC's director of elections, who has met
Foreign Office diplomats in London, said: "Mugabe is acting with impunity
now because he knows he can get away with it. Western leaders talk about
dealing with tyrants, so how does
      Mugabe escape?"

      MDC candidates have been kidnapped and beaten to stop them from
registering in time for the 28 September elections.

      Police roadblocks have been placed at registration centres in some
parts of the country to bar access by MDC candidates and armed militias have
waited outside a number of offices to intercept opponents attempting to meet
the deadline. Some candidates are still being held hostage.

      Nyathi said: "So who do we complain to about this? The courts, the
police, the election officials are all in Mugabe's pocket.

      "Look at who the beneficiaries are who are being given previously
white-owned farms - judges, army commanders, secret police chiefs, senior
policemen; so who maintains the law?

      "The West is too concerned with the confiscation of white-owned farms
and Mugabe's performance at the Earth Summit to monitor this latest episode.

      "It doesn't matter what sort of intimidation is employed during
campaigning if you have stopped nearly half of the opposing side from even

      For his part, Mugabe told the UN last Thursday that Zimbabwe had cast
off the "colonial yoke for all time", and attacked Britain and Tony Blair.
He said: "I appeal to this General Assembly to convey to Britain and
especially to . . . Mr Tony Blair that Zimbabwe ceased to be a British
colony in 1980 after Prince Charles had gracefully lowered the British flag.
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      Japan provides $220m food aid through WFP

      9/16/02 8:42:42 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      JAPAN extended a grant of US$4 million (about $220m) to Zimbabwe last
week through the World Food Programme (WFP) to alleviate the current food

      The grant is part of a package of US$12 400 000 (about $Z6,82 billion)
meant for the Southern African region.

      "This grant is a humanitarian gesture from the government and people
of Japan in the wake of the chronic food shortages being experienced in the
sub-region," said a Press statement from the Japanese Embassy.

      "A severe food crisis threatens 15 million people in the affected
countries in the region, with Zimbabwe and Malawi being the worst hit."

      The embassy said about half of Zimbabwe's 13 million people were in
dire need of food aid.

      "Given the gravity of the findings by assessment missions in the
countries surveyed, the Food and Agriculture Organisation and the WFP have
appealed to international donors to respond quickly and generously with food
aid donations to avert widespread hunger leading to a major humanitarian
crisis," said the embassy.
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