THE Supreme Court on Friday 4 June 2021 ordered the immediate release from Chikurubi Maximum Security Prison of two political prisoners, Last Tamai Maengahama and Tungamirai Madzokere, where they had been detained since 2016 after they were convicted and sentenced to serve 20 years for allegedly murdering a Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) officer.
Maengahama and Madzokere, who were represented by Beatrice Mtetwa
and Charles Kwaramba of Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights, were each
sentenced to serve 20 years at Chikurubi Maximum Security Prison on 12
December 2016 after they were convicted by then High Court Judge
Justice Chinembiri Bhunu of murder with actual intent as defined in
section 47 of the
Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act.
The two together with Yvonne Musarurwa were convicted in 2016 for
murdering Petros Mutedza, a ZRP Inspector on 29 May 2011. However,
Musarurwa was released from prison in March 2018 under a presidential
Phenias Nhatarikwa, who was convicted as an accessory after the fact
to public violence as defined in section 206 of the Criminal Law
(Codification and Reform) Act was fined US$500 or in default of
payment, three months imprisonment.
Maengahama, Madzokere, Musarurwa and Nhatarikwa’s lawyers filed an
appeal at the Supreme Court in 2016 seeking an order to pronounce them
as not guilty and acquitted and to set aside the sentences imposed
In their application which was opposed by the state, Mtetwa and
Kwaramba argued that Justice Bhunu erred and misdirected himself when
he failed to properly apply the law and discharge Maengahama,
Madzokere, Musarurwa and Nhatarikwa as he was obliged to at the close
of the state case when no evidence justifying their placement on their
defence had been led and in doing so denied them a fair trial with the
result that the conviction and sentence must be vacated.
Mtetwa and Kwaramba contended that Justice Bhunu erred and misdirected
himself in finding Maengahama, Madzokere and Musarurwa guilty on the
basis of the doctrine of common purpose when in law the doctrine is no
longer part of Zimbabwean law.
The human rights lawyers also argued that the High Court Judge erred
and misdirected himself when he convicted Nhatarikwa as an accessory
after the fact to the crime of public violence when there is no actual
perpetrator convicted of public violence during trial.
On Friday 4 June 2021, Supreme Court Judges Justice of Appeal Rita
Makarau, Justice of Appeal Susan Mavangira and Deputy Chief Justice
Elizabeth Gwaunza set aside their conviction by Justice Bhunu and
acquitted them after ruling that they were not guilty of committing
Justice Makarau, Mavangira and Deputy Chief Justice Gwaunza also
quashed and set aside the sentences imposed on Maengahama, Madzokere,
Musarurwa and Nhatarikwa and ordered the immediate release of
Maengahama and Madzokere, who had remained incarcerated at Chikurubi
Maximum Security Prison.