Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe resigns, ending 37-year rule 

Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe resigns, ending 37-year rule 

The end of Robert Mugabe’s 37-year rule sparks wild celebrations in the streets.

Source: Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe resigns, ending 37-year rule – BBC News

Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe has resigned, parliament speaker Jacob Mudenda has said.

A letter from Mr Mugabe said the decision was voluntary and he had made it to allow a smooth transfer of power.

The surprise announcement halted an impeachment hearing that had begun against him and sparked wild celebrations on the nation’s streets.

The ruling Zanu-PF party says former vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa will succeed Mr Mugabe, in power since 1980.

Mr Mnangagwa’s sacking earlier this month triggered a political crisis.

It had been seen by many as an attempt to clear the way for Grace Mugabe to succeed her husband as leader and riled the military leadership, who stepped in and put Mr Mugabe under house arrest.

After the resignation announcement, lawmakers roared in jubilation.

Mr Mugabe, 93, was until his resignation the world’s oldest leader. He had previously refused to quit despite last week’s military takeover and days of protests.

According to the constitution his successor should be the current vice-president, Phelekezela Mphoko, a supporter of Grace Mugabe.

But Zanu-PF chief whip Lovemore Matuke told Reuters news agency that Mr Mnangagwa would be in office “within 48 hours”.

Speaking from an undisclosed location earlier on Tuesday, Mr Mnangagwa said he had fled abroad two weeks ago when he learned of a plot to kill him.

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An untypical end

Analysis by BBC world affairs editor, John Simpson

Robert Mugabe in 1980

Most people assumed that the only way Robert Mugabe would give up being president was to die in his bed. He probably thought so too.

In fact the last of the old-style 1970s and 80s liberation leaders most untypically resigned in writing. Perhaps that says something about the way the world has changed in the 21st Century.

No storming the presidential palace, no ugly end at the hands of a crowd like Col Gaddafi, no execution by firing squad like President Ceausescu of Romania, no hanging like Saddam Hussein.

Zimbabwe, in spite of everything Robert Mugabe visited upon it, is essentially a peaceable, gentle country. And despite all the immense crimes for which he was responsible, he is in some ways an intellectual, rather than a brutal thug along the lines of, say, Idi Amin.

He’ll be remembered for the massacres in Matabeleland in the 1980s, for the farm invasions of the 1990s and later, and for the brutal repression of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change when it seemed on course to win the 2008 presidential election.

The man who seems about to take his place, Emmerson Mnangagwa, was deeply involved in most of those crimes, yet people in Zimbabwe, like the outside world, will be so relieved to see Mr Mugabe go that they will be tempted to forget all that.

They’ll also forget the few unquestionably good things Robert Mugabe did. Zimbabwe, for instance, has an extraordinarily high literacy rate, because of him. But that’s certainly not what he’ll be remembered for.

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‘Let him rest in his last days’

UK Prime Minister Theresa May said Mr Mugabe’s resignation “provides Zimbabwe with an opportunity to forge a new path free of the oppression that characterised his rule”.

She said that former colonial power Britain, “as Zimbabwe’s oldest friend”, will do all it can to support free and fair elections and the rebuilding of the Zimbabwean economy.

Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai told the BBC he hoped that Zimbabwe was on a “new trajectory” that would include free and fair elections. He said Mr Mugabe should be allowed to “go and rest for his last days”.

In other reaction:

  • The US Embassy in Harare, the capital, said it was a “historic moment” and congratulated Zimbabweans who “raised their voices and stated peacefully and clearly that the time for change was overdue”
  • South Africa’s main opposition Democratic Alliance welcomed the move, saying Mr Mugabe had turned from “liberator to dictator”
  • Prominent Zimbabwean opposition politician David Coltart tweeted: “We have removed a tyrant but not yet a tyranny”
  • Civil society group the Platform for Concerned Citizens called for dialogue between all political parties, which it said should lead to the formation of a national transitional authority

Robert Mugabe won elections during his 37 years in power, but over the past 15 years these were marred by violence against political opponents.

