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- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Press statement by Justice for Agriculture

New Deadline for Embattled Farmers
HARARE (06/09/2002)

Hundreds of commercial farmers countrywide have been given until noon on
Sunday 8 September 2002 to vacate their farms. This new directive has
been conveyed to farmers via District Administrators and local police
chiefs and affects all farmers who have been issued with Section 8
notices, regardless of the fact that scores of farmers have had their
eviction notices overturned by the High Court.

This latest move by the government is a direct contradiction of
President Mugabe's statement to the World Summit on Sustainable
Development earlier this week where he declared that each farmer would
be left with one farm and that the land reform programme is being done
in accordance with the rule of law as enshrined in our national
constitution and laws.

Justice for Agriculture Vice-Chairman, John Worswick, has called the new
deadline an insult to the country's judicial system, a blatant disregard
of the Zimbabwean constitution and yet another blow to those farmers and
farm workers still trying to maintain production in the face of
state-sanctioned harassment and violence.

JAG has received numerous reports from farmers in Matabeleland,
Mashonaland West and Mashonaland Central who have been ordered to remove
all their equipment, belongings and themselves from their farms by
midday on Sunday or face arrest. They have also been told that any
equipment left behind will be forfeited to the State. The vast majority
of farmers affected by this latest move have had their Section 8 notices
overturned by the High Court.

Of particular concern to JAG is the apparent increased involvement of
the state military and security organisations in this latest
unconstitutional (and in many cases illegal) attempt to evict commercial

We call on farmers who have the legal right to remain on their land to
stand firm against this latest threat to commercial agriculture, and we
call upon the regional and international community to recognise the
plight of farmers and farm workers, and their desire to maintain some
semblance of normal farming production.

Could all those farmers off their farms and currently located in Harare
please come to a meeting with JAG chairman Dave Connolly on Monday
evening to discuss the present situation. The venue and time of the
meeting will be confirmed at a later date: please get in contact with
one of our hotline numbers as detailed below.

For further information please contact
    Hotline1: 011 205 374
    Hotline2: 091 317 264

    Wynand Hart: 011 207 860
    John Worswick: 011 612 595

Justice for Agriculture (JAG) is a crisis management group, set up by
concerned Zimbabweans who are focussed on seeking a clear way forward on
the land issue through the judiciary and the Courts, whilst exposing the
inadequacies and corruption in the current system.

Press statement by Justice for Agriculture
The News Room

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Dear Friends
That is the LAST time I am reading "Celesta's" daily horoscope in the Daily News - her prediction for Andy started off with "Another good day" as Jupiter was still rising. The only thing rising was the toxic elements in RGM's brain. We had our first tobacco sale and it went fine (apart from the daylight robbery on the fixed exchange rate!) but we got home at about 6.45p.m. to hear that a little delegation of cops and CIO had been around telling all farmers in Tengwe and Karoi with Section 8's to be off by 2.00p.m. on Sunday - any assets left behind are being confiscated to pay the workers' terminal benefits. They told several farmers personally ad then went to the club (there is social tennis on Thhursday afternoon/evenings) and told Sean our Farmers Ass chairman that this applied to all Sectin 8 farmers "regardless". They didn't specify what "regardless" meant. Today they visited a lot more and gave the same message. They arrived here at about 5.00p.m. Andy and I tried to video them and record them but that caused consternation and we were told that was "illegal". Andy went into full lecture mode and told them that RGM says 1 farmer 1 farm is the rule ect etc and although they didn't want to they left with copies of the high court ruling - probably tossed them out the window in the vlei. From here they went up to the barns and told our workers that if anyone pitches for work tomorrow the Black Boots (Police Support Unit) was going to come and stuff them up. Presumably even if we had the means (about 30 rigs) to load all the equipment and tobacco, we would have to load it ourselves. They also told Nigel Loney that if farmers were here on Sunday, it won't just be an arrest like last time, "it will be much worse!" I remember reading Tertia Geldenhuys' letter when all their home got trashed and she said that you look around and realise nothing is precious and yet everything is precious.
We heard about an hour ago that a guy and his wife in Glendale, and their mechanic, have been arrested for contravening their Section 9 (they don't have one - they had their Section 8 overturned in the administrative court) and for malicious damage to govt. property - they had removed some light fittings. Craig Werritt had the cops come in and close down his grading shed and his foreman was arrested. These eviction notices are being served all over Mashonaland West, Mashonaland Central and in Matabeleland. We are trying to get as much publicity as possible.
All this can be laid at the door of the delegates to the International Summit for Sustainable Development (ISSD) who gave RGM and Nujoma of Namibia such warm applause after their tirades. RGM came back from there and told an ululating crowd of sycophants that some farmers had "co-operated" but some had not and if we wished to stay here, we would have to stay in prison - especially the likes of Roy Bennet and David Coultart (both elected MP's) although why Coultart? He is a lawyer not a farmer.
I have never thought I underestimated the extent to which RGM would go but I have evidently done so. If we are arrested despite the high court ruling, then they might as well fire all the judges and lawyers as they will be surplus to requirements and merely a drain on an economy already bleeding to death.
So what do you think our chances are?
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Daily News

Leader Page

      The crisis of political leadership in Zimbabwe

      9/6/02 2:25:48 PM (GMT +2)

      Zimbabwe is sadly going to crumble because of the chaos created by the
ruling Zanu PF party and opposition MDC leadership as a result of their
infiltration by capitalists, cowards, opportunists and mercenaries.

      The capitalists in these political parties have entered politics
strictly to protect their interests at the expense of ordinary peasants and

      In the MDC these are the very people opposed to mass action because
they value their property which could be destroyed in such action. They
value their property more than the pain of the ordinary people that might be
salved through destruction of their possessions. In Zanu PF this group will
advocate for the introduction of such oppressive laws as the Public and
Order Security Act to protect their property. They will also champion laws
such as the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act in order to
arrest all the journalists who may investigate and report on their
corruption and misappropriation of public funds. But these groups do not
play a major role in the destruction of their parties and the nation as a
whole, because they compete with other more dangerous groups, which I will
analyse here.

