The ZIMBABWE Situation
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Zimbabwe ivory stockpile grows amid sale ban

(AFP) – 9 hours ago

HARARE — Zimbabwe's ivory stockpile has rocketed to 42,000 kilos up from a
previous record of 29,000, but the country cannot sell it due to a ban,
state media reported on Sunday.

"At the moment there is a nine-year moratorium on the international sale of
ivory from Zimbabwe, it will end in 2016," Romana Nyahwa, acting director
for Zimbabwe National Parks and Wildlife told the Sunday Mail newspaper.

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna
and Flora (CITES) imposed the moratorium in an attempt to curb pouching.

"But it is not definite that after 2016 we will be able to sell our ivory,"
added Nyahwa.

She said the country would have to apply for a special permission from CITES
to sell the tusks. It costs Zimbabwe $13 million annually to secure the

"The proposal will be discussed and if it passes, permission will be granted
for the sale to take place. The sale will be conducted under some agreed
conditions, for example, selling to specific countries," she said.

Most of the tusks, valued at $10 million, were collected from conservation
areas and rural districts countrywide.

In 2008, the southern African country sold 3.7 tonnes of ivory for $487,162
approved under an international agreement.

The auction was open only to buyers from China and Japan, who were required
to only sell it within their countries.

According to official statistics, Zimbabwe has an elephant population of
100,000 but a large number fell prey to poachers during the country's
economic crisis.

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World Diamond Council Warns Against Zimbabwe Diamonds

February 6, 2011 | Updated Feb 6, 2011 17:10 by RebeccaR

The World Diamond Council (WDC) has issued an official statement to diamond
traders regarding the status of Zimbabwe diamonds mined from the
controversial Marange diamond fields.

In the statement, the WDC stresses the fact that Marange diamonds have yet
to be certified by the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme and therefore
diamond traders are advised to be “cautious”.

The Kimberley Process has been trying to come to a consensus regarding
Zimbabwe diamonds from the Marange region for months now.  While a decision
has not yet been reached, some confusion was created after some member
governments of the Kimberley Process signed a document in which they agreed
to allow the resumption of exports from approved authorities on January

“As outlined in the document,” the WDC said, “his approval is subject to
agreement on continued oversight and monitoring. Before exports can resume,
however, the authorities in Zimbabwe need to complete a series on
consultations with Mr. Mathieu Yamba, the Chair of the Kimberley Process,
representing the Democratic Republic of Congo.”

The WDC went on to say that these consultations with Mr. Yamba are
“sensitive and ongoing” and suggested that, despite efforts being made to
resolve the issue, it may still take a significant amount of time before all
sides reach an agreement.

Until an agreement is reached, the WDC stated that they will continue to
emphasize to all diamond traders that any and all exports of diamond stocks
and diamond production from even the approved authorities in Marange are not
certified by the Kimberley Process.

“We, therefore, advocate caution and the adoption of due diligence when
trading rough diamonds on the international market,” the WDC stated.
The World Diamond Council said that it would notify members as soon as
consultations are concluded and a clear directive has been received from the
Kimberley Process Chair.

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Army behind Buhera violence

Written by Vusimuzi Bhebhe
Sunday, 06 February 2011 13:20

HARARE – A pro-democracy non-governmental organisation said the army, war
veterans and youth militias have led a campaign of murder, rape and looting
of property in Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai’s home town since 2002 and
warned that credible elections could only be possible after a thorough
national healing process.
The Heal Zimbabwe Trust said groups of Zanu (PF) supporters led by soldiers
and so-called war veterans with assistance from Border Gezi Training Centre
youths, soldiers, police officers, traditional chiefs and Central
Intelligence Organisation have been involved in beatings and murder of
political opponents in Buhera during the past nine years.
It said some of the victims have been forced to desert their homes or had
their family members raped while others have been hounded out of their jobs.
“The violence in Buhera has mainly been attributed to some elements of war
veterans of the country’s war of liberation and deployed army officers,” the
trust said, noting that participation of such elements
has compromised the victims’ efforts to seek legal recourse and civic
society organization’s peace building initiatives. The long arm of the law
is yet to catch up with the perpetrators of political violence.
“There is only one case of Reuben Muteve where the people who murdered him
were arrested but all the other cases are lying idle in the hands of the
police. This has further exacerbated violence in Buhera as the perpetrators
have gone unpunished for a long time,” Heal Zimbabwe said. The police have
refused to prosecute the perpetrators of the violence.
Buhera district has witnessed unprecedented violence since the 2000
parliamentary elections.
The district recorded the first murders of Zimbabwe’s post-2000 political
violence after the petrol-bombing deaths of Tsvangirai’s agent Talent Mabika
and another MDC-T official Tichaona Chiminya in April 2000. The political
duel between Zanu (PF) and the MDC-T has since then claimed scores of lives,
displaced hundreds others internally and destroyed property worth millions
of dollars.
According to a Zimbabwe Peace Project report, Buhera South was hardest hit
by the political violence that accompanied the 2008 presidential election
run-off. About 350 people lost their property while more than 500 others
were assaulted by Zanu (PF) militias. Heal Zimbabwe has since the beginning
of the year been working with people in Buhera on a peace-building programme
to reconcile members of the two political parties.
One of the initiatives has been the weeding ceremonies “nhimbes” that were
led by traditional leaders. This programme has brought together villagers
from different political persuasions in an effort to address issues of
polarization in local

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Britain harboring Zanu PF War Criminals

05 February, 2011 11:44:00    UPI

LONDON, -- Hundreds of suspected war criminals including 32 Zanu PF
terrorists have found harbor in Britain despite attempts to bring them to
justice, the government reports.

Over five years, a special war crimes unit in the Border Agency has called
for action against 495 people for genocide, torture and crimes against
humanity, but its report to the parliamentary group on genocide shows only a
fifth have been deported, refused entry or left, The Guardian reported.

The 383 suspects still at large include 105 from Iraq, 75 from Afghanistan,
73 from Sri Lanka, 39 from Rwanda, 32 from Zimbabwe and 26 from the
Democratic Republic of Congo. They are said to include top Saddam Hussein
henchmen and ranking Afghan and Congolese officials involved in torture.

New laws providing for domestic prosecutions of suspected war criminals have
not yielded a single case, and there have been no new investigations,
London's Metropolitan Police say.

"The biggest problem is the lack of resources dedicated to investigating
these serious cases and that we often don't know where these individuals
are," said MP Michael McCann. "It means that if an arrest warrant is issued
there is little likelihood it can be served."

Meanwhile, violence has surged in Zimbabwe with reports of mob attacks,
death threats, politically motivated arrests and at least one shooting ahead
of possible elections, civil rights groups claim.

The Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) claims youth militias loyal to
Robert Mugabe's Zanu-PF party are "running amok" in poor townships, and
accuses the police of siding with the offenders.

Analysts regard the upsurge as a warning sign that Mugabe is gearing up for
elections, possibly as early as June, and fear a repeat of the 2008 polls in
which the MDC says 253 people died.

"Violence is certainly escalating and we are really worried," said Nelson
Chamisa, a government minister and MDC spokesman. "I think it's the talk
about elections. Zanu-PF has not graduated from its traditional ways of
transacting politics by using violence."

Chamisa saw few grounds for optimism. "Zanu-PF are determined to crush the
country," he added. "They don't care; they never have. There is a danger of
worse violence. We still want to see a clear roadmap implemented for a free,
fair and credible election."

Reports of politically inspired attacks have grown steadily in recent weeks.
An MDC youth leader, William Mukuwari, claims he was assaulted and shot in
the leg by a gang including a Zanu-PF chairperson in Budiriro township last

Trouble erupted on Monday outside an MDC district office in Mbare, a
township in the capital, Harare. At least 70 pro-Mugabe militants were
trucked in to throw stones and carry out assaults, an independent doctors'
group said today. The rampaging mob sang Zanu-PF songs and slogans and
carried party flags.

