Emmerson Mnangagwa and his Zanu-PF party’s reign over Zimbabwe stretches back to when Robert Mugabe led the country to independence from Britain. Picture: AP Photo

Harare – Emmerson Mnangagwa and his Zanu-PF party’s reign over Zimbabwe stretches back to when Robert Mugabe led the country to independence from Britain.

Here is a brief summary:

1942 – Mnangagwa born in Shabani, in what was then Southern Rhodesia.

1955 – The family relocates to Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia), where he meets Robert Mugabe for the first time. Mugabe was working at a teachers’ college in Lusaka.

1960 – Mnangagwa is expelled from college for political activism and joins the Zambia United National Independent Party.

1962 – Travels to Tanzania, Egypt and China for military training.

1964 – Arrested for blowing up a train in Masvingo but is spared the death penalty by lying about his age. He is sentenced to 10 years in prison, during which he studies law and cements his friendship with Mugabe.

1974 – Released from prison and deported to Zambia, where his family stayed.

1977 – Elected as special assistant to Mugabe and a member of the national executive for Zanu, heading the civil and military divisions of the party.

1980 – Following independence, he becomes minister of state security from 1980 to 1988.

1985-2000 – Elected and wins successive elections as Kwekwe East’s member of parliament.

1988-2000 – Becomes minister of justice, legal and parliamentary affairs.

2000-2009 – Elected parliamentary speaker, then rural housing and social amenities minister

2009-2013 – Becomes minister of defence, then minister of justice.

2014 – Appointed vice president.

November 6, 2017 – Mugabe sacks Mnangagwa, seen as Grace Mugabe’s key rival in race to become Zimbabwe’s next president.

November 8, 2017 – Mnangagwa expelled from Zanu-PF. He has already fled the country.

November 15, 2017 – Mugabe put under house arrest during military-led coup.

November 19 – Zanu-PF executives vote to remove Mugabe as party president; he is given deadline of noon on November 20 to resign as Zimbabwe’s head of state. The Zanu-PF Central Committee readmits Mnangagwa as First Secretary and President

November 21 – Mugabe’s resignation is announced in parliament as lawmakers begin impeachment proceedings; the ruling party says it has nominated Mnangagwa to replace Mugabe.

November 22, 2017 – Mnangagwa returned to Zimbabwe to ecstatic scenes.

November 24, 2017 – Mnangagwa sworn in as president at Harare’s National Sports Stadium.

August 2, 2018 – Mgangagwa declared winner of first presidential election since Mugabe’s departure.