      Let's now look at the cowards. This group is not only afraid of
respective leaders in their political parties, but also are also terrified
of speaking the truth, especially when senior party members are involved or

      Thus, in the MDC and Zanu PF there are people who are prepared to
avoid the truth because they are afraid of what President Mugabe or Morgan
Tsvangirai might say about their stance.

      Their negative contribution is that they propagate the cult of sacred
cows which finally leads to the collapse of their political parties. The
cowards in the opposition will destroy their party through their desire for
peace talks with the party that brought independence through the liberation
struggle. This group will discourage any form of action, given the brutality
with which the police and the army handle people demonstrations against the
government. The presence of the riot police is enough to scare them even
from their offices where they are supposed to reside to represent the
people. Another shocking group of leaders consists of the opportunists.
These are the leaders who entered politics by mistake to make mistakes in
their parties. In Zanu PF we have leaders who suddenly find themselves
having government posts which they don't deserve, in terms of the maturity
expected of someone entering into the government.

      In the MDC this group was mainly brought in by the overwhelming
protest against Zanu PF by the people of Zimbabwe during the 2000
parliamentary election. The people ended up voting for some MPs because of
their love for the president of the opposition but not necessarily the
candidate whom they voted for.

      The group also entered Zanu PF in the same way. This is where Zanu PF
candidates will display a campaign poster with a big picture of themselves
and a small one of Mugabe in a corner of the poster.

      This led to Zanu PF supporters voting for their party or the president
of the party instead of the candidates who campaigned and won. This group is
lucky to be in power and consists of people who are prepared to continue to
cling to power without giving room for the younger generation in their
political parties to take over. This group is mainly sustained by the final
group - the mercenaries in these two political parties. The mercenaries
consist of the larger percentage of the leadership in the two parties.

      This is the group which when Robert Mugabe (in the case of Zanu PF) or
Morgan Tsvangirai (in the case of MDC) says: "Jump!" they ask how high they
ought to jump, instead of why they have to jump in the first place.

      The group of mercenaries organises dubious programmes on behalf of the
party. These programmes are not in good faith, as they will never reach
targeted people in their constituencies since they are money-spinning and
meant to benefit the individual mercenaries, not the community. This group
is very dangerous because it has spread the urge for money to the ordinary
supporters whom they supply with material resources in return for biased
support that is not merit-oriented. The majority of this group is made up of
MPs who stay in low-density suburbs. A number of Zanu PF MPs who represent
rural areas are comfortably housed in low-density suburbs, while a number of
MDC MPs who were voted in by the high-density residents are now so rich they
don't live in those areas anymore.

      This group is dangerous because it consists of leaders who entered
politics to make money. To them politics is more of an income-generating
business or profession than for representation of the people's will or
interests. If the MDC and Zanu PF fail to get rid of the groups by
dismissing them I am certain that:

      * The MDC will find it difficult to remove Zanu PF from power and will
remain in opposition for ever;n Zanu PF will find it difficult to completely
destroy the opposition and win the majority support of the people, as it did
in the 1980s; and

      * The two political parties will never reconcile.

      This is the crisis of leadership we have in Zimbabwe.
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ZIMBABWE: Displaced fleeing to towns to escape violence
      IRINnews Africa, Fri 6 Sep 2002

      ©  Lewis Machipisa

      Police implicated in political violence and intimidation

      JOHANNESBURG, - Political violence and intimidation in Zimbabwe's
rural areas is forcing victims to flee to major towns and cities, the
Zimbabwe Human Rights Association (ZimRights) warned in its latest report.

      Many of the displaced, who reportedly have escaped with little but the
clothes on their backs, have become stranded in urban areas without food,
shelter or medical care.

      ZimRights said supporters of both the ruling party ZANU-PF, and the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), have been victims and
perpetrators of the political violence. However, "the majority of victims
were assaulted, arrested, detained and chased from their homes by the police
and ZANU-PF supporters," the organisation noted.

      ZimRights had received "a plethora of political violence cases from
Buhera North, Chipinge and Chimanimani [in the eastern Manicaland Province]
during the months of July and August 2002".

      Apart from the destruction of homes and property, "relatives and
children of supporters of the MDC were tortured, assaulted and subjected to
various forms of inhumane and degrading treatment".

      "Interviews with the victims who thronged ZimRights head offices in
[the capital] Harare reveal that the problem has reached unprecedented
levels," ZimRights said.

      In August alone, ZimRights helped 152 "cases" at its head office. The
group called for urgent humanitarian aid to displaced persons in Harare, and
other cities.

      It also warned that the level of violence was increasing as the
country braced for local council elections to be held later this month.

      "Buhera North has been specifically targeted because it is the home
area of the president of the MDC [Morgan Tsvangirai]. Police details
operating in the area have been assaulting, arresting and detaining people
for no just cause," ZimRights alleged.

      The police had also teamed up with ZANU-PF youth militias and the
perpetrators of violence were not being arrested, the rights group said.

      However, police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena denied that the police were
acting in "cahoots with ZANU-PF".

      "It's a false allegation. We go in to arrest people when they commit
an offence, irrespective of their political allegiance. We don't need
support from any groups of people," he told IRIN.

      Meanwhile, in a rare interview with foreign journalists on Thursday,
President Robert Mugabe said his government's seizure of white-owned farms
had not contributed to the country's food shortages.

      "If anything, it's the only way you can empower people to produce, not
just for subsistence, but to enable them to enjoy life and to enable the
country to continue to export maize," the Associated Press quoted him as

      The World Food Programme estimates that about six million Zimbabweans
are threatened with hunger over the next six months.