Several MDC members were treated for "grave injuries" after the
disturbances, the doctors said. Seven people were arrested but "there are no
reports of perpetrators being arrested".

The MDC also claims that police are refusing to arrest Zanu-PF members. It
said: "The police have become openly and undisputedly partisan in that in
cases of any skirmishes involving youths from rival political parties, it is
the MDC that suffers most.

"At the moment, dozens of MDC youths have been arrested and charged with
public violence, a sizeable number is nursing gunshot and stab wounds in
hospitals, hundreds are being hounded out of their homes, and MDC property
is being destroyed with impunity."

On Wednesday armed riot police reportedly sealed off the downtown offices of
the Harare city council as it was besieged by mobs chanting Zanu-PF slogans.
Council staff fled the building.

A number of groups have warned of a rising political temperature. The
Southern Africa Coalition for the Survivors of Torture reported that
tensions in Zimbabwe rose markedly in January.

ZimRights, a human rights organisation, said "high density suburbs in Harare
are rapidly turning into warzones". It warned the MDC against an armed
response that "brings to mind civil unrest in Egypt which is resulting in
unwarranted loss of life".

John Makumbe, a Harare-based political scientist, told IRIN: "What you see
is the tip of the iceberg. More violence is taking place in rural areas and
going unreported.

"State agents are now part of the organised violence, and there is bound to
be a sharp increase in political disturbances in the coming months. If the
elections are [held] there will be bloodshed."

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Mugabe support for sect land invasion

Feb 5, 2011 11:44 PM | By VLADIMIR MZACA

The battle to lure the support of one of the biggest religious movements in
Zimbabwe has resulted in President Robert Mugabe giving the Vapostori sect
permission to invade a farm owned by a white commercial farmer in
Matabeleland South.

The Vapostori (apostles) religious group has an estimated one million
followers countrywide, making it an important political constituency.

Its numbers are swelled by a high birth rate and polygamous marriages that
are permitted by the religion.

In December an army of men in white garments from Masvingo Province in the
southeastern part of the country, together with their families, invaded
Lydead Ranch in Marula owned by Garry Rosenfels.

The sect arrived in buses, claiming to have permission from the president to
take over the ranch.

Rosenfels confirmed the invasion of his farm by the religious men.

"They are settled at my farm. That is all I can say for now," he said.

The Vapostori reportedly took over part of the farm's machinery and
irrigation equipment, forcing the owner's workers to work for them.

The neighboring community and politicians in the area argued that there was
no need to bring people from another region to invade local farms.

Former MP for Bulilima, Norman Mpofu, condemned the invasion.

Zanu-PF has in the past enjoyed the support of the Vapostori, with its late
political commissar, Border Gezi, having been an influential member of the

Gezi's rise was spearheaded by the religious movement until his death in a
car accident.

Ever since Gezi's death, Mugabe has kept ties with the religious movement,
promising to take care of its needs in order to keep its support.

He has been seen attending ceremonies conducted by the sect.

Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai last year also attending the movement's

However, last year in July at the opening of parliament, the Vapostori were
there to cheer Mugabe. They have also become regulars at Zanu-PF gatherings.

Last year Mugabe attended a pilgrimage ceremony at Mafararikwa school in
Marange, where an estimated 150000 people were in attendance.

At the ceremony the president endorsed some of the sect's beliefs, such as
polygamy. Tsvangirai attended another gathering in the same region.

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Residents want water debts cancelled

By Guthrie Munyuki
Sunday, 06 February 2011 17:52

HARARE - The Harare Residents Trust (HRT) has called on the Harare City
Council to cancel debts accrued by residents in 2010 because the city
fathers have ignored calls to correct their shambolic water billing system.

Residents must instead, pay US$15 monthly without skipping and maintain
their receipts, HRT said, as it renewed its fight against the Harare City
Council (HCC).

“We have submitted a position paper urging the City of Harare to cancel all
debts owed by residents to the City in 2010 and start afresh in January
2011,” HRT co-ordinator Precious Shumba told the Daily News.

“Councillors have indicated at our various public meetings that the city's
billing equipment is archaic, and that the billing system is subject to
manipulation by the city employees, allegedly to cover up for alleged acts
of corruption within the system.”

He said they had received complaints from residents in Mabvuku and South
West high-density suburbs of Highfield, Mufakose, Budiriro and Glen Norah
who were grappling with “inflated” water bills.

“As the Harare Residents' Trust, we have continued to receive reports from
residents, who believe the City of Harare has been stealing from them, for a
very long time, through an archaic billing system that discourages settling
of monthly bills,” Shumba said.

“There is a growing feeling that they should not pay their rates due to the
City of Harare because the more money they pay, the higher their bills
become at the end of every month.

“There is delayed or non-crediting of their accounts, rendering their
payments meaningless,” he said.

The HRT point man said it was their policy to engage service providers
whenever there were issues raised by residents.

He said the City Treasurer, Misheck Mubvumbi, has not adequately responded
to their concerns.

The other way of dealing with the crisis, as recommended by the residents,
said Shumba, was to convene a stakeholders meeting with top HCC officials to
find a lasting solution to the chaotic billing.

Local Government minister Ignatius Chombo has already crossed swords with
the HCC over the billing system and insists the municipality is failing to
move with time by adopting technology that improves its revenue.

“An overbilled consumer is an angry consumer. If you overcharge them, the
revenue does not come and yet consumers are the source of that much needed
revenue,” Chombo said recently when he was giving an update on the errant
councils who are yet to finalise their budgets, including the HCC.

“In this era of dollarisation, I don’t see the problem of many zeroes which
the officials used as an excuse for the chaotic billing. They must embrace
new technology.”

The snow-haired Chombo has clashed incessantly with MDC-dominated councils
on performance-related issues and allegations of corruption.

Councillors have accused Chombo of graft involving municipal land, and in
turn, he has said they are “underperformers who grandstand for cheap
political point-scoring”.

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Wikileaks Reveal Biti's Role In Sanctions Issue

06/02/2011 12:44:00

JOHANNESBURG, February 6, 2011- The latest disclosures by the
whistle-blowing website, Wikileaks say Finance Minister Tendai Biti has been
making recommendations to the European Union (EU) on which Zimbabwean
politician or business person connected to President Robert Mugabe should
remain or removed from the sanctions list.

The confidential cables of the US embassies abroad reveal that Biti has been
working closely with the EU in the maintenance and partial lifting of the
sanctions imposed against Zimbabwean government leaders and business people
connected to Mugabe.Wikileaks say despite Biti,s previous statements
condemning the continuation of sanctions by the EU, he has been playing a
double role on the issue.The cable, which originated from the US embassy in
London, in January 2010 says the EU "decided to support ... a minimal
lifting of sanctions on Zimbabwe by delisting the eight parastatals
requested by Biti."

The memo also revealed that Biti was instrumental in having Zapu leader
Dumiso Dabengwa removed from the list: "UK ministers agreed to support
within the EU the de-listing of (1) the eight parastatals requested by
Zimbabwean Foreign Minister Tendai Biti, (2) any persons on the list who
have died, (3) a Lebanese national (NFI), and (4) former ZANU-PF supporter
Dr. Dumiso Dabengwa."

The confidential diplomatic dispatch put paid to claims that MDC-T has no
control over the sanctions policy in Brussels.
It also shows the duplicity of the MDC-T within the inclusive Government.

Ironically, Biti's MDC-T party has been involved in the EU-Zimbabwe
political dialogue team which seeks to normalise relations (including
lifting of Art. 96 of the Cotonou Agreement and sanctions) alongside
progress in the implementation of the Global Political Agreement.

A separate confidential cable released last week revealed that MDC-T leader
Morgan Tsvangirai, who is also the prime minister in the inclusive
Government, used a state visit to the US to plot regime change in Zimbabwe.

