Ndakaziva Majaka 1 July 2017
VICTORIA FALLS – The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) is engaging the
Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (Zimra) to institute stringent controls at the
border posts to plug the leakage of bond notes into neighbouring
This comes after it emerged that large sums of bond notes are being
spirited out of the country by individuals and companies that are
speculating on the surrogate currency introduced in November last year.
Zimbabwe is currently in the throes of a biting liquidity crisis.
Cash shortages have emerged, as a result, with bond notes increasingly
becoming scarce after finding new homes in neighbouring countries such as
Botswana, South Africa, Zambia and Mozambique.
This is forcing local banks to give depositors bond coins whenever they
With over $160 million bond notes in circulation, the surrogate currency
has been steadily vanishing from the local market on the back of currency
dealers who are either hoarding them for speculative purposes or taking
the surrogate into the black market.
RBZ financial markets director, Azvinandawa Saburi, told delegates at the
on-going Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce conference that the central
bank along with Zimra were implementing stricter searches at the country’s
entry ports to reduce seepages.
“…We will address it (the leakage of bond notes) administratively with
Zimra to ensure that there is stricter vetting at our entry points, in the
same way that foreign exchange is monitored when people leave the
country,” Saburi said, in response to a question from a delegate.
The delegate had revealed that on a trip to South Africa, as customs
officials asked him to declare all the foreign exchange he was taking
outside the country, they did not care about the bond notes he was taking
As reported earlier by the Daily News, large amounts of bond notes are
being traded at a premium in neighbouring countries where there is heavy
flow of Zimbabweans leaving travelling to.
The parity of the notes – which are officially pegged at par with the
United States Dollar – has made the currency attractive in the region
where relatively weaker currencies trade.
“As the central bank we feel that ours is a job to regulate and so we work
with other statutory boards to address matters like this one…
“And that is the path we will take and ensure the issue is addressed,”
His remarks come as RBZ deputy governor Kupukile Mlambo recently admitted
the bond notes had seeped into the region.
Noting that cross border traders were responsible for taking bond notes
across the border, which he said were a more “stable” currency compared to
the South African Rand, Mlambo said government needed to establish
incentives to ensure that bond notes return to the local market.
“I have heard bankers say there are a lot of bond notes outside, but we
have got to establish how much they are.
“In general, getting bond notes to South Africa is not illegal because I
am allowed to carry $1 000 in cash. Unless the amounts are big, the Zimra
guys will not stop you from carrying, so you are allowed to carry that,”
The RBZ recently said, on average, a review on the current liquidity
balances of banks, showed that between two and three percent of bond notes
and coins were in financial institutions’ vaults.