He presided over a deepening economic crisis in Zimbabwe, where people are on average 15% poorer now than they were in 1980.

Activist and political candidate Vimbaishe Musvaburi “We are tired of this man, we are so glad he is gone”

However, Mr Mugabe was not forced out after decades in power by a popular mass movement but rather as a result of political splits within his Zanu-PF party.

The leader of the influential liberation war veterans – former allies of Mr Mugabe – said after the army takeover that Mr Mugabe was a “dictator”, who “as he became old, surrendered his court to a gang of thieves around his wife”.

‘It has happened’

Mr Mugabe’s decision to finally resign sparked joy in the streets.

Morgan Tsvangirai told the BBC he hoped that Zimbabwe was on a “new trajectory”

“We are just so happy that things are finally going to change,” Togo Ndhlalambi, a hairdresser, told the AFP news agency.

“I am the happiest person under the sun right now, because I always believed that Mugabe was going to step down in my lifetime and it has happened,” human rights activist Linda Masarira told the BBC.

“And now going forward it’s time for the opposition to reorganise and ensure that we will have a government that cares for the people. And everyone has to be included.”

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Robert Mugabe – Timeline of a political life

Grace and Robert Mugabe togetherPresident Mugabe was accused of preparing the presidency for his wife Grace
  • 1924: Born
  • 1964: Imprisoned by Rhodesian government
  • 1980: Wins post-independence elections
  • 1996: Marries Grace Marufu
  • 2000: Loses referendum, pro-Mugabe militias invade white-owned farms and attack opposition supporters
  • 2008: Comes second in first round of elections to Morgan Tsvangirai who pulls out of run-off amid nationwide attacks on his supporters
  • 2009: Amid economic collapse, swears in Mr Tsvangirai as prime minister, who serves in uneasy government of national unity for four years
  • 2017: Sacks long-time ally Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa, paving the way for his wife Grace to succeed him. Army intervenes and forces him to step down
  • Mugabe: From war hero to resignation

COMMENTS

WORDPRESS: 5
  • comment-avatar
    Fallenz 5 years ago

    The constitution is already being ignored on a whim. So, who thinks anything will be different… other than the “president” managing to stay awake in meetings. The result of the coming election season were already predetermined… the plans were ordered set in place by Mugabe to take the win, so Mnangagwa will now benefit from another stolen Zim election. Have little doubt the minion will keep ZANU-PF in power… and we know what that means.

  • comment-avatar

    And enter stage left… one Emmerson Mnangagwa, with his sidekick Chiwenga alternatively leering, scowling and chortling.

  • comment-avatar
    Stuart Peatfield 5 years ago

    Will the new president change his approach to managing the people and country?
    There is no point in appointing another “Mugabe”!

    For the sake of the everyone in Zimbabwe may your new president be gentle with the masses and tough on building the “NEW” Zimbabwe.

    Pamberi Zimbabwe.

  • comment-avatar
    Slow but Sure 5 years ago

    Zim people, be vigilant and watch out for foreign intervention e.g fake friend Britain.

  • comment-avatar

    Zim should now be on it’s guard, so as to not repeat the mistakes it has learnt so painfully. The remark that Britain is a fake; this may well be true in number of ways, but really you where given a golden handshake, although the political matter was fudged. The uk also does / did not have an admirable record in its overseas territories, the Victorians did it all out some form of bent religious / do good conviction. The Uk government where warned about Mugabe, he could not be trusted, is a Marxist plus “…appears to have little regard for democracy…”. What was an bad twist of fate was that had things gone smoothly without Mr Smith, you would have got Independence as so many of our ‘possessions’ did, probably sooner than later. The matter is now in your hands, go and make a success of it, which ever way you finally choose as a majority. Best of luck, bonne chance – but stay VERY vigilant.