      The food crisis has been blamed on a severe drought during the growing
season, and Mugabe's land redistribution programme.

      Last month, 2,900 white commercial farmers were ordered to leave their
land. Many disobeyed the order, and about 300 were arrested, most of whom
have since been released on bail.

      The material contained in this article is from IRIN, a UN humanitarian
information unit, but may not necessarily reflect the views of the United
Nations or its agencies. If you re-print, copy, archive or re-post any item
on this site, please retain this credit and disclaimer. Quotations or
extracts should include attribution to the original sources. All graphics
and Images on this site may not be re-produced without the express
permission of the original owner.
      All materials copyright © UN Office for the Coordination of
Humanitarian Affairs 2002

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From L. C.
Marondera Update 5th Sept 2002
We have moved off our single farm a month ago, after more than two years of violence, intimidation, death threats and other obscene behaviour levelled at ourselves and our workers by "war vets", and Zanu pf supporters. These activities have been fostered, directed, organised, and bankrolled by the state in the form of the Provincial Administrator, District Administrator, the Ministry of Agriculture, other arms of local Govt and the ZRP Marondera. These branches of the civil service have become mere functionaries of
Zanu pf - they indeed will say so openly, betraying the fact that they can no longer make a distinction between the Government and a political party.

Our workers, and their families, numbering 400 people, have been dispersed far and wide. Most of them still keep in touch with us, we have been together for a long time and we have a good relationship..They would all like their jobs back, with which came, free, a comfortable house, running water, electricity, a preschool, a farm health worker, a farm store, medical & Hiv/Aids care, and a primary school which was built and  supported by our farm and other farms in the area. Most important of all, they were assured
of a regular subsidized food supply , plus the product of a maize crop which was grown by the workers but for which we, the farmer, supplied free inputs such as seed, fertiliser, irrigation etc. All of these benefits are now gone, their former homes have been invaded by the Zanu pf supporters who took over our farm, as has our home. All the social programmes we were running have completely stopped. These formerly productive, hard working people are now drifting about, desperate for some way to make a living, feed
their families, and send their kids to school. Most of them do not have land in the communal areas, although some have managed to " buy"  plots there. Only 3 of our workers were resettled, under the "fast track" program. Life for our two foremen is also complicated by the fact that rural areas are now completely under the control of zanu pf. They are known to be ex farm
workers and are suspected to be Mdc supporters. They are harrased by Zanu pf militants as soon as they show their faces in their rural homes, with the result that they have had to establish some sort of home elsewhere, it is just too uncomfortable for them to maintain  homes in their own areas - they are social lepers. This is a problem for quite a lot of our workers, and will become more of a problem as food aid becomes increasingly politicised. I myself saw a lorry load of aid maize meal being transported into
Marondera, complete with a contingent of youth militia sitting on top of it. These youths decide who gets to come to the front of the queue and who goes to the back, and are frequently involved in buying the food themselves and re selling it at huge profit. In Harare maize meal is $800/20kg and another $150 to get it milled.
On our farm, the workers' houses and our house have now been occupied by the settlers, although they are supposed to have established homes for themselves long ago, as our farm was invaded in June 2000. All the social programmes we were running have ceased completely, as has all attempts at conservation. The settlers are now busy chopping down hardwood indigenous trees to
sell for firewood, and poaching all the game on the farm. All attempts at farming has also ground to a halt, there were only about 4 ha ploughed on our farm when I flew over it a few weeks ago, - all in wetlands, which is exceedingly bad farming practice, especially from a conservation viewpoint. They have abandoned the wheat crop they planted at the beginning of June. Our highly developed irrigation system  and our state-of-the- art tobacco facilities are lying idle, being steadily looted, and will never operate again. The
ruling party has never tried to hide their aim, which is to completely control all rural areas, remove all potential opposition/human rights activity, and reduce the country to abject poverty and starvation. Only then will they feel secure.
I do not believe we will ever return there, nor do I believe that this regime will compensate us for our property. As for our future, we are not in a state of mind to be making decisions about that at this stage, we need some time to recover from losing our home, the business we started with such energy and dedication 12 years ago and the loss of our community, all destroyed to preserve the power of one individual. I am confident that other farming possibilities exist in Africa, but it will be very difficult to trust another African leader, especially in view of their continued support of this regime.

I do hope that the G8 leaders were paying attention to the disgusting behaviour of the African delegates to the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg this week, who applauded Robert Mugabe after his presentation. These are the very same people who, with honeyed tongues, recently made promises in Canada about good governance, democracy & human
rights.The  likes of Thabo Mbeki and senior South African Government and ANC officials must be seen for what they are, a sham, who place no value on any of the above issues, merely paying lip service to it, while eagerly taking notes on how to pull off massive electoral fraud . That goes for the rest of the SADC leaders, also, as evidenced by their refusal to condemn the Mugabe regime's disgraceful human rights record, and their refusal to acknowledge that the crisis in this country is about poor governance, total
lack of the rule of law, and the wilful starvation and abuse of an entire nation.
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International Herald Tribune

      Mugabe denies blame for hunger
         AP  Friday, September 6, 2002

HARARE, Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe denied Thursday that
his country's seizures of white-owned farms had contributed to the hunger
crisis that threatens half his people with starvation.
"It's absolute nonsense," he said in a rare interview with foreign
"If anything, it's the only way you can empower people to produce, not just
enough for subsistence, but more, to enable them to enjoy life and to enable
the country also to continue to export maize," he said. Zimbabwe faces its
worst hunger crisis in a decade, with an estimated 6 million of the nation's
12.5 million people at risk of starvation, according to the World Food
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Business Day

Bush could oust Mugabe

BRIAN Spilg (Time for appeasement of Mugabe long past, September 5), appeals
to concerned organisations to pool their skills and resources to bring
Zimbabwe's crazed despot and his deranged cronies to justice.