Last year the MDC-T said it has no control in the matter of sanctions after
President Mugabe and his Zanu-PF party charged that the former opposition
party had a hand in setting the sanctions and therefore should be held
responsible for removing them.

Zanu-PF has maintained that it will not give in to anymore MDC-T demands as
it was not playing its role in the lifting of sanctions.

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Fifth of banks in distress: RBZ

Written by Vusimuzi Bhebhe
Sunday, 06 February 2011 13:47

HARARE – The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) says more than a fifth of the
country’s financial institutions are under-capitalised, risking depositors’
funds in the event that a crisis hits the banking sector.
The unnamed financial institutions failed to court suitors under a
recapitalisation exercise ordered by the RBZ two years and which was
necessitated by the need to improve the banking sector’s liquidity following
the adoption of the multiple currency system. The financial institutions
were given until December 31 last year to inject fresh capital.
“As at 31 December 2010, nineteen (19) out of 24 banking institutions
(excluding POSB, Intermarket Banking Corporation and the defunct NDH
Merchant Bank) were in compliance with the prescribed minimum paid-up
capital requirements,” RBZ governor Gideon Gono said last week.
He did not name the affected financial institutions, except to say that all
asset management companies had met the minimum paid-up equity capital
requirement of $500 000. This left the market awash with speculation as to
which among the
remaining institutions – 14 commercial banks, five merchant banks and four
building societies – were in distress and needed urgent recapitalisation.
Under the new capitalisation thresholds, the RBZ requires commercial banks
to have a minimum capital threshold of US$12.5 million. “In order to
consolidate the current improving stability in the financial sector, it has
become necessary that the deadline for paid-up capital thresholds be further
extended to 30th of June 2011,” Gono added.
The Zimbabwean On Sunday first broke the news of the distressed financial
institutions last month and said the failure by the banks to meet the new
RBZ capitalisation requirements rekindled debate as whether or not the
country is over-banked.
Analysts say that with its small population, Zimbabwe only requires a
minimum of five and a maximum of 10 banks. The country currently has more
than 40 financial institutions that are scrambling for a shrinking cake.

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Mugabe to face storm over pay rise for civil servants

05 February, 2011 10:54:00    By ZOLI MANGENA

Robert Mugabe faces a grilling upon his return from his annual leave at the
first cabinet meeting of the year on Tuesday over the contested issue of
civil servants salaries which has divided the inclusive government.

Senior government officials told the Sunday Times the issue was going to be
hotly debated after Mugabe announced this week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,
that he would increase the salaries of public servants with diamond revenues
which have not yet been declared to the Treasury.

Mugabe was attending the African Union summit.

Finance Minister Tendai Biti is not aware of the diamond sales and the
expected revenues. Biti has fought many battles in cabinet with his
colleagues over diamond revenues and the lack of transparency and
accountability around the issue.

"The issue of civil servants' salaries is going to be debated next week on
Tuesday. It has now become a controversial matter because of what the
president said in Ethiopia, besides the divisions it has already caused in
government," a senior government official said.

"The debate is likely to be heated because of several reasons. The president
and his ministers want to use diamond revenues to pay the public workers,
but the problem is that money has not been declared to Treasury.

The other problem is that government itself is divided on whether to
increase the salaries or not. Some say there is no money, while others say
it can be raised. The trouble is that the issue has now been politicised and
hence the clashes."

Another senior government official said the situation would be worsened by
the discussion over ghost workers in government. Public Service Minister
Eliphas Mukonoweshuro is expected to table a report which has unearthed over
75000 ghost workers in the civil service.

Civil servants' representatives last week said an audit of the government
workforce had shown that tens of thousands of ghost workers were bloating
the wage bill.

"The audit has revealed that there are about 75000 ghost workers. It is a
fact. Civil servants were actually involved in compiling that report and
they reported those issues to us. Officials at the ministry also confirmed
this," Progressive Teachers' Union of Zimbabwe president, Takavafira Zhou,

The issue is bound to provoke a furious debate in cabinet, especially after
revelations that 10000 ghost workers in the Ministry of Youth were employed
to campaign for Mugabe during the 2008 elections.

Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai also raised a series of controversial
matters on civil servants at a meeting with Mugabe on Wednesday.

He also confronted Mugabe on political violence, the constitution-making
process and elections. They also discussed the state of affairs in the MDC-M
and the contested issue of new deputy prime minister-designate Welshman

Mugabe told Zimbabweans at a luncheon hosted by ambassador to Ethiopia,
Andrew Mtetwa, that Mbada Diamonds, one the companies operating in the
controversial Chiadzwa diamond fields, would pay a "large dividend" to
government after selling gems recently.

"The Minister of Mines (Obert Mpofu) was telling me four days ago that there
had been a third sale of diamonds and they are going to give quite a large
sum to Treasury.

"It's going to assist also in raising salary levels of the people and even
my salary level. If I show you my pay slip, you won't believe it. I'm paid
$1750.36 but of course we are farmers, we grow crops, we have piggery and
poultry projects which help our families."

However, Biti, who adheres to fiscal discipline, has been arguing it would
be reckless for government to increase salaries. Biti has thus clashed with
colleagues, including Tsvangirai, over this. - Timeslive

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You Have Permits, Go Home And Register To Vote

06/02/2011 12:46:00

JOHANNESBURG, February 6, 2011- A senior official of the Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) faction led by Welshman Ncube has appealed to
Zimbabwean immigrants who have received their permits in South Africa to go
home and register to vote in the next elections scheduled for late this

Nqabutho Dube of the MDC told The Sunday Times said it was important for
Zimbabweans to return home for the elections.His comments come in the wake
of reports that more than 40 000 of the 275 000 Zimbabweans who applied have
already received their permits.

"We are encouraging Zimbabweans to participate in the upcoming elections. We
did an analysis at the Beitbridge border in 2002 which showed that 200 000
people crossed into the country from South Africa during the weekend of the
elections and believe it is possible for Zimbabweans in South Africa to come
home to vote," said Dube.

He said the challenge was that they were not aware of the exact date on
which the elections would be held.

"The population of Zimbabweans in South Africa is about three million and
only 275 000 applied for permits. We wonder what's happening with the other
million, which means there will be a challenge reaching them with the
election message. They need to return home and vote," he said.
Dube said as a committee, they were also working hard to engage the South
African authorities to safeguard the investments of Zimbabweans in that
country who had acquired properties using fraudulently obtained SA
documents.Dube said the director-general of Home Affairs in South Africa,
Mkhuseli Apleni, met with Zimbabwe's ambassador to that country and came to
an agreement on how they could help Zimbabwe in processing passports to
speed up the documentation process.
The SA government announced that the process would be completed by July and
deportations would resume in August.

"Deportations will resume on August 1 and those caught with fake South
African identity documents will be charged with fraud and face a jail term
of 15 years according to a bill that is before the South African
parliament," Dube said.

He said they were now engaging the SA government on the issue of traders.
The government had said it was still reviewing this issue because currently
they are allowed to be in the country for only 90 days per year.The whole
documentation process started when Zimbabweans started using SA passports to
go to countries such as the UK and US.

"The South African Home Affairs noticed this trend and when the Zimbabweans
reached the diaspora they applied for citizenship as Zimbabweans despite
using SA documents. Thus they had to clean up their Home Affairs which led
to the withdrawal of 5 000 passports at the Beitbridge border post in
December 2009.
"Those who failed to produce proof that they were South Africans were
charged with fraud," he said.

Dube said that then his party approached the South African government and
convinced them not to charge these people and instead offer them amnesty to
regularise their stay.His party was in the forefront of the negotiations
with the South Africans who then agreed to grant the Zimbabweans amnesty,
which expired on December 31 last year.

