Mugabe’s bond notes trigger Zim-dollar fears

Source: Mugabe’s bond notes trigger Zim-dollar fears – DailyNews Live Gift Phiri and Ndakaziva Majaka • 6 May 2016

HARARE – There is palpable fear among ordinary Zimbabweans that the country has plumbed the debilitating economic depths of 2007/2008 when shops were empty and inflation hit world-record levels, resulting in untold pain and suffering for the majority of citizens.

As a result, the talk among most ordinary folk in Harare yesterday, who have some money in banks, was how quickly they could withdraw all their funds — intentions that triggered a fear of a run on banks which could worsen the economic crisis.

At the same time, and as Zimbabwe lurches towards its latest full-blown economic disaster — spawned by the continuing lack of political legitimacy and sound governance in the country — analysts and opposition parties alike told the Daily News that it was time that President Robert Mugabe and his “economically-illiterate” lieutenants vacated office.

This comes after the hardworking governor of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, John Mangudya, announced on Wednesday that he would introduce new local “bond notes” within the next few months, to ease the country’s acute shortage of cash — while staunchly denying that he was returning the much derided Zim-dollar back.

The bond notes in denominations of $2, $5, $10 and $20 would be an extension of the bond coins currently in circulation — to be backed by a $200 million loan facility from the Cairo-based African Export Import Bank.

However, former Finance minister and People’s Democratic Party (PDP) leader, Tendai Biti, insisted yesterday that the RBZ move was a cynical plot to return the Zim-dollar via the backdoor.

“The return of the Zimbabwean dollar marks the gross admission by this regime that it has failed and failed in absolute terms and that it will drag everyone along in the plunge to abyss that now awaits this economy.

“It is a cynical, disrespectful and contemptuous move that has absolutely no logic, sense or justification on any rational ground whatsoever,” he said, adding that to the extent that Zimbabwe’s productive capacity was near to zero, this meant that the country could not afford as yet to bring back its currency.

Opposition leader and former prime minister Morgan Tsvangirai said the introduction of the bond notes reflected “economic illiteracy”.

“Bond coins, bond notes and zvihuta (quails) is a telling concoction of failure. It can only confirm a bond leadership in government. How do you back bond notes with a loan?

“This Zanu PF government is like a father who cuts a child’s legs because he cannot afford school shoes!” Tsvangirai’s spokesperson, Luke Tamborinyoka, said.

Tapiwa Mashakada, the MDC shadow minister for Finance, said Zimbabweans were “kissing goodbye” the last vestiges of macroeconomic stability.

“It is very crystal clear that the government is warming its printing press at Fidelity Printers. History repeats itself. Zimbabwe has back-slided to its 2008 economic comatose position again.

“These are the consequences of a stolen election, corruption, illicit financial outflows, lack of fiscal discipline, externalisation, a growing public debt and the decimation of production,” he said.

“The economy cannot be rigged. Confidence is at its lowest level. Very soon the Zanu PF government will start printing money again. There will be a run on deposits, followed by capital flight,” he said, adding that the next looming disaster was government not able to pay salaries and other transfers.

“Faced with this crisis, government is likely going to completely de-dollarise by December 2016. This will plunge Zimbabwe back to the era of hyperinflation,” Mashakada predicted.

Biti concurred with Mashakada that the only feasible thing that could be done to mitigate the economic crisis was to dissolve government and Parliament.

“Indeed the reintroduction of the Zim-dollar will have catastrophic consequences to the remaining constructs of Zimbabwe’s pseudo economy. It is a decision that will see many of the remaining companies reach breaking point and simply shut down.

“Few are prepared to relive the nightmare of the meltdown period of 2007 and 2008. The move will also engineer a fresh wave of externalisation, under-banking, tax avoidance and evasion,” Biti said.

He added that with a mere $303 million in reserves, representing only four weeks of import cover, Zimbabwe did not have the requisite export base to support a local currency.

He also took issue with Mangudya’s announcement that with effect from May 5,40 percent of all new US dollar receipts would be converted to rand in order to promote wider usage of currencies in the multi-currency basket.

“The directive that 40 percent of bank deposits will now be converted to the South African Rand is blatantly unconstitutional and must be challenged in the courts.

“It amounts to a devaluation of the US dollar by at least 20 percent in real terms given the volatility of the Rand. The move will leave a desperate work force already hit with low disposable income further impoverished,” Biti said.

McDonald Lewanika, a London School of Economics graduate, said part of the challenge was that confidence in the state and the RBZ was low.

“My sense is that this may spiral into another crisis as in the previous years where the face value of the bonds may be rejected or lowered, with hard cash having a greater value on markets parallel to the ones that the RBZ administers.