One wonders which organisations might be persuaded to help.

Members of the United Nations and the European Union are more interested in
going to conferences than doing any work.

As for the SA government, expect nothing more than the occasional frowny
face on television news.

Perhaps we could persuade US President George Bush to apply his not
inconsiderable resources to effect a regime change in Zimbabwe as well as

Chris MarringtonOvation Brand ConsultantsJohannesburg
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Daily News

      CFU hits at land grab by officials

      9/6/02 2:22:21 PM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      COLIN Cloete, the president of the Commercial Farmers' Union (CFU),
yesterday attacked the land redistribution exercise, saying it is benefiting
senior government officials, not the thousands of genuinely landless

      Cloete said senior Zanu PF, army, police and Central Intelligence
Organisation (CIO) officials had been the main beneficiaries.

      He said: "This exercise has been grossly tainted by this unethical
land grab by senior people."

      Government-supported farm invasions began in February 2000 immediately
after Zimbabweans rejected a defective draft constitution in a referendum.

      President Mugabe has repeatedly told the world the exercise was aimed
at decongesting the communal areas by reclaiming land grabbed by the white
settlers from 1890
      by the government, invaded thousands of commercial farms, believing
they would be given priority in the allocation of land.

      But, Cloete said, most of the beneficiaries were gainfully employed.

      Cloete said: "Ministers and senior government officials have been on
different farms, taking over farm houses, farm equipment worth millions of

      "This land grab seriously contradicts what Mugabe has told the world
about the principle of one farm per person."

      Many white commercial farmers had one farm but had been served with
the Section 8 eviction orders.

      The government had continued to forcibly evict farmers, contrary to
Mugabe's declared policy of one farm, one person.

      Cloete said the lists of Zanu PF and senior government officials who
had taken over farms could be obtained from the CFU regional offices.

      Mugabe's brother-in-law, Reward Marufu evicted farmer Ian Duncan from
Leopardvlei Farm near Glendale and took over the farm, including equipment
worth over $200 million.

      Marufu, a former Zimbabwean diplomat to Canada and a senior CIO
officer, went to the farm at the end of July and allegedly burnt down over
80 farm workers' huts, including their belongings, before evicting them.

      Jenni Williams, the spokesperson for Justice for Agriculture (JAG),
has said the programme is benefiting rich people.

      Air Marshal Perence Shiri, the commander of the Air Force of Zimbabwe
(AFZ), in 2000 grabbed a farm in Mutepatepa in the Bindura district.

      Shiri, the leader of the infamous North Korean-trained 5 Brigade in
the early 80s, recently ordered farmer Hamish Charters at Eirene Farm in
Marondera to hand over keys to all buildings, including the farmhouse.

      About 120 workers were forced to leave the farm compound by people
reportedly brought there by Shiri.

      Bright Matonga, the Zimbabwe United Passenger Company chief executive,
recently evicted Vincent Schultz from his farm house and occupied it.

      Samuel Mumbengegwi, the Zanu PF chairman for Masvingo reportedly took
over Irvine Farm A in Gutu from Cias Vosloo.

      Herbert Murerwa, the Minister of Finance and Economic Development last
year took over Rise Holm Farm in Arcturus owned by farmer C.B. Allison.

      Even the presidents' wife, Grace Mugabe, joined in the act by
occupying Iron Mask Farm two weeks ago.

      Clemence Sungai, the general secretary of the General Agriculture and
Plantation Workers' Union of Zimbabwe (GAPWUZ), said his union was
disappointed that the government chose to resettle rich people and senior
government officials ahead of farm workers and land hungry villagers,
crowded in the communal areas across Zimbabwe.

      Sungai said: "We have always said the government should consider farm
workers first because they are the immediate casualties of this land
redistribution programme. Less than 7 000 farm workers have been resettled
out of 150 000 who were affected by the exercise."
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Daily News

      New wave of price hikes expected soon

      9/6/02 2:07:55 PM (GMT +2)

      Business Reporter

      A new wave of price increases is in the offing as both the macro and
micro economic environment in the country continue to deteriorate.

      The foreign currency crisis that has been wrecking havoc in the
economy is worsening by day as sources dwindle. Much faith had been placed
on the country's golden leaf - tobacco. However, the expectations were met
with frustration as not much was earned.

      The black market continued to thrive unabated with such sectors as
health, manufacturing and of late transport being the hardest hit. More than
half of the country's fleet is reportedly grounded due to lack of spare
parts. In Chitungwiza and Harare commuters now spend up to three hours
trying to board a bus to and from work.

      Some operators interviewed by the Daily News said they were operating
below capacity.

      "Prices of spare parts have more than doubled over the year and on the
other hand foreign currency is not available at the official rates yet we
are expected to offer a service," said one operator of a leading bus

      Urban fares are expected to be hiked once again as some leading
conventional buses plying the City-Chitungwiza route already have tickets
indicating the anticipated fares.

      A single journey to town from the dormitory town is expected to rise
to $70 from the current $50.

      Bakers have since indicated that at $65 a loaf bread was being
undercharged as a standard loaf should be pegged between $90 and $100. The
country is currently experiencing shortages of bread.

      Salt, women's sanitary ware among other controlled products are
available in retail outlets, but at above the stipulated prices. Most
Zimbabweans are currently grappling with a severe shortage of bread and in
most instances spend hours in queues for the commodity. The business
community has called for a constant review of prices to ensure viability.
National Foods Holdings Limited in its financial highlights, expressed
concern over price controls and called for timeous price reviews. "Price
controls remain a cause for serious concern in this hyperinflationary
environment. There have been no adjustments to prices set in October 2001
for flour and maize-meal. Whilst there was a price increase approved for
edible oils, it was delayed.