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Nkomo defamation judgment this week

Feb 5, 2011 11:44 PM | By THEMBA SIBANDA

A moment of truth beckons this week for Zimbabwe's Vice-President, John
Landa Nkomo, who is facing defamation charges laid by Zanu-PF returnee and
Tsholotsho legislator, Jonathan Moyo.

Moyo's lawyer, Job Sibanda, said High Court judge Francis Bere is expected
to hand down judgment in the case on Tuesday.

"We have been waiting for the judgment for some time. Remember the judgment
was deferred indefinitely as the judge was preparing his ruling," Sibanda

Nkomo is represented by lawyer Francis Chirimuuta.

Chirimuuta could not be contacted for comment at the time of going to press.

Moyo filed a Z$2-billion lawsuit against Nkomo, who was at the time the
Zanu-PF chairman, claiming damages from what he claimed were Nkomo's
inflammatory statements.

According to papers filed by Moyo's lawyers at the time, Nkomo is alleged to
have told a gathering of Zanu-PF supporters in Tsholotsho, Matabeleland
North province, that Moyo had plotted a bloodless coup against President
Robert Mugabe and the entire Zanu-PF presidium.

The presidium refers to the top four leaders of the 47-year-old party.

"The statements by the defendants (Nkomo, Dabengwa) of and concerning the
plaintiff were false, wrongful, unlawful and highly defamatory," say court

Nkomo's statements stemmed from a meeting allegedly organised and funded by
Moyo. Alongside the grand plan, it is alleged Moyo had also planned to
subvert a proposed plan to elevate incumbent vice-president, Joyce Mujuru,
to her current position.

This, it was alleged, would have been made possible through convincing six
of the 10 provincial chairpersons of the party to vote for the rise of
Zanu-PF strongman Emmerson Mnangagwa to the vice-presidency during the
party's 2004 congress.

With Moyo's return to the Zanu-PF fold, the ruling is set to provide a
serious challenge to both parties given that Nkomo is now the second
vice-president in the same party of which Moyo is a member of the two
supreme decision-making bodies, the politburo and the central committee.

Observers say the continued existence on the court roll of this case and its
subsequent ruling are set to worsen relations between the two.

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Dictatorship must be confronted now – Sikhala

Written by Jane Makoni
Sunday, 06 February 2011 12:42

CHITUNGWIZA - The people of Zimbabwe must arise and directly confront
dictator Robert Mugabe and his Zanu (PF) party, because they have clearly
declared they will not cede power if they lose the elections, says the
President of MDC99, Job Sikhala (Pictured).
“The time has come for the oppressed people of Zimbabwe to adopt new tactics
aimed at telling Mugabe enough is enough. We must demand our birth right and
freedom from tyranny,” said Sikhala.
He said the ballot was a tested and failed solution to the political crisis
and no right thinking political leadership should give it another chance. It
serves only to legitimise the illegitimate losing candidates and spill the
blood of the innocent electorate.
Sikhala called on self-respecting and democratic movements not to take part
in elections in which Mugabe is a candidate, as the veteran dictator would
manipulate the outcome and steal the ballot.
“Should Mugabe go it alone like he did in the June 2008 Presidential
election re-run, his victory would be as hollow as that claimed by the
toppled Tunisian President, Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali and the besieged Hosni
Mubarak of Egypt. With people out on the streets, Mugabe would desperately
seek for dialogue with his rivals but, unfortunately for him, the forces of
democracy would be no longer prepared to give him a listening ear. Any
continued disrespect of the wishes of the people by Mugabe and Zanu (PF)
should build up to mass confrontation with the dictator.

Null and void
“Democratic parties should not waste resources preparing for elections whose
outcome was already declared null and void by Mugabe, Emmerson Mnangagwa,
Didymus Mutasa, Service Chiefs and other Zanu (PF) zealots. Instead, every
effort must be directed towards confronting tyranny. It will eventually
crumble under the weight of people power. Warnings by Zanu (PF) strongmen
that they would never surrender power to political leadership lacking armed
liberation credentials are not idle threats, as Zanu (PF) has clung to power
despite losing elections to MDC since 2000,” said Sikhala.
He said given Mugabe and Zanu (PF)’s total disrespect towards the laws of
the land, there was no reason to believe Mugabe would play according to
rules set by the new constitution. So, the much-awaited supreme law would be
of no consequence to the conduct of Zanu (PF).
Sikhala said his party was warming up for a final and decisive
people-centred uprising against dictatorship as the end of tyranny was in
sight. He suggested that Mugabe should be confronted before elections are
held, as conducting elections with the octogenarian leader still on the
political scene would see innocent people killed for their political
“There is simmering anger in hearts of the oppressed and ballot-robbed
masses of Zimbabwe. We need a focused and brave political leadership to lead
the masses in the protests. In the past, Zimbabweans were prepared to
stretch as far as it takes to stage resistant marches, but were let down by
untrustworthy cowards masquerading as revolutionary leadership. What people
expect is a strong leadership which does not chicken out in the middle of
the mass protests and seek refuge across borders while the defenceless
majority is slaughtered by the dictator’s dogs.”
Sikhala pointed to the revolution in Tunisia that toppled the tyrannical
head of state on January 14. It was ignited by a poor vegetable vendor who
set himself on fire in protest against grinding economic hardships caused by
dictator President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali. The unemployed Tunisian
graduate, Mahammed Bouazizi, 26, doused himself in petrol before setting
himself alight after police confiscated his produce for illegal vending. The
tragedy sparked mass riots which forced the head of state to flee the

I would die
“I am prepared to ignite the fires of freedom and set wheels of
confrontation in motion. I have a vision, an idea and principles that I am
prepared to die for. I would rather die in the course of realizing a noble
idea than just as a mortal human being. If I die in pursuit of a noble idea,
the idea would remain as a living legend after me. As MDC99 leader, I am
prepared to lead people in a revolutionary uprising against dictatorship.
Even if it means I should get to the street alone, let it be,” vowed
He said another option to rid the nation of dictatorship was through
resurrection of the army like what happened in Egypt. “Service Chiefs could
issue as many threatening speeches to democratic forces as they wished, but
the rank and file of the armed forces was not that ignorant of reality as to
take ill-advised instructions from a selfish command element. Low ranking
soldiers were reeling under grinding poverty like any other struggling
masses and there is no way they would implement orders to suppress mass
protests against tyranny,” he said.
. Mugabe made it abundantly clear that Zimbabwe independence came out of the
barrel of the fun and would not be surrendered to political rivals through a
stroke of a pen at elections”.

Commenting on Arthur Mutambara’s crumbling political fortunes, Sikhala said
the ousted leader of the former MDC-M deserved the humiliation as he was
never MDC but a visitor to the democratic movement party.
“Mutambara had never participated in MDC politics. He was invited and came
to MDC as a visitor. No visitor should expect permanent residence at the
house of his host. Mutambara was kicked out because he overstayed his
invitation at MDC.
Good riddance”.
He said even if MDC99 was desperate for supporters, Mutambara and Mugabe
would never be accommodated in the democratic movement party at whatever
Commenting on Ncube’s request for Mugabe to recall Mutambara from
government, Charamba said: “Welshman Ncube must deal with the political
problem in MDC arising from that party’s congress. Ncube recently
arm-twisted Capac into kicking out MDC members who opposed his assumption of
power to satisfy his political interests and he should not expect every
institution to similarly bend to his will. You don’t bring dirty political
hands for the president to wash them.”