“Unfortunately, this interim measure while it may temporarily stem the flow, it is akin to peppering a crack with the possibility of it cracking wider open with greater consequences,” he said.

Economist John Robertson said the government had failed the people of Zimbabwe.

“Look, I have always said Zimbabwe’s economy has better prospects with a change of government. That is all the country needs. Now that they want to re-introduce the local currency, people will probably begin to grasp the situation,” he said.

The veteran economist said printing more money was not going to rid Zimbabwe of its seemingly never-ending economic problems.

Analyst Issis Mwale was also of the view that Mangudya was not being “entirely truthful” about the true nature of the bond notes.

“I had the liberty of going through his statement and my worry comes on the bit that he says he will reconfigure the RTGS system to accommodate a bond currency. This makes it obvious that he is sneaking back a local currency.

“Yes, it may not be the Zim-dollar, but it is a local currency that is coming back, however he puts it,” she said.

Last week, the Daily News reported that as Zanu PF bigwigs continue to bludgeon each other politically, the lot of the majority of Zimbabweans was getting worse by the day — with many living in squalor and abject poverty.

It said a visit to many high density areas in the capital Harare left one sad beyond words.

Dry taps, rivers of sewage and heaps of uncollected garbage were a common sight that many people under the age of 30 took as the “norm”.

Economic and political analysts who spoke to the Daily News yesterday said the country’s dying economy, as well as the on-going cash crisis were a symptom of deep-seated problems emanating from Zanu PF’s failed rule of the past three and half decades.

“What we are going through is largely a political process and unless and until we sort out our politics, there will be no economic recovery. To project what the future holds for Zimbabwe, there is need to take a look at the political dynamics in the governing party.

“It is clear we are in the last stages of the Mugabe era and if one takes a microscopic view of the political dynamics as amplified by the media, you will see it’s is all coming to an end,” prominent academic Ibbo Mandaza said.


  • comment-avatar
    chimusoro 6 years ago

    Where is your loyalty?? This is an excellent move to ease the suffering of the masses.

  • comment-avatar

    bring back a government of national unity – without mugabe – and let the economy be run by competent people.
    it was much better under the gnu. biti managed the economy properly and did not just dish out cash to whoever wanted it. if there was no cash, there was no cash.
    zanu pf just want to have lots of personal wealth. mugabe wants an unlimited supply. and what is the result? the rest of us will have bond notes – worthless him dolla…. and nzara
    mugabe must retire today.

  • comment-avatar
    R Judd 6 years ago

    he ZANU boys think they have found a way to bring back the days when they were all rich from “Burning” money down at the Road Port

    Times have changed boys, we will see who gets burned this time

  • comment-avatar
    ntaba 6 years ago

    Yes, Chimusoro. It is an excellent idea. I suggest that you take all your US$ and your Zanu mates like Professor Scoones, Thabo Mbeki and Jonathon Moyo – and give it to Mugabe in exchange for their proposed pretty toilet paper with an RBZ signature and a Zimbabwe Bird bird.

  • comment-avatar
    IAN SMITH 6 years ago

    Bob and his henchmen are over due for the GO TO JAIL CARD
    That would be the best move the Zimbos could make end of story.


  • comment-avatar
    Roberta Mugarbage 6 years ago

    Printing money amounts to stealing from the people, even the USA and Europe are sinners.
    Zimbabwe however takes organised theft up to African levels. Trying to reinvent economics was childish and gullible 10 years ago. To repeat the same mistakes over and over again reflects badly on ZANU intellect and the Shona who keep voting for these clowns.

  • comment-avatar
    IAN SMITH 6 years ago

    Bob Matibile AKA ( Mugabe) has set a trap to capture all funds sent to families in Zimbabwe.

    1) You send money to family via any ZIMBABWE bank.
    2) your family is told there is no money.
    3) The money is re-routed to Bob’s Singapore Account.


  • comment-avatar

    If the police and the army refuse to be paid in monopoly money it will be the end

  • comment-avatar

    one day you will go the the ATM and instead of US$, bond notes will come out!
    mugabe and his shamwari will get the us$ and you will get the zimdolla

  • comment-avatar

    At last we have some clearer idea of the date of the total self-destruction and suicide of this evil, idiotic, vile dictatorship: at the end of the first day of trading using bond paper dollars. Bring ’em on – millions of them- the more the sooner the suicide will take place.

  • comment-avatar
    Trebor Ebagum 6 years ago

    So a toilet paper currency couldn’t support a nation and that same sewer excuse of a nation can’t produce anything to utilise an actual, functioning currency. Use the Rand…’s going into the toilet too, so should server your needs well.

  • comment-avatar
    better 6 years ago

    If you have money in the bank simply go and withdraw your money before its too late.You will regret and nobody to cry too.They have no solution to the economy, the UNITY government was better in running the economy.