RAU| Research and Advocacy Unit

Source: RAU| Research and Advocacy Unit

Since 2000, and to some extent prior to 2000, Zimbabwe has had a history of disputed elections.

 (Photo by Zinyange Auntony / AFP) (Photo by ZINYANGE AUNTONY/AFP via Getty Images)

The consequences for the country since 2000 have been dire, leading to the imposition of sanctions and targeted restrictions on individuals and companies, and exacerbating the complexities created by the withdrawal of financial support by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank in the late 1990s. Unacceptable elections have led to a crisis of legitimacy for the government, ameliorated to a small extent with the Global Political Agreement in 2008 and during the period of the Inclusive Government between 2009 and 2013.