Be ready for ebola

via Be ready for ebola | The Zimbabwean 24 September 2014 by Magari Mandebvu

Officials have denied that there is a patient with ebola at Parirenyatwa Hospital. Whether you believe that or not, we know the disease has escaped from its home area in remote jungles, so we might meet cases.

Nobody knows much about it yet, but we all need to know as much as possible, so that we can judge among the conflicting rumours and denials we hear and can act rationally, not in panic.

It is reasonable, when we don’t know just how dangerous a disease is, to maximise precautions until we prove they are not necessary. This comes from the latest entry in Wikipedia:

Ebola is a disease of humans and other primates caused by an ebola virus. Symptoms start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, sore throat, muscle pain and headaches. Typically, vomiting, diarrhoea and rash follow, along with decreased functioning of the liver and kidneys. Around this time, affected people may begin to bleed both within the body and externally.

The virus may be acquired upon contact with blood or bodily fluids of an infected animal. Spreading through the air has not been documented in the natural environment, though in the laboratory droplets such as we produce by coughing have been shown to transmit the virus. Fruit bats are believed to be a carrier and may spread the virus without being affected. Once human infection occurs, the disease may spread between people, as well.

Male survivors may be able to transmit the disease via semen for nearly three months. To make the diagnosis, other diseases with similar symptoms such as malaria, cholera and other viral hemorrhagic fevers are first excluded. To confirm the diagnosis, blood samples are tested for viral antibodies, viral RNA, or the virus itself.

Prevention includes decreasing the spread of disease from infected animals to humans. This may be done by checking such animals for infection and killing and properly disposing of the bodies if the disease is discovered. Properly cooking meat and wearing protective clothing when handling meat may also be helpful, as are wearing protective clothing and washing hands when around a person with the disease. Samples of bodily fluids and tissues from people with the disease should be handled with special caution.

No specific treatment for the disease is yet available. Efforts to help those who are infected are designed to keep patients alive while their body fights the virus, and include giving either oral rehydration (slightly sweet and salty water to drink) or intravenous fluids (delivered by a drip). The disease has a high risk of death, killing between 50% and 90% of those infected. EVD was first identified in South Sudan and the DRC.

The disease typically occurs in outbreaks in tropical regions of sub-Saharan Africa. From 1976 to 2013, the World Health Organization reported a total of 1,716 cases. The largest outbreak to date is the ongoing West African outbreak, which is affecting Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria. As of 6 September 2014, 4,293 suspected cases including 2,296 deaths had been reported, however the World Health Organization has said that these numbers may be vastly underestimated. Efforts are under way to develop a vaccine; however, none yet exists.

The WHO classifies ebola virus in the highest-precaution class of the four into which they divide infections. This involves strict isolation and pressurised protective clothing for anyone handling patients or material that might be infected. They might later find such strict precautions are not necessary, but it is better to be safe.

We have a special problem, though other countries share it. You may have heard the story about one community in Liberia who released their relatives from quarantine because they did not believe what officials told them about the disease.

Examine every story you hear carefully, check where anything you hear comes from, take as much care as you can and remember that an official denial doesn’t prove a story is true.

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  • comment-avatar

    Sadly its only a matter of time. It should start off at state house first

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    all viruses, no matter what we call them, cause diseases if they are manipulated by man. Ebola is a not from primates or Africans. It was made in the laboratories of the advanced nations, who spent time cross breeding viruses from carcases of dead animals. They will never admit it, but judgment will come to them soon enough. The Almighty has the last word on this earth.

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      JRR56 8 years ago

      LOL. I was waiting for this. The only thing missing is sanctions to be the cause of Ebola!!! Yep those Colonial fruit bats conspired to create ans spread Ebola by enticing the population to eat them. Will these PanAfrican idiots ever learn???

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      Oh goodness, we have to have a few of you. Conspiracy theorists. Do you really believe what you are saying! Was aids manufactured in the first world too! You goonhead!

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      William Doctor 8 years ago

      @ Jay C
      Yes yes, that is right. The white man is coming back. He will eliminate you with disease, and then take the land back. I mean, he did a better job of running the place, so it is the natural order of things.

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    Mlimo 8 years ago

    JF if you stuff your face with bushmeat full of animal viruses what do you expect this is not made in a lab but made by greed. For years instead of growing crops in peaceful existence the barbarians of Africa have been looting and creating conflicts as are they are still instead of having a vibrant economy that feeds itself on wholesome food it has to resort to plundering the natural wildlife. This is the revenge of the animal on us. Lesson 101 grow your own food and livestock. Stop the wanton destruction. Stop stealing the nations wealth for one self. Zimbabwe is a good example NOT to follow.

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    Swagman 8 years ago

    Ebola is similar to HIV/AIDS in
    that it is carried by the Simian (
    (read Mugarbage) species.

    The virus is not very destructive
    in apes, due to their natural immune
    system, but devastating in humans.

    This ‘virus’ is not manufactured by
    Obama, Blair or Thatcher, as Mugarbage
    and ZPF would have the world believe.

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    Uncle 8 years ago

    Rejoice in other human ‘s trouble ,you calling ur own ,Judgement for so called advanced nation is close ,please be ready

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      In the United Kingdom a Bacteria called the MRSA threatened to cause havoc when some infected people died of it.MRSA is a type of bacterial infection that is resistant to a number of widely used antibiotics. This means it can be more difficult to treat than other bacterial infections.
      The full name of MRSA is meticillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. You may have heard it called a superbug.
      Staphylococcus aureus (also known as staph) is a common type of bacteria. It is often carried on the skin and inside the nostrils and throat, and can cause mild infections of the skin such as boils and impetigo.If staph bacteria get into a break in the skin, they can cause life-threatening infections, such as blood poisoning or endocarditis (an infection of the inner lining of the heart).
      Because death is treated as a serious matter steps were taken to try to bring this infection under control. The silly part about the whole thing is that this bacteria can be eliminated by simple disinfectants found on any supermarket shelf, and bearing in mind that the infections were happening in hospitals their NHS embarked on a clean up and and an information disseminating program to educate people how to prevent infection. It is know what the exact origin of this virus is. What has Africa done to stop it’s spread other than blame other countries for its woes? Is there an information dissemination program in place to tell these people how to prevent infection in the first place? We can remember the Mad cow disease in Britain. Up to this day you seldom get any shop that sells beef with bones unless its oxtail. African leaders are too focused on themselves and their riches and of course the blame game.

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    Sean Ameer 8 years ago

    my old man’s a dustbin…he drives a dustbin truck…..