Pan Africanism is dead

via Pan Africanism is dead | The Zimbabwean 20 August 2014 by Vince Musewe

Pan Africanism is dead – simply because of there has never been commonality of interest among Africans.

There is no country in Africa, besides Botswana, that has not borne the burden of a liberation struggle elite that simply inherited colonial political institutions and used them to entrench themselves while continuing to oppress the masses and ignoring the poverty of Africans, which continues unabated to this day.

Since 1951, Africa’s resources have mainly been plundered by African governments themselves. Zimbabwe is a classic case study of this. In fact in our case, poverty has actually been accelerated by our black government.

The policies of most liberation struggle entities that have inherited governments in Africa will never create better conditions for the masses because they are premised on settler mentality. But this time, the settler is black.

Pan Africanism has been usurped by a few and requires us to fight against black liberation struggle elites to stop their pervasive plunder of our resources under the pretext of the emancipating the masses.

According to Wikipedia, Pan Africanism is an ideology that encourages the solidarity of Africans worldwide. It is based on the belief that unity is vital to economic, social and political progress and aims to unify and uplift people of African descent. The ideology asserts that the fate of all African peoples and countries are entwined.

What a fallacy. African countries have failed utterly to achieve solidarity in the quest for democracy. In fact, bodies such as the SADC and the AU have become platforms for solidarity of dictators who are incapable of inspiring unity and development of the continent. Pan Africanism is dead simply because of there has never been commonality of interest among Africans. Instead we have seen countries feigning solidarity but competing for resources.

African countries will remain divided and the sooner we appreciate that the better. This is because the rate of change of political institutions towards the creation of free societies in each African country will always vary. There are no common standards of behaviour as within the EU for example. There is no common purpose when it comes to the alleviation of poverty, leadership accountability and governance. There is nothing common amongst us except being on the same continent.

Because of the fundamental differences within Africa, we cannot therefore come up with broad brush solutions. Nor can we no longer rely on the myth of a common destiny. We can no longer rely on bodies such as the SADC or the AU. In fact, the appointment of Mugabe as chair of the SADC goes to prove the point of the irrelevance of bodies such as the SADC when it comes to upholding democratic standards within Southern Africa.

In my opinion, the destiny of Africans is solely dependent on the emergence of new political forces within Africa. We must see the emergence of a new generation of African leaders that focus on local development. We need to see the establishment of new accountable political institutions within countries and a new narrative of self-sufficiency and sustainable development. Only after that can we begin to look at Africa as a whole.

We must first get our countries working before we can look at the ideals of Pan Africanism. We must distinguish ourselves from the African brand and focus on creating better conditions in our countries as a matter of priority.

In Zimbabwe, the liberation struggle political party called Zanu (PF) has failed totally to govern in the interest of its people. Africans have also let us down when it comes to democracy; we are on our own! We cannot rely on this African solidarity because it simply does not exist.

The appointment of Mugabe as chair of the SADC is mind-boggling. Mugabe is unfit to represent the interests of Africans; there is no argument about that given what he has done to Zimbabwe. How then can he be expected to lead the continent?

Africans must stop being naïve and realise that although we may have a common history of colonialism, there is no common destiny. Our destinies will only be determined by what we do in our own countries to purge dictatorships and create new inclusive political and economic systems. This we will never achieve at the same pace and we will therefore remain different countries with different futures.

– Vince Musewe is an economist and author based in Harare. You can contact him at

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  • comment-avatar
    The Mind Boggles 8 years ago

    Vince you write this as if it’s something unexpected?? Many wise people knew this many years ago and predicted it!!!

  • comment-avatar
    just saying 8 years ago

    Hey Vince I agree with your assertion that Pan Africanism had never been a reality so that would mean it was stillborn. It was just a term used by the club of African leaders who used it to hoodwink ordinary citizens into believing that they were working together for our benefit. Other similar scams include BEE , indigenisation etc

  • comment-avatar
    Roving Ambassador 8 years ago

    We are ruled by self serving thieves in the region. Imagine the massive economic benefit we would have if Zambia Zimbabwe, Malawi And Mozambique were one nation. With a population of 65 million, and abundance of natural resources, and real negotiating power,we would not be duped by the Chinese anymore. The whole region would be self sufficient in food and electricity. The main objective would be infrastructure development to link up the region.
    Ohh What a dream.

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    Chanisa 8 years ago

    The claim that we are actually less intelligent than other races (6-14%) may require more objective consideration and less self-righteous indignation. That our psychological derangement arose from slavery and colonialism does not hold up against the experience of the South East Asian dynamos. Just a thought worth considering. Don’t crucify me as I would expect Africans to when faced with unpalatable home truths. The cerebral cortex is wanting here. New democratic forces my foot. We have been there many times. The MDC is the latest one in our country.

  • comment-avatar
    nyoni 8 years ago

    The truth of the matter is the people are to docile to do anything. The big boy mentality frightens most and the so called leaders know this.

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    Parangeta 8 years ago

    RA, those four countries you mention
    that would join together and form a
    formidable economy of 65 million people,
    is unnecessary.

    Each one of these country’s are capable
    of being a powerhouse on its own. All
    that is needed is intellect, transparency,
    honesty and hard work.

    Unfortunately, these attributes are absent
    from Mugarbage’s world and ZPF’s agenda.

    They were all powerhouses before ‘liberation’.