via Mineral beneficiation: Time to walk the talk – The Standard. 15 June 2014 in Opinion  by Proceed Manatsa

Zimbabwe is richly endowed with bountiful mineral resources. The country has huge deposits of diamonds, gold, platinum, copper, lithium, chrome ore, iron ore, nickel, tantalite, asbestos, coal, granite, zinc and silver among others.

Sunday View with Proceed Manatsa

However, despite the abundance of such minerals, Zimbabwe is not deriving meaningful benefit from its mineral reserves as the country has always been exporting its mineral wealth in raw form, save for chrome.

Furthermore, the country is still grappling with the economic woes that have dogged the resource-rich nation over the past few decades.

Yet, the country has the potential of becoming the “mining basket” of southern Africa only if it can leverage its mineral wealth through beneficiation. Mineral beneficiation simply means adding value to minerals before exporting them.

For years, Zimbabwe has been exporting the majority of its minerals unprocessed. Against such a backdrop, the launching of a beneficiation policy by the troika of Zimbabwe Diamond Technology Centre, Beneficiation Association of Zimbabwe and the Jewellery Council of Zimbabwe, was both progressive and commendable. The policy was launched in December 2013.

Notwithstanding the adoption of a beneficiation policy, it is saddening to note that the policy is not being implemented. As a result, it remains to be seen whether this policy will save as a panacea to unlocking Zimbabwe’s economic opportunities.

Zimbabwe is too rich to be poor. If Zimbabwe can harness its mineral wealth through beneficiation, the current liquidity crunch would melt into oblivion. However, it should be stressed that the successful implementation of the policy will depend on a number of issues.

For instance, there is need for the various stakeholders in the mining sector to demonstrate their commitment with regards to the implementation of the policy. Simply launching the policy is not enough. There is need to walk the talk, for talk does not cook rice.

If we talk the walk without matching action, then the beneficiation policy would remain a mere declaration of intent. If we are serious about economic transformation, it’s high time we translate all our dreams, aspirations, objectives and targets from mere talks into tangible reality.

In addition, it is submitted that the government has to consider the revision of its foreign investment laws, including its mining and fiscal regimes. There is also need for coming up with a mining legal framework that both attracts investors at the same time promoting economic transformation. Credit, however, can be given to the current considerations on the revision of the Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Act.

It is suggested that the new law must make provision for value addition. Such a law must also provide for the various aspects of beneficiation to be considered by a mining company. Furthermore, such a law must consider whether a mining company should directly invest in beneficiation.

In my view, the construction of mineral processing plants by investors must be a requirement for the setting up of mining companies in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe lacks a good infrastructural base, which is needed to start embarking on meaningful beneficiation. To this end, the need for a Government- Investor Partnership is desirous.

In this partnership, the Government may play a proactive role by providing funds for the setting up of mineral processing plants.

Proceed Manatsa is a registered lawyer, researcher and associate lecturer in the Private Law Department at Midlands State University. He writes in his personal capacity. He can be contacted at


  • comment-avatar
    John Thomas 8 years ago

    Learn to walk before you try to run. Currently simple extraction seems to be too difficult for our government to handle.

  • comment-avatar
    roving ambassador. 8 years ago

    THE RUNNING OF A MODERN economy is beyond Zanu. They are old ,tired and clueless. Looting is the easiest way out . Don’t expect anything more. My humble advice, leave the minerals under ground for you do not know what to do with them. The next generation will make use of them profitably.
    Just go to the stolen farms and have a milie or two. Please.

    • comment-avatar
      Mukanya 8 years ago

      Leave out “old, tired and clueless” because these are not required in LOOTING a country’s resources.

  • comment-avatar
    Bill Mills 8 years ago

    so it has come to pass that this writer has proclaimed that private investors should invest money to make benefication possible only to require them to give away 51% of the ownership– and 51% indicates controlling interest. Zimbabwe needs to establish a blue ribbon panel to search the world for really wealthy and really stupid investors. Once they are discovered I want to know who they are beause I have a nice bridge in new york, that I want to sell to them.

  • comment-avatar
    Reader 8 years ago

    Heres a surprise…… These minerals were in Zimbabwe Millions of years ago they have not just appeared.

    they were mined before but mined legally and they contributed to the Fiscus just as we were the Breadbasket with Agriculture we were also managing our other resources so that during times of Drought etc the Fiscus and indeed the people did not suffer too much.

    Now that the Agriculture is in ruins Zaniods are wanting to steal the Minerals as well, no control as before, there will be no Benification as Zimbabwe cannot afford to build the process plants, gee they cannot even supply electricity and water as basics.

    It is all about theft and until we can go backwards, yes, i said backwards, that is to HONEST, Polticians with the savvy to ensure that the population is well, healthy and educated and businesses are well run and florishing before they steal the lands and other left over property.

    We were always the richest country in Africa and possibly a few other continents as well but we were correctly managed and we kept our eye on the future.

    Why flood the market with cheap goods when you can control it and dictate the price?