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Hate speech preparing the way for murder

Written by Fr Oskar Wermter SJ
Sunday, 06 February 2011 13:15

A hate-filled person says, “You must die so that I can live.”  This is
irreconcilable with the command, “Love your neighbour as much as you love
The tragedy of Zimbabwe is that one day the leaders of the majority decided,
“Since you do not tolerate us we cannot tolerate you. There is no room for
both of us. Since we want to live, you must die.” This infectious disease
called “violence” has never been removed from our body politic.
It is humanly impossible simply to kill in cold blood, executing the enemy
in a cool, clinical operation. You need to be in rage, you need to feel
hatred and anger so as to be able to beat, hack, pierce a human body. These
poor misguided young men who are hired to beat up and torture their
neighbours and brothers, their own kind, can’t do this in cold blood; they
first have to get into a collective rage by shouting “hondo, hondo, hondo”
(“war, war, war”) before they can rape and torture their own grandmothers as
class enemies and traitors.
Those white schoolboys who were sent into the Rhodesian bush could hack to
death their black compatriots because they had been brought up to regard
blacks as something less than human. And in military training they had been
told they were the vanguard of world communism. And even though they had
never seen a communist they had been brainwashed to regard communists as
sheer sub-human monsters.
They were able to kill black fellow citizens because they had been told they
would rape their sisters and mothers in case of “majority rule”.
You have to dehumanize the enemy and declare him mere vermin to make the
killing easy. This is what hate speech does. Verbal violence prepares the
way for physical violence, death and destruction.
Western and Eastern Europeans as well as Americans (nominally Christian) in
two world wars did not really want to shoot and kill and bayonet Germans to
death. But call them demeaning names like “Boches” and “Krauts” and they are
no more than cockroaches, so what is wrong with getting rid of them? The
German war propaganda of course did the same, depriving the enemy of his
human face.
A huge propaganda machine in Nazi-Germany depicted the Jewish people as
ugly, repulsive, sinister and malicious, dangerous and depraved. So when
they were “liquidated” with organizational perfection in their millions, the
reaction was with many “good riddance” as if a plague had been contained.
Hate speech makes the monstrous normal and the outrageous acceptable.
Goebbels, Minister for Propaganda (today the title would be Minister of
Information), discovered broadcasting as vehicle for his hysterical rhetoric
denouncing  the Jews as unfit to live and used it with lethal effect. Hate
speech brainwashed millions and made them ready for mass murder.
The Nazi use of broadcasting was copied many times with equally devastating
effect, for instance in Rwanda for the genocide of 1994.
You do not kill fellow citizens, even if they happen to be of another
colour.  But call them a derogatory name like “mabhunu”,  and shooting them
becomes the right thing to do.
Our own propagandists call them “settlers”, a word that seems harmless
enough. But analyze it carefully. What does it really mean? What is implied?
It means these people are strangers, they don’t belong to us, they have come
to take our land (xenophobia!), they are dangerous land-grabbers, they have
lived very well at our expense, exploiting us, let’s get rid of them, so we
can live as well as they did. Often hate speech expresses fear and instils
fear, it seeks scapegoats and someone to blame for one’s own failure.
An ideology of conflict and class war always needs enemies or it runs out of
steam. Having an enemy is essential for the struggle, ideological and
physical. If one enemy has been vanquished you need to invent another, or
even exhume the dead one and kill him again. For fanaticizing the crowds you
need monsters to hate. The colonialists and imperialists, the exploiters and
bloodsuckers cannot be relegated to the museum of history. They are still
needed. How else can the revolutionaries justify their violence?  The
leaders need them to blame for their failures, abusing them with foul
We hurt people not just by beating them with fists or stabbing them with
knives. Every kind of creature “can be tamed and has been tamed by the human
species, but no human being can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full
of deadly poison” (James 3: 7 – 8).  We all know how deeply people can be
hurt by poisonous tongues.
Hate speech need not always be wild and violent, it can express contempt in
a subtle manner. A misogynist speaks of “her ladyship” to ridicule a woman.
Sarcasm cuts deep and is not forgotten.
If a woman cannot defend herself against a man’s physical violence she may
spit verbal venom, which enrages him all the more.
For Jesus hate speech is tantamount to killing( Matthew 5: 21 – 22).  A name
stands for the person. A bad name destroys that person. A mocking tone,
taunting language is severing the ties of our common humanity. It is,
incidentally, also an insult against the Creator in whose image that person
was formed.

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Zimbabwe Vigil Diary – 5th February 2011

Vigil supporters – like people all over the world – have been transfixed by the drama in Egypt. The sudden arrival in Cairo’s Tehrir Square of violent provocateurs of the corrupt and oppressive Mubarak regime made us feel quite at home.


Suddenly the absurdity of Mugabe was thrown into clear focus – 87 this month yet seeking re-election for another term: another botoxed octogenarian with dyed hair unable to loosen his claws on power, even to caress his gold bars . . .


Vigil supporter Peter Chareka told us how he was at the Harare meeting in 1986 launching the 21 February Movement – the Mugabe youth organisation which has degenerated into the green bombers. He recalled: ‘During an interview with the ZBC on his birthday, Mugabe was asked what he wanted to do when he got older. He promised to retire completely from politics. He said “I can’t wait to enjoy life as an ordinary citizen”. I was nearly 15 years old and I looked up to him. He promised to write a book about his life. Up to now I have not read a single page . . .’


The Vigil was well-attended despite the absence of a group of supporters from Luton who were unable to join us because of demonstrations there over Islamic fundamentalism (see: Vigil supporter Hellena Gusinyu sent the following email: ‘I am writing this on behalf of all our Vigil supporters in Luton who couldn’t come to the Vigil this Saturday due to the protest in Luton by the English Defence League against Islamic power. The roads are blocked and buses have been told to use another route and the violence with Muslims has already started. But we know those who are attending the Vigil will be doing it on our behalf’’.


As we mark the 2nd anniversary of the formation of the ‘government of national unity’ we were encouraged to see a note of honesty at last from the MDC’s Co-minister of Home Affairs, Theresa Makoni. Revealing the impotence of the MDC in government, she said ‘most times you write letters but nothing happens . . . ‘ (see:


We Zimbabweans in the UK pay loads of taxes some of which goes to help people at home through the UK’s Department for International Development – about £100 million this year. We are glad to see that the British Embassy in Harare is being more outspoken about Zanu PF’s abuse of this aid. (See: Zanu (PF) Behaviour 'Depressing': UK Embassy –


Other ponts

·       We were joined by Italian freelance journalist Max Santalucia.  He has sent us a link to his article about the Vigil which appears in French on a blog of the international news site France 24 –

·       Today we were visited by members of the Zimbabwe Diaspora Focus Group: Thamsanga Zhou, Lucia Dube and Martin Chinyanga.  Thamsanga addressed the Vigil stressing how important it was to attend the Vigil and that all Zimbabweans in the diaspora should work together for an end to human rights abuses in Zimbabwe and for free and fair elections.

·       Have a look at our new website Past video diaries have been uploaded on the ‘Vigil Diary’ link including key events such as the demonstration when Zuma visited the South African Embassy, the Vigil’s 8th anniversary, the protest at Lancaster House etc. The latest video diaries are uploaded on the home page.

·       Sue Toft on our front desk says a man who dropped by told her that he had met Mugabe as an 8 year old when his parents went to Harrods department store. He said; ‘I shook his hand but now I wish I had kicked him in the shins’. If the EU lifts sanctions this month he may yet have the chance to do so….


For latest Vigil pictures check: For the latest ZimVigil TV programme check  


FOR THE RECORD: 113 signed the register.



·       The Restoration of Human Rights in Zimbabwe (ROHR) is the Vigil’s partner organisation based in Zimbabwe. ROHR grew out of the need for the Vigil to have an organisation on the ground in Zimbabwe which reflected the Vigil’s mission statement in a practical way. ROHR in the UK actively fundraises through membership subscriptions, events, sales etc to support the activities of ROHR in Zimbabwe.

·       Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum Meeting. Monday 21st February at 7.30 pm. Venue: offices of the Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum, Development House, 56-64 Leonard Street, London EC2A 4LT. Nearest tube: Old Street. Speakers: Okay Machisa and Kucaca Phulu of ZimRights.