      "Timeous approval of necessary price increases is essential for
continued viability and ongoing capital replacement requirements," said the
food giant.
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Daily News

      Zanu PF supporters detain MP

      9/6/02 2:23:11 PM (GMT +2)

By Pedzisai Ruhanya Chief Reporter

ABOUT 200 Zanu PF supporters yesterday besieged the Chegutu rural district
council offices, assaulted an MDC official and detained Hilda Mafudze, the
MP for Mhondoro.

The offices were the venue for the nomination court for the rural district
council elections later this month.

Speaking on her mobile phone from the council yard yesterday afternoon,
Mafudze said the Zanu PF youths chased away eight of their 11 candidates and
it was not certain they would be courageous enough to return and register.

But the police in Chegutu yesterday refused to comment on the incident.

A policeman at Chegutu Police Station said: "I cannot assist you at the
moment, as the officer-in-charge is away"

Philip Chiyangwa, the Zanu PF chairman for Mashonaland West province and
Nathan Shamuyarira, the party's spokesman, yesterday said they were
attending meetings and could not comment on the allegations of violence by
their party supporters.

But Mafudze said: "I had come here to make sure that all our candidates are
registered but when I arrived, the Zanu PF youths started to assault our

"Right now I cannot drive out of the yard. I have locked myself in the car.
These incidents are happening in the presence of the police. Edmore
Gorerino, our candidate for ward 27, was attacked while trying to register.
The situation is very tense here."

Mafudze said the Zanu PF youths assaulted Stephen Nyikadzino, the party's
secretary for Chitungwiza who had gone there to assist their candidates to
register for the nationwide polls scheduled for 28 and 29 September.

Nyikadzino said: "When I arrived from Harare, some Zanu PF supporters
spotted me and started to beat me. They took away the nomination papers I
had. Eight of our members have run away and they cannot register."

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Zim denies journo work permit

Harare - Zimbabwe's information ministry has refused to renew the work
permit for a US journalist working for Agence France Presse (AFP), who must
leave the country by September 14, according to a letter received on Friday
by AFP's bureau in Harare.

Griffin Shea (27), joined the Harare bureau in August 2000, when he received
a work permit for slightly more than two years, which expires September 14.

In the letter, the ministry said: "We regret to have to inform you that the
Department (of Information) is unable to give support to the application"
for a renewal of the work permit, required by the immigration authorities.

Information Minister Jonathan Moyo earlier had indicated to AFP that under
the new press law, only Zimbabwean journalists would be allowed to work in
the country.

AFP's regional bureau in Harare has a French bureau chief whose work permit
was extended by six months in June and expires at the end of November.

The bureau covers five countries in southern Africa: Angola, Malawi,
Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

On March 15, Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe enacted a law that imposed
stringent limits on press freedoms for independent and foreign journalists
working in the country.

The Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act allows only
permanent residents or Zimbabwean nationals to continue working in the
country. Foreign journalists may only work for a "limited period" of
unspecified time.

The Supreme Court is due to make a ruling on the constitutionality of the
law, following a lawsuit filed by Zimbabwean journalists. No date has been
set for that ruling. - Sapa-AFP
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Financial Times

      Zimbabwe looks to bonds to fund land programme
      By our correspondent in Harare
      Published: September 6 2002 10:04 | Last Updated: September 6 2002

      The Zimbabwe government is canvassing domestic financial institutions
for a Z$30bn ($545m) bond issue to finance its land resettlement programme.

      Money market sources said that after months of inconclusive
negotiations with the banks, authorities had decided to force pension funds
and institutional investors to subscribe to an issue of "Agri Bonds".

      An official circular says half the amount raised will be earmarked for
lending to new farmers to finance agricultural input purchases, while the
balance will be ploughed into infrastructural development.

      By law, Zimbabwe pension funds are required to invest 45 per cent of
their assets in so-called prescribed assets, usually long-term government
and municipal bonds.

      Clara Maya, registrar of Pension and Provident Funds, said the
government would issue bonds with prescribed assets status "in the near
future" to finance land reform.

      With inflation running at 123.5 per cent, the rate of interest on the
bonds is certain to be very negative in real terms. Last week, the central
bank issued two year treasury certificates at an annual yield of just over
24 per cent.

      Past efforts by the government to float long-term bond issues have
flopped, but money market sources say the pension funds have been told they
must meet the 45 per cent prescribed assets limit by the end of 2002.

      For the pension fund industry as a whole, the prescribed asset ratio
is estimated to be less than 25 per cent, meaning that the funds will
effectively be forced to take up the bond issue regardless of the rate of
interest offered.

      Accordingly, critics are calling the bond issue a "stealth tax" on
pension funds.
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Cholera kills 10 in Zimbabwe


      Xinhuanet 2002-09-06 14:46:28

      HARARE, Sept. 6 (Xinhuanet) -- At least 10 people have been killed
and 300 others affected in a cholera outbreak in Masvingo province, about
200 km south of Harare, the Herald newspaper reported Friday.

      The outbreak was first detected in Chiredzana area where three
people died on Monday last month while 12 others were hospitalized at Pfuve
Clinic and Mashoko Hospital.

      Masvingo provincial medical director Tapuwa Magure confirmed the
deaths on Thursday and said health officials were now on 24-hour alert in a
bid to combat the disease.

      It was reported that the health officials with the assistance of
the Zimbabwe National Army and the Red Cross Society were providing
treatment to affected villagers and conducting awareness campaigns on the

      In May this year, 14 people died of cholera in Buhera while at
least 15 cholera deaths were recorded in the nearby Sabi Drift area. Enditem
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Daily News

      Church fails to establish reasons for priest's eviction

      9/6/02 2:31:32 PM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      The Roman Catholic Church in Manicaland on Wednesday said it had so
far failed to get to the bottom of the circumstances surrounding the forced
departure of Father Patrick Joseph Kelly, a priest at the St Gabriel
Catholic Church in Nyanga.

