Andrew Kunambura 20 December 2017
HARARE – The good cheer that normally comes with the festive season risks
being dampened by shortages of beer and soft drinks because of serious
constraints in the supply chain, the Daily News can report.
Due to acute foreign currency deficiencies gripping the country’s economy,
Zimbabwe’s largest beverages manufacturer, Delta Corporation Limited, is
struggling to source raw materials and spares to meet resurgent demand for
their products, thus giving rise to the impending shortages.
Formed way back in 1898, Delta is a dominant player in the beverages
sector, with interests also in the agro-industry.
Its beverage business manufactures and distributes lager beer, traditional
sorghum beer and sparkling soft drinks.
Delta’s company secretary, Alex Makamure, said the foreign currency
situation needs to be urgently addressed to avoid a crippling shortage of
soft drinks and beer amid surging demand associated with the festive
season when consumption of those products peaks.
“The group has a significant backlog of foreign payments, which has
resulted in suppliers limiting the supply of key raw materials and spares.
This is likely to impact our ability to fully service the market,
particularly early in the 2018 calendar year,” he said.
Makamure said the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange-listed concern remained hopeful
that it will be allocated reasonable amounts of foreign currency in the
coming weeks before the situation deteriorates any further.
He said the group has witnessed a significant surge in the demand of lager
beer since last month, well beyond the normal festive season increases.
“We have largely been able to meet the overall demand albeit with some
mismatches in brands and packs. We are confident that we will meet the
demand in the remaining days leading to the Christmas and New Year
holidays,” said Makamure.
The widening shortages of popular beer and soft drinks’ brands cast a dark
shadow on the festive season.
A survey by the Daily News revealed that some imported beers favoured by
many consumers such as lagers Heineken, Guinness and Miller have long
disappeared from the retail outlets because suppliers are starved of
foreign currency required to bring them into the country.
Apart from imported beer, soft drinks which are locally manufactured are
being intermittently supplied as the beverages giant struggles to
fully-service the market.
Some of the raw materials used in the production of beer and soft drinks
that are currently in short supply include malt, brewer’s yeast, probiotic
bacteria, carbon dioxide and preservatives.
What has not helped matters are the frequent machinery breakdowns that
have had a negative effect on beverage production.
Delta experienced prolonged breakdown of its PET plant at Bon Accord in
Bulawayo partly due to the unstable power grid in the industrial areas
supplied by the Mpopoma substation and longer lead times in getting
PET is the synonym for polyethylene terephthalate. Bottles made of PET can
be recycled to reuse the material out of which they are made and to reduce
the amount of waste going into landfills.
“We have a backlog in servicing our accounts with key foreign suppliers,”
“We would traditionally import some canned beverages to cover the gap
between our production capacity and the increased demand during the
Christmas period. This is not possible due to the current foreign currency
shortages. We hope this will be mitigated through the increased supply of
alternative packs such as PET and returnable glass,” he added.
It is not just beer and soft drinks in short supply.
Consumers are also feeling the full effects of Avian Bird flu, which
severely affected the production of chicken and eggs at the country’s
major breeder, Irvine’s.
Currently, Irvine’s is importing eggs for its hatcheries to fully service
the day old chicks’ market.
In the meantime, there are widespread shortages of eggs and chicken.
This comes at a time when government has ordered the reversal of the price
increase on bread to avoid social unrest and keep the product within the
Industry, Commerce and Enterprise Development minister Mike Bimha has also
directed the National Competitiveness Commission to investigate the entire
value chain in a desperate bid to address the challenges facing the baking
Analysts fear that Bimha’s directive may result in bread disappearing from
the formal market into the black market where it will be available at
The price increases have largely been caused by the foreign currency
shortages, which have forced companies to source expensive foreign
currency on the parallel market to meet their import requirements.
There have been challenges in accessing foreign currency from the central
bank because of the serious mismatch between imports and exports.
The country has not been producing enough for the export market to be able
to generate sufficient foreign currency required to pay for its imports.
Under the circumstances, companies wishing to import raw materials or
finished products either will have to wait for the Reserve Bank of
Zimbabwe to have enough foreign currency, which could take several months,
or resort to the black market where they are charged high premiums.
Resultantly, prices of most basic commodities have rocketed as retailers
pass onto the consumer the extra costs.
In September panicking citizens stampeded to hoard basic consumer goods
when they were alarmed by worsening foreign currency shortages and the
resurfacing of long fuel queues at most garages.