·       ROHR Bournemouth general meeting. Saturday 26th February from 2 – 5.30 pm. Venue: East Cliff Reformed Church opposite ASDA store, Holdenhurst Road, Bournemouth BH8 8AY. Contact: Sekai 07772211220, Sledge 07788850146, Abi 07780831455, P Mapfumo 07915926323 / 07932216070.

·       ROHR Bristol general meeting.  Saturday 5th March from 1.30 – 5.30 pm. Venue: St Joseph’s Presbytery Church, 232 Forest Road, Fishponds, Bristol BS16 3QT. Contact: Ronald Oputeri 07791109394, Bridgita Mubaiwa 07789084534,Cecilia Ndlovu 07740122687 or P Mapfumo 07915926323 / 07932216070

·       Vigil Facebook page:

·       Vigil Myspace page:

·       ‘Through the Darkness’, Judith Todd’s acclaimed account of the rise of Mugabe.  To receive a copy by post in the UK please email confirmation of your order and postal address to and 0send a cheque for £10 payable to “Budiriro Trust” to Emily Chadburn, 15 Burners Close, Burgess Hill, West Sussex RH15 0QA. All proceeds go to the Budiriro Trust which provides bursaries to needy A Level students in Zimbabwe

·       Workshops aiming to engage African men on HIV testing and other sexual health issues. Organised by the Terrence Higgins Trust ( Please contact the co-ordinator Takudzwa Mukiwa ( if you are interested in taking part.


Vigil Co-ordinators

The Vigil, outside the Zimbabwe Embassy, 429 Strand, London, takes place every Saturday from 14.00 to 18.00 to protest against gross violations of human rights in Zimbabwe. The Vigil which started in October 2002 will continue until internationally-monitored, free and fair elections are held in Zimbabwe:

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ZCTF Report - Feb 2011

6th February 2011
Thanks to various donors who have helped us to import the tranquilizer, M99, in particular the RSPCA and the Born Free Foundation, a number of snares have been removed from animals in the wild. A big thank you also to the brave people who risk their lives to remove the snares.
Esther and Hans van der Meer of the Painted Dog Conservation in Hwange have made good use of the M99. Esther and Hans were actually looking for a snared African wild dog when they were alerted to the fact that there was a young elephant bull with a wire snare around his trunk at Kanondo. They abandoned their search of the wild dog and went to remove the snare from the elephant.
The following morning, the managed to find the wild dog and removed a snare from him as well.
Prior to this, Sharon Pincott alerted Esther and Hans to be on the lookout for Gwenneth, one of the Presidential Elephants who had a wire snare deeply embedded in her leg. They eventually found her at Mpofu Pan and she was having a lot of difficulty walking. They had a hard time removing the snare because it was embedded right down to the bone but the snare removal was successful and Gwenneth is doing well now.
                                                                                   ESTHER REMOVING THE SNARE FROM GWENNETH
Last year, Sharon contacted Esther and Hans again about another member of the Presidential Herd, Adwina who also had a snare embedded in her leg. They came to her rescue and removed the snare.
                                                                                                    TREATING ADWINA
They also removed snares from 2 buffalo, one of whom recovered nicely. The other was in poor condition and his injuries were so severe that, sadly, he died.
Another recipient of the donated M99 is Brent Staplekamp of the Lion Research Project in Hwange National Park. Brent successfully removed a snare from an elephant bull recently.  We would like to thank the SAVE Foundation of Australia who supplied Brent with various veterinary supplies such as tools, syringes etc.
                                                                                BRENT AND HIS TEAM REMOVING THE SNARE

In our November 2010 newletter, we included a statement from Sharon regarding her eviction from Hwange Safari Lodge. We are now pleased to be able to report that we have been advised of some positive new developments with one of the existing lodges in Hwange, and all going well we hope to be able to report in our next newsletter that this is where Sharon Pincott will soon be operating out of. Our thanks for now go to those from Dawn Properties (a company, it should be clarified, that is not owned or controlled by African Sun) – soon to commence building a new luxury camp on the Hwange Estate, which they will manage themselves – who reaffirmed their support of Sharon’s work and access to land where these elephants roam, so that her crucial long-term monitoring of Zimbabwe’s flagship herd can continue.


We trust that everyone will support those conservation-minded safari lodges that support our long-term wildlife warriors. Without our dedicated conservationists on the ground, complementing the efforts of the Parks Authority, there would certainly be less wildlife for us all to enjoy. We also encourage you to read Sharon ’s latest blog story. Go to and take the link on the home-page to her Getaway blog. There is something for everyone to think about in this short Christmas story -  “What will you do in 2011 to make a difference?”

We have received a report that 5 elephants and 3 buffalo were shot by sports hunters at Main Camp in Hwange National Park during the last week of January this year.
Lawrence van Aswegan and Allison Smith, safari operators believed to be based in South Africa have been offering hunts of Non Trophy Elephants INSIDE Hwange National Park. They claim that Parks and Wildlife Management are selling these hunts as part of a culling programme in order to raise money for parks. It has also been reported that only female elephants are to be targeted which makes matters even worse because many of the females have calves. The females move in family groups as opposed to the males which very often wander around alone.  To target females means destroying family units and leaving orphaned babies behind.  This is extremely traumatic for the families of the elephants shot and there have been numerous instances of elephants traumatized in this way, attacking humans. We have emailed National Parks to try and get confirmation of this but we have not received a reply.
National Parks claim that Zimbabwe is over populated with elephant, citing the numbers at around 100 000. If there are so many, we can't help wondering why it is necessary to shoot elephant inside a protected national park.
Lake Chivero is a retreat 20km from Harare. Along the shores of the lake are a number of fishing clubs, boating clubs, holiday flats, caravan parks and camping sites. War veterans have started invading these tourist resorts.
Of particular concern is the Kuimba Shiri Bird Sanctuary, previously known as Admiral's Cabin. This resort is very popular with tourists because of the 450 species of beautiful exotic birds there. President Mugabe's nephew, Patrick Zhuwao has been linked to the lake side invasions and he is especially interested in Kuimba Shiri. The intention of the war veterans is apparently to take over the tourism facilities and hand them over to senior ZANU PF officials.
Somkhanda Game Reserve in Zululand is home to 7 white rhinos and after losing 2 rhinos to poachers last year, a specialised GPS unit has been utilized to try and save the remaining rhino from the same fate. The unit is placed into the horn and relays information on the tagged animal every 60 seconds. The tracking technology is designed to give early warning on potential poaching occurrences by noting irregular movements of the animal. Somkhanda is one of the first community-owned nature reserves in South Africa.
Johnny Rodrigues
Chairman for Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force
Landline:        263 4 339065
Mobile:           263 712 603 213
Temporary website:
The Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force relies soley on public donations. Your donation can help to preserve the wildlife in Zimbabwe. If you would like to assist, please contact us.