      About two weeks ago a group of so-called war veterans and Central
Intelligence Organisation (CIO) officers allegedly forced Kelly, 60, to
leave the constituency, accusing him of preaching opposition politics.

      Bishop Alexio Muchabaiwa, of the Catholic Church Mutare Diocese said:
"So far our investigations have yielded nothing. I do not know why, but that
is the position. The issue is very sensitive but we will continue to

      Asked what the church was doing to assist Kelly, assuming they were
aware of his whereabouts Muchabaiwa said: "I cannot disclose those details."

      But Kelly insisted the church leaders were not interested in resolving
his dilemma.
      In Mutare on Wednesday, Kelly said: "I have not received any
assistance from our leader here. Up to now I am shuttling between safe
houses, living with friends."

      On 16 August, Kelly said he was approached by a group of war veterans
who ordered him to leave Nyanga by 22 August or face unspecified action.

      Fearing for his life, Kelly fled into hiding. He claimed that he was
interrogated on two occasions by the CIO agents over literature he
distributed in Nyanga which was written by Pius Wakatama and Chenjerai Hove
calling for peace in the country.

      Meanwhile, Michael Ancram, the shadow foreign secretary of the British
Conservative Party urged Jack Straw, the British Foreign Minister to

      According to the British Press Association Agency, Ancram blamed
President Mugabe for fuelling violence in the country.

      Bishop Christopher Budd of the Roman Catholic in Plymouth, in England,
deplored the action by the government supporters against Kelly.
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Daily News

      National Constitutional Assembly to hold AGM

      9/6/02 2:27:32 PM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      THE National Constitutional Assembly (NCA) will hold its fifth annual
general meeting tomorrow in Harare to chart the way forward and map out a
strategy for pushing ahead for constitutional reforms.

      The police in Harare have granted permission for the NCA to hold the
meeting subject to the condition that policemen in plain clothes will be in

      In a letter to the NCA chairperson, Lovemore Madhuku, one
Superintendent Ndebele, the acting officer commanding police for Harare
Central, said authority had been granted in terms of Section 25 (2) of the
Public Order and Security Act, Chapter 11:17.

      The authority was granted subject to several conditions, including
that the meeting should be restricted to the Harare Exhibition Show Grounds
West End Hall only and that public gathering at any other place is

      The police order also barred the NCA from marching or toyi-toying from
the NCA offices to the venue of the meeting. No political slogans or songs
are to be uttered during the deliberations.

      If the NCA considers that the police cannot attend the meeting, this
would mean that the meeting would have to be held at the organisation's
offices at Number 348 Herbert Chitepo Avenue.

      The police also stated that they would monitor the gathering to ensure
that the stipulated conditions are complied with.

      NCA leaders from all the country's provinces are expected to attend
the meeting.
      Thousands of NCA members, including Madhuku, have been repeatedly
arrested by the police after staging demonstrations country-wide to press
the government to review the Constitution.

      Madhuku has vowed that "only an act of God" can stop the NCA from its
struggle for a new constitution.
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Daily News

      Bread crisis deepens

      9/6/02 2:24:37 PM (GMT +2)

      From Our Correspondent in Bulawayo

      BAKERS in Bulawayo have stopped baking bread, opting to bake the more
expensive rolls, buns and cakes as the bread shortage in the city worsens.

      People still queue patiently for bread at most supermarkets and others
wake up as early as 4am to be the first in the queue for the limited loaves
of bread.

      The few bakers who are still making bread are now selling on condition
that customers buy groceries first. A popular supermarket in Bellevue suburb
is one of the shops that have been asking people to buy groceries worth $300
before selling them a loaf of bread.

      At another supermarket, customers who buy the most groceries or
frequent the shop are offered bread at till points ahead of all other
customers as a "reward".

      A Daily News survey revealed that most people had no choice but to buy
either the groceries or the expensive rolls as bread had become the major
substitute to the scarce maize-meal.

      Most bakers now make rolls which sell at $16 each, a milk loaf for
$100 and twist bread for $60.

      "I have a family of eight and I would need about 20 rolls a day,
adding up to $320 which is far more expensive than the $120 for two loaves,"
said Lovemore Ndlovu, a resident of Khumalo.

      A supermarket manager in the city centre who declined to be named said
since the price of bread was controlled by government most bakers found it
profitable to bake uncontrolled confectioneries.

      "We are struggling to get flour to make the bread and it is now
expensive. It doesn't make business sense for us to continue selling bread
at $60,44 - it is too little," said manager.

      Flour has been in short supply and most supermarkets have run out of
the commodity because consumers have been buying it to bake their own bread.

      The bread situation has been deteriorating over the past few weeks
with most people hoarding and reselling a loaf at $100, especially in the
city's western suburbs.

      Some residents allegedly buy in bulk when the bread is delivered at
tuckshops in the western areas and as soon as the tuckshops exhaust their
supplies, they start reselling at exorbitant prices.

      Efforts to get a comment from Bakers Association were fruitless.
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U.N. Envoy Appeals for Zimbabwe Aid
      The Associated Press, Fri 6 Sep 2002

      HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) - A top U.N. official appealed Friday for donor
nations to increase their contributions to the massive food crisis unfolding
in Zimbabwe.

      An estimated 6 million Zimbabweans are at risk of starvation after
harvests in the country were badly damaged by drought and the government's
land seizure program, a policy that has crippled the commercial farming

      Nearly 7 million people in five other southern African countries were
also at risk of starvation.

      ``It's incredibly important that the world knows the severity of the
issue,'' said James Morris, head of the World Food Program and the United
Nations' special envoy to the southern Africa food crisis. ``We'll be able
to avert a terrible crisis if we have the resources to move forward.''

      The United Nations has appealed for $507 million in food aid for the
region. So far donors have committed to giving about one third of that and
the WFP is negotiating for another third in donations, Morris said.

