Source: How can Zimbabwe get back on the high road? – NewsDay Zimbabwe
The starting point in the journey to a prosperous Zimbabwe is to understand the nature and character of Zimbabwe’s problems. The country has inextricably linked, seemingly intractable, political and economic issues.
By Arthur Mutambara
On the political side, the challenge is that of polarisation, which is a product of legitimacy issues arising from the disputed outcome of the July 2018 presidential elections. The economy is in free fall, debt-ridden and characterised by a shortage of electricity, a currency crisis, hyperinflation and low productivity. Social services have collapsed — healthcare in particular.
With a clear appreciation of the nature of the beast, the next step is to develop both political and economic solutions, taking cognisance of the primacy of the political interventions. Without resolution of the political challenges, all economic efforts will be futile.
There is a need for all stakeholders to agree on and implement political reforms to deepen democracy and enhance accountability in general, while improving the management of election processes to ensure they are free, fair, credible and transparent, thus guaranteeing undisputed poll outcomes. This will address the major source of Zimbabwe’s perennial polarisation — stolen or rigged elections.
It is important that the State media is professionalised to ensure non-partisan coverage. Major media reforms are required to enable independent private players’ participation in all forms of media, including radio and television.
While political reforms are critical, it is imperative and prudent to note that they are necessary but not sufficient for a successful journey to a prosperous Zimbabwe. With a solid foundation anchored on agreed and implemented political reforms, Zimbabweans must then collectively develop and adopt a shared national vision and strategy with three pillars — social, political and economic.
The vision framework must have overarching values and principles to underpin a new dispensation. Mega-impact projects must be identified, which will have a huge bearing on economic growth and GDP. To complement the shared national vision, a national brand must be crafted to sharpen country competitiveness and foster country reputation management.
Implementation, planning and dogged execution must accompany all national plans, while monitoring and evaluation are dutifully applied. There is a need to develop detailed economic blueprints and implementation plans for all key sectors, including agriculture, mining, infrastructure, manufacturing, health, education and tourism, with emphasis on moving up global value chains, innovation and entrepreneurship, use of high technology and climate change-proofing of all initiatives.
Economic sanctions are a symptom of bigger problems in Zimbabwe. Zimbabweans must solve these huge challenges by embracing what has been articulated above. Zimbabweans must address the reasons why the sanctions were imposed in the first place. This must be done not to please external players — the imposers of sanctions — but in pursuit of the national interest.
For the avoidance of doubt, this does not imply reversing the land reform programme. Furthermore, we must address self-imposed sanctions, which take the form of corruption, primitive accumulation, misgovernance, the rigging of elections, violation of human rights, disrespect of the rule of law, police brutality and general subjugation of citizens.
Beyond the country, Zimbabwe must leverage continental integration and the fourth industrial revolution. Africans across the continent must take a vested interest approach to the resolution of Zimbabwean challenges. Why? First and foremost, all people of African descent are the same people.
Ubuntu and Pan Africanism bind us together. Second, the economic prosperity of African countries is inextricably linked. Under globalisation our African economies will flourish or degenerate together.
The above framework will constitute the best path to a prosperous Zimbabwe.
Mutambara PhD is confused. There are no economic sanctions on Zimbabwe. Why does he not talk about corruption & law & order & the state of our hospitals today in ZW. This guy’s head is still in the physics clouds of academia. Commion sense is hard to find anywhere on the planet comrades & reading this I can see he lacks a good dose of it !
Blah blah blah. Simply put her RID OF ZANUPF!!!!
TECHNICALLY THERE ARE ONLY SANCTIONS ON 85 INDIVIDUALS AND 38 ENTITIES ACCORDING TO USA REPRESENTATIVE.
HOWEVER, the side-effects of this is that few other countries are willing to consider and implement investments until the USA, EU and UK lead the way thus making it an OK process.
The very real effects of this lack of investment at whatever level, are that there are too few new factories or projects being implemented to provide jobs for the masses. In addition there are no new exports to boost the economy.
SO NOW – ARE THESE SANCTIONS AGAINST INDIVIDUALS OR ARE THEY SANCTIONS AGAINST THE PEOPLE OF ZIMBABWE?
Think the matter through logically.
AND, FOR THE PIOUSLY MINDED – THEY TRADE WITH CHINA, RUSSIA AND OTHER COUNTRIES WITH DUBIOUS HONESTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS RECORDS. ET TU BRUTE?
It is not because of sanctions that people do not invest. It is because:
1. Huge corruption
2. Huge red tape (interwoven with 1 above)
3. Getting your investment capital and profits out (yes – believe it or not that is why people invest)
4. Frankly there are not many great investment possibilities. Retail and general commerce is screwed as there is no money, farming you have the whole land issue, mining you have the gov lackeys around your neck the moment you make any money, tourism lacks tourists and we could go on… Then you have the skills issue and the fact that you will be operating in a hyperinflation environment. And against all of this I could put my money in any number of other African countries that are at least making a decent effort at welcoming and nurturing investment…to say nothing of Asia or Latam.
Sorry, sanctions has nothing to do with it.
Sanctions are only imposed on The Dictatorship and its members. Our beloved Dictatorship will overcome this. Long live The Dictatorship..bringing prosperity to Zimbabweans. Trust us.