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The MDC Should Sharpen and Fireproof Strategies in All Areas

By Pardon Kangara
The reasonable way forward is for the MDC to start articulating and
aggressively pursuing a different strategy. We have all seen that we do not
necessarily change the behavior of a dictator and the deranged Zanu
followers by signing agreements and sitting down to talk and run government
In some previous articles on this paper, a couple of people sounded some
doubts about Mbeki and SADC on the unity government discussions and the
subsequent GPA.  A benefit of the doubt is what a lot of people gave the
The MDC leadership must recognize that Mugabe, Zanu PF, SADC and Thabo Mbeki
and sadly Mr. Jacob Zuma have engaged the MDC to exercise in a dead walk by
implementing the GPA. All thriving world political democracies know that
this is the naked truth. The GPA at its best is only designed to slow down
Mugabe and Zanu PF. The GPA is not insulated from failure. It will have been
successful if Mugabe was not part of the equation. The low expectations of
the GPA is the reason why targeted sanctions against Mugabe and his cronies
have not been lifted. Its success rate is the reason why it is difficult to
fund this GPA government through any loans. At local and national level, the
GPA has alleviated a lot of suffering but not all. Internationally, it is
considered a doomed marriage of convenience.
Can anybody show the Zimbabwean people any leader or any group from the UN,
AU, EU or Asian bodies that is willing to put their neck out and speak
against Mugabe? Zimbabweans’ wishes could be taken seriously when we have at
least a couple of noteworthy African leaders that speak openly to condemn
Mugabe’s divide and rule tactics. Only European leaders and the US are
considered active on this.
The parties which the MDC are expecting to apply pressure to Mugabe and Zanu
PF have never been listened to by Mugabe and Zanu PF and I frankly don't
think that the old man’s mentality will change. Case in point is the most
recent accreditation of Mugabe’s appointed Ambassador Phelekezela Mphoko by
Jacob Zuma. Jacob Zuma does not have the stamina needed to cull Mugabe’s
continual disregard of the GPA and the wishes of the Zimbabwean people. Any
impartiality from Zuma is gone down under the drain by his recent action.
Previous Julius Sello Malema’s utterances clearly make Zuma’s position and
allegiance clear. If Zuma’s top election supporter can say it openly, then
what do they say in secret? Remember Thabo Mbeki! His hands were tied. And
so are Zuma’s hands.
The MDC should not be played for novices. If one knows their enemy and your
own limitations, one should make strategic and consistent mechanisms and act
in a way that will ensure none or limited damages inflicted by the enemy.
The GPA has not turned Zanu PF officials into peaceful politicians. The
peaceful ones do not control Zanu PF agenda.
Zanu PF has made a calculation that if they do not force new elections now
but wait until a new constitution is in place, they will lose. Zanu PF’s
cruel old strategy becomes the best thing for Zanu PF’s fortunes, so they
have started the intimidation and persecution of all MDC supporters. Zanu PF
calculates that if they hold elections in a highly fear-infused atmosphere,
they will win or at least have a chance to rig the elections again.  The
2011 election verbiage is their survival strategy politically.
Where are the new laws that prohibit intimidation of voters and place
restrictions on unethical electioneering? Where are the independent election
observers? Where is the level campaign field? Where is the independent,
unbiased and equal access to the public media? Where is the unrestricted
access to the rural areas? Where is the electoral body that is not beholden
to RG Mugabe and Zanu PF? How can any election conducted under the current
atmosphere be certified as the people’s wishes? Rural people are Zimbabweans
too. They should not be scared of the chiefs and the village headmen.
The MDC needs to work tirelessly and quickly at being a party with the
capacity to educate, protect campaign, win and govern at any moment. They
must fireproof all political and governing strategies for any reason, season
and moment.  If the CMDC or MDC-N pulls out as per the purported standing
threat to derail the GPA regardless of a new constitution or not according
to the Fingaz, a new election may be the only way out of the GPA. The MDC
has got the people’s goodwill already and the people’s support. It is
important to not take the people’s vote for granted. They must ask for it
and make a plan to get all the votes they can get. They cannot rely on the
international community’s voice to stop Zanu PF’s strategies for survival at
the polls.  MDC officials must pay attention to Zanu PF’s threats and begin
to take them seriously and quickly counter and dismiss all falsehoods. The
MDC leadership should not allow the debacles of 2008 to sweep them off
balance. The ordinary Zimbabwean is very aware of what a perpetuation of
Zanu PF rule and terror will do to the country. What they are looking for is
a strong hand that can take them out of the Zanu PF mire into a place where
they can stand.

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Is Welshman Ncube now an outstanding GPA issue?

By Sanderson N Makombe

Asked by Lance Guma of SW Radio about the outstanding GPA issues regarding
Roy Bennet, Tomana and Gono, Welshman Ncube had this to say "We don’t see
why the important business of the State should be interrupted by such
trivial matters such as how this one should be in this position and that one
should not be in that position’ ’To the esteemed professor, the issues
raised by MDC-T about the aforesaid were so trivial to warrant any serious
attention. How ironic then that when the next round of negotiations on the
full implementation of the GPA commences, Welshman Ncube’s name will appear
alongside Roy Bennet,Tomana and Bennet as an outstanding issue. Trivial is
it professor?
The debacle over Ncube’s ascendancy and subsequent request to be sworn in as
Deputy Prime Minister exposes how shoddy the drafters of the GPA and
Constitutional Amendment N0 19 were in not anticipating such arising
challenges. These documents provide ample academic discourse on how not to
write a constitution.
President Mugabe stated in Ethiopia that there are legal issues arising from
the Ncube’s demand to be sworn in.Mugabe could have added a more plausible
legal reason for not swearing Ncube. This is the fact that Ncube’s
presidency of the MDC-N/M is a legally contested issue. Former chairman
Joubert Mudzumwe and other former disgruntled national council members
lodged a legal challenge in the High Court to the legitimacy of the congress
that elevated Ncube to the presidency. As it is, the logical thing will be
for Mugabe to wait until a determination is made on the court case. That
might take forever as evidenced before. Like Bennet before, Mugabe has
always stated that Bennet cannot be sworn in because he has a criminal case
pending, despite the fact that he was acquitted by the High Court. The
matter still remains on appeal. It  will be absurd if Ncube is sworn in,
then subsequently loses the court case  as that would require him to resign
the post and Mutambara be reinstated.
The Ncube information machinery has been quick to cry foul and try to allude
to collusion between ZANU PF and MDC-T in blocking Ncube’s ascendancy. The
most telling falsehoods has been their attempt to justify Mutambara’s
recalling based on the reshuffle done by MDC-T last year on its ministries.
Am sure Ncube is aware that the appointment, deployment and reshuffling of
ministers is expressly provided for in the constitution as amended by
amendment No 19.Sec 20.1.6 (7) states ‘Ministers and Deputy Ministers may be
relieved of their duties only after consultation among the leaders of all
the political parties participating in the Inclusive Government. In addition
it is provided on Sec 20.1.10 that ‘In the event of any vacancy arising in
respect of posts referred to in clauses 20.1.6 and 20.1.9 (presidents, vice
presidents, prime minister, deputy prime ministers, ministers and deputy
ministers) , such vacancy shall be filled by a nominee of the Party which
held that position prior to the vacancy arising’.

In other words Tsvangirai needed only to consult with Mugabe and Mutambara
to reshuffle ministries under his party and the prerogative of nominating a
replacement remained with him.Tellingly,no mention is made of the process of
replacing a principal to the agreement except as to say that if a vacancy
arises, it shall be filled in by a party nominee. If the office of the
deputy prime minister representing MDC-N/M falls vacant, they are free to
choose who ever they want to fill that vacancy. The debate is whether the
same office is currently vacant.

There are clear cut circumstances in which Mutambara could cease to be a
deputy prime minister without complication. This include, if he decides to
resign his post in government (as alluded to by Mugabe), or if Mutambara
ceases to be a member of MDC-N/M, either by resigning as a member of that
party or if expelled. Furthermore, if the office he occupies becomes ‘vacant’,
the process of swearing in a replacement becomes just a formality. An office
becomes vacant if the incumbent dies, is incapacitated or otherwise (this is
not exhaustive) . The constitution on Sec 31E states that the offices of
Vice Presidents, Ministers and Deputy Ministers will become ‘vacant’ if the
incumbent is fired by the president or if he resigns. This section equally
applies to Prime Ministers and their deputies. All the above scenarios do
not currently apply to Mutambara in that he has not be fired, neither has he
resigned. The interpretation of this clause must also be read taking into
account amendment No 19, with the effect that the president may not be in a
position to fire the Prime Minister or the Deputy Prime Ministers as these
are direct nominees of their parties which he has no veto over. Could the
office of the deputy prime minister which Mutambara occupies be construed as
‘vacant’ by virtue of change of leadership of MDC-N/M?