      According to UNICEF, a May survey showed an increase in malnutrition
and stunting among young children.

      ``It's absolutely unacceptable under anyone's standards for children
to suffer,'' said Morris, who was visiting Zimbabwe as part of an assessment
mission around the affected region.

      The United Nations also needs money for medicine and seeds and
fertilizer for the upcoming growing season to prevent a possible second year
of hunger, he said.

      Morris also welcomed Zimbabwe's agreement to accept genetically
modified corn under a complex deal that would allow the grain to be milled
so it would not be planted. Zambia has refused to accept the grain, calling
it a health risk.

      President Robert Mugabe on Thursday said he would prefer to accept
food that was not been modified and Morris agreed to try to find those
donations. However, donations from the United States, by far the largest
donor to the crisis, contain genetically modified food.

      Mugabe also denied accusations his government was keeping food aid
away from opposition supporters.

      Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai said Friday he had received
numerous reports of discrimination in distribution of food sold by the
state. At one depot, ruling party militants took over selling corn meal and
in many areas ruling party officials were appointed to take charge of food
distribution, he said.

      ``Zimbabwe is spiraling out of control with the people being forced to
suffer incredible hardships at the hands of a regime indifferent to their
plight,'' he said. ``It is a tragedy food should be used as a political
tool. People are starving and everyone should put their heads together on

      Tsvangirai also criticized the government's decision to impound 30
tons of corn imported by the opposition on Sunday because it had no permits.

      Political and economic chaos over the last two years in Zimbabwe has
been blamed mainly on the ruling party.

      Critics say Mugabe's land reform program which has targeted 95 percent
of properties owned by 4,000 white farmers for confiscation, is part of the
increasingly authoritarian government's efforts to maintain power.

      But the government says the land seizures are a final effort to
correct colonial era imbalances in land ownership by taking white-owned
farms and giving them to blacks. Many of the larger farms, however, have
been given to confidantes of Mugabe.

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Daily News

Leader Page

      ESC must act to ensure free and fair elections

      9/6/02 2:24:43 PM (GMT +2)

      Reports of widespread violence in the run-up to the forthcoming
parliamentary by-election in Hurungwe West are, to put it mildly, extremely

      The seat left vacant by the death of the Zanu PF MP Marko Madiro is
being contested by the ruling Zanu PF party and the opposition MDC. To be
fair, if accusations and counter-accusations being traded by officials of
the two parties in the constituency are anything to go by, it would appear
the violence is being perpetrated by both parties.

      Justin Dandawa, the MDC candidate, has alleged that a Chinhoyi-based
Zanu PF terror gang, known as The Top Six, is operating in the area where
they are allegedly beating up all known MDC supporters. Dandawa says he
cannot hold campaign rallies or even meetings where only a handful of people
would be present because "our supporters would be attacked". The level of
violence is extremely disturbing because it is not confined to the
by-election tussle between Dandawa and the Zanu PF candidate, Phone Madiro.
Dandawa alleges that Weston Mabhera, a senior member of his party, was
abducted from his home at night and severely assaulted at a spot about five
kilometres away.

      Mabhera is an MDC candidate standing in one of the wards in the 28-29
September local government polls to be held throughout the country.

      Another MDC official, Mukorera Taruvinga, the party's district
chairman in Muzarabani, was last week severely assaulted, allegedly by Zanu
PF youths. Taruvinga, the candidate for Kapembere ward, has ugly bruises all
over his body and face, clearly visible in a photograph of him published in
this newspaper on Wednesday.

      Zanu PF has denied taking any part in the attacks on MDC supporters
and officials. Its supporters have been victims of political violence
unleashed by the MDC, says Zanu PF.

      Chipere Muguti, Zanu PF's political commissar for Mashonaland West,
claims MDC supporters have burnt down two houses belonging to his party's
officials in the
      Dzinaiwe area of Hurungwe. Under normal circumstances, many people
would have wanted to give Muguti the benefit of the doubt. However, with the
benefit of hindsight which clearly shows Zanu PF as thriving on violence to
have its way when it fails to do so through gentle persuasion, the
temptation to disbelieve Muguti is irresistible.

      Not least because he has provided us with neither a specific
irrefutable incident nor the name of any member of his party who fell victim
to MDC violence.

      In fact, all available evidence points to Zanu PF as being the
perpetrators of the violence. This assertion is supported by reports that at
least 36 candidates who had announced their intention to contest council
elections on the MDC ticket have been forced to withdraw.

      This is an alarming figure considering they are in one province, the
Midlands. And not the whole of it either, but only in the southern half made
up of Chirumhanzu, Mberengwa, Shurugwi and Zvishavane districts. The number
nationwide must, therefore, be cause for grave concern to anyone who
believes Zimbabwe is a multi-party democracy. All those who have withdrawn
have said they had no alternative after they were threatened by Zanu PF
activists with physical harm or worse if they insisted on contesting. As
everybody knows, Zanu PF does not make empty threats. When those threats are
made, you can only ignore them at your own peril.

      All this only serves to render the polls neither free nor fair even
before the voting itself starts. Unless an atmosphere is created in which
everyone who wishes to contest is allowed to do without fear, the whole
exercise becomes a farce.

      The Electoral Supervisory Commission is bound by the rules of
electoral fair play to postpone the local elections or, at the very least,
the sitting of nomination courts, until it has satisfied for itself that
optimum conditions are in place to allow for all aspiring candidates to
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ZIMBABWE: GM maize accepted as crisis deepens

JOHANNESBURG, 6 September (IRIN) - An acceptance by Zimbabwe of food aid containing genetically modified (GM) maize comes as humanitarian officials warn that the country's food crisis is set to worsen.

"We are starting to see evidence of serious malnutrition in Zimbabwe. There are some indications of kwashiorkor, but it is not yet widespread," Carolyn McAskie, Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator in the UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, told IRIN on Friday. "There are warning signals that a crisis is looming."