The GPA and amendment N0 19 do not state that appointment to the office of
the deputy prime minister is consummate with one’s political position he
holds in their political party. In other words, you don’t have to be
president of MDC N/M, to be their nominee for deputy prime minister. Sec
20.1.6 states  at ‘(4) that ‘there shall be two (2) Deputy Prime Ministers,
one (1) from MDC-T and one (1) from the MDC-Construed purposefully, this
section makes it a prerogative of the two MDC parties which person they
nominate to the office of the deputy prime minister. The crucial question of
construction is whether in exercising that prerogative, the same parties
have a power of recall of the same nominated persons in the event of
leadership change or when the party sees fit? If the nominating party has a
power of recall, that would mean that the current office of the deputy prime
minister representing MDC-N/M is vacant and therefore they have the
prerogative of forwarding Ncube, with Mugabe just formally appointing and
administering the oath of office.

Construed narrowly, there is no provision in the constitution for a power of
recall, meaning Ncube has no legal basis for recalling Mutambara from a
state office. However, if the GPA and amendment No 19 are read in the spirit
of the GPA, then for political expediency, Mugabe ought to swear in Ncube as
deputy prime minister.

The professor has to convince Mutambara to resign his government post. If
Mutambara refuses, then Ncube has the option of instituting a party
disciplinary process against him and ultimately fire him. This is the path
they adopted regarding the so called rebel MPs. Ncube must have known better
that a court challenge plays directly into the hands of Mugabe and must have
set down with Mudzumwe and Co to avoid that direction. There is no need to
hide behind ethnic politics or use tribalism as an excuse for political
misjudgement. This is the same misjudgement that Ncube displayed when he
purportedly fired Morgan Tsvangirai and directed Chimanikire to seek a court
order to that effect. The court case failed and they did not appeal. This
makes their claim to be the original MDC laughable.

Your in-laws down in South Africa may not be impressed that you have forced
yourself as an outstanding GPA issue.

The writer can be contacted at

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Indigenisation in its present form is shameful legalized looting

By Clifford Chitupa Mashiri, Policy Analyst, London  06/01/11

Of all public policies adopted in post-independent Zimbabwe, indigenization
as presently formulated is the most harmful, partisan and counter-productive
of them all. It is very regrettable that selfish political expediency and
greed rather than sound economic principles are the driving force in the
implementation of the controversial piece of legislation.

Although, public policy is defined by Charles L. Cochran and Eloise F.
Malone as ‘political decisions for implementing programs to achieve societal
goals’ (Public Policy Perspectives and Choices, New York: McGraw-Hill,
1995), Zimbabwe’s indigenization policy is pursuing other objectives.

Half-baked policy

The ongoing wanton vindictive parceling out or the threatened take-over of
other people’s businesses, investments, and valuable assets by Zanu-pf
activists is not achieving societal but short-term partisan goals. The
half-baked policy is actually damaging the economy and will have serious
implications for the future of the country at a time when it is slowly
recovering from implosion.

For example, the tourism sector and the fishing industry in Kariba were said
to be in panic this week after Zanu-pf supporters and the Affirmative Action
Group (AAG) allegedly threatened to take over some foreign-owned hotels,
harbours and fisheries in the resort town (Newsday, 04/02/11). We have also
learnt that Germany has lodged an official complaint with the government
over attempts by some Zanu-pf officials in Masvingo to seize a conservancy
owned by one of its nationals (Financial Gazette, 04/02/11).

Throwing spanners in the works

With high levels of unemployment this is not the time to throw spanners into
the works but of putting heads together to solve problems facing the
country. Unfortunately indigenization has emerged to be a problem in itself
rather than a solution because it has proved to be shameful legalized
looting. While blacks were marginalized and will probably remain that way
for sometime to come, the current indigenization policy is an ill-conceived,
corrupt and highly politicized campaign that is deliberately targeted at
settling scores than redressing colonial imbalances.

An important economic indicator of Zimbabwe’s compromised industrial
performance is the reported ‘tremendous decline in cargo’ by the National
Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) from 18 million tonnes shipped at the height of
Zimbabwe’s economic boom in 1998 to 2 million tonnes last year (The
Financial Gazette, 04/02/11). The government-owned rail company has been
adversely affected by a fall in industrial output resulting in NRZ’s
headcount at its Bulawayo headquarters dropping to 2,000 in 2010 from 8,000.
It is also reported that the company has been a victim of vandalism.

Closed-door meeting

Even more upsetting are reports alleging that a closed door meeting which
was attended by Vice President John Nkomo is believed to have given a green
light for the complete takeover of sugar conglomerate Hippo Valley  and
Triangle and parcel out the land to indigenous farmers who are Zanu-pf
supporters (The Zimbabwean, 05/02/11).

Given the growing number of failures of some of the indigenized companies,
it is time government took stock of the negative impact the policy is having
on foreign investment and the wider society. It does not make sense to
sacrifice the country’s valuable resources in order to win a vote here and

At a time when Zimbabwe is sitting on a US$6.9 billion debt and government
is unable to attract sustainable lines of credit let alone direct foreign
investment, the mining sector is facing an uncertain future over the 51%
indigenisation slice. Zanu-pf activist, Saviour Kasukuwere has reportedly
declared: ‘Currently work is at an advanced stage to finalise consultations
on the mining sector with a view to publish the gazette for the sector not
later than the end of February 2011’(TalkZimbabwe, 04/02/11).

Capital Flight

There are concerns that the empowerment regulations could trigger
expropriation of properties which could result in massive capital flight
(The Independent, 03/02/11).

As said by Zanu-pf politburo member, Oppah Muchinguri, ‘Zanu-pf is now full
of crooks’ who are abusing their positions to amass wealth through
corruption and under-hand dealings (The Zimbabwean, 05/02/11). She
reportedly said that most of the Zanu-pf officials and ministers ‘are liars
who are misleading President Mugabe that all is well from the cell level
going upwards yet on the ground its is disastrous’.

Instead of creating an ideal investment climate like other countries are
doing, some of the partners in the coalition government look determined to
scare investors with their political rhetoric. Zimbabwe needs to emulate
best practices from developed countries rather than be obsessed with
frustrating investors for cheap votes.

Britain’s Silicon Valley

For example, in November last year, British Prime Minister set out plans to
create a hi-tech hub in east London to rival California’s Silicon Valley and
had already attracted commitments to invest from companies including
Facebook, Google, Cisco, Intel and British Telecom (DailyMail, 04/11/10).

Nothing stops Zimbabwe with its enviable sunshine and good infrastructure
from developing it’s own Silicon Valley in Ruwa or Norton resulting in
incredible development all round in terms of increased employment and
industrial output.

Entice British investors

Similarly, countries which Zimbabwean leaders like to visit on unconfirmed
medical treatment have managed to entice British investors in the form of
universities which have set up satellite campuses on their territories with
great success. Examples include China, Malaysia and the Middle East. British
Universities are said to be earning an estimated £2 billion a year by
awarding degrees to hundreds of thousands of students, most of whom never
set foot in Britain (TimesOnline, 24/09/09).

The campuses offer identical syllabuses to those in Britain and teaching is
in English. The University of Nottingham’s campus in Ningbo, China had 3,500
international and 57 British students on its roll, while Bolton, Middlesex
and Heriot-Watt all have satellites in the United Arab Emirates with brand
new campuses and high tech facilities. Given Zimbabweans’ desire for
learning and acquiring good qualifications, we should be seen to be enticing
for example the University of London or Manchester to open campuses wherever
they want in our country.

Key to success

The key to all these success stories is a stable political environment
guided by a responsible government and not a scorched earth policy.

Clifford Chitupa Mashiri, Political Analyst, London,

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