McAskie, touring Southern Africa as part of a two-week assessment mission headed by James Morris, the Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for Humanitarian Needs in Southern Africa, described Zimbabwe's acceptance of GM food as a "seriously major step forward".

Morris, who is also the World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Director, met Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe on Thursday. He "welcomed assurances by the government of Zimbabwe that they will go ahead with an agreement to distribute more food aid in the country while addressing the government's concerns over potentially genetically modified food," said Fred Eckhard, the Spokesman of the UN Secretary-General.

"The president gave his assurance on a proposed swap of 17,500 mt maize grain, donated to WFP by the United States, for an equivalent amount of government-owned maize meal. WFP says the swap is a positive step forward in addressing the Government's concern over importing non-milled maize, which potentially contains genetically modified organisms [GMO], while ensuring the population receives urgently-needed supplies of food aid through the World Food Programme," Eckhard added.

Zimbabwe's acceptance of food aid containing GMO is on condition that it will be milled before distribution to prevent the possible contamination of local crops, a Zimbabwean bio-safety expert told IRIN.

"When it comes from the border it will go straight to the miller, then to the consumer. We don't want the seeds to be dropped or planted in the ground," said Abisai Mafa, the registrar of Zimbabwe's Bio-Safety Board.

"It will be distributed as mealie meal [milled maize]. And instead of just distributing without informing people, they will be told what type of food they will be getting, and it is up to them to choose whether they want it or not," said Steyn Berejena, a spokesperson in Zimbabwe's Department of Information.

Ian Kind, managing director of Zimbabwe's National Foods, told IRIN that it was not immediately clear who would mill the maize. But he said that it was  only private millers, such as his company, who had the capacity to process large amounts.

The state-run Grain Marketing Board (GMB), "have offices on the premises so they could watch the process carefully," he said. He advised against using the GMB's network of small hammer-millers scattered throughout the country as this would reduce the level of control needed to satisfy the government's concerns.

Zimbabwe has a long-standing ban on GM food based on environmental concerns. However, the bulk of food aid on offer to Southern Africa has been donated by the United States, and contains GMOs. With six million people facing serious food shortages, the government has finally bowed to international   pressure to accept GM maize.

Morris on Friday urged donors to increase their aid to Zimbabwe. Only US $82 million - or one-third of the UN's US $285 million appeal for Zimbabwe - has been received to help to country overcome its food crisis, caused in part by natural disasters and policy-related issues, the UN news wire reported.

"The magnitude of hardship was engraved on the faces I saw. I was struck by the tragic stories people told," said Morris, who arrived in Zimbabwe on Wednesday as part of his mission to six countries in the region. "Clearly, every day is a massive struggle to survive and the situation will only worsen over the months ahead."

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The Philadelphia Enquirer



     Posted on Fri, Sep. 06, 2002

      Land-shift program is empowering and fair, Mugabe says
      By Ravi Nessman
      Associated Press

      HARARE, Zimbabwe - In a rare interview with foreign journalists,
President Robert Mugabe defended Zimbabwe's land-redistribution program and
denied yesterday that his seizure of white-owned commercial farms had
worsened the nation's food shortage.

      "It's absolute nonsense," he said, describing his program to
redistribute the land to blacks as an effort to better the lives of the
poor. "If anything, it's the only way you can empower people to produce -
not just enough for subsistence, but more. To enable them to enjoy life."

      Zimbabwe faces its worst food shortage in a decade, with an estimated
six million of its 12.5 million people at risk of starvation. The World Food
Program has blamed the situation on a drought during the growing season and
on Mugabe's land program, which has crippled the commercial farming industry
in a nation that once was the breadbasket of southern Africa.

      Last month, 2,900 white commercial farmers were ordered to leave their
land, although some had crops in their fields. Many disobeyed the order and
about 300 were arrested. Most were freed on bail but have been forbidden to
return to their farms.

      Mugabe said yesterday that he had no intention of leaving anyone
landless. White farmers, some of whom own several large farms, would be
allowed to keep one farm of "appropriate size," he said.

      "We have said and sworn that no one should go without land," he said,
"but they want much more - greedy, greedy, greedy colonialists. We cannot
satisfy their greed at the expense of the rest of the people. We want to
distribute land fairly and justly."

      Many of those being evicted owned only one farm, and many of those
farms were relatively small, said Jenni Williams, spokeswoman for Justice
for Agriculture, a farmers' support group. Critics have said that the best
of the seized land has gone to military and police officers, politicians and
Mugabe supporters, rather than the poor.

      Mugabe has shunned foreign journalists in the last few years, accusing
them of bias against his government. In recent months, he has refused to
allow most of them into the country.

      But yesterday, he joked with four foreign reporters before his meeting
with World Food Program head James Morris. He said he was thrilled by the
warm reception he received Monday at the World Summit in South Africa, when
he gave an impassioned defense of his government's policies.

      "I feel good," he said. "It's an approval of our position."

      Human-rights activists have accused Mugabe of using food as a
political weapon by keeping government aid out of opposition districts and
making recipients show ruling-party membership cards before they can receive

      Mugabe strongly denied that.

      "Everyone who needs food will be fed regardless of politics, religion
or any other persuasion, the same way as the government runs its system of
education," he said. "We don't say that because your children belong to this
party, your children must not go to school."

      Mugabe confirmed his country's accord with the World Food Program to
accept a shipment of gene-modified corn from the United States. Zimbabwe
initially resisted accepting the corn, fearing it would damage its efforts
to export agricultural products to Europe. But the government agreed to mill
the corn before distributing it to ensure it is eaten and not planted,
Mugabe said.

      The food program's Morris said he and Mugabe discussed how best to
tackle the hunger crisis and how to get Zimbabwe producing food again.

      "Everyone here now understands the magnitude of the challenge," he
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